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 Moshe Dayan Dayan, photographed in 1978 5th Minister of Foreign Affairs In office 20 June 1977 – 23 October

1979 Prime MinisterMenachem Begin Preceded byYigal Allon Succeeded byYitzhak Shamir 4th Minister of
Defense In office 5 June 1967 – 3 June 1974 Prime MinisterLevi Eshkol Yigal Allon Golda Meir Preceded
byLevi Eshkol Succeeded byShimon Peres 7th Minister of Agriculture In office 17 December 1959 – 4
November 1964 Prime MinisterDavid Ben-Gurion Levi Eshkol Preceded byKadish Luz...

 Feb 21, 2019 · Moshe Dayan, (born May 20, 1915, Deganya, Palestine [now in Israel]—died Oct. 16, 1981, Tel
Aviv, Israel), soldier and statesman who led Israel to dramatic victories over its Arab neighbours and became a
symbol of security to his countrymen.. Dayan was born on Israel’s first kibbutz and was raised on the country’s
first successful cooperative farm settlement (moshav), Nahalal.

 Moshe Dayan
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Moshe Dayan

Dayan, photographed in 1978

5th Minister of Foreign Affairs

In office
20 June 1977 – 23 October 1979

Prime Minister Menachem Begin

Preceded by Yigal Allon

Succeeded by Yitzhak Shamir

4th Minister of Defense

In office
5 June 1967 – 3 June 1974

Levi Eshkol
Prime Minister Yigal Allon (Acting)
Golda Meir

Preceded by Levi Eshkol

Succeeded by Shimon Peres

7th Minister of Agriculture

In office
17 December 1959 – 4 November 1964

David Ben-Gurion
Prime Minister
Levi Eshkol

Preceded by Kadish Luz

Succeeded by Haim Gvati

4th Chief of General Staff

In office
6 December 1953 – 29 January 1958

President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi

Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion

Preceded by Mordechai Maklef

Succeeded by Haim Laskov

Personal details

(1915-05-20)20 May 1915

Born Degania Alef, Acre Sanjak, Ottoman

16 October 1981(1981-10-16) (aged 66)

Tel Aviv, Israel

Mapai (1959–1965)
Political party Rafi (1965–1968)
Labor (1968–1981)

Awards Legion of Honour[1]

Military service

United Kingdom (World War II)

Israel (from 1948)

Haganah (c. 1929–48)

Branch/service British Army (World War II)
Israel Defense Forces (1948–59)

Rav Aluf (highest rank)

Commands Chief of General staff

Southern Command
Northern Command

Arab Revolt in Palestine

World War II
1948 Arab–Israeli War
Battles/wars Suez Crisis
Six-Day War
War of Attrition
Yom Kippur War

 Moshe Dayan (Hebrew: ‫ ;משה דיין‬20 May 1915 – 16 October 1981) was an Israeli military leader
and politician. He was the second child born on the first kibbutz, but he moved with his family in
1921, and he grew up on a moshav (farming cooperative). As commander of the Jerusalem front
in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, chief of staff of the Israel Defense Forces (1953–58) during the
1956 Suez Crisis, but mainly as Defense Minister during the Six-Day War in 1967, he became to
the world a fighting symbol of the new state of Israel.[2] In the 1930s, he was trained by Orde
Wingate to set traps for Palestinian-Arabs fighting the British and he lost an eye in a raid on
Vichy forces in Lebanon. Dayan was close to David Ben-Gurion and joined him in leaving the
Mapai party and setting up the Rafi party in 1965 with Shimon Peres. Dayan became Defence
Minister just before the 1967 Six-Day War. After the October War of 1973, Dayan was blamed
for the lack of preparedness; after some time he resigned. In 1977, following the election of
Menachem Begin as Prime Minister, Dayan was expelled from the Labor Party because he joined
the Likud-led government as Foreign Minister, playing an important part in negotiating the
peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.

 Contents
 1Early life
 2Military
 3Eye-patch
 4Military career
 4.189th Battalion
 4.2Jerusalem
 4.3Southern Command
 4.4Chief of Staff
 4.5Cross-border operations
 4.6Armaments
 4.7Escalation up to the Suez Crisis
 5Political career
 6Six-Day War (1967)
 71973 Yom Kippur War
 8Foreign Minister
 9Family
 10Death and legacy
 11Published works
 12References
 13Further reading
 14External links
 Early life[edit]

 Young Moshe Dayan with his parents
 Moshe Dayan was born on 20 May 1915 in Kibbutz Degania Alef, near the Sea of Galilee in
Palestine, in what was then Ottoman Syria within the Ottoman Empire. Dayan's parents, Shmuel
and Devorah Dayan, were Ukrainian Jewish immigrants from Zhashkiv. Kibbutz Degania Alef,
with 11 members, was the first kibbutz, and would become part of the State of Israel.
 Dayan was the second child born at Degania, after Gideon Baratz (1913–1988).[3][4][5] He was
named Moshe after Moshe Barsky, the first member of Degania to be killed in an Arab attack,
who died getting medication for Dayan's father.[6] Soon afterward, Dayan's parents moved to
Nahalal, the first moshav, or farming cooperative, to be established. Dayan attended the
agricultural school there.[citation needed]
 Dayan was a Jewish atheist.[7][8] He spoke Hebrew, Arabic, and English.
 Military[edit]

 Dayan (left) with Yitzhak Sadeh and Yigal Allon, Kibbutz Hanita, 1938
 At the age of 14, Dayan joined the Jewish defence force Haganah ("Defence"). In 1938, he joined
the British-organised irregular Supernumerary Police and led a small motorized patrol ("MAN").
One of his military heroes was the British pro-Zionist intelligence officer Orde Wingate, under
whom he served in several Special Night Squads operations.
 On 3 October 1939, he was the commanding instructor for Haganah Leader's courses held at
Yavniel when two British Palestine Police officers discovered a quantity of illegal rifles. Haganah
HQ ordered the camp evacuated. Leading a group of 43 men through Wadi Bira, early the
following morning, 12 to 15 Arab members of the Transjordan Frontier Force arrested them.
Questions were asked about how such a large force was arrested by a much smaller one. Moshe
Carmel, the group's deputy commander, was also critical of Dayan's willingness to talk to his
interrogators in Acre prison. On 30 October 1939, most of the group were sentenced to 10 years
in prison. Seven months later, Dayan was replaced as the prisoners' representative after it was
discovered that moves were being made to get him an individual pardon. On 16 February 1941,
after Chaim Weizmann's intervention in London, they were all released.[9]
 Dayan was assigned to a small Australian-led reconnaissance task force, which also included
fellow Palmach members and Arab guides,[10] formed in preparation for the Allied invasion of
Syria and Lebanon and attached to the Australian 7th Division. Using his home kibbutz of Hanita
as a forward base, the unit frequently infiltrated Vichy French Lebanon, wearing traditional Arab
dress, on covert surveillance missions.
 Eye-patch[edit]
 On 7 June 1941, the night before the invasion of the Syria–Lebanon Campaign, Dayan's unit
crossed the border and secured two bridges over the Litani River. During the time, Dayan served
under the command of British Lieutenant General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson.[11] When they
were not relieved as expected, at 04:00 on 8 June, the unit perceived that it was exposed to
possible attack and—on its own initiative—assaulted a nearby Vichy police station, capturing it.
A few hours later, as Dayan was on the roof of the building using binoculars to scan Vichy French
positions on the other side of the river, the binoculars were struck by a French rifle bullet fired
by a sniper from several hundred yards away, propelling metal and glass fragments into his left
eye and causing severe damage. Six hours passed before he could be evacuated, and he would
have died if not for Bernard Dov Protter, who took care of him until they were evacuated. Dayan
lost the eye. In addition, the damage to the extraocular muscles was such that Dayan could not
be fitted with a glass eye, and he was compelled to adopt the black eye patch that became his
 Letters from this time revealed that despite losing his left eye and suffering serious injuries to
area where the eye was located, Dayan still pleaded Wilson to be reenlisted in combat.[11] He
also underwent eye surgery in 1947 at a hospital in Paris, France, which proved to be
 In the years immediately following, the disability caused him some psychological pain.[12]
Dayan wrote in his autobiography: "I reflected with considerable misgivings on my future as a
cripple without a skill, trade, or profession to provide for my family." He added that he was
"ready to make any effort and stand any suffering, if only I could get rid of my black eyepatch.
The attention it drew was intolerable to me. I preferred to shut myself up at home, doing
anything, rather than encounter the reactions of people wherever I went."
 Military career[edit]
 In 1947, Dayan was appointed to the Haganah General Staff working on Arab affairs, in
particular recruiting agents to gain information about irregular Arab forces in Palestine.[13] On
14 April 1948, his brother, Zorik, was killed in fighting. On 22 April, Dayan was put in charge of
abandoned Arab property in newly conquered Haifa. To put a stop to the out-of-control looting,
he ordered that anything that could be used by the army be stored in Haganah warehouses and
the rest be distributed amongst Jewish agricultural settlements.[14] On 18 May, Dayan was
given command of the Jordan Valley sector. In a nine-hour battle, his troops stopped the Syrian
advance south of the Sea of Galilee.[15]
 89th Battalion[edit]
 In June, he became the first commander of the 89th Battalion, part of Sadeh's Armoured
Brigade. His methods of recruiting volunteers from other army units, such as the Golani and
Kiryati Brigades, provoked complaints from their commanders.[16] On 20 June 1948, two men
from one of his companies were killed in a confrontation with Irgun members trying to bring
weapons ashore from the Altalena at Kfar Vitkin. During Operation Danny, he led his battalion in
a brief raid through Lod in which nine of his men were killed. His battalion was then transferred
to the south, where they captured Karatiya, close to Faluja on 15 July. His withdrawal of his
troops after only two hours leaving a Givati Company to face an Egyptian counterattack led to
Givati Commander Shimon Avidan to demand that Dayan be disciplined for breach of discipline.
Chief of Staff Yigael Yadin instructed the military attorney general to proceed, but the case was
 Jerusalem[edit]

 Abdullah el-Tell and Moshe Dayan reach cease-fire agreement, Jerusalem, 30 November 1948
 On 23 July 1948, on David Ben-Gurion's insistence over General Staff opposition, Dayan was
appointed military commander of Jewish-controlled areas of Jerusalem.[18] In this post, he
launched two military offensives. Both were night-time operations and both failed. On 17
August, he sent two companies to attempt to occupy the hillsides around Government House,
but they retreated suffering casualties.[19] On the night of 20 October 1948, to coincide with
the end of Operation Yoav further south, Operation Wine Press was launched. Its objective was
to capture Bethlehem via Beit Jala. Six companies set out but were pinned down by machine-
gun fire in the wadi below Beit Jala and were forced to withdraw.[20]
 Following the 17 September 1948 assassination of Count Folke Bernadotte, it was over 20 hours
before he imposed a curfew over Jewish Jerusalem and began arresting members of Lehi, the
underground organisation believed to be responsible. One reason for this delay was the need to
bring loyal troops from Tel Aviv into the city.[21]
 In the autumn of 1948, he was involved in negotiations with Abdullah el Tell, the Jordanian
military commander of East Jerusalem, over a lasting cease-fire for the Jerusalem area. In 1949,
he had at least five face-to-face meetings with King Abdullah of Jordan over the Armistice
Agreement and the search for a long-term peace agreement.[22] Following a February 1949
incident, he was courtmartialed for disobeying an order from his superior, Major-General Zvi
Ayalon OC Central Command. A military court found him guilty and briefly demoted him from
lieutenant colonel to major. This did not prevent him from attending the armistice negotiations
on Rhodes. On 29 June 1949, he was appointed head of all Israeli delegations to the Mixed
Armistice Commission meetings. In September 1949, despite being involved in these
negotiations, Dayan recommended to Ben-Gurion that the army should be used to open the
road to Jerusalem and gain access to the Western Wall and Mount Scopus.[23][24]
 On 20 October 1948, Dayan commanded the 800-strong Etzioni Brigade during the ill-fated
Operation Yeqev, in which the objectives were to join the Harel Brigade in the capture of the
mountain range overlooking Beit Jala.[25] The mission was called-off because of misguided
navigation, and Ben Gurion's fear of upsetting the Christian world at Israel's capture of Christian
sites. A ceasefire went into effect on the 22nd of October.[26]
 Southern Command[edit]
 On 25 October 1949, he was promoted to major general and appointed commander of the
Southern Command. Most of the staff officers resigned in protest of his replacement of Yigal
Allon.[27] The major problem in the south of the country was Palestinians crossing the border,
"infiltrating", from the Gaza Strip, Sinai, and the Hebron hills. Dayan was an advocate of a
"harsh" policy along the border. In Jerusalem, he had given instructions that infiltrators killed in
no-man's-land or the Arab side of the border should be moved to the Israeli side before UN
inspections.[28] Allon had already introduced a 7 kilometre "free-fire" zone along the southern
borders.[29] In the spring of 1950, Dayan authorized the Israeli Air Force to strafe shepherds
and their herds in the Beit Govrin area. There were also strafing attacks on bedouin camps in the
Gaza area.[30] In early 1950, 700 bedouin, 'Azame, were expelled from the South Hebron area.
In September 1950, several thousand more were driven from the demilitarized zone at Al-
Ajua[31] During 1950, the remaining population of al-Majdal were transferred to the Gaza
Strip[32][33] In a notorious incident on 31 May 1950, the army forced 120 Arabs across the
Jordanian border at 'Arava. "Two or three dozen" died of thirst before reaching safety.[34]
During 1950, Dayan also developed a policy of punitive cross-border reprisal raids. IDF squads
were sent into the Gaza strip to lay mines.[35] The first retaliation raid on a village occurred 20
March 1950 when six Arabs were killed at Khirbet Jamrura.[36] On 18 June 1950, Dayan
explained his thinking to the Mapai faction in the Knesset:
 [Retaliation is] the only method that [has] proved effective, not justified or moral but effective,
when Arabs plants mines on our side. If we try to search for that Arab, it has no value. But if we
harass the nearby village... then the population there comes out against the [infiltrators]... and
the Egyptian Government and the Transjordanian government are [driven] to prevent such
incidents, because their prestige is [at stake], as the Jews have opened fire, and they are
unready to begin a war... The method of collective punishment so far has proved effective...
There are no other effective methods.[37]
 On 8 March 1951, 18 were killed at Idna. On 20 October 1951, two Battalion 79 (7th Brigade)
companies destroyed several houses and an ice factory in eastern Gaza City; dozens were killed
and injured. On 6 January 1952, an armoured infantry company from the same battalion
attacked a Bedouin camp, Nabahim, near Bureij refugee camp killing 15.[38] Glubb Pasha wrote
that the objective of this new strategy seemed to "be merely to kill Arabs indiscriminately".
Dayan saw it as an "eye for an eye".[39] He was a close friend of Amos Yarkoni, an Arab officer
in the Israel Defense Forces, At the time, the Military Commander commented that "if Moshe
Dayan could be the Ramatkal (Chief of General Staff) without an eye, we can have a Battalion
Commander with a prosthetic hand" [2]
 At the end on 1951, Dayan attended a course at the British Army's Senior Officers' School in
Devizes, England. In May 1952, he was appointed operational commander of the Northern
 Chief of Staff[edit]
 The year 1952 was a time of economic crisis for the new state. Faced with demands of a 20% cut
in budget and the discharge of 6,000 IDF members, Yigael Yadin resigned as chief of staff in
November 1952, and was replaced by Mordechai Maklef. In December 1952, Dayan was
promoted to chief of the Operations (G) Branch, the second most senior General Staff post.[41]
One of Dayan's actions in this post was to commence work on the canal diverting water from
the River Jordan, September 1953.[42]
 During 1953, Prime Minister and Defence Minister David Ben-Gurion began to make
preparations for his retirement. His choice for defence minister was Pinhas Lavon, who became
acting MoD in the autumn of 1953. Lavon and Maklef were unable to work together and Maklef
resigned. Dayan was immediately appointed CoS on 7 December 1953.[43] This appointment
was Ben-Gurion's last act as prime minister before his replacement by acting Prime Minister
Moshe Sharett.
 On taking command, based on Ben-Gurion's three-year defence programme, Dayan carried out
a major reorganisation of the Israeli army, which, among others, included:[44]
 Strengthened combat units at the expense of the administrative "tail".
 Raising the Intelligence and Training Branches of the Israeli Army.
 Surrendering the activities of stores and procurement to the civilian Defence Ministry.
 Revamping the mobilisation scheme and ensuring earmarking for adequate equipment.
 Starting a military academy for officers of the rank of major and above.
 Emphasised strike forces (Air Force, Armour) and on training of commando battalions.
 Developed GADNA, a youth wing for military training.
 In May 1955, Dayan attended a meeting convened by Ben-Gurion. Ben-Gurion raised the issue
of a possible invasion of Iraq into Syria, and how this could be used to bring about change in
Lebanon. Dayan proposed that:[45]
 All that is required is to find an officer, even a captain would do, to win his heart or buy him with
money to get him to agree to declare himself the savior of the Maronite population. Then the
Israeli army will enter Lebanon, occupy the necessary territory, and create a Christian regime
that will ally itself with Israel. The territory from the Litani southward will be totally annexed to
Israel, and everything will fall into place.
 Prime Minister Moshe Sharett, shocked by the officers' indifference to neighbouring Lebanon,
turned down the plan as divorced from reality.
 Cross-border operations[edit]
 In July 1953, whilst on the General staff, Dayan was party to the setting up of Unit 101, which
was to specialise in night-time cross-border retaliation raids.[46] He was initially opposed to
setting up such a group because he argued it would undermine his attempts to prepare the IDF
for an offensive war.[47] Unit 101's first official operation was to attack, on 28 August 1953, the
Bureij Refugee Camp, during which they killed 20 refugees.[48]
 By October 1953, Dayan was closely involved with 101. He was one of the main architects of the
attack on Qibya, on the night of 14/15 October 1953. The General Staff order stated
"temporarily to conquer the village of Qibya – with the aim of blowing up houses and hitting the
inhabitants". The Central Command Operation Instructions were more specific: "carry out
destruction and maximum killings." One hundred and thirty IDF soldiers, of whom a third came
from Unit 101, carried out the operation. They carried 70 kg of explosives, blew up 45 houses,
and killed 69 people.[49] The international criticism over the killed civilians led to a change of
tactics. It was the last large-scale IDF attack on civilian buildings. In the future, targets were to
be the Arab Legion, the Frontier Police, and the Egyptian or Syrian Armies. Dayan merged Unit
101 with the Paratroopers Brigade and assigned its command to the commander of 101 who
had led the Qibya attack, Ariel Sharon.[50]
 Dayan had a difficult relationship with MoD Lavon. There were issues over spending priorities
and over Lavon's dealings with senior IDF members behind Dayan's back. This ended with
Lavon's resignation over who ordered the sabotage operation in Egypt, which led to the trial of a
number of Egyptian Jews, two of whom were executed.
 Dayan believed in the value of punitive cross-border retaliation raids:
 We cannot save each water pipe from explosion or each tree from being uprooted. We cannot
prevent the murder of workers in orange groves or of families in their beds. But we can put a
very high price on their blood, a price so high that it will no longer be worthwhile for the Arabs,
the Arab armies, for the Arab states to pay it.[51][52]
 Prime Minister Sharett was an advocate of restraint and was not as confident in the attacks'
effectiveness. When seeking approval for operations, Dayan downplayed the scale of the raids
to get approval. There were fewer large-scale cross-border raids in 1954.[53] Between
December 1953 and September 1954, at least 48 Arabs were killed in over 18 cross-border raids.
Fifteen of the dead were civilians: farmers, shepherds, and a doctor; two were women.[54] With
Ben-Gurion's return, this changed. On the night of 28 February 1955, Operation Black Arrow
(Mivtza Hetz Shahor) was launched against an Egyptian Army camp south of Gaza City. The IDF
force consisted of 120 paratroops and suffered 14 dead; 36 Egyptian soldiers were killed as well
as two Palestinian civilians. Ben-Gurion and Dayan had told Sharett that their estimate of
Egyptian casualties was 10.[55] On 31 August 1955, despite Sharett's opposition, three
paratroop companies attacked the British-built Tegart fort in Khan Yunis. Operation Elkayam
directives called for "killing as many enemy soldiers as possible". The police station and a
number of other buildings were blown-up and 72 Egyptian and Palestinians were killed.[56][57]
 Armaments[edit]
 Between 1955 and 1956, Dayan and Shimon Peres negotiated a series of large weapons
contracts with France. On 10 November 1955, an agreement was signed for the delivery of 100
AMX-13 tanks and assorted anti-tank weapons. On 24 June 1956, a $80 million deal was agreed
involving 72 Dassault Mystère IV jets, 120 AMX-13 tanks, 40 Sherman tanks and 18 105mm
artillery. The Mystere were in addition to 53 already on order. At the end of September 1956, a
further 100 Sherman tanks, 300 half-tracks, and 300 6x6 trucks were added.[58]
 By the beginning of November 1956, the Israeli army had 380 tanks.[58]
 Escalation up to the Suez Crisis[edit]

 Ramatkal Moshe Dayan and Avraham Yoffe, commanding officers of IDF's 9th Oded Brigade at
Sharm el-Sheikh, after Operation Kadesh
 Following the 1955 elections, Ben-Gurion resumed his dual role as prime minister and defence
minister. Dayan, who believed in the inevitability of the "Second Round", argued for a
preemptive attack on Israel's neighbours, particularly Egypt.[59] The two leaders thought war
with Egypt could be achieved by provoking an Egyptian response to retaliation raids, which
could then be used to justify an all-out attack. On 23 October 1955, Ben-Gurion instructed
Dayan to prepare plans to capture Sharm al Sheikh.
 On the night of 27 October 1955, an IDF battalion attacked an Egyptian army post at Kuntilla
(Operation Egged), killing 12 Egyptian soldiers.[60] On 2 November, al Sabha, close to the DMZ,
was attacked, in Operation Volcano (Mivtza Ha Ga'ash), killing 81 Egyptian soldiers.[61] On 11
December, hoping an attack on Syria would provoke an Egyptian response, Operation Olive
Leaves/Sea of Galilee (Mivtza 'Alei Zayit/Kinneret) was launched in which a number of Syrian
positions on the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee were destroyed. Forty-eight Syrian soldiers
were killed as well as six civilians. The Egyptians did not react.
 A Cabinet meeting on 15 December 1955 voted against further provocations and ruled that any
retaliation attacks must have full Cabinet approval.[62] The raids ceased for six months. There
was one exception: On 5 April 1956, following two earlier incidents along the border with the
Gaza Strip in which four Israeli soldiers were killed, the IDF shelled the centre of Gaza City with
120 mm mortars. Fifty-eight civilians were killed, including 10 children. It is not clear whether
Dayan had Ben-Gurion's approval to shell the city.[63]
 During September–October 1956, as plans began to mature for the invasion of the Sinai
Peninsula, Dayan ordered a series of large-scale cross-border raids. On the night of 25
September, following a number of incidents including the machine-gunning of large gathering at
Ramat Rachel in which four Israelis were killed, and the murder of a girl southwest of Jerusalem,
the 890th Battalion attacked the Husan police station and nearby Arab Legion positions close to
the armistice lines. Thirty-seven Legionnaires and National Guardsmen were killed as well as two
civilians. Nine or ten paratroopers were killed, several in a road accident after the attack.[64]
 Following the killing of two workers near Even-Yehuda, Dayan ordered a similar attack,
Operation Samaria/Mivtza Shomron, on the Qalqilya police station. The attack took place on the
night of 10 October 1956 and involved several thousand IDF soldiers. During the fighting,
Jordanian troops surrounded a paratroop company. The Israeli survivors only escaped under
close air-cover from four IAF aircraft. The Israelis suffered 18 killed and 68 wounded; 70-90
Jordanians were killed. In the aftermath, paratroop officers severely criticized Dayan for alleged
tactical mistakes. It was the last time the IDF launched a reprisal raid at night.[65]
 As Israel Defense Forces Chief of staff, Moshe Dayan personally commanded the Israeli forces
fighting in the Sinai during the 1956 Suez Crisis. It was during his tenure as chief of staff that
Dayan delivered his famous eulogy of Ro'i Rutenberg, a young Israeli resident of Kibbutz Nahal
Oz, killed by Egyptian soldiers who ambushed the kibbutz, in 1956. Dayan's words became
famous quickly and has served as one of the most influential speeches in Israeli history since. In
forceful terms, Dayan condemned the killing and said,
 "Early yesterday morning Roi was murdered. The quiet of the spring morning dazzled him and
he did not see those waiting in ambush for him, at the edge of the furrow. Let us not cast the
blame on the murderers today. Why should we declare their burning hatred for us? For eight
years they have been sitting in the refugee camps in Gaza, and before their eyes we have been
transforming the lands and the villages, where they and their fathers dwelt, into our estate. It is
not among the Arabs in Gaza, but in our own midst that we must seek Roi's blood. How did we
shut our eyes and refuse to look squarely at our fate, and see, in all its brutality, the destiny of
our generation? Have we forgotten that this group of young people dwelling at Nahal Oz is
bearing the heavy gates of Gaza on its shoulders? Beyond the furrow of the border, a sea of
hatred and desire for revenge is swelling, awaiting the day when serenity will dull our path, for
the day when we will heed the ambassadors of malevolent hypocrisy who call upon us to lay
down our arms. Roi's blood is crying out to us and only to us from his torn body. Although we
have sworn a thousandfold that our blood shall not flow in vain, yesterday again we were
tempted, we listened, we believed.
 We will make our reckoning with ourselves today; we are a generation that settles the land and
without the steel helmet and the cannon's maw, we will not be able to plant a tree and build a
home. Let us not be deterred from seeing the loathing that is inflaming and filling the lives of
the hundreds of thousands of Arabs who live around us. Let us not avert our eyes lest our arms
weaken. This is the fate of our generation. This is our life's choice - to be prepared and armed,
strong and determined, lest the sword be stricken from our fist and our lives cut down. The
young Roi who left Tel Aviv to build his home at the gates of Gaza to be a wall for us was blinded
by the light in his heart and he did not see the flash of the sword. The yearning for peace
deafened his ears and he did not hear the voice of murder waiting in ambush. The gates of Gaza
weighed too heavily on his shoulders and overcame him."[66]
 Political career[edit]

Moshe Dayan

Date of birth 20 May 1915

Place of birth Kibbutz Degania Alef

Date of death 16 October 1981

Place of death Tel Aviv

Knessets 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Faction represented in Knesset

– Telem

Ministerial roles

Minister of Agriculture
– Minister of Defense
Minister of Foreign Affairs

 In 1959, a year after he retired from the IDF, Dayan joined Mapai, the Israeli centre-left party,
then led by David Ben-Gurion. Until 1964, he was the Minister of Agriculture. In 1965, Dayan
joined with the group of Ben-Gurion loyalists who defected from Mapai to form Rafi. Prime
Minister Levi Eshkol disliked Dayan. When tensions began to rise in early 1967, however, Eshkol
appointed the charismatic and popular Dayan defence minister to raise public morale and bring
Rafi into a unity government.
 Six-Day War (1967)[edit]

 Moshe Dayan in Vietnam, 1967
 Moshe Dayan was covering the Vietnam War to observe modern warfare up close after he left
political life. In fact, he was on patrol as an observer with members of the US Marine Corps.
Although Dayan did not take part in most of the planning before the Six-Day War of June 1967,
he personally oversaw the capture of East Jerusalem during the 5–7 June fighting.[67] During
the years following the war, Dayan enjoyed enormous popularity in Israel and was widely
viewed as a potential Prime Minister. At this time, Dayan was the leader of the hawkish camp
within the Labor government, opposing a return to anything like Israel's pre-1967 borders. He
once said that he preferred Sharm-al-Sheikh (an Egyptian town on the southern edge of the
Sinai Peninsula overlooking Israel's shipping lane to the Red Sea via the Gulf of Aqaba) without
peace, to peace without Sharm-al-Sheikh. He modified these views later in his career and played
an important role in the eventual peace agreement between Israel and Egypt.
 Dayan's contention was denied by Muky Tsur, a longtime leader of the United Kibbutz
Movement who said "For sure there were discussions about going up the Golan Heights or not
going up the Golan Heights, but the discussions were about security for the kibbutzim in
Galilee," he said. "I think that Dayan himself didn't want to go to the Golan Heights. This is
something we've known for many years. But no kibbutz got any land from conquering the Golan
Heights. People who went there went on their own. It's cynicism to say the kibbutzim wanted
 About Dayan's comments, Israeli ambassador to the United States Michael Oren has said[69]
 There is an element of truth to Dayan's claim, but it is important to note that Israel regarded the
de-militarized zones in the north as part of their sovereign territory and reserved the right to
cultivate them—a right that the Syrians consistently resisted with force. Syria also worked to
benefit from the Jordan river before it flowed into Israel, aiming to get use of it as a water
source; Syria also actively supported Palestinian resistance movements against Israel. Israel
occasionally exploited incidents in the de-militarized zones to strike at the Syrian water
diversion project and to punish the Syrians for their support of the Palestinian resistance.
Dayan's remarks must also be taken in context of the fact that he was a member of the
opposition at the time. His attitude toward the Syrians changed dramatically once he became
defense minister. Indeed, on June 8, 1967, Dayan bypassed both the Prime Minister and the
Chief of staff in ordering the Israeli army to attack and capture the Golan.
 1973 Yom Kippur War[edit]

 Moshe Dayan with President Richard Nixon (1970)
 After Golda Meir became prime minister in 1969 following the death of Levi Eshkol, Dayan
remained defence minister.
 He was still in that post when the Yom Kippur War began catastrophically for Israel on 6 October
1973. As the highest-ranking official responsible for military planning, Dayan may bear part of
the responsibility for the Israeli leadership having missed the signs for the upcoming war.[70] In
the hours preceding the war, Dayan chose not to order a full mobilization or a preemptive strike
against the Egyptians and Syrians.[70] He assumed that Israel would be able to win easily even if
the Arabs attacked and, more importantly, did not want Israel to appear as the aggressor, as it
would have undoubtedly cost it the invaluable support of the United States (who would later
mount a massive airlift to rearm Israel).
 Following the heavy defeats of the first two days, Dayan's views changed radically; he was close
to announcing 'the downfall of the "Third Temple"' at a news conference, but was forbidden to
speak by Meir.

 Moshe Dayan and Menachem Begin, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland (1978)
 Dayan suggested options at the beginning of the war, including a plan to withdraw to the Mitleh
Mountains in Sinai and a complete withdrawal from the Golan Heights to carry the battle over
the Jordan, abandoning the core strategic principles of Israeli war doctrine, which says that war
must be taken into enemy territory as soon as possible. Chief of Staff David Elazar objected to
these plans and was proved correct. Israel broke through the Egyptian lines on the Sinai front,
crossed the Suez canal, and encircled the 3rd Egyptian Army. Israel also counterattacked on the
Syrian front, repelling the Jordanian and Iraqi expeditionary forces and shelling the outskirts of
Damascus. The war ended with an Israeli victory, but the Arab attack destroyed the image of
Israeli invincibility and eventually led to the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty and the subsequent
withdrawal of Israeli forces from all Egyptian territory.
 Foreign Minister[edit]

 Boutros Boutros-Ghali and Moshe Dayan at Council of Europe in Strasbourg, (October 1979)
 According to those who knew him, the war deeply depressed Dayan. He went into political
eclipse for a time. In 1977, despite having been re-elected to the Knesset for the Alignment, he
accepted the offer to become Foreign Minister in the new Likud government led by Menachem
Begin. He was expelled from the Alignment, and as a result, sat as an independent MK. As
foreign minister in Begin's government, he was instrumental in drawing up the Camp David
Accords, a peace agreement with Egypt. Dayan resigned his post in October 1979, because of a
disagreement with Begin over whether the Palestinian territories were an internal Israeli matter
(the Camp David treaty included provisions for future negotiations with the Palestinians; Begin,
who did not like the idea, did not put Dayan in charge of the negotiating team). In 1981, he
founded a new party, Telem.
 Family[edit]
 Ruth Dayan, his first wife, divorced Moshe in 1971 after 36 years of marriage due to his
numerous extramarital affairs. In the Israeli best-selling book that followed the divorce, Or Did I
Dream the Dream?, Ruth Dayan wrote a chapter about "Moshe's bad taste in women".[71] In
1973, two years after the divorce, Dayan married Rachel Korem in a simple ceremony
performed by Rabbi Mordechai Piron, IDF chief chaplain, at the Pirons' home. The wedding was
not announced in advance and Piron had to recruit neighbors to complete the 10-man quorum
required for a religious ceremony. Dayan humorously told well-wishers that he had no trouble
getting a marriage license. "She is divorced and I am divorced. I am no Cohen and no mamzer
(bastard) so there was no trouble." Neither Dayan’s daughter and two sons nor Korem’s two
daughters attended.[72] When he died, Dayan left almost his entire estate to his second wife,
Rachel.[citation needed]
 Moshe's and Ruth's daughter, Yael Dayan, a novelist, is best known in Israel for her book, My
Father, His Daughter, about her relationship with her father.[73] She followed him into politics
and has been a member of several Israeli left-wing parties over the years. She has served in the
Knesset and on the Tel Aviv City Council, and was a Tel Aviv-Jaffa deputy mayor, responsible for
social services. One of his sons, Assi Dayan, was an actor and a movie director.[74] Another son,
novelist Ehud Dayan, who was cut out of his father's will, wrote a book critical of his father
months after he died, mocking his military, writing, and political skills, calling him a philanderer,
and accusing him of greed. In his book, Ehud accused his father even of making money from his
battle with cancer. He also lamented having recited Kaddish for his father "three times too often
for a man who never observed half the Ten Commandments".[75][76]
 Death and legacy[edit]

 Dayan's grave in Nahalal cemetery
 The Telem party won two seats in the 1981 elections, but Dayan died shortly thereafter, in Tel
Aviv, from a massive heart attack. He had been in ill-health since 1980, after he was diagnosed
with colon cancer late that year. He is buried in Nahalal in the moshav (a collective village)
where he was raised. Following his death, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, arranged that the
yearlong memorial service of kaddish be recited in honor of Dayan.[77] Dayan bequeathed his
personal belongings to his bodyguard.
 In 2005, his eye patch was offered for sale on eBay with a starting bid of US$75,000.[78]
 Dayan was a complex character; his opinions were never strictly black and white. He had few
close friends; his mental brilliance and charismatic manner were combined with cynicism and
lack of restraint. Ariel Sharon noted about Dayan:
 He would wake up with a hundred ideas. Of them ninety-five were dangerous; three more had
to be rejected; the remaining two, however, were brilliant.
 He had courage amounting to insanity, as well as displays of a lack of responsibility. I would not
say the same about his civil courage. Once Ben Gurion had asked me—what do I think of the
decision to appoint Dayan as the Minister of Agriculture in his government. I said that it is
important that Dayan sits in every government because of his brilliant mind—but never as prime
minister. Ben Gurion asked: "why not as prime minister?". I replied then: "because he does not
accept responsibility".[79]
 Dayan combined a kibbutznik's secular identity and pragmatism with a deep love and
appreciation for the Jewish people and the land of Israel—but not a religious identification. In
one recollection, having seen rabbis flocking on the Temple Mount shortly after Jerusalem was
captured in 1967, he asked, "What is this? Vatican?"
 Dayan later ordered the Israeli flag removed from the Dome of the Rock, and gave
administrative control of the Temple Mount over to the Waqf, a Muslim council. Dayan believed
that the Temple Mount was more important to Judaism as a historical rather than holy site.
 Dayan was an author and described himself as an amateur archaeologist, the latter hobby
leading to significant controversy, as his amassing of historical artifacts, often with the help of
his soldiers, seemed to be in breach of a number of laws. Some of his activities in this regard,
whether illegal digging, looting of sites or commerce of antiquities, have been detailed by R.
Kletter from the Israel Antiquities Authority.[80]
 American Science Fiction writer Poul Anderson published his novel Ensign Flandry at the time
when Moshe Dayan's international renown and admiration for him in Israel were at their
highest. The far-future Galactic Empire described in the book includes a planet called "Dayan",
inhabited by Jews.
 Published works[edit]
 Diary of the Sinai Campaign, 1967 (paperback reprint: Da Capo Press, September 1991,
ISBN 978-0-306-80451-9)
 Living with the Bible: A Warrior's Relationship with the Land of His Forebears, Steimatzky's
Agency Ltd, 1978, ASIN B0021OXHOO1978
 Story of My Life, William Morrow and Company, 1976, ISBN 978-0-688-03076-6
 Breakthrough: A Personal Account of the Egypt-Israel Peace Negotiations, Random House,
September 1981, ISBN 978-0-394-51225-9
 References[edit]
 ^ Friedländer, Saul (2016). Where Memory Leads: My Life. Other Press, LLC. p. 35.
ISBN 1590518098.
 ^ Willard Crompton, Samuel (2007). Ariel Sharon. Infobase Publishing. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-7910-
 ^ Morris, Benny (2001). Righteous Victims. Vintage Books. p. 684.
 ^ Shabbatai Teveth (1973). Moshe Dayan: the soldier, the man, the legend. Houghton Mifflin.
p. 1.
 ^ Jewish Women's Archive: Miriam Baratz
 ^ Taslitt, Israel Isaac (1969). "Soldier of Israel: the story of General Moshe Dayan". Funk and
Wagnalls. p. 8.
 ^ Giulio Meotti (2011). A New Shoah: The Untold Story of Israel's Victims of Terrorism. p. 147. ISBN 9781459617414. Even atheist and socialist Israelis like
David Ben-Gurion, Moshe Dayan, and Golda Meir were marked by the stories and legends of
King David and the prophets. In other words, their lives had been shaped by Hebron.
 ^ Tariq Ali (2003). The Clash of Fundamentalisms: Crusades, Jihads and Modernity (2 ed.). Verso.
p. 10. ISBN 9781859844571. Ben-Gurion and Moshe Dayan were self-proclaimed atheists.
 ^ Teveth, Shabtai (1974) Moshe Dayan. The soldier, the man, the legend. Quartet Books. ISBN 0-
7043-1080-5. Pages 124–36.
 ^ Major Allan A. Katzberg (US Marine Corps), 1988, Foundations Of Excellence: Moshe Dayan
And Israel's Military Tradition (1880 To 1950) ( Access date: 25 September
 ^ Jump up to: a b c
 ^ Cited by Katzberg, 1988
 ^ Dayan, Moshe (1976) Moshe Dayan. Story of my Life, William Morrow. ISBN 0-688-03076-9.
Page 80.
 ^ Teveth. Page 159.
 ^ Story of My Life, pages 88, 89. Moshe Montag received me courteously but with little
 ^ Teveth. Pages 170–172.
 ^ Teveth. Page 189.
 ^ Story of my Life pages 110, 106–111, 115–120, 122.
 ^ Teveth. Pages 193,194.
 ^ Teveth. Pages 197–199.
 ^ Joseph, Dov (1960) The Faithful City. The siege of Jerusalem, 1948. Simon and Schuster. Library
of Congress No: 60 10976. Page 306
 ^ Story of My Life, 16 and 30 Jan:page 135; 19 and 23 March: page 142; 17 December page 144.
 ^ Story of My Life, page 147.
 ^ Teveth. Page 208.
 ^ Yad Tabenkin Archives (Tabenkin Memorial), Testimony of Aviva Rabinowitz, 16-12/52/65
 ^ Har’el: Palmach brigade in Jerusalem, Zvi Dror (ed. Nathan Shoḥam), Hakibbutz Hameuchad
Publishers: Benei Barak 2005, p. 270 (Hebrew)
 ^ Story of My Life pages 146, 150.
 ^ Morris, Benny (1993) Israel's Border Wars, 1949–1956. Arab Infiltration, Israeli Retaliation, and
the Countdown to the Suez War. Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-827850-0. Page 130.
February – July 1950: 26 in Israel, 11 in no-man's-land, 23 on Jordanian side of the border.
 ^ Morris, Border Wars, Page 126. "Every stranger found ... will be shot without interrogation." 4
June 1949.
 ^ Morris, Border Wars, Page 191. possibly due to pilots having fun, "more likely" authorized by
 ^ Morris, Border Wars. UNTSO estimated 4,000, another over 6,000. Teddy Kollek has 2–3,000.
 ^ Morris, Border Wars, 109.
 ^ Teveth. Page 213. "1950 was an uneventful year."
 ^ Morris, Border Wars, Pages 157, 158. From a prison camp at Qatra
 ^ Morris, Border Wars, Page 197. Page 133 lists 7 incidents around Kibbutz Erez, January – June
1950, in which 13 Arabs were killed.
 ^ Morris, Border Wars. Page 189.
 ^ Morris, Border Wars. Page 177.
 ^ Morris, Border Wars. Pages 190, 201/2, 203.
 ^ Morris, Border Wars. Pages 193–194
 ^ Teveth. Page 221.
 ^ Teveth. Pages 225, 226.
 ^ Green, Stephen (1984) Taking Sides – America's secret relations with militant Israel
1948/1967. Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-13271-5. Page 86.
 ^ Teveth, Ben-Gurion's Spy. Page 66.
 ^ Lau-Levie, Moshe Dayan – A Biography, pg 38.
 ^ [1] Avi Shlaim, The Iron Wall, quoted by Transatlantikblog
 ^ Morris Border Wars. p. 239.
 ^ Teveth Dayan. Page 243.
 ^ Morris Border Wars. Page 242.
 ^ Morris Border Wars. Page 245.
 ^ Teveth Dayan. Page 249.
 ^ Allon, Yigal (1970) Shield of David – The Story of Israel's Armed Forces. Weidenfeld and
Nicolson. SBN 297 00133 7. p. 235
 ^ Burns, Lieutenant-General E.L.M. (1962) Between Arab and Israeli. George G. Harrap. p. 63
gives source Jerusalem Post 4 September 1955.
 ^ Morris Border Wars. Page 424.
 ^ Morris Border Wars. Pages 293–323.
 ^ Morris Border Wars. Pages 324 – 327.
 ^ Morris, Border wars. Page 350.
 ^ Katz, Samuel M. (1988) Israeli Elite Units since 1948. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0-85045-837-4.
Page 10
 ^ Jump up to: a b Morris, Border Wars. Pages 283, 284.
 ^ Morris Border Wars. Page 279.
 ^ Morris Border Wars. Page 359.
 ^ Morris Border Wars. Page 360.
 ^ Morris Border Wars.Pages 280–282.
 ^ Morris Border Wars. Page 371.
 ^ Morris, Border Wars. Page 396.
 ^ Morris, Border Wars. Pages 397–399. "brigade-sized assault by paratroops with armour and
artillery support".
 ^ "Moshe Dayan's Eulogy for Roi Rutenberg - April 19, 1956".
Retrieved 2017-11-13.
 ^ Video: Cease-Fire. Uneasy Truce In Mid-East, 1967/06/13 (1967). Universal Newsreel. 1960.
Retrieved 22 February 2012.
 ^ "General's Words Shed a New Light on the Golan". The New York Times. 12 January 2000.
 ^ pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull 5 Jun. 2007[permanent dead link] Q&A with
Michael Oren
 ^ Jump up to: a b Blum, H: The Eve of Destruction, Harper Collins Publishers, 2003
 ^ "ISRAEL: Life with Moshe". Time. 26 February 1973.
 ^ JTA, 6/28/1973 Dayan Surprise Wedding Neighbors Recruited
 ^ Dayan, Yael. My Father, His Daughter, Littlehampton Book Services, 1986, ISBN 978-0-297-
 ^ "Israeli actor director Assi Dayan suffers severe heart attack" Ha'aretz, 17 November 2009
 ^ Anchorage Daily News: 26 May 1982. "Dayan denounced by eldest son".
 ^ "Son dismisses father's talents" The New York Times, 28 May 1982
 ^ "Rebbe", Telushkin, Joseph. HarperCollins 2014, p. 135
 ^ "Moshe Dayan's eye patch on sale". BBC News. 25 July 2005.
 ^ Landau, E. (6 September 2002). "Libya is becoming the first country to attain weapons of mass
destruction". Tel Aviv, pp. 45–51
 ^ PDF
 Further reading[edit]
 Bar-On, Mordechai. Moshe Dayan: Israel's Controversial Hero (Yale University Press; 2012) 247
 Lau-Lavie, Napthali. Moshe Dayan – A Biography, Dodd Mead, 1969, ISBN 978-0-396-05976-9
 External links[edit]

 Biography portal

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Moshe Dayan

 Interview with Moshe Dayan in 1972

 David Ben-Gurion Letter on Moshe Dayan's Appointment as Minister of Defense Shapell
Manuscript Foundation
 Moshe Dayan on the Knesset website
 "A Very General Archaeologist – Moshe Dayan and Israeli Archaeology" by Raz Kletter, Journal of
Hebrew Scriptures, Canada, 2003, 4.5
 Moshe Dayan at Find a Grave


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