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Marline Kurishingal

Energy possessed by a body is the capacity of

the body to do work.

State the principle of conservation of energy.

Energy can neither be created nor destroyed,

but can be converted from one form to

another (or others).

The total amount of energy in any closed

system is constant.

Energy and work are both scalar quantities,

and have the unit Joule.

Work in terms of the product of a force and displacement in the

direction of the force

Define Work

W = Fs

Unit of Work

Work done by a constant force

Sample problem - 1

Sample problem 2 - Solve it!

Sample problem 3 – Solve it!

Sample problem 4 – Solve it !

Example 5 – Solve it !

Example 6 – Solve it !

a force of 27.5N to move a trolley 12.3m?

W = F x d = (27.5N) (12.3m)

= 338.25J

Special case

Try to solve it !

Derive from Equations of motion (KE)

Derive from Equations of motion (KE)

Sample problem 1 – Solve it !

Energy in different forms, its

conversion and conservation,

and apply the principle of energy

conservation to simple examples

Gravitational potential energy, Electric potential energy

and Elastic potential energy

Give EXAMPLES of energy in

different forms and its

conversion

Check your understanding!

• http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=end

screen&NR=1&v=tdl8wnQOkjM

• http://science.howstuffworks.com/engineerin

g/structural/roller-coaster3.htm

More Examples of Energy conversion

Internal Energy

• Matter consists of atoms and molecules and these are

made up of particles having kinetic energy and

Potential energy.

sum of the kinetic energy of all its constituent particles

plus the sum of all the potential energy of interaction

among these particles in the system.

energy arising out of interaction between the system

and it surroundings.

The implications of energy losses in practical devices and

use the concept of efficiency to solve problems

Sample Problem

Derive, from the defining equation W = Fs, the formula Ep = mgh for

the potential energy changes near the Earth’s surface

Sample problem

storage of water. The

outlet of the dam is 20 m

below the surface of the

water in the reservoir.

Water leaving the dam is

moving at 16m/s.

Calculate the % of G.P.E

that is lost when

converted into K.E.

Solution

Define power as work done per unit time and

derive power as the product of force and velocity.

Sample problem 1

Sample problem 2 – Solve it!

Solutions for the question in previous slide

Relationship between force and

potential energy in a uniform field

Sample problem – Solve it!

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