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RESULTS OF DATA FROM FILE C:\HSC6\Cell\LEADBATT.

ICE

The maximum number of co-existing phases is 7

Phase combination:

Gas()
Metal(Copper)
Metal(Lead)
Liquid(Electrolyte)
Metal(Lead-oxide)
Metal(Copper)

Temperature: 298.150000 K
Pressure: 1.000000 bar

# 1 phase: Gas()

Input Equil.
Species amount amount Fraction(Gas) Potential (J)
Name Mol Mol /Molality(Aqua) Chemical Electrochem.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
N2(g) 1.000E+0001 1.000E+0001 1.000E+0000 0.00 0.00
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total: 10.000000

# 2 phase: Metal(Copper)

Input Equil.
Species amount amount Fraction(Gas) Potential (J)
Name Mol Mol /Molality(Aqua) Chemical Electrochem.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cu 1.000E+0000 1.000E+0000 1.000E+0000 0.00 -0.00
e-(Cu) 0.000E+0000 6.132E-0011 6.132E-0011 -20259.00 36825.37
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total: 1.000000

# 3 phase: Metal(Lead)

Input Equil.
Species amount amount Fraction(Gas) Potential (J)
Name Mol Mol /Molality(Aqua) Chemical Electrochem.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Pb 2.000E+0001 2.000E+0001 1.000E+0000 0.00 -0.00
e-(Pb) 0.000E+0000 3.972E-0010 1.986E-0011 18334.00 36825.37
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total: 20.000000
# 4 phase: Liquid(Electrolyte)

Input Equil.
Species amount amount Fraction(Gas) Potential (J)
Name Mol Mol /Molality(Aqua) Chemical Electrochem.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
H2O 5.550E+0001 5.550E+0001 7.475E-0001 -237863.47 -237863.47
H(+a) 1.250E+0001 1.250E+0001 1.250E+0001 6261.24 6261.24
OH(-a) 1.000E-0017 6.104E-0016 6.105E-0016 -244124.71 -244124.71
Pb(+2a) 1.000E-0017 2.440E-0009 2.440E-0009 -73650.74 -73650.74
SO4(-2a) 6.250E+0000 6.250E+0000 6.251E+0000 -740040.95
-740040.95
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total: 74.250000

# 5 phase: Metal(Lead-oxide)

Input Equil.
Species amount amount Fraction(Gas) Potential (J)
Name Mol Mol /Molality(Aqua) Chemical Electrochem.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
PbO2 2.000E+0001 2.000E+0001 1.000E+0000 -215397.00 -215397.00
e-(Pb) 0.000E+0000-4.250E-0009 -2.125E-0010 18334.00 -179512.82
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total: 20.000000

# 6 phase: Metal(Copper)

Input Equil.
Species amount amount Fraction(Gas) Potential (J)
Name Mol Mol /Molality(Aqua) Chemical Electrochem.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cu 1.000E+0000 1.000E+0000 1.000E+0000 0.00 -0.00
e-(Cu) 0.000E+0000-1.711E-0010 -1.711E-0010 -20259.00 -179512.82
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total: 1.000000

# 7 phase: Solid()

Input Equil.
Species amount amount Fraction(Gas) Potential (J)
Name Mol Mol /Molality(Aqua) Chemical Electrochem.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
PbSO4 0.000 0.000E+0000
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total: 0.000000

Minimum value of G = -22056353.12363

Enthalpy of input ..... H(A) = -2.6254 kJ


Enthalpy of equilibrium H(B) = -27.0367 kJ
Delta H = H(B) - H(A) = -24.4113 kJ
e
Volta potentials in the metal,semiconductor and liquid phases
-------------------------------------------------------------
Metal(Copper) -0.59163 V
Metal(Lead) -0.19165 V
Metal(Lead-oxide) 2.05050 V
Metal(Copper) 1.65052 V
Cell voltage U = -2.24215 V
Liquid(Electrolyte) 0.00000 V

Errors in Ax = b Lagrange multipliers/RT


-----------------------------------------------------
#1 0.00000E+0000 0.00000000000000
#2 0.00000E+0000 0.00000000070603
#3 5.59155E-0019 -72.41868538816925
#4 0.00000E+0000 174.54939710162580
#5 0.00000E+0000 69.89278923068196
#6 0.00000E+0000 -43.82719566102605
#7 0.00000E+0000 329.01717780437321
#8 0.00000E+0000 -87.27469855081290
#9 0.00000E+0000 0.00000000478897