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# REFERENCE CALCULATION

STRUCTURAL CRITERIA
Design life (years)
Exposure class
Fire resistance
Size of aggregates (mm)
Characteristics strength of concrete, fck (N/mm^2)
Characteristics yield strength of steel bar, fyk (N/mm^2)
Characteristics yield strength of shear link, fyw (N/mm^2)
EN 1991-1-1 TA.1 Weight of concrete (kN/m^3)
Gk (kN/m^2)
EN 1991-1-1 TNA3 qk (kN/m^2)
γG
γQ
Structural class
Slab Code

DIMENSION
Slab thickness, h
Nominal cover thickness
Diameter of reinforcement, φbar
b

SLAB TYPE
ly (mm) =
lx (mm) =
ly/lx

COEFFICIENTS
αsx =
αsy =

## DURABILITY, FIRE & BOND REQUIREMENTS

EN 1992-1-1 Table 4.2 Cmin,b (mm) =
EN 1992-1-1 Table 4.4N Cmin,dur (mm) =
EN 1992-1-2 T5.8 Min axis distance,a (R60) (mm) =
Cmin,fire (mm) =
EN 1992-1-1 4.4.1.3 ΔC dev (mm) =
Cnom (mm) =

ACTIONS
Slab self weight (kN/m^2) =
Total Gk (kN/m^2) =
Total Qk (kN/m^2) =
Design action, nd (kN/m^2) =

BENDING MOMENT

Short Span :
Msx (kNm) =

Long Span :
Msy (kNm) =

FLEXURAL REINFORCEMENT

MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Effective depth
dx (mm) =
dy (mm) =

## Minimum and maximum reinforcement area

fctm =

As,min (mm^2) =

As,max (mm^2) =

Short Span :
K =
z (mm) =

As (mm^2) =
As' (mm^2) =

As,min (mm^2)
As,max (mm^2)

BAR PROVIDED
As,prov (mm^2)

Long Span :
K =

z (mm) =

As (mm^2) =
As' (mm^2) =

As,min (mm^2)
As,max (mm^2)

BAR PROVIDED
As,prov (mm^2)

SHEAR
Maximum design shear force, VEd (kN)

d (mm)
k

Asl (mm^2)
ρ1

Vmin (kN)

## Design shear resistance, Vrd,c (kN)

DEFLECTION
Percentage of required tension reinforcement, ρ

ρ'

## EN 1992-1-1 cl7.4.2 - (7.16a) l/d = ρ<=ρ0 : K* [ 11 + 1.5*SQRT(fck)*(ρ0/ρ) + 3

EN 1992-1-1 cl7.4.2 - (7.16b) ρ>ρ0 : K* [ 11 + 1.5*SQRT(fck)*(ρ0/ρ-ρ')

## Span-effective depth ratio

(l/d)allowable
(l/d)actual

CRACKING
h (mm) = 125 Check : <=200mm

Main bar,x :
EN 1992-1-1 cl 9.3.1 Smax (mm) = 3h Check : <=400mm

## Max bar spacing provided =

Secondary bar,y :
EN 1992-1-1 cl 9.3.1 Smax (mm) = 3.5h Check : <=450mm

## Max bar spacing provided =

CALCULATION OUTP

50
XC3
R60
20mm
k (N/mm^2) 25
bar, fyk (N/mm^2) 500
25
1 *
2 *
1.35
1.5
S4

125 ASSUME
#DIV/0!
6 ASSUME
1000

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0! *INTERPOLATE
#DIV/0! *INTERPOLATE

QUIREMENTS
6
25
#DIV/0!
a - (φbar/2) #DIV/0!
10
Cmin + ΔC dev #DIV/0!
h*Weight of concrete 3.125
Slab self weight + Gk 4.125
2
γG*Total Gk + γQ*Total Qk 8.56875

αsx*n*lx^2 #DIV/0!

αsy*n*lx^2 #DIV/0!

## h - Cnom - 0.5*φbar #DIV/0!

h - Cnom - 1.5*φbar #DIV/0!

0.30*fck^(2/3) 2.56496392

0.26*(fctm/fyk)*b*d #DIV/0!

0.04bh 5000

## Msx / (b*dx^2*fck) Check : <0.167 #DIV/0!

d*[0.5 + SQRT (0.25-(K/1.134) ] Check : <=0.95d #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!

0

#DIV/0!
5000

#DIV/0!

## Msy / (0.87*fyk*z) #DIV/0!

0

#DIV/0!
5000

= n*lx/2 0

= #DIV/0!
= [1+(200/d)^(1/2)] Check <=2 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
= 0
= (Asl/bw*d) Check <=0.02 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!

## = [0.12*k*(100*ρ1*fck)^(1/3)]*bw*d Check >= Vmin #DIV/0!

#DIV/0!
CHECK Vrd,c > VEd

= As,req/(b*d) #DIV/0!

= fck^(1/2)*10^-3 0.005

= 0

## = (DEPENDS ON STRUCTURAL SYSTEM) 1

K* [ 11 + 1.5*SQRT(fck)*(ρ0/ρ) + 3.2*SQRT(fck)*(ρ0/ρ-1)^(3/2) ]
K* [ 11 + 1.5*SQRT(fck)*(ρ0/ρ-ρ') + 1/12*SQRT(fck)*(ρ'/ρ0)] #DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

= Lx/d #DIV/0!

Check : <=200mm

375

## Check : <=450mm 437.5

437.5

0
CHECK CRACKING :
CHECK SLAB THICKNESS :
OUTPUT

#DIV/0!

## CHOOSE Cmin : #DIV/0!

#DIV/0!
d

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!
CK Vrd,c > VEd #DIV/0!

## CK (l/d)actual < (l/d)allowable #DIV/0!

MAX 300mm
CK CRACKING : OK!
CK SLAB THICKNESS : PASS
REFERENCE CALCULAT
STRUCTURAL CRITERIA
Design life (years)
Exposure class
Fire resistance
Size of aggregates (mm)
Characteristics strength of concrete, fck (N/mm^2)
Characteristics yield strength of steel bar, fyk (N/mm^2)
Characteristics yield strength of shear link, fyw (N/mm^2)
EN 1991-1-1 TA.1 Weight of concrete (kN/m^3)
Gk (kN/m^2) Excluding self-weight
EN 1991-1-1 T6.2 Qk (kN/m^2)
γG
γQ
Structural system
Slab Code

DIMENSION
Slab thickness, h
Nominal cover thickness
Diameter of reinforcement, φbar
b

SLAB TYPE

Case Conditions
1 Four edges continuous
2 One short edge discontinuous
3 One long edge discontinuous
5 Two short edges discontinuous
6 Two long edges discontinuous
7 Three edges discontinuous ( One lon
8 Three edges discontinuous ( One sho
9 Four edges discontinuous

ly (mm)
lx (mm)
ly/lx
SLAB CASE
DURABILITY, FIRE & BOND REQUIREMENTS
EN 1992-1-1Table 4.2 Cmin,b (mm)
EN 1992-1-1 Table 4.4N Cmin,dur (mm)
EN 1992-1-2 T5.8 Min axis distance,a (R60) (mm)
Cmin,fire (mm)
EN 1992-1-1 4.4.1.3 ΔC dev (mm)
Cnom (mm)

Slab self weight (kN/m^2)
Total Gk (kN/m^2)
Total Qk (kN/m^2)

BENDING MOMENT

COEFFICIENTS
βsx1 (continuos) =
βsx2 (midpsan) =
βsy1 (continuos) =
βsy2 (midpsan) =

Short Span :
Msx1 (midspan) (kNm) =
Msx2 (support) (kNm) =

Long Span :
Msy1 (midspan) (kNm) =
Msy2 (support) (kNm) =
FLEXURAL REINFORCEMENT

MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Effective depth
dx (mm)
dy (mm)

## Minimum and maximum reinforcement area

fctm

As,min (mm^2)

As,max (mm^2)

Short Span :

MID SPAN
K

z (mm)

As (mm^2)

As,min (mm^2)
As,max (mm^2)

BAR PROVIDED
As,prov (mm^2)

SUPPORT
K

z (mm)

As (mm^2)
As,min (mm^2)
As,max (mm^2)

BAR PROVIDED
As,prov (mm^2)

Long Span :

MID SPAN
K

z (mm)

As (mm^2)

As,min (mm^2)
As,max (mm^2)

BAR PROVIDED
As,prov (mm^2)

SUPPORT
K

z (mm)

As (mm^2)

As,min (mm^2)
As,max (mm^2)

BAR PROVIDED
As,prov (mm^2)

SHEAR
CHECK SENDIRI FOR CONTINUOS
COEFFICIENTS
βvx1 (continuos) = #DIV/0! *
βvx2 (discontinuos) = #DIV/0! *
βvy1 (continuos) = 0*
βvy2 (discontinuos) = 0*

Short Span :
Vsx (continuos) (kN) = βvx*nd*lx
Vsx (discontinuos) (kN) = βvx*nd*lx

Long Span :
Vsy (continuos) (kN) = βvy*nd*lx
Vsy (discontinuos) (kN) = βvy*nd*lx

SHEAR CHECKING
d
k

Asl
ρ1

Vmin

## Design shear resistance, Vrd,c

DEFLECTION
Percentage of required tension reinforcement, ρ

## EN 1992-1-1 cl7.4.2 - (7.16a) l/d = ρ<=ρ0 :

EN 1992-1-1 cl7.4.2 - (7.16b) ρ>ρ0 :

## Span-effective depth ratio

(l/d)allowable
(l/d)actual

CRACKING
h (mm) = 125

Main bar :
EN 1992-1-1 cl 9.3.1 Smax (mm) = 3h

## Max bar spacing =

Secondary bar :
EN 1992-1-1 cl 9.3.1 Smax (mm) = 3.5h

## Max bar spacing =

CALCULATION

50
XC3
R60
20mm
25 *
500
500
25
ng self-weight 1 *
1.5 *
1.35
1.5
S4

125ASSUME
#DIV/0!
6ASSUME
1000

ges continuous
rt edge discontinuous
g edge discontinuous
acent edges discontinuous
rt edges discontinuous
g edges discontinuous
dges discontinuous ( One long edge continuous )
dges discontinuous ( One short edge continuous )
ges discontinuous

=
=
#DIV/0!
:
= 6
= 25
= #DIV/0!
= a - (φbar/2) #DIV/0!
= 10
= Cmin + ΔC dev #DIV/0!

## = h*Weight of concrete 3.125

= Slab self weight + Gk 4.125
= 1.5
= γG*Total Gk + γQ*Total Qk 7.81875

#DIV/0! *
#DIV/0! *
#DIV/0! *
#DIV/0! *

βsx1*nd*lx^2 #DIV/0!
βsx2*nd*lx^2 #DIV/0!

βsy1*nd*lx^2 #DIV/0!
βsy2*nd*lx^2 #DIV/0!
= h - Cnom - 0.5*φbar #DIV/0!
= h - Cnom - 1.5*φbar #DIV/0!

= 0.30*fck^(2/3) 2.56496392

= 0.26*(fctm/fyk)*b*d #DIV/0!

= 0.04bh 5000

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!
5000

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!
5000

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!
5000

#DIV/0!

## = Msy2 / (0.87*fyk*z) #DIV/0!

#DIV/0!
5000
CONTINUOS & DISCONTINUOS CASE !!! ☺

βvx*nd*lx #DIV/0!
βvx*nd*lx #DIV/0!

βvy*nd*lx 0
βvy*nd*lx 0

#DIV/0!

(mm) = #DIV/0!
= [1+(200/d)^(1/2)] Check <=2 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
(mm^2) = 0
= (Asl/bw*d) Check <=0.02 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

## CHECK Vrd,c > VEd

= As,req/b*d #DIV/0!

= fck^(1/2)*10^-3 0.005

## = (DEPENDS ON STRUCTURAL SYSTEM) 1

K* [ 11 + 1.5*SQRT(fck)*(ρ0/ρ) + 3.2*SQRT(fck)*(ρ0/ρ-1)^(3/2) ]
K* [ 11 + 1.5*SQRT(fck)*(ρ0/ρ-ρ') + 1/12*SQRT(fck)*(ρ'/ρ0)] #DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

## = (l/d)* MFspan* MFsteel #DIV/0!

= Lx/d Check : < (l/d)allowable #DIV/0!

Check : <=200mm

375

## Check : <=450mm 437.5

437.5

CHECK CRACKING :
CHECK THICKNESS OF S
OUTPUT

#DIV/0!
CHOOSE Cmin : #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

d
#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!
ECK Vrd,c > VEd #DIV/0!
ECK (l/d)actual < (l/d)allowable #DIV/0!

MAX 300mm

## ECK CRACKING : OK!

ECK THICKNESS OF SLAB: PASS
Cotinuous Slab

Shear force coefficient for uniformly loaded rectangular panels supported on four sides with provision for torsion at corners

Case 1 2 3 4
continuous edge
continuous
discontinuous
edge continuous
edge discontinuous
edge continuous
edge discontinuous
edge edge
1.0 0.33 0.36 - 0.36 0.24 0.40 0.26
1.1 0.36 0.39 - 0.40 0.27 0.44 0.29
1.2 0.39 0.42 - 0.44 0.29 0.47 0.31
1.3 0.41 0.44 - 0.47 0.31 0.50 0.33
βvx for value of Iy/Ix
1.4 0.43 0.45 - 0.49 0.32 0.52 0.34
1.5 0.45 0.47 - 0.51 0.34 0.54 0.35
1.75 0.48 0.50 - 0.55 0.36 0.57 0.38
2.0 0.50 0.52 - 0.59 0.38 0.60 0.40
βvy 0.33 0.36 0.24 0.36 - 0.40 0.26

case 0 βvx βvy
continuous edge #DIV/0! 0.0000 0.00 DUN HAVE CASE 1
discontinuous edge #DIV/0! 0.0000 0.00 DUN HAVE CASE 9

## continuous edge 2.00 0.0000 0.00

discontinuous edge 2.00 0.0000 0.00

## case 3 βvx βvy

continuous edge 1.67 0.5367 0.36
discontinuous edge 1.67 0.3533 0.00

## continuous edge 2.00 0.5900 0.00

discontinuous edge 2.00 0.3800 0.00

Bending moment coefficients for two-way spanning rectangular slabs supported by beams

Case 1 2 3 4
"-" continuous edge
"+" mid"-"
span
continuous"+"
edge
mid"-"
span
continuous"+"
edge
mid"-"
span
continuous edge
1.0 0.031 0.024 0.039 0.029 0.039 0.03 0.047
1.1 0.037 0.028 0.044 0.033 0.049 0.036 0.056
1.2 0.042 0.032 0.048 0.036 0.056 0.042 0.063
1.3 0.046 0.035 0.052 0.039 0.062 0.047 0.069
βsx for value of Iy/Ix
1.4 0.05 0.037 0.055 0.041 0.068 0.051 0.074
1.5 0.053 0.04 0.058 0.043 0.073 0.055 0.078
1.75 0.059 0.044 0.063 0.047 0.082 0.062 0.087
2.0 0.063 0.048 0.067 0.05 0.089 0.067 0.093
βsy 0.032 0.024 0.037 0.028 0.037 0.028 0.045
Moment
case 0 βsx βsy
"-" continous edge #DIV/0! 0.0000 0 DUN HAVE CASE 1
"+" mid span #DIV/0! 0.0000 0 DUN HAVE CASE 1, 6, 8, 9

## "-" continous edge 2.00 0.0000 0

"+" mid span 2.00 0.0000 0

## case 2 βsx βsy

"-" continous edge 1.67 0.0613 0.037
"+" mid span 1.67 0.0457 0.028

## "-" continous edge 2.00 0.0670 0.037

"+" mid span 2.00 0.0500 0.028

## ly/lx αsx αsy

1.0 0.062 0.062
1.1 0.074 0.061
1.2 0.084 0.059
1.3 0.093 0.055
1.4 0.099 0.051
1.5 0.104 0.046
1.75 0.113 0.037
2.0 0.118 0.029

Moment
αsx αsy
ly/lx #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0!
n for torsion at corners

5 6 7 8 9
continuous edge
discontinuous
continuous
edge discontinuous
edge continuous
edge discontinuous
edge continuous
edge discontinuous
edge discontinuous
edge edge
0.40 - - 0.26 0.45 0.30 - 0.29 0.33
0.43 - - 0.30 0.48 0.32 - 0.33 0.36
0.45 - - 0.33 0.51 0.34 - 0.36 0.39
0.47 - - 0.36 0.53 0.35 - 0.38 0.41
0.48 - - 0.38 0.55 0.36 - 0.40 0.43
0.49 - - 0.40 0.57 0.37 - 0.42 0.45
0.52 - - 0.44 0.60 0.39 - 0.45 0.48
0.54 - - 0.47 0.63 0.41 - 0.48 0.50
- 0.26 0.40 - - 0.29 0.45 0.30 0.33

4 5 6 7 8 9
"+" mid span
"-" continuous"+"
edge
mid"-"
span
continuous"+"
edge
mid"-"
span
continuous"+"
edge
mid"-"
span
continuous"+"
edge
mid span
"+" mid span
0.036 0.046 0.034 - 0.034 0.057 0.043 - 0.042 0.055
0.042 0.05 0.038 - 0.046 0.065 0.048 - 0.054 0.065
0.047 0.054 0.04 - 0.056 0.071 0.053 - 0.063 0.074
0.051 0.057 0.043 - 0.065 0.076 0.057 - 0.071 0.081
0.055 0.06 0.045 - 0.072 0.081 0.06 - 0.078 0.097
0.059 0.062 0.047 - 0.078 0.084 0.063 - 0.084 0.092
0.065 0.067 0.05 - 0.091 0.092 0.069 - 0.096 0.103
0.07 0.07 0.053 - 0.1 0.098 0.074 - 0.105 0.111
0.034 - 0.034 0.045 0.034 - 0.044 0.058 0.044 0.056
"+" mid span