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Jobelle CABONCE

Georgie Faye TUPAZ

HUMAN POPULATION EXPLOSION

HUMAN POPULATION

Refers to the number of

people living in a particular area, from a village to the world as a whole.

A secondary meaning of population is the inhabitants themselves, but in most uses,

population means numbers.
population means numbers.

OVERPOPULATION

The state of the population “when there are more people than can live on the earth in comfort, happiness, and health and still leave the world a fit place for future generations.”

George Morris

an expert in environmental health and an Honorary Professor at the University of Exeter

Notes

LEXICAL DEFINITION:

Overpopulation occurs when a species'

population exceeds the carrying capacity of its

ecological niche. It can result from an increase in births (fertility rate), a decline in the mortality rate,

an increase in immigration, or an unsustainable

biome and depletion of resources.

TOP TEN COUNTRIES WITH THE HIGHEST POPULATION

#

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Country

2000

2018

Growth % Pop

2050

Population

Population

2000 - 2018

Expected Pop.

China

1,268,301,605

1,415,045,928

11.6

%

1,301,627,048

India

1,006,300,297

1,354,051,854

34.6

%

1,656,553,632

United States

282,162,411

326,766,748

15.8

%

398,328,349

Indonesia

214,090,575

266,794,980

24.6

%

300,183,166

Brazil

174,315,386

210,867,954

21.0

%

232,304,177

Pakistan

152,429,036

200,813,818

31.7

%

290,847,790

Nigeria

123,945,463

195,875,237

58.0

%

391,296,754

Bangladesh

128,734,672

166,368,149

29.2

%

193,092,763

Russia

147,053,966

143,964,709

- 2.1 %

129,908,086

Mexico

99,775,434

130,759,074

31.1

%

150,567,503

Courtesy: Internet World Stats, April 2018

A measure of the

number of organisms

that make up a population in a

defined area.

In other words, the number of people relative to the space occupied by them.

in a defined area. In other words, the number of people relative to the space occupied

POPULATION

DENSITY

Notes

However, population density is not an adequate measure of overpopulation, since countries with

advanced economies, like the Netherlands or Hong

Kong, can support an extremely dense population. Whether a country is overpopulated or not

depends on its…

FACTORS

FACTORS Population Growth Rate Standard of Living Lifestyle Culture Available Technology Resources Economy and others

Population Growth Rate Standard of Living Lifestyle Culture Available Technology Resources

Economy

and others

Notes

The earth’s population in 1800 was 1 billion, having taken all of human history to reach that mark. Only

more than 2 centuries later, the global population is

7.4 billion. The impact that this population explosion has had on the environment has been just as

striking, as seen by changes in greenhouse gas

emissions, rates of soil erosion, and the extinction of

species.

IMPACT OF POPULATION EXPLOSION

ON THE ENVIRONMENT

LAND/SOIL

DEGRADATION

Notes

The land serves as storage for water and nutrients required for plants and other living micro-macro-

organisms. The demand for food, energy and other

human requirements depends upon the preservation and improvement of the productivity of land. The loss of

arable land has been caused by a number of factors,

many or most of which are tied to human development. The primary causes are deforestation, overexploitation

for fuelwood, overgrazing, agricultural activities and industrialization.

DEFORESTATION

Notes

As the population grows, more and more forests are cleared. The two most common reasons for

deforestation are to make houses for increased

number of people to live in, and to use wood as a fuel in the industries.

POLLUTION

POLLUTION

Notes

The trees that help us in reducing the air pollution through the process of photosynthesis are not able to do

so any more. Air pollution is not the only environmental

damage being done by the increasing population. Nowadays water pollution is also one of the increasing

problems due to the population explosion. Water is

considered the essence of life. As in the case of air pollution, the increasing population calls for increasing

numbers of factories. These factories lead to various kinds of pollution, including water pollution.

GLOBAL WARMING & CLIMATE CHANGE

Notes

One of the major issues that have lately been bothering environmentalists all over the world is global warming.

Global climate change is identified as one of the greatest threats to the planet. Governments and scientists alike have agreed that the problem is real and serious.

Climate, if it changes at all, evolves so slowly that the difference cannot be seen in a human lifetime. Looking to times long past, scientists recognized that massive ice sheets had once covered a good part of the Northern

Hemisphere.

BIODIVERSITY LOSS

Notes

Today, human activities are causing a massive extinction of species, the full implications of which

are barely understood.

The diversity of nature helps meet the recreational, emotional, cultural, spiritual and aesthetic needs of

people.

OTHER NEGATIVE IMPACTS

OTHER NEGATIVE IMPACTS

MASS MIGRATION, OVERCROWDED SLUMS

DISEASES, CHAOS,

& VIOLENCE

DEPLETION OF

RESOURCES

POSSIBLE

SOLUTIONS

ONE-CHILD

LEGISLATION

Notes

During China’s high controversial one-child policy, fertility fell from six births per woman in the 1960s to

1.5 in 2014. However, Amnesty International reports

that the policy led to coerced or forced abortions and sterilizations. It also disrupted traditional support

structures for the elderly and led to a gender

imbalance.

AWARENESS

AND

EDUCATION

AWARENESS AND EDUCATION

Notes

The US-based Population Media Center gets creative to reach women. Its radio soap operas,

which feature culturally specific stories about

reproductive issues, have been heard by as many as 500 million people in 50 countries. In Ethiopia, 63

per cent of women seeking reproductive health

services reported tuning in.

PILLS

PROMOTE

FAMILY

PLANNING

Notes

Simply educating men and women about contraception can have a big impact. When Iran

introduced a national family planning programme

in 1989, its fertility rate fell from 5.6 births per woman to 2.6 in a decade. A similar effort in Rwanda saw a

threefold increase in contraception usage in just

five years.

EMPOWER

WOMEN

Notes

Studies show that women with access to reproductive health services find it easier to break

out of poverty, while those who work are more likely

to use birth control. The United Nations Population Fund aims to tackle both issues at once, running

microcredit projects to turn young women into

advocates for reproductive health.

Concluding Note

The Earth's environment is finite and can be destroyed if we do not start population control.

Although population control will not end all the

problems mentioned above, they would definitely allow more time for them to be fixed.

Lastly, population control helps alienate

environment problems.