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Mapúa University School of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering Muralla St., Intramuros, Manila DC Power

Mapúa University

Mapúa University School of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering Muralla St., Intramuros, Manila DC Power

School of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering Muralla St., Intramuros, Manila

DC Power Supply with 220V AC Input and 3V, 5V, 9V and 12V DC Output

Presented to: Engr. Febus Reidj Cruz Mapúa University

By:

Group 2 Calites, John Vincent Cariaga, Jejomar Pancho Dotimas, Winvel Español, James Christian Guevarra, Rex Mercado, Luis Benjamin

Presented: September 2017

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE

1

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

3

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL

4

OBJECTIVES

6

THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES

7

FIGURES

8

LIST OF COMPONENTS

10

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION

11

FUNCTIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF THE PROJECT

12

REFERENCES

13

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We would like to give our most sincere gratitude and thanks to our professor, Engr. Febus

Reidj Cruz, for giving us most valuable advices, suggestions and guidance in the creation of this

project. With his help, we could accomplish our goals and finish our task by completing our

prototype, power supply, by applying all the things we learned in the laboratory.

We would also like to thank Mapúa University for giving us access to the tools required in

completing this project.

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL

September 14, 2017

Engr. Febus Reidj Cruz School of EECE Mapúa University Intramuros, Manila

Greetings Engr. Cruz,

We are writing to you with the project titled DC Power Supply with 220V AC Input and

3V, 5V, 9V and 12V DC Output. The purpose of writing this paper is to analyze the project in

terms of designing, construction and testing as part of the Electronics 1 Laboratory

(ECE103L)/B11 requirements. This project officially started on August 31 st , 2017 and was

completed on September 13 th , 2017. We would like to thank you, Engr. Febus Reidj Cruz for the

advices that helped us in completing this project. This documentation focuses on the objectives

of this prototype, schematic design of the circuit, printed circuit board (PCB) design based from

the schematic diagram of the circuit, and the list of components together with their quantity and

prices used in creating this prototype.

The outputs 3V, 5V, 9V, and 12V in DC was reached. We applied the topics we learned

in our laboratory experiments in creating the circuit that provided such outputs: from a step-

down transformer, we used a bridge type full wave rectifier and then we used a filter and a

regulator. In regulating the required outputs, we used a Zener diode with the corresponding

Zener voltage range to check and test the output voltages for the prototype. We used a digital

multi-tester to get the output voltages.

We are looking forward that this prototype can comply with the standards and be

considered a fulfillment in one of the requirements of the course.

Sincerely, Calites, John Vincent Cariaga, Jejomar Pancho Dotimas, Winvel Español, James Christian Guevarra, Rex Mercado, Luis Benjamin

ECE103L-B11

Group 2

OBJECTIVES

The purpose of this prototype is to prove that the we learned the fundamentals and functions

in creating a circuit that with an AC voltage input, we can provide a regulated DC voltage with

varying output depending on the Zener voltage range.

THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES

There are many types of power supply. Most are designed to convert high voltage AC mains electricity to a suitable low voltage supply for electronic circuits and other devices. A power supply can be broken down into a series of blocks, each of which performs a function.

into a series of blocks, each of which performs a function. Figure 1: Block Diagram of

Figure 1: Block Diagram of DC Power Supply Transformers that are commonly used in dc power supplies are step-down transformers. The step-down transformer would lower the high voltage AC to low voltage AC as the voltage pass across it, this is due to the fact to reduce the dangerously high mains voltage to a safer low voltage. The lowered voltage will pass through the rectifier, in this project a bridge type rectifier was used, to convert the lowered AC voltage into a DC voltage. A full-wave rectifier is a device that converts AC sine wave into a pulsating DC for both positive and negative cycle of the input cycle. Capacitor filters are commonly found in dc power supplies, since the varying DC voltage from the rectifier is falling the capacitor acts as a reservoir, supplying current and voltage to the output, smoothening the output voltage. Higher capacitance means lower ripple to the output voltage, meaning it would be a good practice to have a high capacitance capacitor connected to a dc power supply circuit to maintain a much constant output voltage with little ripple. Since smoothing of the output voltage in the filter is not perfect due to the capacitor voltage falling a little as it discharges, a Zener diode regulator is used to create a constant output voltage which are rated by their breakdown voltage.

FIGURES

Figure 1: Schematic Diagram of the Prototype

Figure 2: PCB Diargram

Figure 4: Soldered Components Figure 5: Initial Testing of Power Supply Prototype with Output Page

Figure 4: Soldered Components

Figure 4: Soldered Components Figure 5: Initial Testing of Power Supply Prototype with Output Page 9

Figure 5: Initial Testing of Power Supply Prototype with Output

LIST OF COMPONENTS

Quantity

Unit

Component/

Description/Value

Price

 

Materials

1

meter

Connecting Wire

Red & Black Color

On Stock

1

piece

Stepdown

220V AC to 15 V AC

P180.00

Transformer

4

pieces

Diodes

1N4004

P6.00

2

piece

Zener Diode

1N4732

P5.00

1

piece

Zener Diode

1N4738

P2.50

1

piece

Electrolytic

2200uF 25V

P5.00

Capacitor

1

piece

Resistor

2.2k Ω 1/2W

P1.00

1

piece

Resistor

200 Ω 1/2W

P1.00

1

piece

Pre-synthesized

4” x 6”

P110.00

PCB w/

developer

solution

1

piece

Transformer

Reused Tin Case

On Stock

Case

1

piece

Plug

1meter

40

 

Total Cost:

 

P354.00

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION

In our prototype, DC Power Supply with Two Hundred Twenty Volts AC Input and Five

Volts, Twelve Volts, Fifteen Volts, and Twenty-Four Volts Output, we used a 12V 3A transformer,

a bridge type full wave rectifier, a capacitor, and four different Zener diodes with the

corresponding Zener voltage rating to achieve the required output voltages. We used a step-down

transformer to convert the 220V primary voltage to a 12V secondary voltage. Using the bridge

type rectifier, four different diodes arranged into a bridge type setup, we we’re able to convert the

AC input into a pulsating DC. As the pulsating DC passes through the capacitor that acts as a filter,

the waveform will now be a ripple voltage. We used four different Zener diodes and four switches

to convert the ripple voltage into a pure DC voltage output. Depending on the switch used, the DC

output voltage will vary accordingly. The DC output voltage can now be used for electronic

devices.

FUNCTIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF THE PROJECT

This project was made, for us to apply the lessons that we learned from the topics that were discussed in the class. By creating this project, we understood how to create an effective and functional power supply by applying the basic concepts and definitions of diodes and other components. The variable power supply that we created and produced is composed of components that are commonly found in today’s power supplies, such as: transformer, rectifier, diodes, zener diodes and a capacitor filter. The designed variable power supply outputs different voltages, 3V, 5V, 9V, and 12V. A step-down transformer was used to lower the input voltage of 220VAC to 24VAC, this is due to the reason that the largest output that the variable power supply must yield is 12V. A full-wave bridge type rectifier was also made by using four regular diodes (1N4001), this rectifier would convert AC voltage to DC voltage. A capacitor was connected in the circuit to filter the dc voltage. We used a high capacitance capacitor, since the higher the value of capacitance the smaller the ripple, thus creating a much efficient and stable power supply. A resistor was also connected to lower the voltage level within the circuit. Four Zener diodes are used to output the required voltages, we found four models of Zener diode that would suffice and meet the requirements. The four models are: 1N4728A 3.3V 1N4733A 5.1V 1N4739A 9.1V and 1N4742A - 12V. Some of the Zener diodes used are not exactly as the output voltage, since the availability of Zener diodes with exact output voltage are low. We used a 5-holes terminal block to choose between the four Zener diodes, to let the user choose on what output voltage he/she wants for the variable power supply to yield.

REFERENCES

[1] Floyd, Thomas L., Electronic Devices Conventional Current Version, New Jersey, U.S.A, Pearson, 2005

[2]

Electronics

Club

(2017)

Power

Supplies

[Online]