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Angelicum

Immanuel
Montessori
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THESIS
Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION

Filipino people are well known for their diverse culture, beliefs, and

customs, but what really makes them special is their unique ways of

giving respect to people, particularly elders. It is in the nature of

Filipinos to practice courtesy at an early age. As a sign of respect,

children are taught to say “po” and “opo” while talking to their elderly,

and to kiss the elder's hands, known as “pagmamano,” upon seeing

the elders and as they bid goodbye. As a Filipino, are the traditional

ways of giving respect to the elders being practiced?

According to Erastus Wiman, a famous journalist during 1800’s that

“Nothing is ever lost by courtesy. It is the cheapest of pleasures, costs

nothing, and conveys much.” Unfortunately in today’s generation,

children tend to disrespect their elders, for they fail to give importance

to the traditional courtesy that the past Filipinos commended to the

future generations.

On January 30, 2019, the Department of Education (DepEd) has

released a statement pertaining to the knowledge of right values. An

official of the Department of Education has urged the parents to help

schools in instilling the good values to the children, and that it was

stated by Dr. Florante Vergara, the Division Superintendent of DepEd

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THESIS
Santiago that it is at home where the children should learn the

foundation of good values and good manners, including how to be

honest, diligent, and courteous.

The researcher conducted this study to determine the awareness

and perception of students in terms of their different age groups,

gender, and knowledge about the traditional Filipino courtesy and

whether there is adherence to these traditional values of the Filipinos.

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


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Immanuel
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-----------------------------
THESIS
CONCEPTUAL PARADIGM

The figure below presents the conceptual paradigm of this study.

Traditional Filipino
Courtesy

Level of Age
Student’s
awareness and
perception
compliance of
towards the
students on Gender traditional
traditional
Filipino
Filipino
Knowledge courtesy
courtesy

Outcome of the study

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-----------------------------
THESIS
. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

The study is conducted to assess the respondent’s level of

awareness on Filipino courtesy, and to determine the student’s

perception in terms of their age, gender, and knowledge.

As shown on figure 1, this study is based on the level of awareness,

compliance, and the perception of students towards Filipino courtesy

based on different factors that may differentiate each from one another

which leads to the output or outcome of the research and as to

determine whether the majority is knowledgeable and aware of the

topic.

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


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-----------------------------
THESIS
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The researcher aims to determine the perception, level of

awareness and compliance of students on Filipino courtesy. The

proposed study conducted by the researcher would like to answer the

following:

1. What is the importance of traditional Filipino courtesy?

2. What is the level of awareness of the respondents on traditional

Filipino courtesy?

3. What is the level of compliance of respondents on Filipino

courtesy?

4. What are the respondents’ perspectives towards the traditional

Filipino courtesy?

5. What are the most effective ways to teach and expand the

knowledge of the students on traditional Filipino courtesy?

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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-----------------------------
THESIS
HYPOTHESIS

The thesis theory of the researcher on the perception and level of

awareness of students on Filipino courtesy is that there will be a higher

percentage of the respondents with high knowledge on traditional

Filipino courtesy than those who are not. Also, the researcher assumed

that there will be a higher percentage of respondents who are

compliant of the ways on how to show Filipino courtesy.

In terms of the perception of students on traditional Filipino

courtesy, the researcher hypothesized that more respondents will

agree that Filipino courtesy has a positive effect on the child than those

who do not.

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THESIS
SCOPE, LIMITATION, AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The research focuses on the awareness, adherence, and

perception of the respondents on Filipino courtesy, its effects on the

personality of the child, and the effective ways on how to improve their

knowledge on Filipino courtesy.

The study is limited to seventy randomly selected grades four to ten

students. The researcher will use stratified sampling for the convenient

collection of data based on their age and gender.

As the study focuses on the awareness and perception of students

on Filipino courtesy, analysis of the other factors such as their family

background and nationality will not be included in this study.

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


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THESIS
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Since the study tackles the subject “Filipino Courtesy,” it is

beneficial to the parents, the institution, the students, and to the future

researchers.

To the parents, through this study, the researcher will be capable of

help in identifying the efficient ways on how to introduce Filipino

courtesy to their children.

To the institution, with the help of this study, the researcher will be

able to determine the level of awareness and compliance of their

students on Filipino courtesy. Also this study could be used in

determining the possible alternative ways on how to improve the

courtesy of a child.

To the students, with this study, the researcher will be able to

contribute to the knowledge that the students have about Filipino

courtesy and to convince them promote Filipino courtesy to other

people.

Lastly, to the future researchers that may use the data presented in

this research to improve their study on the given topic.

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-----------------------------
THESIS
DEFINITION OF TERMS

Analysis of Data is the examining of the data

Culture Relativism is the idea that a person's beliefs, values, and

practices should be understood based on that person's own culture

Department of Education (DepEd) is a department of the Philippine

government responsible for the education in the country.

Descriptive Mixed Method refers to the combination of both

quantitative and qualitative data within a single research.

Descriptive Research Design is a scientific method which involves

observing and describing the behavior of a subject without influencing it

in any way.

Filipino Courtesy is a considerate act practiced by the Filipinos to give

respect to people.

Level of Awareness is the level of being aware : knowledge and

understanding that something is happening or exists.

Level of Compliance is the level of being compliant to the traditional

Filipino courtesy

Moral Values is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions

between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are

improper.

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THESIS
Perception of Students is the student’s own thinking or

comprehension of something.

Questionnaire is a set of question used for obtaining information.

Respondents are the people who respond to a poll.

Social Relationship is any relationship between two or more

individuals.

Stratified Sampling is a method of sampling that involves the division

of a population into smaller groups known as strata.

Thematic Analysis is one of the most common forms of analysis in

qualitative research

Triangulation Design is a one-phase design in which researchers

implement the quantitative and qualitative.

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Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


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THESIS
Chapter 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Modern research on politeness was dominated by a strategic

approach for several years; politeness was seen as a result of the

rational need for balanced interpersonal relations, and politeness

mechanisms were considered universal. However, the investigations

carried out on different cultures soon began to show that things were

not that simple: cultures strongly differ not only in forms, but also in the

social meanings associated with various strategies, in the internal

structure of speech acts, or in the expectations concerning verbal

behavior. The conclusion was easily drawn that politeness is a social

matter, and hence culture-specific. As a consequence, politeness

studies seem to have fallen into an unavoidable contradiction between

universality and culture-specificity. (Victora Escandell- Vidal, 2002)

Politeness is not natural for humans as social beings but it has to be

acquired and learned through social interactions and cultural practices.

People characterize politeness according to their own perceptions.

Some characterize politeness as a behavior that shows respect to

others, or evaluate someone as polite by looking at the language used

(Watt, 2003).

Considering all levels of interpretations in understanding politeness,

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


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THESIS
people perceive and evaluate politeness differently. Watts (2003)

explains that the varying interpretations of politeness are caused by

people’s linguistic and socio-cultural practices and their language. For

instance, in Japanese culture, power dimension in relation to politeness

is relatively important as compared to the individualistic culture of the

Americans where social distance is associated with politeness

(Koyama, 2001). It must be noted that Watts’ (2003) notion of

politeness does not focus on the overt politeness of the interlocutors’

language use or the linguistic choice, but he provides a broader

description by including the society as a whole. Therefore, when

interpreting politeness as a way of behavior it includes the language

use in expressing politeness and how behavior is interpreted in socially

and culturally bound interactions….It is important to note how

politeness influences the interaction of people particularly those who

come from different cultural and linguistic backgrounds, specifically the

occurrence of politeness in relation to address forms…For Filipinos,

respect and politeness are essential in order not to lose one’s face.

The Filipino culture emphasizes the importance of respect specially

when communicating with people who hold higher roles. (Aries Dahan

Gan, MESL Maya Khemlani David, Ph.D. Francisco Perlas Dumanig,

Ph.D., 2015)

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THESIS
The culture of contemporaneity presents itself through various

concepts and discourses that constitute the category of everyday life,

which they reveal and portray. In linguistic terms, the category of

everyday life is manifested in different forms of communication, and

first of all in the system

of norms and models of speech behavior, known as speech etiquette.

(Marina Ryabova, 2015)

Politeness is a way of being polite ourselves. A polite child is a child

who says and does everything in a polite and pleasing manner. We all

love to have a happy and joyful life. Everybody loves those people who

are respectful, helpful and are polite. These are some of the good

habits to make our life meaningful. Among these good manners,

politeness is the most important. It is best because everyone loves to

hear something good and respectful words. If we also like good and

respectful words from others, why don’t we use polite manner and

words in our daily life? (Sambida Wagel, 2014)

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THESIS
REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES

The following values were identified as being particularly important

to Filipino adolescents: nationalism and pride regarding identity,

parental and family concerns, conformity, leadership and benevolence.

Sex differences regarding values were also noted. Young Filipino

males valued family, religion, nation, social awareness and recognition

more than their female counterparts. On the other hand, young Filipino

females seem to value family attachment, social mobility, friendships,

autonomy, moral orientation, social consciousness and benevolence

more than the males. (Journal of Tropical Psychology Volume 4, e2,

pp. 1–8)

Most subjects had directed their most recent act of courtesy toward

a female and had received their most recent act from a person of the

opposite sex. Some common courtesies tended to be directed toward

females more than males, and males were expected to perform certain

courtesies such as opening doors and paying for things for women. In

general, the results confirmed the theory that courteous behaviors may

serve to perpetuate gender role stereotypes and to regulate

interactions between the sexes. However, most courteous behaviors

were performed and appreciated by people of both genders. (Journey

of Applied Social Psychology, volume 22 issue 18, pp1399-1416)

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THESIS
Courtesy is the showing of politeness in one's attitude and behavior

toward others. It means excellence of manners or polite behavior. It, of

course springs from good breeding and kindness of heart. A courteous

man is pleasant and polite to everybody. He observes good manner on

all occasions and always respects the feelings of others.

Moral norms and ethical values is the basis of the teachings of all

religions of the world. It would be right to say that only by following

these norms and values the foundations of modern civilization and

culture were laid. These are the principles that distinguish man from

animal. Man the crown of all the creatures of God is endowed with

moral sense that enables him to establish amiable and pleasant

relations with his fellowmen based on mutual respect. He has the

capability to differentiate between good and evil. Courtesy, in fact, is

the practical expression of this capability. (Kumayl Hassan, 2019)

Politeness and impoliteness may manifest themselves on very

different levels. Speakers may choose particularly polite or impolite

words; they may use a tone of voice that comes across as polite or not

so polite. They may accompany their words with facial expressions or

gestures that render what they say as more or less polite. Moreover,

politeness and impoliteness are situational and individualistic, and to

some extent they may even be unintentional. What is polite in one

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THESIS
situation or to one particular person may be impolite in another

situation or to another person. All these problems are exacerbated if

politeness and impoliteness are studied from a diachronic angle.

(Studies in Variation, Contacts and Change in English 11: Developing

Corpus Methodology for Historical Pragmatics

Jucker, Taavitsainen & Schneider, 2007)

One of the central concepts in pragmatics is politeness. It is a “polite

social behaviour” within a certain culture (Yule, 1998: 60). It is the way

people save other people’s face and feeling in communication. The

stereotype also makes people think that being polite means keeping

distance, being dishonest, and being unfeeling between the speaker

and the hearer (Watts, 2003: 2). Generally, being polite involves taking

into account the feelings of others. It also means employing awareness

of other’s face. When someone feels comfortable, a good relationship

will appear between them. (A Pragmatic Analysis of Politeness

Strategies Reflected in Nanny Mcphee Movie; Mifta Hasmi, 2014)

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THESIS
SYNTHESIS

The sum up of ideas in both of related studies and literature has

been reviewed. The review of related studies have revealed that the

condition was easily drawn as politeness is a social matter and culture

specific, and that politeness is not natural for humans In terms of social

being and is acquired as social introduction. On the other hand, the

review of related literature has revealed that a person’s politeness is

also related to different factors such as their religion, culture, and also

communication. In this study, the researchers intend to determine the

compliance, knowledge, and perception disregarding the respondent’s

culture and religion.

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Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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-----------------------------
THESIS
Chapter 3

RESEARCH DESIGN

This study uses descriptive research design, a scientific method

which involves describing the behavior of the subject. The study

focuses on the awareness, adherence, and perception of the students

regarding Filipino courtesy. The use of descriptive mixed method is

sufficient for this study since it uses various forms of surveys

particularly quantitative and qualitative to gather the opinions and facts

for the analysis of data.

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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THESIS
RESPONDENTS OF THE STUDY

The respondents of the study are the students from the elementary

and high school departments of Angelicum Immanuel Montessori,

specifically grade four to grade ten students.

The students, particularly from grade levels four to ten were taken

as the respondents of the study for the reason that, they have better

ability of expressing their own opinions in words than of the lower

levels. Also, because of the limited time, the researcher has chosen to

limit the study to the students of Angelicum Immanuel Montessori since

it is the most practical and accessible location to find respondents for

the study.

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Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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THESIS
DATA GATHERING INSTRUMENT

The researcher used questionnaire to gather the data necessary for

the study. The data gathering instrument presents a total of 15

questions in relation to the study’s statement of the problems.

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THESIS
DATA GATHERING PROCEDURE

Throughout the data gathering, the students are strictly prohibited to

share their answers to each other so that, they could express their

opinions honestly. Ten random students per grade levels were chosen

from grade four to grade ten as the respondents for this study. Before

the distribution of questionnaires, the students are introduced to the

purpose of the study. Afterwards, the researcher requires the

respondents to write their age, grade level, gender, and to answer the

questionnaire honestly and properly. After the gathering of the data, the

researcher then proceeds to its analysis and interpretation.

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THESIS
Chapter 4

PRESENTATION

Statements of the Problem 1 What is the importance of traditional

Filipino courtesy?

For the first statement of the problem analysis, the researcher will

be in use of thematic analysis, an analysis used for descriptive

qualitative research wherein the answers stated on the questionnaire

will be classified generally for adequate interpretation of datum.

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

For the first interpretation of data for statement of the problem 1, the

improvement of communication, the imposing of a positive impression

from others, the influence that you can give to people and the

improvement of a relationship is categorized into “Social Relationship”

which is represented by a symbol of a handshake.

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Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


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THESIS
ANALYSIS

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

For the second interpretation of data for statement of the problem,

the tradition, preservation of culture and the love for country is

categorized as “Cultural Relativism” which is represented by the

symbol of a sun with 7 rays.

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

For the third interpretation of data for statement of the problem 1,

the obedience, hospitality, kindness, politeness, discipline, good

manners, humbleness, and respect fall into the category of “Moral

Values” which is represented by a weighing scale.

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Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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THESIS
ANALYSIS

26

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Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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THESIS
INTERPRETATION OF DATA

On the analysis of data, thematic analysis was used wherein the

different opinions of the respondents are differentiated into 3

classifications, namely Social Relationship, Moral Values, and Culture

Relativism. On the presentation of data, the group under the

classification of “Social Relationship” was presented through the

symbol of a handshake. On the other hand, “Moral Values” was

presented with a symbol of a weighing scale, and the sun with 7 rays

for the representation of the opinions that fall into the group of “Culture

Relativism.

The use of triangulation design in descriptive mixed method will be

necessary for the study wherein, the data gathering and analysis will

be processed through the following; the collection of data in both

qualitative and quantitative surveys, analysis of data, to the output of

both surveys and to its relation to the statement of the problems.

27

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THESIS
PRESENTATION

Statement of the Problem 2 What is the level of awareness of the

respondents on traditional Filipino courtesy?

For the second statement of the problem, a quantitative collection of

data comprising of 6 questions was used to determine the percentage

of knowledge or awareness of the respondents on traditional Filipino

courtesy.

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 1 Filipino courtesy is the way of Filipinos to show respect.

N F R% %

Highly Aware 70 57 0.814 81.4%

Moderately Aware 70 8 0.114 11.4%

Slightly Aware 70 4 0.057 5.7%

Somewhat Aware 70 1 0.014 1.4%

Not Aware 70 0 0 0%

Total 70 100%

Highly Aware

Moderately Aware

Slightly Aware

Somewhat Aware

Not Aware

29

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THESIS
INTERPRETATION OF DATA

As for statement number 1, “Filipino courtesy is the way of Filipinos

to show respect,” 81.4% was labeled as highly aware, 11.4% for

moderately aware, 5.7% for slightly knowledgeable, 1.4% for

somewhat knowledgeable, and 0% for not knowledgeable with a total

of 100% for the assurance that all respondents participated.

30

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 2 Filipino courtesy includes “pagmamano,” and saying “po”

and “opo.”

N F R% %

Highly Aware 70 54 0.771 77.1%

Moderately Aware 70 12 0.171 17.1%

Slightly Aware 70 2 0.0285 2.9%

Somewhat Aware 70 1 0.0142 1.4%

Not Aware 70 1 0.0142 1.4%

Total 70 100%

Highly Aware

Moderately Aware

Slightly Aware

Somewhat Aware

Not Aware

31

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THESIS
INTERPRETATION OF DATA

For statement number 2, “Filipino courtesy includes pagmamano,

and saying po and opo,” 77.1% resulted as highly knowledgeable,

17.1% for moderately knowledgeable, 2.9% for slightly knowledgeable

and 1.4% for both somewhat and not knowledgeable.

32

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 3 ”Pagmamano” is performed as sign of respect to elders.

N F R% %

Highly Aware 70 60 0.857 85.7%

Moderately Aware 70 8 0.114 11.4%

Slightly Aware 70 1 0.0142 1.4%

Somewhat Aware 70 1 0.0142 1.4%

Not Aware 70 0 0 0%

Total 70 100%

Highly Aware

Moderately Aware

Slightly Aware

Somewhat Aware

Not Aware

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

For statement number 3, 85.7% resulted as highly knowledgeable,

11.4% for moderately knowledgeable and 1.4% for both slightly and

somewhat knowledgeable and 0% for not knowledgeable.

33

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 4 Addressing slightly older people as “ate” or “kuya” is a sign

of courtesy.

N F R% %

Highly Aware 70 42 0.6 60%

Moderately Aware 70 20 0.2857 28.6%

Slightly Aware 70 4 0.057 5.7%

Somewhat Aware 70 3 0.0428 4.3%

Not Aware 70 1 0.0142 1.4%

Total 70 100%

Highly Aware
Moderately Aware
Slightly Aware
Somewhat Aware
Not Aware

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

60% resulted as highly knowledgeable, 28.6% for moderately

knowledgeable, 5.7% for slightly knowledgeable, 4.3% for somewhat

knowledgeable and 1.4% for not knowledgeably resulting to 100% for

statement number 4.

34

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 5 Offering food and other things to the visitors is a sign of

courtesy.

N F R% %

Highly Aware 70 34 0.4857 48.6%

Moderately Aware 70 21 0.3 30%

Slightly Aware 70 8 0.114 11.4%

Somewhat Aware 70 7 0.2 20%

Not Aware 70 0 0 0%

Total 70 100%

Highly Aware
Moderately Aware
Slightly Aware
Somewhat Aware
Not Aware

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

For statement of the problem number 5, 48.6% resulted as highly

knowledgeable, 30% for moderately knowledgeable, 11.4% for slightly

knowledgeable and 20% for somewhat knowledgeable.

35

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 6 Offering your seat to the elder and to women is a sign of

courtesy.

N F R% %

Highly Aware 70 50 0.714 71.4%

Moderately Aware 70 10 0.1428 14.3%

Slightly Aware 70 6 0.0857 8.6%

Somewhat Aware 70 3 0.04285 4.3%

Not Aware 70 1 0.0142 1.4%

Total 70 100%

Highly Aware
Moderately Aware
Slightly Aware
Somewhat Aware
Not Aware

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

For statement of the problem number 5, 48.6% resulted as highly

knowledgeable, 30% for moderately knowledgeable, 11.4% for slightly

knowledgeable and 20% for somewhat knowledgeable.

36

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Total Level of Knowledge

N F R% %

Highly Aware 420 297 0.7071 70.7%

Moderately 420 79 0.188 18.8%

Aware

Slightly Aware 420 25 0.0595 6%

Somewhat 420 16 0.038 3.8%

Aware

Not Aware 420 3 0.0063 0.6%

Total 70 100%

Highly Aware
Moderately Aware
Slightly Aware
Somewhat Aware
Not Aware

37

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THESIS
INTERPRETATION OF DATA

The data collected by the researchers have led to the conclusion

that 70.7% of the respondents are highly aware of traditional Filipino

courtesy while 18.8% are moderately aware, 6% are slightly aware,

3.8% are somewhat aware, and 0.6% of the respondents are not aware

or knowledgeable of the topic.

38

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THESIS
PRESENTATION

Statement of the Problem 3 What is the level of compliance of

students on Filipino courtesy?

On the third statement of the problem, quantitative type of data

gathering was used to determine the number of compliance on

traditional Filipino courtesy. 6 questions were formulated to interpret

whether the respondents are compliant on the subject or not.

39

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 1 I say “po” and “opo” whenever I talk to my parents and to

the elders.

N F R% %

Yes 70 52 0.7428 74.3%

No 70 8 0.2571 25.7%

Total 100%

Yes No

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

In the table presented, 74.3% are compliant the statement while

25.7% are not compliant, resulting to 100% of the 70 respondents.

40

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Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 2 I do “pagmamano” to my parents and to my elderly.

N F R% %

Yes 70 62 0.8857 88.6%

No 70 8 0.1142 11.4%

Total 100%

Yes No

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

In the table presented, 88.6% are compliant the statement while

11.4% are not compliant, resulting to 100% of the 70 respondents.

41

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


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-----------------------------
THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 3 I address slightly older people by calling them “kuya” or

“ate”

N F R% %

Yes 70 60 0.8571 85.7%

No 70 10 0.1428 14.3%

Total 100%

Yes No

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

In the table presented, 85.7% are compliant the statement while

14.3% are not compliant, resulting to 100% of the 70 respondents.

42

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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-----------------------------
THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 4 When visiting a house, I wait until I am asked to sit down.

N F R% %

Yes 70 45 0.6428 64.3%

No 70 25 0.3571 35.7%

Total 100%

Yes No

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

In the table presented, 64.3% are compliant the statement while

35.7% are not compliant, resulting to 100% of the 70 respondents

43

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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-----------------------------
THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 5 I give my seat to elders and to women.

N F R% %

Yes 70 48 0.6857 68.6%

No 70 22 0.3142 31.4%

Total 100%

Yes No

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

In the table presented, 68.6% are compliant the statement while

31.4% are not compliant, resulting to 100% of the 70 respondents

44

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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-----------------------------
THESIS
ANALYSIS

Question 6 When there is a visitor at home, I offer them “meryenda.”

N F R% %

Yes 70 45 0.6428 64.3%

No 70 25 0.3571 35.7%

Total 100%

Yes No

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

In the table presented, 64.3% are compliant the statement while

35.7% are not compliant, resulting to 100% of the 70 respondents

45

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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-----------------------------
THESIS
ANALYSIS

Total Level of Compliance

N F R% %

Yes 420 312 0.7428 74.3%

No 420 108 0.2571 25.7%

Total 100%

Compliant
Non-compliant

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

As stated on the analysis of data, 74.3% of the respondents are

compliant of the traditional ways of Filipino courtesy while on the other

hand, 25.7% percent of the respondents are non-compliant resulting to

a hundred percent of the total number of respondents.

46

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THESIS

PRESENTATION

Statements of the Problem 4 What are the respondents’ perspectives

towards the traditional Filipino courtesy?

The statement “Having the knowledge of Filipino courtesy and being

compliant to it has a good effect to children” was presented in the

questionnaire to determine the perspective of the respondents.

47

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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Female Respondents

Female N F R% %

Agree 35 32 0.9 90%

Disagree 35 3 0.1 10%

Total 35 1.0 100%

Agree Disagree

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

In the table presented, 90% of female respondents agree that having

the knowledge about Filipino courtesy has a positive effect to children

while 14.3% disagrees, resulting to 100% of the 35 female

respondents.

48

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Male Respondents

Male N F R% %

Agree 35 31 0.89 89%

Disagree 35 4 0.11 11%

Total 35 1.0 100%

Agree Disagree

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

In the table presented, 89% of male respondents agree that having

the knowledge about Filipino courtesy has a positive effect to children

while 11% disagrees to the idea, resulting to 100% of the 35 female

respondents.

49

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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-----------------------------
THESIS
ANALYSIS

Total Respondents

N F R% %

Agree 70 63 0.9 90%

Disagree 70 7 0.1 10%

Total 70 1.0 100%

agree

disagree

INTERPRETATION OF DATA

As presented on the analysis of datum, male and female

respondents have both agreed that having the knowledge and

compliance of Filipino courtesy has a positive effect to the children.

Having the total of 70 respondents, 90% of female have agreed that

it has a positive effect to the children while the remaining 10% have

disagreed. On the other hand, 89% of male respondents have agreed

to the given statement while the remaining 11 have disagreed, resulting

to the total of 90% on the affirmative side in contrast to its opposition.

50

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THESIS
PRESENTATION

Statement of the Problem 5 What are the most effective ways to

teach and expand the knowledge of the students on traditional Filipino

courtesy?

The fifth statement of the problem tackles about the top 3 most

effective way of teaching Filipino courtesy to the children. The

respondents were given four choices and to rate the proficiency of

each method wherein 5 is the most effective way as 1 is for the least

effective way. The researcher then uses the data from the respondents’

answers to come up with the order which will be used in defining the

most to the least effective way.

51

Campus:Blk 26, Ph 1, Tierra Nevada, San Francisco, Gen. Trias, Cavite


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THESIS
ANALYSIS

Top Teaching Methods for Filipino Courtesy

N F R% %

A 70 14 0.2 20%

B 70 21 0.3 30%

C 70 17 0.2428 24.3%

D 70 18 0.2571 25.7%

Total 70 1.0 100%

Legend:

A- “Make them watch Filipino educational shows.”

B- “Talk to them using po and opo so that they would follow.”

C-“Require them to speak with po and opo so that they can get

used to it.”

D-“Inform them about pagmamano, po and opo, etc.”

A B

C D

52

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THESIS
INTERPRETATION OF DATA

On the table used for the analysis of data, “A” represents “Make

them watch Filipino educational shows,” which resulted to having 20%

of the respondent’s answers which can be interpreted as the least

effective way of teaching traditional Filipino courtesy to children.

On the other hand, “Talk to them using po and opo so that they

would follow” was presented by the letter “B,” and resulted to having

30% of the respondent’s answers which led into the conclusion that it

was the most effective method of teaching Filipino courtesy to children.

The letter “C” represents “Require them to speak with po and opo

so that they can get used to it” ranking as the third to the most effective

way of teaching traditional Filipino courtesy with a percentage of 24.3.

Lastly, “Inform them about pagmamano, po and opo, etc.” was the

second most effective way with a percentage of 25.7, which was

represented by the letter “D”

53

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Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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-----------------------------
THESIS
Chapter 5

SUMMARY

Traditional Filipino courtesy have been a part of the Filipino culture

since the old times, it was used to express respect for fellow men

especially to the elders. However, as of today, the Filipino courtesy that

was known around the world was now modified into something close to

the culture of Western countries.

The study is conducted to determine the perspective of the students

on traditional Filipino courtesy and whether the students are

knowledgeable and compliant to it. Also, the researcher determined the

importance and the effective ways of teaching traditional Filipino

courtesy.

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THESIS
FINDINGS

It was stated in the interpretation of data on the Thematic Analysis

that based on the opinions of the respondents, the importance of

traditional Filipino courtesy includes Moral Values, Cultural Relativism,

and Social Relationship.

For the perception of students towards traditional Filipino courtesy,

90% have agreed that it has a positive effect while in contrary, 10%

have disagreed.

The study also stated that 70.7% of the respondents are highly

knowledgeable about traditional Filipino courtesy while the remaining

29.3% is categorized from being moderately, slightly, somewhat, and

not knowledgeable.

As for the level of compliance, 74.3% are compliant while the

remaining 25.7% are not. And lastly, for the effectiveness of teaching

method for traditional Filipino courtesy, “Talking to them using po and

opo so that they would follow” was stated as the most effective method,

with a percentage of 30%.

55

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THESIS
CONCLUSION

The researcher therefore concluded that despite of the

modernizations applied to the culture of Filipinos, there is still a sense

of giving importance to the traditional ways.

56

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THESIS
RECOMMENDATION

For the students, the researcher recommends them to be more

compliant of traditional Filipino courtesy to preserve the tradition of the

Filipinos.

For the institute, the researcher recommends further teaching of

traditional Filipino courtesy in the subject Values and History (for it is

part of the culture).

For the parents, the researcher recommends proper introduction of

Filipino courtesy to the children and to help them improve their level of

compliance.

57

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THESIS
REFERENCE MATERIALS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thematic_analysis

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042815051

666

https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=6727&context

=rtd

https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/filipino-culture/91446

https://www.snapsurveys.com/blog/qualitative-vs-quantitative-

research/

https://psychcentral.com/blog/the-3-basic-types-of-descriptive-

research-methods/

https://www.snapsurveys.com/survey-software/paper-surveys/

https://www.betterevaluation.org/en/rainbow_framework/describe/

combining_qualitative_and_quantitative_data

https://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Filipino_Values

http://members.aect.org/edtech/ed1/41/41-01.html

58

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THESIS
APPENDIX A

Respondents Gender Grade Level

Student 1 Female 10

Student 2 Female 10

Student 3 Female 10

Student 4 Female 10

Student 5 Female 10

Student 6 Male 10

Student 7 Male 10

Student 8 Male 10

Student 9 Male 10

Student 10 Male 10

Student 11 Female 9

Student 12 Female 9

Student 13 Female 9

Student 14 Female 9

Student 15 Female 9

Student 16 Male 9

Student 17 Male 9

Student 18 Male 9

Student 19 Male 9

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THESIS
Respondents Gender Grade Level

Student 20 Male 9

Student 21 Female 8

Student 22 Female 8

Student 23 Female 8

Student 24 Female 8

Student 25 Female 8

Student 26 Female 8

Student 27 Male 8

Student 28 Male 8

Student 29 Male 8

Student 30 Male 8

Student 31 Female 7

Student 32 Female 7

Student 33 Female 7

Student 34 Female 7

Student 35 Female 7

Student 36 Male 7

Student 37 Male 7

Student 38 Male 7

Student 39 Male 7

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THESIS
Respondents Gender Grade Level

Student 40 Male 7

Student 41 Female 6

Student 42 Female 6

Student 43 Female 6

Student 44 Female 6

Student 45 Female 6

Student 46 Female 6

Student 47 Male 6

Student 48 Male 6

Student 49 Male 6

Student 50 Male 6

Student 51 Female 5

Student 52 Female 5

Student 53 Female 5

Student 54 Male 5

Student 55 Male 5

Student 56 Male 5

Student 57 Male 5

Student 58 Male 5

Student 59 Male 5

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Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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THESIS
Respondents Gender Grade Level

Student 60 Male 5

Student 61 Female 4

Student 62 Female 4

Student 63 Female 4

Student 64 Female 4

Student 65 Female 4

Student 66 Male 4

Student 67 Male 4

Student 68 Male 4

Student 69 Male 4

Student 70 Male 4

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Telephone Numbers: 538-2509
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THESIS
APPENDIX B

*Please answer the following questions HONESTLY.


Name: Grade Level Gender: Age:
(Rest assured that all information and answers will be kept confidential.)
“Filipino Courtesy”
1. In your own opinion, is traditional Filipino courtesy important? If yes, list down 3 importances
- -
-
2. Do you think having the knowledge about Filipino courtesy has a good effect to students? Why or
why not?
Yes, it has a good effect because,
_______________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
___ Not at all because,
___________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
___
3. From the given list below, rate the most effective way of teaching Filipino courtesy to a child 5 and
the least effective way 1
__ Make them watch Filipino educational shows (e.g., Batibot, Wansapanataym).
__ Talk to them using “po” and “opo” so that they would follow.
__ Require them to speak with po and opo so that they can get used to it.
__ Inform them about pagmamano, po and opo, e.t.c.
__ Others:________________________________________________________

5- Highly Knowledgeable, 4- Moderately Knowledgeable, 3-Slightly Knowledgeable, 2- Somewhat


Knowledgeable, 1- Not Knowledgeable
Level of Knowledge 5 4 3 2 1
1. Filipino courtesy is the way of Filipinos to show respect.
2. Filipino courtesy includes “pagmamano”, and saying “po” and “opo”.
3. “Pagmamano” is performed as a sign of respect to elders.
4. Addressing slightly older people as “ate” or “kuya” is a sign of courtesy.
5. Offering food and other things to the visitors is a sign of courtesy.
6. Offering your seat to the elder and to women is a sign of courtesy.
Level of Compliance No Yes
1. I say “po” and “opo” whenever I talk to my parents and to the elders.
2. I do “pagmamano” to my parents and to my elderly.
3. I address slightly older people by calling them “kuya” or “ate.”
4. When visiting a house, I wait until I am asked to sit down.
5. I give my seat to elders and to women.
6. When there is a visitor at home, I offer them “meryenda.”

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THESIS
Curriculum Vitae

Sigmund Yona Marie A. Orpilla


B 10 L18 Phase 1 Tierra Nevada Subdivision, Brgy. San Francisco
General Trias, Cavite
Cell No. 0935-1291711
Email: orpillayona@yahoo.com

PERSONAL DATA
Date of Birth: December 24, 2002
Place of Birth: Cavite
Age: 16
Sex: Female
Citizenship: Filipino
Civil Status: Single
Religion: Roman Catholic
Mother: Gema A. Orpilla
Father: Lester Jayson J. Orpilla

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Primary
Angelicum Immanuel Montessory of Cavite
2005-2012

Secondary
Angelicum Immanuel Montessori of Cavite
2012-2019

ORGANIZATION/ AFFILIATION/ EXTRA CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES

 C.A.T. Battalion S1 Adjutant (2018-2019)

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