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1. Explain hidden shares.

Hidden or administrative shares are share names with a dollar


sign ($) appended to their names. Administrative shares are usually created
automatically for the root of each drive letter. They do not display in the network
browse list.
2. How do the permissions work in Windows 2000? What permissions does folder
inherit from the parent? When you combine NTFS permissions based on users and their
group memberships, the least restrictive permissions take precedence. However,
explicit Deny entries always override Allow entries.
3. Why can’t I encrypt a compressed file on Windows 2000? You can either compress it
or encrypt it, but not both.
4. If I rename an account, what must I do to make sure the renamed account has the
same permissions as the original one? Nothing, it’s all maintained automatically.
5. What’s the most powerful group on a Windows system? Administrators.
6. What are the accessibility features in Windows 2000? StickyKeys, FilterKeys Narrator,
Magnifier, and On-Screen Keyboard.
7. Why can’t I get to the Fax Service Management console? You can only see it if a fax
had been installed.
8. What do I need to ensure before deploying an application via a Group Policy? Make
sure it’s either an MSI file, or contains a ZAP file for Group Policy.
9. How do you configure mandatory profiles? Rename ntuser.dat to ntuser.man
10. I can’t get multiple displays to work in Windows 2000. Multiple displays have to use
peripheral connection interface (PCI) or Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) port devices
to work properly with Windows 2000.
11. What’s a maximum number of processors Win2k supports? 2
12. I had some NTFS volumes under my Windows NT installation. What happened to
NTFS after Win 2k installation? It got upgraded to NTFS 5.
13. How do you convert a drive from FAT/FAT32 to NTFS from the command line?
convert c: /fs:ntfs
14. Explain APIPA. Auto Private IP Addressing (APIPA) takes effect on Windows 2000
Professional computers if no DHCP server can be contacted. APIPA assigns the
computer an IP address within the range of 169.254.0.0 through 169.254.255.254 with a
subnet mask of 255.255.0.0.

1. What is Active Directory schema?

The Active Directory schema contains formal definitions of every object class that can be
created in an Active Directory forest it also contains formal definitions of every attribute
that can exist in an Active Directory object. Active Directory stores and retrieves
information from a wide variety of applications and services. So that it can store and
replicate data from a potentially infinite variety of sources, Active Directory standardizes
how data is stored in the directory. By standardizing how data is stored, the directory
service can retrieve, update, and replicate data while ensuring that the integrity of the
data is maintained.

2. What are the domain functional level in Windows Server 2003?

- Windows 2000 mixed, Native and Windows 2003 Server

- In Windows 2003 you can perform . Nesting groups, Converting group types, Universal
group, SID history, renaming of Domains, update logon timestamps, etc

2. What are the forest functional level in Windows Server 2003?

Windows 2000 and Windows 2003 (In Windows 2003 Improved (AD, GC and Linked value
replication), Forest Trust)

3. What is global catalog server?


4. How we can raise domain functional & forest functional level in Windows Server
2003?
5. Which is the default protocol used in directory services?
6. What is IPv6?
7. What is the default domain functional level in Windows Server 2003?
8. What are the physical & logical components of ADS
9. In which domain functional level, we can rename domain name?
10. What is multi-master replication?
11. What is a site?
12. Which is the command used to remove active directory from a domain controller?
13. How we can create console, which contain schema?
14. What is trust?
15. What is the file that’s responsible for keep all Active Directory database?

In Windows 2003
Domain Functional Level
Windows 2000 mixed (Default)
Windows 2000 native
Windows Server 2003 interim
Windows Server 2003
Forest Functional Level
Windows 2000 (default)
Windows Server 2003 interim
Windows Server 2003

Ref http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=322692 for more info

HP

1. What is DHCP? How we configure DHCP?


2. What are the ways to configure DNS & Zones?
3. What are the types of backup? Explain each?
4. What are Levels of RAID 0, 1, 5? Which one is better & why?
5. What are FMSO Roles? List them.
6. Describe the lease process of the DHCP server.
7. Disaster Recovery Plan?
8. What is scope & super scope?
1. Super Scope : A range of IP addresses that span several subnets
2. A DHCP scope is an administrative grouping of computers running the DHCP
Client service.
9. Differences between Win 2000 Server & Advanced Server?
10. Logical Diagram of Active Directory? What is the difference between child domain &
additional domain server?
11. FTP(20, 21), NNTP(119), SMTP(25), KERBEROS(88), DNS(53), DHCP(67/68), POP3 (110)
port numbers?
12. What is Kerberos? – Authentication Protocol port 88 Which version is currently used by
Windows? – version 5 How does Kerberos work? - ticket granting ticket

13. Describe how the DHCP lease is obtained. It’s a four-step process consisting of (a) IP
request, (b) IP offer, © IP selection and (d) acknowledgement.
14. I can’t seem to access the Internet, don’t have any access to the corporate network
and on ipconfig my address is 169.254.*.*. What happened? The 169.254.*.* netmask
is assigned to Windows machines running 98/2000/XP if the DHCP server is not
available. The name for the technology is APIPA (Automatic Private Internet Protocol
Addressing).
15. We’ve installed a new Windows-based DHCP server, however, the users do not
seem to be getting DHCP leases off of it. The server must be authorized first with the
Active Directory.
16. How can you force the client to give up the dhcp lease if you have access to the
client PC? ipconfig /release
17. What authentication options do Windows 2000 Servers have for remote clients?
PAP, SPAP, CHAP, MS-CHAP and EAP.
18. What are the networking protocol options for the Windows clients if for some
reason you do not want to use TCP/IP? NWLink (Novell), NetBEUI, AppleTalk (Apple).
19. What is data link layer in the OSI reference model responsible for? Data link layer is
located above the physical layer, but below the network layer. Taking raw data bits
and packaging them into frames. The network layer will be responsible for addressing
the frames, while the physical layer is reponsible for retrieving and sending raw data
bits.
20. What is binding order? The order by which the network protocols are used for client-
server communications. The most frequently used protocols should be at the top.
21. How do cryptography-based keys ensure the validity of data transferred across the
network? Each IP packet is assigned a checksum, so if the checksums do not match on
both receiving and transmitting ends, the data was modified or corrupted.
22. Should we deploy IPSEC-based security or certificate-based security? They are really
two different technologies. IPSec secures the TCP/IP communication and protects the
integrity of the packets. Certificate-based security ensures the validity of
authenticated clients and servers.
23. What is LMHOSTS file? It’s a file stored on a host machine that is used to resolve
NetBIOS to specific IP addresses.
24. What’s the difference between forward lookup and reverse lookup in DNS? Forward
lookup is name-to-address, the reverse lookup is address-to-name.
25. How can you recover a file encrypted using EFS? Use the domain recovery agent.
Microsoft Exchange Server interview questions

1. Distribution List?
2. GAL, Routing Group, Stm files, Eseutil & ininteg - what are they used for?
3. What is MIME & MAPI?
4. List the services of Exchange Server 2000?
5. How would you recover Exchange server when the log file is corrupted?

• What NT service packs have you deployed? Why did you deploy that one?
• How did you test it? How did you deploy it, and what issues did you face?
• What is the difference between DNS and WINS?
• Which tools from the resource kit have you used? What other NT tools have you worked
with?
• I'm setting up a RAID-5 array with 3 x 9G disks. How much available storage for data
will I have?
• What is sub netting used for?
• If I want a redundant DHCP server in my NT 4.0 network, how should I set it up?
• What types of tasks can I do using the NET USER command?
• What do you think are the most useful features of Windows 2000?

CSC

with commands tell me about migration


could u tell me breifly about DNS
what is CName in DNS
what is Zones?
how many types of zones?
tell me about stub Zones ?
What is forwarders ?
what is cauching only servers
tell me about DHCP Process ?
how the client searches an hostname in internet?
do u have any idea on queries in DNS ?
tell me about operation master roles of windows 2000 ?
ellaborate FSMO
tell me the command line of FSMO roles? how to transfer and seize roles
tell me about disk management
tell me types of backup in windows 2000?
how do u restore active directory objects? with commands
tell me about dynamic volumes
which is the volume u r using in u r company ? how u designed explain
tell me about FRS and LMRepl
tell me about sites
explain intrasites and intersites replication ?
is it possible to use universal groups, group nesting in windows 2000 mixed domain
tell me about user profiles
how many domain functional level in windows 2000 and windows 2003
how many nodes does windows 2000 supports for clustering compare to windows 2003
CapGemini

1. Describe windows 2003 security features on windows 2000


2. How to integrate UNIX DNS Server In windows 2000 & windows 2003 – using bind
file in system32
3. What are the features in Windows 2003 while doing DCPROMO
4. How to create two instances cluster
5. How to get published application in Citrix
6. Port – 1494 & protocol – ICA used
7. How to troubleshoot blue screen errors. – dump check by windebugger
8. repladmin and replmon differences
9. RID Pool size ?, Transfer if 25% utilize how you will transfer
10. Does PDC emulator required for Windows 2003.
11. Most critical role server – PDC Emulator
12. Security Templates in windows 2003

1. Client side Group policy log


2. Different between IIS5 and IIS6
3. Different partition in active directory 2003
4. How to restore single user
5. No of storage Group in Exchange server 2003
6. Defrag Exchange database
7. Password policy -> is possible in two different OU
8. How login process (in windows xp/2000 pro to server)
9. What is Repadmin and is it possible to initiate replication
10. Two type of AD restore
11. How to identify SRV record in DNS
12. what is ILO/RAC/RSA and is it possible to see the hardware issue
13. Different between NT DNS and AD DNS
14. Is it possible to check the hardware issues using ILO/RAC

Interview Questions

Set 1:

1. What is tombstone object in AD?


2. What is “LostandFound object?
3. What is Kcc?
4. How to confirm if the software package deployed using Group policy has got installed in the
user’s Pc?
5. How to uninstall a package?
6. What are the various DNS Records?
7. SRV Record for one DC is missing in the DNS. Explain how this might have happened?
8. Difference between win2000 and win2003.
9. New Features in Windows 2003 Active Directory.
10. In one particular DC, OU got accidentally deleted by admin. In another DC, the same OU
was getting updated? What will happen in this scenario? How to restore the deleted OU?
11. What are the different types of Backup? Explain.
12. Can we delete an object attribute in AD? How to delete?
13. How to deploy patch in an enterprise environment?
14. How to install software packages for 500 users at a stretch?
15. How to recover corrupted information store in Exchange?
16. What is circular logging?
17. What is the size of transaction logs?
18. What is inter-site and intra-site replication?
19. What is the difference between IP and SMTP protocol used for AD replication?
20. What is GC server?
21. How to recover a deleted OU in AD? Explain.
22. What are the antivirus products are you aware about? Explain.
23. Are you aware about ITIL process?
24. What is incremental replication in AD? How exactly it is happening?
25. What are the different partitions in AD?

Set 2:

1. What is current roles and responsibilities?


2. Explain FSMO roles
4. Types of Groups
5. Explain Domain Local, Global and Universal Group
6. Explain the types of backup
7. Difference between copy and normal backup
8. Are you aware about ITIL process?
9. How to deploy a patch based on ITIL process
10.What is the difference between Incident management and Problem management?
11.Are you aware of SUS,WSUS and MBSA reports.
12. How to confirm whether the patches have been installed all the computers?
13.1000 computers are there in a OU. Policy needs to be applied only for 500 computers
without disturbing the setup how to apply policy?
14. How to deploy a software using Group Policy? And how to confirm whether it has installed
or not?
15.What are the remote tools you have worked?
16. Two modes in Terminal Services and Explain
17. What are the antivirus products are you aware about? Explain.
18. How to schedule weekly scans and automatic updates for client machines for antivirus
update?

Set 3:

1. What are your current roles and responsibilities?


2. What are the types of relationships in the AD?
3. Explain Trust and transient relationships?
4. What are the types of replications?
5. Where are the log files of replications stored in the server?
6. Where is the information stored?
7. What are the types of groups?
8. Explain the types of groups?
9. What type of groups can be added in to Domain Local?
10. Are you aware about patch management on ITIL process?
11. Are you aware about ITIL Process?
12. What is difference between Incident and Problem management?
13. How do you deploy software using GPO?
14. What are the two methods of deploying software using GPO?
15. Can we apply GP for the users? How?
16. What are the antivirus products are you aware about? Explain.
17. What are the types of Backup? Explain the differences?
Set 4:

1. Roles and responsilbities?


2. Any recent issues u had?
3. What is the diff between exchange 5.5 and exchange 2003 server?
4. What are the core services are running in exchange 5.5 and exchange 2003.
5. What are all the connectors?
6. what is SMTP relay server
7. what is the port no. for IMAP
8. what is the pop3 and IMAP
9. How will u troubleshoot the mail queue problem?
10. What is the storage group size?
11. How will u create the Public folder?
12. What is free busy option?
13. Where will u find the message header?
14. what are all the message filtering tools
15. what is IMF
16. How u configure the IMF
17. what are the log files in Exchange 2003
18. What is the circular log file size?
19. If it is enable or disable in Exchange
20. By default it is enable in exchange 2003 or not
21. How u restore a single mail box
22. How u take backup in exchange2003.
23. what is the intrasite and intersite replication
24. What are all the two attributes which reflect while replication is happened?
25. What is tombstone?
26. What is the default period for tombstone?
27. How u will restore one OU.
28. what is the difference bet Win2000 and Win2003
29. What is volume shadow copy?
30. How many records are there in DNS
31. what is Reverse lookup zone
32. what is the renewal period for DHCP
33. what are the tools u are using to connect remotely
34. what is the protocol used for remote desktop connection
35. What is Host name, Computer name and NetBIOS name.
36. Have u worked on any Antivirus.
37. What is the version of Symantec Anti virus u r using.
38. If one .dat file is missing after running the Symantec anti virus who will u check through
Symantec console.
39. How many types of ways to deploy software through Group Policy.
40. What is Assign and Publish?
41. How u update a patches through ITIL process.
42. What is the tool to deploy patches for 500 clients?
43. What is the backup tool u r using?

Set 5

1. What are the FSMO roles in AD and what are the functionalities of those roles?
2. What is the Global Catalog Server?
3. What are the different Security groups and their scopes?
4. What is AD Replication? What are Inter-site and Intra-site Replications?
5. What are the default Replication Intervals?
6. How do you filter the GP application to the users and computers in single a OU without
moving them to any other container?
7. What are the different ways of deploying an application in an organization?
8. How would you promote a member server to a DC in a site which is connected to another
site by a slow link with the same copy of AD Database which is in the DC in the other site?
9. Have you worked on any backup solutions?
10. What are the different projects you have worked in your previous organizations?
11. Have you worked on Change Management?
12. What is the difference between Incident and Problem?
13. How will you plan group membership and OU creation for a certain scenario?
14. What are the different kinds of NT backups?
15. What are the necessary ITIL processes that an IT organization should follow?

Windows 2000 & 2003 difference

1. Shared folder is having read permissions


2. Support meta directory services
3. VSS
4. Domain Rename, Domain controller rename
5.

Windows 2003 Security Templates

Template File Default security for:

basicwk.inf standard workstation

basicsv.inf standard server

basicdc.inf standard domain controller

compatws.inf compatible workstation or server

notssid.inf Terminal Services backward compatibility

securews.inf secure workstation or server

hisecws.inf high security workstation or server

securedc.inf secure domain controller

hisecdc.inf high security domain controller


HP Interview (June 1st week 2006)

1.2000 & 2003 Difference


2.DNS 2000 & 2003 (Ans: Conditional forwarding, Stub zone, Application partition)
3.Types of quries
4.DHCP => Server scopes
5.Role of Infrastrature Master
6.How to create the Forward lookup zone
7.Diff between forward lookup & Reserve lookup zone
8.AD restore Mode

First level
----------

1.Client side Group policy log


2.Different between IIS5 and IIS6
3.Different partition in active directory 2003
4.How to restore single user
5.No of storage Group in Exchange server 2003
6.Defrag Exchange database
7.Password policy -> is possible in two different OU
8.How login process (in windows xp/2000 pro to server)
9.What is Repadmin and is it possible to initiate replication
10.Two type of AD restore
11.How to identify SRV record in DNS
12.what is ILO/RAC/RSA and is it possible to see the hardware issue
13.Different between NT DNS and AD DNS
14.Is it possible to check the hardware issues using ILO/RAC

Second level
-----------

1.Global catalog (when is possible infra and global role in same server)

==>if you havea single domain in forest,we can assign in infra and global role in same server.
==>if you have more no. of GC in that site, u can assign infra and global role in same server.
2.how to change the Domain naming master role graphically
3.How to view the schema
4.What is Realm Trust
5.What is external trust
6.Have u used resouce kit utilities and which
7.is it possible to initiate replication thru repadmin
8.what are all tools to view the FSMO roles
9.What is forest trust
10.What is difference in windows 2000 and windows 2003(trust wise)