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If the shaft is loaded with the bending moment in the joint, the bending stress must be checked. If the shaft is loaded with a shear force in the joint, the shear stress must be checked. The shaft may be load in the joint by axial force. The shaft must be checked for axial stresses. When calculating the different load types, it is necessary to calculate the combined stress.

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The feather key are used to transfer the torque between the shaft and the hub. The feather

key are inserted into shaft and hub grooves. The torque is transmitted only by the flanks of

the feather key. Therefore, the grooves of the grooves and the feather key must be parallel.

The feather key are standardized most commonly used, which are listed in DIN 6885A.

The material is usually C45+C steel. For alternating or impact torque loads, the feather key is

not suitable because changing the load direction and the impact of the wall, which can lead

to loosening of the connection.

16𝑀'

𝜏" = 5 ≤ 𝜏788

𝜋 )*(𝐷 − 2𝑡)1 + 𝑏 1 4

MT torque [Nm]

D diameter of the shaft [mm]

t depth in the shaft [mm]

b key width [mm]

τall allowable shear stress [MPa]

0,4𝑅=>,1'

𝜏788 = ∗ 𝐶C

𝑆@

Rp0,2T the minimum yield strength or 0,2% proof strength at calculation temperature [MPa]

SF safety factor []

Cc coefficient of use of joints according to load []

1

Coefficient of use of joints according to load:

load []

Unidirectional load, non-impact load 0,8

Unidirectional load, with a small impact load 0,7

Unidirectional load, with a big impact load 0,6

Alternating load, with a small impact load 0,45

Alternating load, with a big impact load 0,25

2𝑀'

𝜏= = ≤ 𝜏788

𝜋𝑏 1

𝐷 ∗ 𝑖 ∗ E(𝑙 − 𝑏 − 𝑙G ) ∗ 𝑏 + 4 H

MT torque [Nm]

D diameter of the shaft [mm]

i number of key []

l key length [mm]

b key width [mm]

lt tolerance of key length [mm]

τall allowable shear stress [MPa]

2𝑀'

𝑝" = ≤ 𝜎788

𝐷 ∗ 𝑖 ∗ J(𝑙 − 𝑏 − 𝑙G ) ∗ (ℎ" − 𝑡LG − (𝑡 + 𝑡L − ℎ) − 𝑟L )N

MT torque [Nm]

D diameter of the shaft [mm]

i number of key []

l key length [mm]

b key width [mm]

lt tolerance of key length [mm]

hs the height of the key in the shaft [mm]

t1t tolerance of the groove height in the hub [mm]

t depth in the shaft [mm]

t1 depth in the hub [mm]

h key height [mm]

r1 max. rounding the key [mm]

σall allowable bearing stress [MPa]

𝐷 𝐷 𝑏

ℎ" = 𝑡 − + cos SsinVL W

2 2 𝐷

2

t depth in the shaft [mm]

D diameter of the shaft [mm]

b key width [mm]

0,9𝑅=>,1'

𝜎788 = ∗ 𝐶C

𝑆@

Rp0,2T the minimum yield strength or 0,2% proof strength at calculation temperature [MPa]

SF safety factor []

Cc coefficient of use of joints according to load []

2𝑀'

𝑝Y = ≤ 𝜎788

𝐷 ∗ 𝑖 ∗ J(𝑙 − 𝑏 − 𝑙G ) ∗ (ℎY − 𝑡G − (𝑡 + 𝑡L − ℎ) − 𝑟L )N

MT torque [Nm]

D diameter of the shaft [mm]

i number of key []

l key length [mm]

b key width [mm]

lt tolerance of key length [mm]

hh the height of the key in the hub [mm]

tt tolerance of the groove height in the shaft [mm]

t depth in the shaft [mm]

t1 depth in the hub [mm]

h key height [mm]

r1 max. rounding the key [mm]

σall allowable bearing stress [MPa]

ℎY = 𝑡 + 𝑡L − ℎ"

t depth in the shaft [mm]

t1 depth in the hub [mm]

hs the height of the key in the shaft [mm]

16𝑀'

𝜏Y = 𝐾G ≤ 𝜏788

[

[

𝜋 ES𝐷Y − )*(𝐷 + 2𝑡L ) + 𝑏 4 W /𝐷Y H

1 1

3

Kt concentration factor []

MT torque [Nm]

D diameter of the shaft [mm]

t1 depth in the hub [mm]

b key width [mm]

Dh diameter of the hub [mm]

b key width [mm]

τall allowable shear stress [MPa]

Concentration factor:

0,1 0,1 1

𝐾G = 1,953 + 0,1434 S W − 0,0021 S W

𝑟1 /𝐷 𝑟1 /𝐷

Kt concentration factor []

D diameter of the shaft [mm]

r2 groove rounding [mm]

If the shaft is loaded with the bending moment in the joint, the bending stress must be

checked. If the shaft is loaded with a shear force in the joint, the shear stress must be

checked. The shaft may be load in the joint by axial force. The shaft must be checked for

axial stresses. When calculating the different load types, it is necessary to calculate the

combined stress.

32𝑀_

𝜎_ = 5 ≤ 𝜎_788

𝜋 )*(𝐷 − 2𝑡)1 + 𝑏 1 4

MB bending moment [Nm]

D diameter of the shaft [mm]

t depth in the shaft [mm]

b key width [mm]

σBall allowable bending stress [MPa]

0,6𝑅=>,1'

𝜎_788 = ∗ 𝐶C

𝑆@

Rp0,2T the minimum yield strength or 0,2% proof strength at calculation temperature [MPa]

SF safety factor []

Cc coefficient of use of joints according to load []

4

Shear stress in the shaft:

4𝐹a

𝜏"(") = 1 ≤ 𝜏788

𝜋 )*(𝐷 − 2𝑡)1 + 𝑏 1 4

FR shear forces [N]

D diameter of the shaft [mm]

t depth in the shaft [mm]

b key width [mm]

τall allowable shear stress [MPa]

4𝐹b

𝜎b = 1 ≤ 𝜎b788

𝜋 )*(𝐷 − 2𝑡)1 + 𝑏 1 4

FA axial forces [N]

D diameter of the shaft [mm]

t depth in the shaft [mm]

b key width [mm]

σAall allowable axial stress [MPa]

0,45𝑅=>,1'

𝜎b788 = ∗ 𝐶C

𝑆@

Rp0,2T the minimum yield strength or 0,2% proof strength at calculation temperature [MPa]

SF safety factor []

Cc coefficient of use of joints according to load []

𝜎Gcd"C7 = e𝜎_1 + 𝜎b1 + 4J(𝐾G ∗ 𝜏" )1 + 𝜏"(")

1

N ≤ 𝜎f788

σB bending stress in the shaft [MPa]

σA axial stress in the shaft [MPa]

Kt concentration factor []

τs torsion stress in the shaft [MPa]

τs(s) shear stress in the shaft [MPa]

σCall allowable combined stress [MPa]

5

Allowable combined stress:

𝑅=>,1'

𝜎f788 = ∗ 𝐶C

𝑆@

Rp0,2T the minimum yield strength or 0,2% proof strength at calculation temperature [MPa]

SF safety factor []

Cc coefficient of use of joints according to load []

Literature:

AISC: Specification for structural steel buildings: Allowable Stress design and plastic design

1989

Walter D. Pilkey, Deborah F. Pilkey: Peterson’s stress concentration factors. 2008

Joseph E. Shigley, Charles R. Mischke, Richard G. Budynas: Konstruování strojních součástí

2010.

MET-Calc: Allowable stress.

https://met-calc.com/soubory/clanky/Allowable%20stress%20[EN].pdf

A. Bolek, J. Kochman a kol.: Části a mechanismy strojů I. 1989.

K. kříž a kol.: Strojní součásti 1. 1984.

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