Sie sind auf Seite 1von 6

Department of Civil & Structural Engineering

Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment


UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) PROJECT REPORT


SEMESTER 1, SESSION 2018/2019

KKKH 4513: GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)

TITLE: LOCATION OF RETAINING WALL IN UKM

Group: 9

Date of Submission: 10 December 2018

Lecturer: PROF. MADYA. SR. DR. KHAIRUL NIZAM BIN ABDUL MAULUD

GROUP MEMBERS

NO NAME MATRIC. NO
1 AMIRUL AMRI BIN ROSLI A154084
2 MUHAMMAD ASYRAF BIN AZMAN A154930
3 AINI HAZWANI BINTI SHAHRIR A155202
1.0 INTRODUCTION

Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computer based information system used


to digitally represent and analyse the geographic features present on the earth’s surface and the
events (non-spatial attributes linked to the geography under study) that taking place on it. The
meaning to represent digitally is to convert analogue (smooth line) into a digital form.

GIS technology integrates common database operation such as query and statistical
analysis with the unique visualization and geographic analysis benefits make it valuable to a
wide range to public and private enterprises for explaining events, predicting outcomes, and
planning.

GIS is widely accepted as a tool for the establishment of integrating spatial and
attribute data. In recent years the development of Geographical Information System (GIS)
makes timely accessible of spatial and temporal data. Moreover, its capability of spatial
analysis and presentation makes it useful tool for this kind of applications.

Data collection for this project is the location of various types of retaining wall in
UKM that will lead to effective and efficient planning for better management. There are various
types of retaining wall which are:

 Concrete block
 Stone Veneer
 Poured Concrete
 Brick
 Wood
 Boulders
 Gabion
 Timber
 Natural Stone
 Limestone
2.0 OBJECTIVES

The main objectives of this project are:

• Loading the complete image of location of retaining wall in UKM


• Segmenting that image of the each retaining wall into the corresponding sections.
• Create the database related to the retaining wall and each section.
• Insert, Delete, and Update data of the database at ArcGIS Online.
• Retrieve data from the database according to the queries and show the results to the
users.

3.0 PROBLEM STATEMENT

• To locate and determine the location of retaining wall inside UKM region along the

main route.

• To identify the features or attributes of retaining walls such as lengths, widths,

locations, coordination and type of materials.

• To apply the knowledge on using the ArcGIS application by inserting all the

obtained data of retaining walls in UKM.

4.0 METHODOLOGY

1. Each group is given a location as in the attachment.


2. Gathered the data from the field based on each group.
3. Processed the data into spatial data.
4. Entered the attributes of the collected data.
5. Uploaded the data using an online ArcGIS application based on username of each
group (https://www.arcgis.com/home/index.html).
5.0 RESULTS

Data collected from field:

Retaining Length Height


Id Latitude Longitude Location Material
ID (m) (m)
1 0 2.919415 101.77234 18.624 2.652 KPZ Gabion
2 0 2.921943 101.76984 45.6 2.52 FUU Brick
3 0 2.92215 101.76938 26 3.2 FUU Brick
Concrete
4 0 2.922022 101.77978 98 5.95 FST Baru
Block
5 0 2.933483 101.78639 19 1.67 Tepi Padang UKM Gabion
Concrete
6 0 2.933869 101.78592 73 1.63 Tepi Padang UKM
Block
7 0 2.934326 101.78544 16 1.66 Tepi Padang UKM Gabion
Concrete
8 0 2.923399 101.78332 55 2.46 KAB
Block
Concrete
9 0 2.92413 101.78155 90 4.45 Depan DAM
Block
10 0 2.923101 101.78056 54 2.15 FST Lama - Roundabout Stone Veneer
Concrete
11 0 2.926665 101.78007 26 2.75 Bus stop KUO -Pusanika
Block
12 0 2.926479 101.78027 31 2.93 Bus stop KUO -Pusanika Gabion
13 0 2.928543 101.77781 42 1.4 Depan masjid Stone Veneer
14 0 2.9284 101.77719 59 0.83 Depan masjid Stone Veneer
Concrete
15 0 2.931905 101.78333 33 1.54 Depan KRK
Block
16 0 2.930033 101.78388 21 2.16 KIZ Stone Veneer
17 0 2.930127 101.78383 31 2.11 KIZ Stone Veneer
18 0 2.929596 101.78395 33 2.06 KIZ Stone Veneer
19 0 2.927199 101.78955 60 1.18 KKM Gabion
Results obtained after inserting the data above into ArcGIS online:

6.0 CONCLUSION

In conclusion, there are 19 retaining walls built in UKM. The longest retaining wall

lies in Faculty of Science & Technology (FST) new building area (near the hilly road to

Pendeta Za’ba College) which is 98 meters long while the shortest retaining wall is located

at the edge of the UKM field (near Danau UKM) which is 16 meters long.

Furthermore, the highest retaining wall is located in Faculty of Science & Technology

(FST) new building area which is 5.95 meters height while the lowest retaining wall is

located at the front of the UKM Mosque which is as high as 0.83 meters only.
Besides that, stone veneer and concrete block are the most common materials to create

a retaining wall, respectively, in six different locations. While only 2 locations are using

brick as a material making the retaining wall, both are located in Faculty of Law (FUU)

area.

The geographical features of the hilly terrain in UKM cause the retaining wall to be

constructed because the retaining walls able to reduce the amount of cut and fill processes.

So, by building a retaining wall, we can reduce the cost of a project in addition to

maintaining the structure of the land and ecosystems in the project area.

7.0 REFERENCES

• http://jkmandal.com/pdf/GIS%20Project%20Report.pdf

• https://www.aboutcivil.org/retaining-wall-definition-types-uses-retaining-walls.html