Sie sind auf Seite 1von 9

SMART CAR DOOR WITH

ANTI-COLLISION LOCK

A PROJECT REPORT

Submitted by

A.ARAVINDHAN (922514114011)
P.BOOPATHI RAJA (922514114028)
M.KARTHIKEYAN (922514114060)
N.KARTHIKEYAN (922514114061)

in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree

of

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING

in

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

V.S.B. ENGINEERING COLLEGE, KARUR - 639111

ANNA UNIVERSITY :: CHENNAI 600 025

APRIL 2018

i
ANNA UNIVERSITY :: CHENNAI 600 025

BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE

Certified that this project report entitled “SMART CAR DOOR WITH ANTI-
COLLISION LOCK” is the bonafide work of A.ARAVINDHAN
(922514114011), P.BOOPATHIRAJA(922514114028), M.KARTHIKEYAN
(922514114060), and N.KARTHIKEYAN (922514114061) who carried out
the project work under my supervision.

……………………. ………………………..
SIGNATURE SIGNATURE
Mr.P.RAJU M.E., M.B.A.,(Ph.D.)., Dr.G.SATISH PANDIAN M.E.,Ph.D.,
HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT, SUPERVISOR,
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR,
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering,
V.S.B. Engineering College, V.S.B. Engineering college,
Karur - 639 111. Karur - 639 111.

Submitted for the Project viva voce Examination held on __________

…………………….. …………………….

Internal Examiner External Examiner

ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First and foremost, we express our thanks to our parents for providing us
a very nice environment for doing this project.

We wish to express our sincere thanks to our Chairman Sir and founder
of VSB Engineering College, Shri. V.S.BALSAMY B.Sc., B.L., for having
provided us with the entire necessary infrastructure and other facilities.

We extend our gratitude to Dr. V.NIRMAL KANNAN M.E., Ph.D.,


Principal and Mr. T.S.KIRUBHA SHANKAR M.E., (Ph.D.)., Vice Principal,
V.S.B. Engineering College, Karur for their high degree of encouragement and
moral support during the course of this project. We are grateful to place on
record, the valuable advice given by Mr. P.RAJU M.E., M.B.A., (Ph.D.).,
Head of the Department, V.S.B. Engineering College, Karur.

We wish to express our sincere and faithful gratitude to our project guide
Dr. G.SATISH PANDIAN M.E., Ph.D., Associate Professor and project
coordinator Dr. P.GANESHAN M.E., Ph.D., Associate Professor, Mechanical
Engineering Department, V.S.B. Engineering College, Karur. For their valuable
suggestions, excellent guidance and constant support provided all through the
course of project and make it a grand success.

Last but not the least, we extent our heartfelt salutation to our department
faculty and friends who encouraged us throughout the course and give their
valuable support to our project.

iii
ABSTRACT

In this era, we encounter numerous road accident cases which are mostly

take place by the carelessness of the automobile users. The aim of this project is

providing safety locking system to prevent collision while opening the car door.

This is using the motorized safety locking system for automobiles and cars. This

project will be very much useful to any kind of automobile vehicles. Public

services place like all type four wheeler automobiles. The project is designed for

automatic door locking system using IR sensor. Opening and closing of doors is

always a tedious job, especially in the busy roads and busy hours while

everyone is hurry up to do their responsibilities. This project proposes a system

of automatic opening and closing of door and also providing an anti-collision

lock to prevent accidents by hitting on the door while suddenly opening the

door for the car passengers’ emergency purpose by sensing any body movement

in the rear side of the car as well the rear-lateral sides. This is achieved with

help of a IR (Infrared) sensor. A live body generally emits infrared energy

which is sensed by the IR sensor from a considerable distance. This sensing

signal is fed to a microcontroller to operate a door motor through motor driver

relay or IC. When a body approaches within the operating range of the sensor, it

sends a logical command to lock the door. The door automatically opens with a

fixed time delay, if there is no further movement within the IR operating range.

Interrupt signals are used to bring the opening of car door to the approaching

biker or cyclist’s knowledge and thus collision is avoided.


iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER CONTENTS PAGE


NO. NO.

ABSTRACT iv

LIST OF FIGURES vii

LIST OF TABLES viii

1 INTRODUCTION 1

2 PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION 3

2.1 Problem identification 3

2.2 Purpose of the project 4

3 LITERATURE SURVEY 6

4 METHODOLOGY 14

4.1 Methodology 14

4.2 Description of equipments 15

4.2.1 Motor 15

4.2.2 Relay 20

4.2.3 Battery 21

4.2.4 IR sensor 23

4.2.5 Keyboard 23

v
4.2.6 Control unit 23

4.3 Description of the design 25

4.3.1 Layout of the design 25

4.3.2 Worm gear calculation 26

4.3.3 Dimensions of 30 RPM motor 27

4.4 Fabrication of the prototype 29

4.4.1 Material selection 29

4.4.1.1 Properties 29

4.4.1.2 Manufacturing case 30

4.4.1.3 Quality required 30

4.4.1.4 Availability of material 30

4.4.1.5 Space consideration 30

4.4.1.6 Cost 31

4.4.2 List of materials 31

4.4.3 Process involved in fabrication 31

4.5 Cost estimation 35

4.5.1 Material cost 35

4.5.2 Labour charges 36

4.5.3 Overhead charges 36

vi
4.5.4 Manufacturing cost 36

4.5.5 Total cost 36

5 WORKING AND FUNCTIONING OF THE MODEL 37

5.1 Principle 37

5.2 Functioning of the prototype 37

6 RESULT AND CONCLUSION 40

6.1 Advantages 40

6.2 Scope of the project 40

6.3 Applications 40

6.4 Discussion 40

7 CONCLUSION 42

REFERENCES 43

PHOTOGRAPHY 45

vii
LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE TITLE PAGE NO.


NO.

1.1 Statistics of road accidents comparison in 2016 and 2


2017

2.1 Car door hit by another car while opening 4

2.2 Opening the car door without aware of the cyclist 4

4.2.1 Components of motor 15

4.2.2 Mounting of commutator inside the motor 16

4.2.3 Direction of torque produced by the rotor 17

4.2.4 3-pole design of DC motor 18

4.2.5 Contact of poles with the commutator 18

4.2.6 Assembly of DC motor 20

4.2.7 Battery terminals and components 22

4.3.1 Proposed layout of the design 25

4.3.2 Dimensions of 30 rpm motor 27

5.1 Layout of the motorised locking system 39

viii
LIST OF TABLES

TABLE TITLE PAGE


NO. NO.

4.5.1 Material cost 35

ix