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Impact of diversity of climate on development

Urban areas are both affected by weather and climate, and exert an
influence on the local scale weather and climate. The climate in and
around cities and other built up areas is altered in part due to
modifications humans make to the surface of the Earth during
urbanization.

Executive summary
Not only the average annual or seasonal rainfall
will change; there will also be an increase in the number of extreme events resulting in more
frequent and severe floods and droughts

Developing countries are most vulnerable to climate change


Climate change will have an impact on all countries around the globe. Developing countries
are much more vulnerable to climate change than the developing world. Climate change
aggravates the effects of population growth, poverty, and rapid urbanisation.

The poor are likely to suffer most from climate change


Without serious adaptation, climate change is likely to push millions further into poverty and
limit the opportunities for sustainable development and for people to escape from poverty.

Without adaptation and mitigation the losses are estimated to be up to 20% of GDP.
To minimise the impacts of climate change, adaptation in developing countries is urgently
needed. Reliable estimates of adaptation costs are still unavailable, but they are likely to run
into the billions of dollar per year. Climate change is also likely to affect the attainment of
several of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Through its impacts on agriculture,
climate change is likely to have a significant impact on reducing severe poverty and hunger.

Separate climate change strategies should be developed for rapidly developing


countries - such as China, India, Mexico and Brazil - compared to the Least Developed
Countries (LDCs).
Higher temperatures in combination with increased
forest firers and urbanisation will reduce air quality
and increase respiratory diseases.
o Likely increased risks of malnutrition and diarrhoea in
the poorer countries such as Bangladesh, Nepal and
Myanmar.
o Increased risk of vector borne diseases; several
diseases like Malaria will expand into new areas which
were previously not affected.

There is a general consensus that poor people in developing countries will suffer the
most from climate change (Sperling 2003). Developing countries are affected more because
of the economic importance of climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture in combination
with their low adaptive capacity. Many developing countries lack human and financial
capacity to respond to the threads of climate change.

Developing countries are particularly vulnerable to climate change because of the sensitivity
of their fragile environments; small changes in climate can cause large environmental
changes through, for example, rapid desertification. National economies of many developing
countries are very sensitive to climate change because of their dependence on agriculture and
forestry. Major floods can also destroy major parts of the infrastructure

war,divorce, running away from predication,for a different climate,natural disasters ruined their
homes,loss or gain of employment(job),to be close to family,high taxes,and economic issues.