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ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

Regulations Respecting
Anhydrous Ammonia

Repealed
by Chapter B-5.1 Reg 1 (effective January 1, 2007)

Formerly
Saskatchewan Regulations 361/77 (effective November 30, 1977) as
amended by Saskatchewan Regulations 86/83.

NOTE:
This consolidation is not official. Amendments have been
incorporated for convenience of reference and the original statutes
and regulations should be consulted for all purposes of interpretation
and application of the law. In order to preserve the integrity of the
original statutes and regulations, errors that may have appeared are
reproduced in this consolidation.
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SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

Table of Contents
1 Definitions 33 Distances to be shown on plan
PART I 34 Location of right-of-way, etc. to be shown
Vessel Design and Construction 35 Drawing notes or legend
2 Approved vessels 36 Distances between storage tanks and tracks
3 Maximum size of vessels 37 Distance between storage tanks and buildings, etc.
4 Vessel design registration 38 Distances between pumps, compressors and buildings, etc.
5 Stamping and Manufacturer’s Affidavit 39 Distances between transport tank and storage tank
6 Shop inspection 40 Grounding of storage tanks
7 Welders tests and welding procedure 41 Installation of storage tanks
8 Vessel design pressure PART III
9 Hot-formed heads Temporary Storage and Distribution Facilities
10 Baffle plates 42 Unloading regulated
11 Manhole opening 43 Application for temporary facility
12 Manufacturer to supply fittings 44 Conditions of approval
12.1 Storage tank requirement PART IV
13 Valves, fittings and piping Handling
14 Dual fittings, excess flow and check valve 45 Compliance responsibility
15 Protection of fittings 46 Operator training
16 Relief valves and settings 47 Informing the workers
17 Relief valve capacity 48 Safety equipment
18 Accessory relief valves 49 Additives prohibited
19 Pressure gauge 50 Loading and unloading
20 Vessel to be painted 51 Fire department awareness
21 Use for propane prohibited PART V
22 Transport vessel limitations Transportation
23 High and low pressure hose 52 Transport tank registered by Highway Traffic Board
24 Lower pressure fittings 53 Parking of transport tanks
25 Inspection before use 54 Transport tank not registered by Highway Traffic
26 Welded repairs Board
27 Vessels may be sealed
28 Inspection and special fees PART VI
PART II Licences and Fees
Storage Facilities 55 Licences
29 Application to construct PART VII
30 Application to be accompanied by plan and profile Other Required Approvals
31 Scale of plan and profile 56 Other authorities
32 Identification of drawings
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ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

SASKATCHEWAN REGULATIONS 361/77


The Boiler and Pressure Vessel Act
REGULATIONS RESPECTING ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

Definitions
1 In these regulations, the expression:
(a) “Act” means the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Act;
(b) “Anhydrous Ammonia” means the product with the chemical formula
of NH3 in either a liquid or gaseous state which is normally stored,
transported or otherwise contained in a pressure vessel under pressure and
used as a liquid fertilizer;
(c) “A.N.S.I.” means American National Standards Institute;
(d) “applicator tank” means a pressure vessel designed for use with, and
attachment to, equipment for applying anhydrous ammonia to the soil;
(e) “approved” unless otherwise stated, means approved by or under the
authority of the chief inspector;
(f) “A.S.M.E.” means the American Society of Mechanical Engineers;
(g) “C.S.A.” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(h) “C.T.C.” means the Canadian Transport Commission;
(i) “D.O.T.” means the Department of Transport of the United States of
America;
(j) “Highway Traffic Board” means highway traffic board established
pursuant to the Vehicles Act;
(k) “portable cylinder” means a pressure vessel constructed, tested and
marked in accordance with C.T.C. or D.O.T. specifications and approved by
the chief inspector;
(l) “portable tank” means a pressure vessel, other than a portable cylinder,
and if attached to any vehicle for the transportation of the said anhydrous
ammonia will then be considered as a transport tank and subject to these
regulations;
(m) “storage tank” means any pressure vessel designed in accordance with
these regulations for storing or containing anhydrous ammonia;
(n) “towing motor vehicle” means a self propelled vehicle for the
conveyance of people or goods on public roads and consisting of a bus, car,
truck or power unit but not including vehicles moving on rails, motorcycles, all
terrain vehicles, snowmobiles or farm tractors;
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SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

(o) “transport tank” means a pressure vessel other than a railway tank
car, designed to be permanently mounted on a conveyance either self
propelled or designed for a trailer unit and used for containing and
transporting anhydrous ammonia from a production facility to a storage and
distribution facility or from a storage and distribution facility to an applicator;
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s1.

PART I
Vessel Design and Construction

Approved vessels
2(1) No pressure vessel other than an approved portable cylinder, an approved
storage tank, transport tank, portable tank, applicator tank, or other pressure
container designed, constructed and fitted in accordance with these regulations
shall be used for the storage, delivery or application of anhydrous ammonia.
(2) It shall be a violation of these regulations to construct, sell, lease, use or fill
any vessel or container with anhydrous ammonia which does not meet all the
requirements of these regulations.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s2.

Maximum size of vessels


3(1) For any vessel used as a transport tank, the maximum capacity shall be as
limited by the Highway Traffic Board.
(2) For any vessel used for temporary mounting on any truck or trailer the
maximum capacity shall be as limited by the Highway Traffic Board.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s3.

Vessel design registration


4(1) Every pressure vessel including bulk storage tanks, used storage tanks,
transport tanks, portable tanks and applicator tanks shall have their design
approved and shall be registered by the department prior to construction or entry
into the province for which purpose the manufacturer shall submit design drawings
and specifications to the chief inspector in duplicate in accordance with the
requirements of C.S.A. Code B51.
(2) When a vessel design has been approved and registered, any design or
construction changes including material changes, will require re-approval and re-
registration unless they are of a minor nature.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s4.
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ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

Stamping and Manufacturer’s Affidavit


5 Where a pressure vessel design has been approved and registered and the
registration number allotted thereto by the department, vessels may be constructed
according to such design in any number unless the design is cancelled by the
department or becomes obsolete due to revisions in the regulations or in the codes,
rules or standards referred to herein provided that the following requirements are
complied with:
(a) every pressure vessel is constructed in strict accordance with the design
which has been approved and registered, including the vessel dimensions, the
thickness of shell and heads, the A.S.M.E. material specifications and all
other design details, and all welding is in accordance with a tested and proven
procedure meeting the requirements of any regulations applicable thereto;
(b) each such pressure vessel or name plate permanently attached thereto is
stamped according to A.S.M.E. code requirements and shall include the
following:
(i) Saskatchewan Registration Number of National Board stamping or
both,
(ii) Manufacturer’s name and manufacturer’s serial number,
(iii) Plate specification number and tensile strength for both shell and
heads,
(iv) Thickness of shell and heads,
(v) Registered maximum design pressure,
(vi) A.S.M.E. Code paragraph number and year built,
(vii) Diameter and overall length,
(viii) Water capacity in Imperial gallons or both Imperial and U.S.
gallons,
(ix) The words “FOR ANHYDROUS AMMONIA”;
(c) a Manufacturer’s Affidavit certifying the construction in accordance with
approved designs shall be submitted to the chief inspector for each pressure
vessel to be used in the Province of Saskatchewan simultaneously with the
pressure vessel being shipped and a copy of same is forwarded with the
pressure vessel to the consignee;
(d) the Manufacturer’s Affidavit shall include thereon a certificate of shop
inspection signed by the authorized shop inspector.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s5.

Shop inspection
6 For acceptance by the department each pressure vessel exceeding 5 cubic feet
(0.1416m3) in volume shall be shop inspected during construction and if constructed
in Canada the authorized shop inspector shall be a provincial government boiler or
pressure vessel inspector. In the United States of America, the shop inspector shall
hold a National Board Commission and be employed by a Code State or boiler
insurance company.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s6.
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SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

Welders tests and welding procedure


7(1) Welders, including welding machine operators employed on the construction
of any pressure vessel shall have been tested within an eighteen month period
which tests shall have been witnessed or certified to by an authorized inspector as
specified for shop inspection in section 6.
(2) Welders tests shall have been in accordance with Section IX of the A.S.M.E.
“Welding Qualifications Code”, and a record of same on Form Q-1(g) as specified in
appendix 2 of the code shall be made available to the department. The signature of
the authorized inspector certifying to the welders test shall appear on form Q-1(g).
(3) Where the welders have not been tested as specified in subsection (1) weld test
coupons may be ordered cut from the pressure vessel by a department inspector
and shall be tested in accordance with subsection (2) and if the coupons fail the
vessel shall be sealed and its use prohibited.
(4) In addition to the welders tests specified in subsections (1) and (2) the welding
procedure shall be established, tested and proven by the manufacturer which
procedure and tests shall include the filler metal to be used in actual construction
and records of same forwarded to the department for registration.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s7.

Vessel design pressure


8 Every pressure vessel, except a transport tank shall be designed for a minimum
pressure of 250 p.s.i.g. (1723.7 kPa gauge) in accordance with the A.S.M.E. code.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s8.

Hot-formed heads
9 Every pressure vessel shall be constructed with hot-formed heads to eliminate
stress corrosion cracking provided that where such heads are not available the
following may be used as an alternative:
(a) cold formed heads stress relieved in an approved manner prior to vessel
fabrication;
(b) stress relieving of the entire vessel after fabrication;
(c) pressure vessels intended for anhydrous ammonia service which are
constructed using heads or off set joints that are cold formed shall be subject
to post weld heat treatment.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s9.

Baffle plates
10 Baffle plates are not mandatory in anhydrous ammonia pressure vessels but,
where they are included, they shall be shown on the design drawings.
30 Jne 83 SR 86/83 s3.
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ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

Manhole opening
11 Every pressure vessel having a water capacity of 13,638 litres or more shall be
constructed with a manhole opening meeting A.S.M.E. requirements.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s11; 30 Jne 83 SR 86/83 s4.

Manufacturer to supply fittings


12(1) Every pressure vessel shall be fitted by the manufacturer with approved
fittings including safety relief valves meeting the requirements of sections 16
and 17 and all such fittings shall be especially designed for use with anhydrous
ammonia, or iron, steel or certain non-ferrous alloys unaffected by ammonia.
Brass, copper or galvanized fittings shall not be used.
(2) Unless filling is controlled by weighing, tanks shall be equipped with a fixed
tube liquid level, a rotary tube, an adjustable slip tube gauge, or other gauging
device that will ensure that the maximum permitted filling density is not exceeded.
If the gauging device is a float type or pressure differential type, the tank shall also
be provided with a fixed tube, rotary tube, or adjustable slip tube gauge.
(3) Gauge glasses of the columnar type shall be equipped with shut-off valves
having metallic hand wheels; excess flow valves; and extra heavy glass adequately
protected by a metal housing applied by the manufacturer. The gauge shall be
protected from the direct rays of the sun.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s12.

Storage tank requirement


12.1(1) In this section:
(a) “wear plate” means a separate piece of metal not forming part of the
supporting saddle that has dimensions of equal excess in both length and
width to that of the supporting saddle and that is used for the purpose of
reducing wear and corrosion at the points where the tank rests on the
supporting saddles;
(b) “Zick formulae” means the formulae developed by L. P. Zick for
“Stresses in Large Horizontal Cylindrical Pressure Vessels on Two Saddle
Supports” published in Pressure Vessels and Piping: Design –
Analysis Volume Two – Components and Structural Dynamics – ASME
Copyright 1972.
(2) Every design for a storage tank that has a water capacity of 37,732 litres or
more shall provide for the inclusion of wear plates that:
(a) have a minimum thickness of 8 millimetres;
(b) have a minimum width = W + 1.56 Rts , where:
(i) R = radius of tank in millimetres;
(ii) ts = tank shell thickness in millimetres; and
(iii) W = width of supporting saddle in millimetres;
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SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

(c) attach to the tank shell by continuous weld around the entire perimeter
of the wear plates;
(d) are located at points where the tank will rest on the supporting saddles;
and
(e) have a hole, 12 millimetres in diameter, in the centre for the purpose of
releasing gases trapped during attachment.
(3) Where approval and registration is requested for the design of a storage tank
having a capacity of more than 113,195 litres:
(a) the design is to be supported by stress calculations using the Zick
formulae; and
(b) where those calculations show the need for stiffening rings, design
calculations for the rings shall be shown.
(4) The specifications for stiffening rings mentioned in subsection (3) are as
follows:
(a) rings are to be designed in accordance with the Zick formulae;
(b) rings are to be of one-piece fabrication or, if made in sections, assembly of
the rings is to be with full penetration welds;
(c) rings may be attached to the shell by continuous or intermittent welding
as follows:
(i) the total length of the intermittent welding is to be not less than one
third of the circumference of the tank;
(ii) spacing between intermittent welds is to be not more than 12 times
the tank shell thickness;
(iii) welds on opposite sides of the stiffener may be either staggered or
in line; and
(d) a gap in the ring for drainage and venting, at the bottom and top
respectively, of not more than eight times the ring thickness is to be provided
between the tank shell and the ring.
(5) Supporting saddles shall:
(a) be shown on design drawings for storage tanks submitted for approval;
(b) if not made of reinforced concrete, be:
(i) designed to rest on flat topped reinforced concrete supports; and
(ii) of welded construction;
(c) be designed to match the curvature of the tank being supported and have
a minimum bearing surface of 120 degrees;
(d) have a minimum factor of safety of five; and
(e) be provided with a suitable means of preventing corrosion between
supporting saddles and the shell wear plates.
30 Jne 83 SR 86/83 s5.
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ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

Valves, fittings and piping


13(1) Valves and fittings subject to tank pressure shall be designed for a
minimum working pressure of 250 p.s.i.g. (1723.7 kPa gauge) steam rating or 400
p.s.i.g. (2757.9 kPa gauge) W.O.G. rating (water, oil or gas) as specified in A.N.S.I.
B16.5.
(2) Pressure piping shall confirm to the specifications of A.N.S.I. B31.3.
(3) Where subject to tank pressure cast iron or galvanized pipe or fittings shall
not be used.
(4) For steel or wrought iron pipe, Schedule 40 may be used for welded
fabrication, but where screwed joints are used, such pipe shall be Schedule 80.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s13.

Dual fittings, excess flow and check valve


14(1) Every pressure vessel opening, except openings for safety relief valves and
openings protected by a controlling orifice of not more than 8 millimetres in
diameter for vapour withdrawal and No. 54 drill size (1.4 millimetres) for liquid
withdrawal, shall be fitted with dual fittings as follows:
(a) a manual operated shut-off valve in conjunction with either:
(i) a back pressure valve; or
(ii) an excess flow valve;
(b) a combination excess flow valve and back pressure check valve; or
(c) a double back pressure check valve.
(2) All excess flow valves installed in liquid withdrawal lines in applicator tanks
shall be of a capacity to limit the flow to a maximum of 159 litres per minute where
they are designed to be used with 25 millimetres inside diameter hose.
30 Jne 83 SR 86/83 s6.

Protection of fittings
15(1) Fittings located at the top of transport tanks, or any other pressure vessel
subject to be used for transporting anhydrous ammonia shall be recessed or
otherwise protected against damage from the tank overturning by means of a steel
box structure or other approved rigid metal guards having at least the same
thickness as the vessel, well braced and securely welded to the container adjacent
to the fittings. Where fittings or piping is located at the end of a transport tank, or
any pressure vessel used for transporting anhydrous ammonia it shall be protected
from collision by means of a similar steel structure and also with an adequate
vehicle bumper.
(2) Provision shall be made in the piping for expansion, contraction and settling.
(3) Pipe lines shall be protected by metal guard rails against damage from trucks
and other traffic.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s15.
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SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

Relief valves and settings


16 Every pressure vessel shall be fitted by the manufacturer with one or more
spring loaded safety relief valves designed especially for anhydrous ammonia and
marked by the manufacturer as being approved for this purpose. The marking
shall also include the valve capacity and the pressure at which the valve is set to
relieve which shall be not less than 240 p.s.i.g. (1654.75 kPa gauge) and not more
than 250 p.s.i.g. (1723.7 kPa gauge).
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s16.

Relief valve capacity


17(1) The minimum rate of discharge at 120% of maximum permitted start-to-
discharge pressure for safety relief valves to be used in tanks or containers shall be
in accordance with the following table or the table set out on page 27 of “A.N.S.I.
Standard K61.1 - 1972”:
Flow Rate - Flow Rate -
Surface Area litres/second Surface Area litres/second
m2 of Air m2 of Air
2 129 50 1,813
4 228 60 2,103
6 318 70 2,387
8 403 80 2,665
10 486 90 2,933
12 563 100 3,198
14 640 120 3,713
16 713 140 4,217
18 785 160 4,702
20 858 180 5,178
25 1,026 200 5,645
30 1,193 220 6,103
35 1,355 240 6,555
40 1,452
(2) In this section:
(a) “flow rate – litres/second of air” means litres per second of air
o
required at standard conditions, 15.5 Celsius and atmospheric
pressure (101.3 kPa);
(b) “surface area” means the total outside surface area of the container in
square metres, but when the surface area is not stamped on the name plate or
when the marking is not legible, the area can be calculated by using one of the
following formulae:
(i) cylindrical container with hemispherical heads, area = overall
length in metres times outside diameter in metres times 3.1416;
(ii) cylindrical container with other than hemispherical heads, area =
(overall length in metres plus 0.3 outside diameter in metres) times
outside diameter in metres times 3.1416; or
(iii) spherical container, area = outside diameter in metres squared
times 3.1416.
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ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

(3) The rate of discharge may be interpolated for intermediate values of


surface area.
(4) For containers with a total outside surface area greater than 240 square
metres, the required flow rate can be calculated using the formula, flow rate –
litres/second of air = 73.25 A0.82, where A = outside surface area of the container in
square metres.
30 Jne 83 SR 86/83 s7.

Accessory relief valves


18 Where excessive pressure may be caused in any pipe line, pump, compressor or
other apparatus by the closing of valves, stops or any other device an approved
hydrostatic relief valve shall be installed which will relieve at not less than 240
p.s.i.g. (1654.75 kPa gauge) and not more than 400 p.s.i.g. (2757.9 kPa gauge).
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s18.

Pressure gauge
19(1) Every pressure vessel having a water capacity of more than 250 Imperial
gallons (946.35 litres) shall be equipped by the manufacturer with a pressure gauge
graduated from 0-400 p.s.i.g. (2757.9 kPa gauge).
(2) Positive displacement pumps or compressors connected to any piping system
shall be equipped with a pressure gauge graduated from 0-400 p.s.i.g. (2757.9 kPa
gauge) connected directly to the pump or compressor or on the system in such a
manner that it is visible to the operator.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s19.

Vessel to be painted
20 Every pressure vessel shall be painted white by the manufacturer or by the
distributor before being sold or used and the words “DANGER AMMONIA” shall be
plainly visible on the tank in any contrasting colour. These letters are to be at least
5 inches (12.7 cm) or more in height depending on the size of the vessel and to be
located on the sides of all storage tanks and on the sides and rear of all portable
tanks and transport tanks.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s20.

Use for propane prohibited


21 All pressure vessels used for the storage or handling or propane, anhydrous
ammonia or any other compressed gas shall not be used for a second such gas
unless the following procedures are followed:
(a) Pressure vessels must not be used for gases that are capable of combining
chemically and the use of additives that increase the rate of corrosion or
deterioration of the metal are forbidden.
(b) Before changing from one gas to any other gas all pressure vessels must
be thoroughly purged in a manner acceptable to the chief inspector.
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SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

(c) Pumps, hoses, valves and fittings on any pressure vessel must be those
which are specifically designed and approved for the named gas or liquid.
(d) It will be the responsibility of the owner of the anhydrous ammonia
storage and distribution facility to ensure the above is adhered to before filling
any pressure vessel.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s21.

Transport vessel limitations


22 Every pressure vessel used as a transport tank for anhydrous ammonia shall
be designed to a minimum pressure of 1825 kPa gauge.
30 Jne 83 SR 86/83 s8

High and low pressure hose


23(1) All hose and hose connectors used with transport tanks, storage tanks,
portable tanks, applicator tanks or other containers shall be especially designed
and marked for the purpose and if subject to tank pressure shall have a minimum
bursting pressure of 1,250 p.s.i.g. (8617.80 kPa gauge) and be capable of
withstanding a test pressure at any time of not less than 500 p.s.i.g. (3447.2 kPa
gauge).
(2) All hose located on the low pressure side of the pressure reducing valves or
flow control valves on applicator machines shall be designed for the maximum low
side working pressure.
(3) All machinery used for the application of anhydrous ammonia to the soil, and
which tow applicator tanks during the application, shall have break-away connectors
fitted into the high pressure hoses leading from the applicator tanks to the
applicator machine.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s23; 30 Jne 83 SR 86/83 s9.

Lower pressure fittings


24 Fittings, metering apparatus and piping located on the low pressure side of
pressure reducing valves or flow control valves on applicator tanks and at no time
subject to tank pressure may be designed for a minimum working pressure of 125
p.s.i.g. (861.81 kPa gauge).
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s24.

Inspection before use


25(1) Every anhydrous ammonia pressure vessel before being sold, leased or put
to use in Saskatchewan for the first time shall be inspected by an inspector of the
department and the responsibility of reporting to the department that a pressure
vessel inspection is required shall be that of the person selling, leasing or installing
the pressure vessel.
(2) Responsibility for the external visual inspection and assurance that every
anhydrous ammonia pressure vessel is serviceable and free from contamination
before filling shall rest solely with the owner of the anhydrous ammonia storage
and distribution facility.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s25.
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ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

Welded repairs
26 No storage tank, transport tank, portable tank, applicator tank or other
anhydrous ammonia pressure vessel or any fitting affecting the safety thereof shall
be altered or repaired by welding except with the approval of the chief inspector
and then only by a person holding a valid Saskatchewan pressure welding
certificate in the procedure required.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s26.

Vessels may be sealed


27 Any anhydrous ammonia pressure vessel violating or being used in violation of
any of the requirements of these regulations or of the Act or being used in an unsafe
manner shall be sealed or otherwise removed from service by an inspector or other
authorized officer, including an officer of the Highway Traffic Board and peace
officer.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s27.

Inspection and special fees


28 Inspection and special fees shall be as outlined in the pressure vessel fee
schedule under the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Act, 1977.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s28.

PART II
Storage Facilities

Application to construct
29 No person shall begin the construction of storage facilities for Anhydrous
Ammonia without approval of the department granted on an application made
therefor.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s29.

Application to be accompanied by plan and profile


30 The application shall be submitted to the department together with four copies
of all drawings, including plans and profiles, which shall comply with the
requirements of these regulations.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s30.

Scale of plan and profile


31 The plan shall be drawn to a scale of not less than 50 feet (15.24 metres) to 1
inch (25 mm) and the profile to a scale of not less than 20 feet (6.09 metres) to 1 inch
(25 mm).
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s31.

Identification of drawings
32 All drawings shall be dated and bear the name of the applicant and location of
facility.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s32.
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Distances to be shown on plan


33 The plan shall show the distances between:
(1) the storage tanks and
(a) schools; residential areas; hospitals and other similar places of public
assembly within ½ mile (0.805 km) of the said storage tank;
(b) industrial and commercial building within 1000 feet (30.5 m) of the said
storage tank.
(2) the storage tanks and;
(a) other storage tanks and other on site structures;
(b) line of adjoining property.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s33.

Location of right-of-way, etc. to be shown


34 The drawing shall show the location of the railway right-of-way; property
fences; dykes; pipe lines under roadways or railways; sewers; ditches; watercourses;
highways and other similar structures that are on or give access to the Installations
Site.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s34.

Drawing notes or legend


35 The “Notes” or “Legend” on the drawing shall include the following
information:
(a) A statement that the storage tank design meets the standards imposed
by Saskatchewan Anhydrous Ammonia Regulations;
(b) Size and water capacity in Imperial gallons of all storage tanks;
(c) Type and construction of pumphouse, warehouse, compressor house, and
any other building on the site;
(d) Type of motive power to be used for pumps or compressors;
(e) If served by rail indicate whether the track or tracks are private tracks or
railway company owned.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s35.

Distances between storage tanks and tracks


36(1) In no case shall any storage tank be located less than 20 feet (6.1 metres)
from any track. This distance shall be measured from the gauge side of the
nearest rail to the nearest point on the tank shell.
(2) The following minimum distance from the gauge side of the nearest rail of the
main track to the nearest point on the tank shell shall be observed;
Water Capacity (Imperial gallons) (litres) Minimum Distance
o o
at 60 F (15.6 C) Single tank (Feet)
0 to 2,000 (9464 Litres) ....................................................... 20 (6.1 m)
2,001 to 10,000 (9465 litres to 45.425 kl)............................ 50 (15.2 m)
10,001 and up (45.426 kl and up) ....................................... 75 (22.9 m)
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s36.
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ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

Distance between storage tanks and buildings, etc.


37(1) The distances prescribed in this section shall be measured from the nearest
point on the tank shell to the nearest point of the building, property line, etc.
(2) Every storage tank or combination of storage tanks with a water capacity
exceeding 9,000 litres shall be at least 15 metres from any location on another
property or from a source of drinking water, such as a reservoir, well or spring.
(3) In the case of any tank or combination of tanks with a water capacity of 9,000
litres or less, the distance of the tank from any location on another property shall be
at least 7.5 metres.
(4) Where the storage tank is part of a water treatment system, no minimum
distance of the tank from a source of drinking water is required.
(5) The distances between storage tanks or any combinations of tanks from
schools, institutions, industrial and commercial buildings or other similar places of
public assembly, isolated residences or residential areas, except residences and
offices forming part of the storage or distribution facility, shall be at least those
distances set out as follows:
Water Capacity of Tank or Minimum Distance From
Combination of Tanks (litres) Tank (metres)
more than 2,000 but not more than 9,000 ........................... 75
more than 9,000 but not more than 90,000 ......................... 150
more than 90,000 but not more than 350,000 ..................... 300
more than 350,000 ................................................................ 600
The distances and capacities set out in this table also apply to unattended parking
of transport tanks.
(6) No storage tank with a capacity of more than 9,000 litres shall be located
within the boundary of a city, town, village or hamlet.
(7) The distance between storage tanks or any combination of storage tanks with
a total capacity of more than 9,000 litres but not more than 350,000 litres and the
boundary of a city, town, village or hamlet shall be at least one kilometre.
(8) The distance between storage tanks or any combination of storage tanks with
a total capacity of more than 350,000 litres and the boundary of a city, town, village
or hamlet shall be at least two kilometres.
(9) Except as provided in subsection (11), the distance of a storage tank with a
water capacity of more than 450 litres from any building on the installation site
that is used exclusively by the company owning or operating the installation shall
be at least three metres.
(10) No tank with a water capacity of 450 litres or less shall be located less
than 1.5 metres horizontally from a building opening located at the same level as
the tank vent or within 1.5 metres above the vent.
(11) Where the construction or occupancy of any building mentioned in sub-
section (9) is of such a nature as to constitute a hazard to the storage area, as
determined by an official of the department, the distance between a building and
the closest tank with a water capacity exceeding 450 litres shall be at least 15
metres.
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SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

(12) The clear distance between two storage tanks with an individual water
capacity of 4,550 litres or more shall be at least 1.5 metres.
(13) The clear distance between a tank containing anhydrous ammonia and a
tank containing a flammable liquid shall be at least six metres, but installations
o
with a storage capacity exceeding 681,000 litres of water measured at 15.5 Celsius
shall be located at least 30 metres from the above-ground storage of flammable
liquids.
(14) No storage tank shall be located within a dyked area containing a flammable
liquid storage tank.
30 Jne 83 SR 86/83 s10.

Distances between pumps, compressors and buildings, etc.


38(1) Pumphouses or compressor houses and outdoor pumps or compressors
driven by non-explosion proof motors or internal combustion engines shall be
located not less than 10 feet (3.04 metres) from any storage tank, loading or
unloading point, or building.
(2) The distance requirement or subsection (1) of this section does not apply to
outdoor pumps or compressors driven by explosion proof motors marked or labelled
Class I, Division I, Group D and wired in accordance with the Canadian Electrical
Code for Class I, Division I, Group D locations.
(3) The distance of pumphouses or compressor houses and outdoor pumps or
compressors from any location on another property which may be built on shall not
be less than 25 feet (7.6 metres).
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s38.

Distances between transport tank and storage tank


39 The distance between a transport tank and a storage tank during loading or
unloading operations shall not be less than 10 feet (3.04 metres) measured between
the nearest points on the two tanks.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s39.

Grounding of storage tanks


40 Each storage tank with a water capacity exceeding 1,000 Imperial gallons (4.7
kL) shall be electrically grounded for protection against lightning with the
resistance to ground being as low as possible and preferably not in excess of 6 ohms.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s40.

Installation of storage tanks


41(1) The below ground installation of storage tanks is prohibited.
(2) The site on which the storage tank and associated apparatus is installed shall
be protected by a six feet (2 metres) high chain link or equivalent fence and posted
“DANGER AMMONIA” (letters to be a minimum of five inches high painted on a
white background).
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s41.
17

ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

PART III
Temporary Storage and Distribution Facilities

Unloading regulated
42 No person shall unload anhydrous ammonia direct from a rail tank car to a
transport tank except as provided in this part:
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s42.

Application for temporary facility


43(1) Application for approval for direct rail tank car to transport tank unloading
operation of anhydrous ammonia shall be made in writing to the department
specifically detailing:
(a) the site plan with clearance distances to adjacent buildings, railroad
right of way, and property boundaries;
(b) the reasons for requesting direct rail tank car to transport tank
unloading;
(c) the time period for operation.
(2) Approval to operate direct rail tank car to transport tank unloading facilities
will not be granted for periods in excess of one year.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s43.

Conditions of approval
44 No approval under section 43 shall be given unless the following provisions
have been complied with:
(a) a dead end siding restricted to anhydrous ammonia rail tank cars is
provided by the owner rail track facility;
(b) tracks are level;
(c) the siding is protected by a locked switch or a locked derail device;
(d) all metal tanks, piping and other equipment are effectively connected to
a ground electrode;
(e) workers engaged in unloading and loading activities have effective
means of communications to other responsible individuals, if no other worker
is in the immediate area;
(f) installation and use of electrical equipment complies with section 20 of
the Canadian Electrical Code C22.1-1975 as pertaining to bulk storage plants;
(g) portable fire extinguishers are available for extinguishing electrical and
other small fires;
18

SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

(h) proper manifolding and valving is employed to ensure that neither


transport tank or the rail tank car is exposed to pressures exceeding the
design limited of the vessel.
(i) the site on which the tank car is parked is protected by a six feet high
chain link fence or equivalent and posted “DANGER AMMONIA” (letters to
be a minimum of five inches high painted on a white background).
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s44.

PART IV
Handling

Compliance responsibility
45(1) An owner of an anhydrous ammonia storage or distribution facility, or
vehicle as the case may be shall be responsible for the compliance with the
provisions of this part by himself and persons employed by him.
(2) An owner of an Anhydrous Ammonia storage or distribution facility shall
retain a record of names and addresses of all purchasers of Anhydrous Ammonia
and shall ensure that each purchaser is aware of the hazards of handling
Anhydrous Ammonia and the proper use of personal protective equipment.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s45.

Operator training
46 Operator Training:
(1) Workers other than operators must be under the immediate supervision of an
operator when involved in transferring anhydrous ammonia.
(2) Operators involved in handling anhydrous ammonia shall be competently
trained by knowledgeable persons from manufacturing companies, employer
association training schools and/or other agencies acceptable to the Department of
Labour with respect to the potential hazards and safe operating procedures,
including specifically the following:
(a) transferring anhydrous ammonia from rail tank car or transport tank to
storage facilities, storage facilities to transport tank and transport tank to
field applicators;
(b) proper use of personal protective equipment;
(c) proper rescue procedures in emergency situations including the evacuation
of other workers not involved in the control of leaks or spills;
(d) proper first-aid techniques for the hazards from accidental contact with
skin, eyes and inhalation;
(e) proper procedures in handling spills and leaks, including where practicable
decontamination procedures.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s46.
19

ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

Informing the workers


47 All operators and other workers at an anhydrous ammonia storage and
distribution facility shall:
(a) be made aware of location of emergency fire fighting equipment and
instructed on the use of such equipment;
(b) be informed of location and use of shut-off valves;
(c) be informed of pre-arranged procedures for obtaining emergency medical
care;
(d) be advised of hazards relating to use of metals not suitable for ammonia;
(e) be instructed on proper grounding procedures on metal tanks, piping and
other equipment;
(f) be informed of the type and location of communication equipment and the
name of a responsible individual who may be contacted, if no other worker is
in the immediate area; and,
(g) be instructed not to wear contact lens if individual requires correction for
vision; and,
(h) be instructed to immediately notify the fire department serving the area
of any fire in the vicinity which might endanger the anhydrous ammonia
facility, or of any major leak.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s47.

Safety equipment
48(1) All storage facilities and rail tank car unloading sites shall have as a
minimum the following:
(a) an emergency shower designed with quick opening valve and bubbler for
flushing eyes, connected to a minimum clean water supply of 50 gallons or an
immersion tank of 200 gallons of clean water and such equipment insulated
and heated if it may be used in freezing temperatures;
(b) at least one self-contained breathing apparatus, pressure demand type,
easily accessible and kept in a clean and usable condition;
(c) chemical goggles and rubber gloves, which shall be worn by operators and
workers transferring anhydrous ammonia or carrying out repair or maintenance
activities;
(d) boots, slicker or pants and jacket made of rubber or other material
impervious to ammonia; and,
(e) first-aid fire fighting equipment acceptable to the Fire Commissioner;
and,
(f) safety belt and life line for workers entering concentrations of anhydrous
ammonia.
20

SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

(2) Any vehicle used for the transportation of anhydrous ammonia shall be
equipped with the following:
(a) one full face gas mask with anhydrous ammonia cannister, and the
cannisters must be replaced on or before their expiry date;
(b) chemical goggles and rubber gloves, which shall be worn by operators
and workers transferring anhydrous ammonia or when repair or maintenance
activities are undertaken;
(c) a container of not less than 4 Imperial gallons of readily available clean
water mounted above head height and with a tube for emergency flushing
purposes.
(3) Applicator tanks shall be equipped with chemical goggles, rubber gloves, and a
container of not less than 4 Imperial gallons (19.0 litres) of readily available clean
water, mounted at approximately head height and with a flexible tube for
emergency flushing purposes.
(4) Individual plastic squeeze bottles shall be carried by each worker for flushing
without delay any accidental contact of anhydrous ammonia with eyes when not
near emergency washing facilities.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s48.

Additives prohibited
49 Anhydrous ammonia in a tank shall be free of additives.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s49.

Loading and unloading


50 Loading and unloading:
(a) During loading and unloading operations, rail tank cars or transport
tank unit brakes shall be kept applied and chock blocks must be properly
placed to prevent movement;
(b) applicator tanks and other trailer tanks must be properly secured to
prevent movement when tank to tank transfer of anhydrous ammonia is
taking place; and,
(c) written loading and unloading work procedure shall be posted in a
conspicuous location at the storage facilities, and a copy carried in the cab of
any vehicle used to transport anhydrous ammonia.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s50.

Fire department awareness


51 An employer or self-employed person who maintains an anhydrous ammonia
storage and distributing facility shall ensure that the fire department serving the
area whether volunteer or regular:
(a) is notified of the location and maximum capacity of storage facilities;
(b) is made aware of type, size and location of emergency fire fighting
equipment located at the facility;
21

ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

(c) is made aware of location and use of shutoff valve;


(d) is made aware of the type and location of respiratory equipment at the
storage facility.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s51.

PART V
Transportation

Transport tank registered by Highway Traffic Board


52 A transport tank registered with the Highway Traffic Board either as a motor
vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer shall meet all regulations prescribed by the Highway
Traffic Board for that class of vehicle.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s52.

Parking of transport tanks


53(1) When parked, a loaded transport tank shall be positioned so that the relief
valve communicates with the vapour space of the tank.
(2) Loaded transport tanks parked outdoors shall comply with the following:
(a) except in an emergency vehicles shall not be left unattended on any
street, highway, avenue, public roadway or alley. This shall not prevent a
driver from absenting himself from the vehicle in connection with his normal
duties, washroom or meal stops.
(b) Unattended loaded transport tanks parked shall comply with the
distance requirements of section 37 and the driver shall ensure that all valves
and transfer equipment are closed and secured from tampering.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s53.

Transport tank not registered by Highway Traffic Board


54 The owner of a self propelled or trailer transport tank not registered by the
Highway Traffic Board shall comply with the regulations contained in this part:
(A) Self propelled transport tank:
(i) Every self propelled transport tank must be designed so that the
intake pipe of the fuel tank or container be outside of the cargo or
passenger compartments, and any spillage from filling the fuel tank will
not contact any part of the exhaust or electrical system.
(ii) The inlet pipe of the fuel tank must have a cap or closing device that
will prevent spillage and release of unrestricted vapours from the fuel.
(iii) Every self propelled transport tank must be so designed and
constructed that any part of the exhaust system closer than 4 centimetres
(1¾ inches) to any part of the fuel system, brake system or any
combustible material must be provided with adequate heat shields.
22

SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

(iv) The parking brake system must be adequate to hold the self
propelled transport tank and trailer or trailers if applicable, on any
grade that the vehicle or combination of vehicles is operating, or a 15%
grade whichever is the greatest, when the self propelled transport tank
or combinations of vehicles are fully loaded. The means of application
must be so designed that the brakes cannot be released unless they can
be re-applied.
(v) A self propelled transport tank shall be equipped with a service
brake system or a retarder mechanism that will be capable at all times
and under all conditions of loading, of stopping the transport tank on a
dry, smooth, level road, free from loose material on application from a
speed of 20 miles per hour (30 kilometres per hour) in a distance of 50
feet (15 metres).
(vi)(a) Every self propelled transport tank must have a steering
mechanism and components of the steering system approved by the
manufacturer of the chassis.
(b) The steering system must be maintained within the tolerances
as approved by the vehicle manufacturer.
(vii)(a) No self propelled transport tank shall be loaded so that the
weight of the self propelled transport tank and the load it is
carrying are in excess of that for which each axle and/or suspension
is rated by the vehicle manufacturer.
(b) The suspension system of every self-propelled transport tank
will be designed in such a way that any part of the frame or body of
the motor vehicle will be prevented from contacting the tire, wheel
or other rotating part of the axle assembly by means of a bump pad,
stop or equivalent means.
(viii) A self propelled transport tank shall be equipped with at least two
headlights, mounted on the front as far apart as possible, visible under
normal atmospheric conditions at night for a distance of 800 feet (250
metres) in front of the light source. The beam pattern shall be such that
the operator will be able to see any object of reasonable size at a distance
in front of 300 feet (100 metres) and to the side of 10 feet (3 metres).
There shall be a means of changing the beam pattern to a lower pattern
without interruption of illumination. The colour shall be white.
(ix) A self propelled transport tank shall be equipped with two tailights
mounted to the rear of the vehicle as far apart as possible and visible
from a distance of 500 feet (150 metres) under normal atmospheric
conditions at night. The colour shall be red.
(x) A transport tank shall carry mounted at rear, two red clearance
lights mounted as far apart and high as possible.
23

ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

(xi) A self propelled transport tank shall carry 4 side marker lights, two
mounted on each side, red at the rear, amber at the front, as high as
possible.
(xii) Headlights, taillights, clearance lights and side marker lights
shall be wired in such a manner that they will be activated by a single
switch and will be illuminated a half hour prior to sunset and a half hour
after sunrise and during conditions where visibility is reduced to 500 feet
(150 metres) or less.
(xiii) A self propelled transport tank shall carry 8 reflectors, two amber
mounted on the front as far apart as possible, two red mounted on the
rear as far as possible, two amber mounted on each side as close to the
front as possible, two red mounted on the side as close to the rear as
possible. Any vehicle over 30 feet (10 metres) in length shall carry an
additional two amber reflectors on the side at midpoint.
(xiv) A self propelled transport tank shall display a Slow Moving
Vehicle Warning Device as required by Saskatchewan Regulation 86-73,
The Vehicles Act, Section 12, O.C. 513-73 and any amendment to this
Regulation.
(xv) (a) All self propelled transport tanks shall have two exits from the
occupant’s compartment.
(b) All self propelled transport tanks shall be designed and
maintained in such a way that the window adjacent to the driver
can be opened and closed by a device operated from the inside.
(c) Every self propelled transport tank shall have the seats
securely anchored and capable of maintaining any position of
adjustment to which set.
(d) Every self propelled transport tank shall have a driver’s seat,
and the position and height of that seat will be designed and
constructed so as to offer a driver whose dimension and weight
range from those of the fifth percental adult female to those of the
ninety fifth percental adult male, a clear view of the roadway and
be within reach of all of the driving controls.
(xvi) Seat belts and seat belt anchorages and warning systems of all
self propelled transport tanks must be maintained in operational
condition and the anchorages must be secure and fixed to the structure of
the vehicle or to the pedestal of the seat. The latch accessibility of the
seat belt must be accessible to the occupant in both positions and have a
single point release.
(xvii) (a) All self propelled transport tanks shall have windshields and
they shall be of safety glass Type AS-1 and be so labelled and side
and rear glass of safety Type AS-2 and so labelled, and all other
glass of safety Type AS-3 or 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 and be so labelled. They
shall be maintained in a generally vertical position to shield
against the wind.
24

SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

(b) All rear windows of every self propelled transport tank shall
afford a clear view to the rear or the self propelled transport tank
must have two mirrors mounted on the outside, 1 on the left side
and 1 on the right side affording the driver a clear view to the rear.
All mirrors must be securely mounted and be adjustable in both
horizontal and vertical planes.
(c) All self propelled transport tanks must be equipped with two
windshield wipers. If capable of two speeds the high speed will be a
minimum of 45 cycles per minute and the low speed shall differ by
at least 15 cycles per minute. If one speed, only that speed shall be
a minimum of 30 cycles per minute. The wipers must be able to
clear a wet windshield in 5 cycles and must cover
approximately 75% of the windshield area.
(xviii) (a) All self propelled transport tanks in excess of 80 inches (2
metres) in width, shall be equipped with or carry in a suitable spill
resistant container, in order to illuminate the vehicle in such a
manner as to give users of the highway due warning of the
obstruction when a vehicle is stationary on any part of the
roadway one of the following.
(1) two flares visible when burning at night under normal
atmospheric conditions at a distance of 500 feet (150 metres)
in a wind of velocity of 40 miles per hour (65 kilometres per
hour) and capable of burning for at least 12 hours, or
(2) three red electric lanterns visible at night under normal
atmospheric conditions for a distance of 500 feet (150 metres)
and capable of operating continuously for at least 12 hours, or
(3) three red reflectors visible when illuminated by the
lights of the approaching motor vehicle during the night in
normal atmospheric conditions at a distance of 500 feet (150
metres).
(b) All self propelled transport tanks when parked on the side of a
public roadway being disabled or without flashing hazard lights
shall have its position marked or be illuminated by flares, lanterns
or reflectors, one place 100 feet (30 metres) or more in front of the
vehicle and one placed 100 feet (30 metres) behind the vehicle, and
both visible for a distance of 500 feet (150 metres).
(xix) (a) The weight of the self propelled transport tank and the load it
carries shall be such that it does not load any tire of the self propelled
transport tank beyond that of the capacity of the tire at the air
pressure which it is maintained at.
25

ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

(b) No self propelled transport tank shall be equipped with tires of


which the air pressure is maintained at greater than the maximum
air pressure rating of the tire.
(c) No self propelled transport tank shall be equipped with tires of
which the tread wear indicators contact the road surface in two
places on two adjacent major grooves or have less than:
(1) self propelled transport tanks weighing up to 30,000
pounds (13,500 kilograms) a tread depth of 2/32 of an
inch (0.15 centimetres) measured in three locations in major
grooves equal distance apart.
(2) self propelled transport tanks weighing more
than 30,000 pounds (13,500 kilograms) a tread depth
of 3/32 (0.25 centimetres) measured in three locations in
major grooves equal distance apart.
(d) No self propelled transport tank shall be equipped with tires
having sidewall cuts of 1 inch (2½ centimetres) or more in length in
which the cord of the tire is exposed or have visible bulges
indicating failure of the structure, or have at any place exposure of
the ply material of an area of greater than 1 square inch (6½ square
centimetres).
(xx) A self propelled transport tank shall not be moved at a speed in
excess of 25 miles per hour (40 kilometres per hour).
Trailer transport tanks
(B) (i) Every trailer transport tank, the vehicle and load greater than 7,700
pounds (3,500 kilograms) or in excess of the weight of the towing motor vehicle
shall be equipped with a brake system that can be operated on application of
the brake pedal of the towing motor vehicle.
(ii) The trailer transport tank, when hitched to a towing motor vehicle
shall make up a combination of vehicles capable of being stopped at all
times under conditions of loading on a dry, smooth, level road, free from
loose material on application of the braking system from 20 miles per
hour (30 kilometres per hour) within the distance of 60 feet (18 metres)
and remain within a 12 feet (3½ metre) traffic lane.
(iii) A trailer transport tank when equipped with brakes shall, when on
a public road, be attached to a towing motor vehicle in such a manner
that the braking system will be operated on application of the brake
pedal of the towing motor vehicle or by a device that applies the brakes
automatically when the towing vehicle decelerates faster than the
trailer.
(iv) No trailer transport tank shall be loaded so that the weight of the
trailer transport tank and the load it is carrying are in excess of that for
which each axle and/or suspension is rated by the vehicle manufacturer.
(v) Every trailer transport tank shall be equipped with two red
taillights mounted on the rear as far apart as possible and visible
from 500 feet (150 metres) under normal atmospheric conditions at
night.
26

SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

(vi) All trailer transport tanks shall be equipped with four clearance
lights, two red on the rear mounted as high and far apart as possible and
two amber on the front mounted as high and far apart as possible, visible
from 300 feet (100 metres) under normal atmospheric conditions at
night.
(vii) All trailer transport tanks will be equipped with four side marker
lights, two red mounted on the side as far to the rear and as high as
possible, two amber mounted on the side as far to the front and as high as
possible, all visible from 300 feet (100 metres) under normal atmospheric
conditions at night. Should the trailer transport tank be in excess of 30
(10 metres) in length, hitch and trailer, an additional two amber lights
must be carried on the side at midpoint.
(viii) The lighting system of all trailer transport tanks shall be
designed so that it is capable of being connected to the towing motor
vehicle in such a way that:
(1) tail lights, clearance lights and side marker lights are actuated
by the headlight control of the towing motor vehicle.
(2) stop lights are actuated by application of the brake pedal of
the towing motor vehicle.
(3) signal lights are actuated by the signal light control of the
towing motor vehicle.
(ix) A trailer transport tank shall, when on a public road, be attached to
a towing motor vehicle in such a manner that its electrical system is
connected to the electrical system of the towing motor vehicle and that all
lights shall be operated by the controls of the towing motor vehicle as
stated in Clause (viii).
(x) All trailer transport tanks must carry eight reflectors, two amber on
the front as far apart as possible, two red on the rear, as far apart as
possible, two red mounted on each side as far to the rear as possible, two
amber mounted on each side as far to the front as possible.
(xi) A trailer transport tank shall display a Slow Moving Vehicle
Warning Device as required by Saskatchewan Regulation 86-73, The
Vehicles Act, Section 12, O.C. 513-73 and any amendment to this
Regulation.
(xii) Every trailer transport tank shall be equipped with wiring, the
size and type as installed by the vehicle manufacturer. It shall be
properly supported to prevent undue wear and accidental disconnect and
shorting. It shall be designed and constructed to good engineering
practices. It shall be maintained in good condition.
(xiii) All trailer transport tanks over 12 feet (4 metres) in length hitch
and trailer shall have a bumper at the rear securely mounted, the
greater part of the horizontal bumper bar shall be between 18 to 26
inches (45 to 65 centimetres) above the level ground surface when the
vehicle is in an unloaded condition.
27

ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

(xiv) Every full trailer transport tank must have a tow bar and coupler
with capacity equal to or greater than the weight of the trailer transport
tank and the load, and this tow bar must be securely mounted and shall
be so constructed that the towed trailer transport tank will track on level
ground on a following path to the towing vehicle allowing for no more
than 4 inches (10 centimetres) deviation on either side.
(xv) (a) The hitch shall be designed so that no static structural part of
the trailer transport tank hitch shall be less than 6 inches (15
centimetres) from the ground while in towing position on level
ground.
(b) Every trailer transport tank must have a locking mechanism
on the tow bar designed in such a way as to prevent accidental
disconnection. There must also be a provision on every trailer
transport tank for a second safety device to prevent complete
disconnection of the attached vehicles in the case of accidental
disconnection of the primary locking mechanism. This second
safety device may be attached to the tow bar but not to the
attaching mechanism, and must be designed to prevent the trailer
transport tank tow bar from dropping to the ground in the event of
primary disconnection. Semi trailer transport tanks are not required
to be so equipped.
(c) If the second safety device is a chain the minimum diameter of
the steel in the links shall be 3/16 of an inch (0.5 centimetres) for a
trailer transport tank of 2,000 pounds (900 kilograms) or less and
increasing by 1/16 of an inch (0.02 centimetres) for every 16,000
pounds (7,200 kilograms) above 2,000 pounds (900 kilograms).
(xvi) Every semi trailer transport tank must be designed and constructed
with a kingpin and upper plate of a rated capacity equal to or greater
than the weight of the trailer and the load and maintained in such a
manner that the contact area between the upper coupler plate and the
5th wheel will support no more than 80 pounds per square inch (6
kilograms per square centimetre).
(xvii) Every gooseneck transport tank must use a connecting device for
attachment to the towing motor vehicle which will allow the trailer to
track on level ground on a path following the pulling vehicle allowing no
more than 4 inches (10 centimetres) deviation on either side. The
connecting device must have a capacity equal to or greater than the
weight of the trailer and its load.
(xviii)(a) The weight of the trailer transport tank and the load it
carries shall be such that it does not load any tires of the trailer
transport tank beyond the capacity of that tire at the air pressure
which is maintained.
(b) No trailer transport tank shall be equipped with tires of which
the air pressure is maintained at greater than the maximum air
pressure rating of that tire.
28

SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

(xix) Any combination of vehicles containing a trailer transport tank


shall be limited to the towing motor vehicle and the trailer transport
tank.
(xx) A trailer transport tank shall not be moved at a speed in excess
of 25 miles per hour (40 kilometres per hour).
(xxi) Portable tanks temporarily mounted on trucks or trailers shall be
securely fastened thereto so that the pressure vessel cannot shift
forward or back and so that it will not be separated from the conveyance
in case of overturning.
(xxii) (a) No trailer transport tank shall be equipped with tires of
which the tread wear indicators contact the road surface in two
places on two adjacent major grooves or have less than:
(1) trailer transport tanks weighing 2,300 to 13,200
pounds (1,000 to 6,000 kilograms) a tread depth of 2/32 of an
inch (0.15 centimetres) measured in three locations in major
grooves equal distance apart.
(2) trailer transport tanks weighing more than 13,200 pounds
(6,000 kilograms) a tread depth of 3/32 (0.25 centimetres)
measured in three locations in major grooves equal distance
apart.
(b) No trailer transport tank shall be equipped with tires having
sidewall cuts of 1 inch (2½ centimetres) or more in length in which
the cord of the tire is exposed or have visible bulges indicating
failure of the structure, or have at any place exposure of the ply
material of an area of greater than 1 square inch (6½ square
centimetres).
(xxiii) Notwithstanding Clause (iii) and Clause (ix), a trailer transport
tank when on a public road and hitched or attached to a farm tractor does
not require to have the brakes on the trailer transport tank operated by
or from the farm tractor and, except at night and at all times when fog or
other atmospheric conditions render the operation of the vehicles
dangerous to the traffic on or use of the highway, does not require
electrical systems of the two vehicles to be attached nor the lights
operated by the controls of the farm tractor.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s54.
29

ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SR 361/77

PART VI
Licences and Fees

Licences
55(1) No person shall distribute or offer for sale anhydrous ammonia unless he
holds a valid and subsisting licence to do so issued by the department.
(2) All fees payable to the department for licensing of anhydrous ammonia
storage and distribution plans shall be in accordance with The Boiler and Pressure
Vessel Fees Regulations, 1981, being chapter B-5 Reg 1 of The Revised Regulations
of Saskatchewan.
30 Jne 83 SR 86/83 s11.

PART VII
Other Required Approvals

Other authorities
56 These regulations shall not relieve compliance with local municipal bylaws or
other applicable legislation and regulations.
9 Dec 77 SR 361/77 s56.
30

SR 361/77 ANHYDROUS AMMONIA

REGINA, SASKATCHEWAN
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