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The attachments for the MAS www.orphancameras.com
TERSIX
form part of a light-measuringsystem and
are made to fit other hand-heldexposure
m e t e r s p r o d u c e db y G O S S E N . O p e r a t i n g
instructionsconsequentlyalreadyexist for
t h e a t t a c h m e n t si,n w h i c h t h e i r u s e i n c o n -
junction with other exposure meters is
described.
The present manual explains how to
handlethe attachmentsin conjunctionwith
t h e M A S T E R S I X .G e n e r a l i n f o r r n a t i o ni n
the two sets of instructions will apply
accordinglyto other exposure meters in
t h e G O S S E Nr a n g e .
All attachments for GOSSEN exposure
meters, including the MESS-SONDE
( m e a s u r i n gp r o b e )a n d M I C R O , w h i c h a r e
not electricallyconnected, can be used
withthe MASTERSIXT . he MICROattach-
ment is handled in the same way as
the PROFI-micro; the MESS-SONDE
( M E A S U R I N GP R O B E ) i s u s e d l i k e t h e
PROFI-flex.They need a correctionfactor
of +3 to be entered, however, in the
CORR mode.

50 At ta ch me n ts
Contents www.orphancameras.com
Part 2,,Attachments"
TEL E reducesthe measuring Page 54
a n g l e t o1 5 "o r 7 . 5 " .
PROFI-spot for selectivemeasurements, Page 58
spot metering,at 10o,5oor 1".
PROFI-colorfor measuringcolour Page 62
temperatureand indicationof
correctionfilters.
REPRO providesexposureinformation Page74
for copying.
PROFI-flex particularlysuitablefor Page77
macrophotography,for g round
glass measurementsof cameras
and inaccessibleareas.
PROFI-lux facilitatesprofessional Page 82
incidentlightreadings.
PROFI- for measuringat the film Page 86
select TTL plane of large-formatview
cameras.
PROFI-microassuresconvenientand precise Page 94
measurementin micrography.
LAB determinesexposure data for Page 98
darkroomprintingand enlarging.

Attachments 51

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Electrically connected attachments
After the protective cover has been
removed f rom the sockets of the www.orphancameras.com
MASTERSIX, the attachment and meter
can be pluggedtogether.The dtffuserhas
to be slid to tfre right, or to the middle in
the case of the PROFI-color.
With the PROFI-sPot, PROFI-color,
P R O F I - f l e xP, R O F I - l u x P , R O F I - s e l e cTt T L
a n d P R O F I - m i c r oa t t a c h m e n t sw , hich are
electricallyconnectedto the basic meter,
t h e i n t e r n a lc i r c u i to f t h e M A S T E R S I Xi s
automatically programmed with the
requisitecorrectionfactors.

52 Atta ch me n ts
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Mechanically connected attachments
The attachmentsTELE, REPRO and LAB
are mechanically connected to the
M A S T E R S I X .T h e d i f f u s e r i s s l i d t o t h e
right and a lug on the side of the attach-
ment engages in a recess on the
M A S T E R S I X .W i t h t h e k n o b p r e s s e d ,t h e
two are joined together;when the knob is
released,the MASTERSIXand the attach-
ment are rigidlyconnected.
With the instrument set in the CORR
mode, the appropriate correction factors
must be fed in.

TELE:
S e t t i n ga t 1 5 om e a s u r i n ga n g l e +1
Setting at 7.5" measuringangle
f o r a m b i e n tl i g h t r e a d i n g s +3
for flash readings +2

REPRO: +3

Attachments 53
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TELE
Using the TELE attachment,the measur-
ing angle of your MASTERSIX can be
reducedto 15" or 7 .5".
Attaching the TELE is quite easy. You
remove the protective cover, simply slide
the diffuserto the right and locate the lug
on the TELE in the recess provided on the
MASTERSIX. Then, with the knob pres-
sed, join the two together; when the knob
is released,the MASTERSIX and TELE
are rigidly connected.

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54 Atta ch me n ts
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Before taking a reading

The measuring angle is adjusted with a


s w i t c h ,w h i c h s l i d e sf u l l yt o o n e s i d e o r t h e
other.if " Q 15o"appedrsat the end of the
slide, ds shown in the diagram, the
m e a s u r i n ga n g l e i s s e t a t 1 5 " .

lf the slide is moved all the way in the


opposite direction, the inscription
" Q 7.5o" appears at the end of the slide,
i n d i c a t i n gt h a t t h e m e a s u r i n ga n g l e i s s e t
at 7.5'.
To avoid measuringerrors,always ensure
that the slide reaches a stop which you
can actuallyfeel and engages.

rELE 55
Taking a reading www.orphancameras.com
Measurementsare made as describedin
these operating instructions. Exposure lrGD
corrections have to be made before the
measurements.The following correction
factors have to be fed in (see page 13):
witha 15" + 1 f o r a m b i e n ta n d
m e a s u r i n ga n g l e . f l a s h r e a d i n g s
w i t ha 7 . 5 " +3 forambient
m e a s u r i n ga n g l e : readings
+ 2 f o r f l a s hr e a d i n g s
T h e f o l l o w i n gm e t h o d i s a l s o s u i t a b l ef o r
rapid settin"g of correction factors for
a m b i e n t l i g h t r e a d i n g s :w i t h t h e m e t e r i n
the CORR mode and with the TELE
attachment in place, aim at a uniformly
i l l u m i n a t e ds u r f a c e , e . g . , a h o u s e w a l l ,
and press M. Then removethe attachment
qnd mesure at the same place by pressing
M . T h i s w i l l p r o g r a mt h e i n d i v i d u acl o r r e c -
tion factor of your TELE into the
M A S T E R S I X .T h i s , o f c o u r s e , a s s u m e s
c o n s t a n ti l l u m i n a t i o n .

56 rELE
To take a reading, aim at your www.orphancameras.com
subject
throughthe attachment'sreflexviewfinder.
The distancefrom your eye to the viewfin-
der should be about 25 cm. What you can
see inside the (larger) red circle wlll be
measuredat a settingof 15o;the (smaller)
g r e e n c i r c l eb e l o n g st o t h e 7 . 5 " m e a s u r i n g
angle.

The illustrationshows the three measuring


f i e l d s ( 3 0 " , 1 5 " , 7 . 5 " ) o ft h e c o m b i n a t i o no f
MASTERSIX and TELE attachmentfor a
constant distance from the subject being
photographed.

rELE 57
PROFI-spot www.orphancameras.com

The PROFI-spot attachment converts the


MASTERSIX into an exposure meter with
a c h o i c eo f s m a l la n g l e so f 1 " , 5 " a n d 10 o .
The PROFI-spot is attached to the
MASTERSIX after removingthe protective
cover. To do so, the diffuser has to be slid
to the right.
The neck strap provided is attached to an
eyelet on the PROFI-spot.The snap hook
at the other end of the strap clips on the
carrying strap of the MASTERSIX. This
providesadditionalsecurityfor the PROFI-
spot.
The small measuringangles permit accu-
rate aiming at even the smallest parts of a
subject.
The high sensitivityof the MASTERSIX
produces perfect readings in most practi-
cal cases,even in poor lightingconditions.
Parallax-freemeasurement is ensured by
the fact that the light beam entering
through the objective is split up in the
PROFI-spotinto a measuringand a view-
f i n d i n gb e a m .

58 PRoFt-spot
Taking a reading www.orphancameras.com
The subject being photographedis aimed
at through the viewfinder.Three circles
a r e v i s i b l ei n t h e v i e w f i n d e rf:o r 1 o ,5 o a n d
10". The desired image angle is selected
by a switchon the PROFI-spotand is indi-
cated by a red light-emittingdiode at the
top edge of the viewfinder.
Now aim at the subjectbeingmeasuredand
press rocker switch M. The reading from
the part of the subjectaimed at is stored in
the memory. The apparatus is removed
from the eye and the resultof the measure-
ment is read off from the displaypanel.
The combination of MASTERSIX and
PROFI-spot can also be used for flash
readings.At the various measuring ang-
les, the followinglimitingvalues,related[o
2 1 D l N , a p p l yt o t h e a p e r t u r e s :
M e a s u r i n ga n g l e 1 0 " f / 5 . 6
5 " fl 1 1 2 l s
1" fl322ls
The MASTERSIX monitors these limiting
values and automaticallyindicateswheth-
er you are over or under them.
The possible applicationsof this appara-
tus combination are further extended by
the sensitivity ranges of modern film
materials.
PROFI-spot 59
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Selected area measurement in practice With many subjects, the contrast can be
varied at random, and with others not. In
The preselectedmeasuring angles of 1o, photography in pure daylight, the differ-
5o and 10o are in accord with practical ences between light and shade are fixed
photographic requirements. However, quantities,which can of course be influ-
illumination measurements made using enced to a certain degree by brightening-
the PROFI-spotand their applicationare surfaces.Attention is drawn to the averag-
only meaningfulin relationto photographic ing of readings(pages 19 and 38).
techniques.They are dependent on the
followingfactors: The MASTERSIXautomaticallycalculates
the mean value from up to 15 readings.
1. the subject contrast (contrast between ln many photographs taken in artificial
important bright and dark parts of the light,on the other hand, these differences
subject) brought about by the illuminationcontrast
2. the natureof the film (negativeor trans- can be controlledby changingthe lighting
parency film) and its contrast perfor- conditions.
mance Every film exhibits a typical contrast per-
3. the gradation performance of the com- formance, depending on its exposure and
binationof film and developing. its processing. This performance is
These three influencingfactors are largely expressed as its gradation curve. lt would
interdependent. be exceeding the scope of these instruc-
tions to go into the influenceof develop-
ing. Reference should be made to the
relevantliterature.

60 PRoFt-spot

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Technical data

Measuringcircles Correctionfactors
1", 5" and 10" visiblein viewfinder when switching automaticallitaken
angles into account
Indicationof Course of beam divided parallax-free
measuringangle by light-emittingdiode beam (splittedbeam
tn use (LED) in viewfinder optic)
Distancerange 0.5 m to oo
Total field of view approx.15' with additional
lens (2 dioptres) O . 2m t o 0 . 5 m
Sensitivityranges (Filterthread,
relatedto 21 DIN d i a m . 3 5 . 5m m .
'10o I exposure value obtainablefronl
measuring
angle -2Io 2O your photographic
5o measuring a exposure value dealer)
angle Oto22
1" measuring I exposurevalue Eyepieceto adapt adjustableby -4 to
angle 3to25 to observer'seye +2.8 dioptres

PROFI-soot 61

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PROFI-color

The PROFI-colorconverts your MASTER-


SIX into a colour-temperaturemeter. To fit
the attachement, remove the cover from
the MASTERSIX,slide the diffuserhemis-
phere to the middle, and join the two
together.
With the PROFI-colorattachmentfitted to
t h e M A S T E R S I X ,y o u c a n m e a s u r e c o l -
our-temperaturesin daylight and in artifi-
c i a l l i g h t .A t t h e s a m e t i m e , i t i n d i c a t e st h e
conversionfilter appropriateto the situa-
tion and to the film beingused.

Reading tolerance
U n d e r n o r m a l m e a s u r i n gc o n d i l i o n s ,t h e
reading tolerance of the MASTERSIX/
PROFI-color combination is less than
+ 1 d e c a m i r e d( ^ + 1 f i l t e r v a l u e ) . F o r
s u c h a m e a s u r i n ga c c u r a c y ,t h e i l l u m i n a -
tion must be at least 10 lux. From that
m i n i m u mv a l u e u p t o a r o u n d 1 0 0 0 0 0 l u x ,
the colour-temperaturereading is practi-
c a l l y i n d e p e n d e n ot f t h e i l l u m i n a t i o n .
Y o u c a n d e t e r m i n et h e i l l u m i n a t i o nu, s i n g
your MASTERSIX (page 44).

62 P R o F I-co l o r
Film types www.orphancameras.com
Daylight films (T, D) for photographs in
average daylight of approx. 5500 K or
Colour films are intended for specific kinds 5800 K are the most commonlv used col-
of light:for "daylight"or "artificiallight". lf our films. This type of film is al-sosuitable
the light for the photograph is othel than for photographswith electron flash or blue
that.required for the type of film being flashbulbs.
used, colour casts are produced, which There are two different types of artificial-
are particularly disturbing with colour light films:
reversal film. Photographs in shadow, for
example, are given a blue tinge by the B and K for photographswith photoflood
light from the s-ky. lamps of approx. 3200 K.
A for photographswith photoflood
Colour casts of this type can be prevented lamps of approx. 3400 K.
by using appropriate filters (colbur-temp-
erature conversion filters). These trans-
"wrong" light to match the type of
f9rm.th.e
flrm Detngused.
Even when one wishes deliberately to
illuminatea photographwith "wrong" iight
to achieve certain certain colour effects, it
is importantto measurethe colourtemper-
ature of the light in order to be able to
foresee the effect on the image to a cer-
tain degree.
The colour composition of light, i.e., its
spectral distribution, is characterized by
stating the colour temperature in Kelvin
(K).

PROFI-color63

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The film sensitivityset on the MASTERSIX
Before taking a reading
Remove the cover from the connection has no significanefor the measurementof
sockets, slide the diffuser to the middle, the colour temperature.The values stored
and fit the PROFI-color on the in the equipment for other functions are
MASTERSIX. also irrelevantto this measurement.
Select the COLOR mode with the FUNC-
TION slide-switch.The display panel will
show the colour temperature of the film
last set, together with the last reading.
Before the very first colour-temperature
measurement and after each battery
change, the display will show the values
preset by the manufacturer.
Using the value change switch, set
the colour sensitivityof the film you are
using, which will be marked on its box
( e . 9 . , 5 5 0 0 K , d a y l i g h tf i l m ) .

I
64 PRoFt-color

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Basicallywhat is measured is the light fal- The filter values indicated by the
ling on the importan-tpart of the subject, MASTERSIX are decamired differences.
i.e., one measures from the position of They representthe differencebetween the
the subject in the direction of the light. measured colour temperature and the
Hold the combined MASTERSIX and ideal colour-temperaturevalue of the type
PROFI-colorso that the light admission of film set.
surface is pointingin the measuringdirec-
tion, i.e., towards the light source, taking
care that the light admission surface is
uniformlyilluminatedduring the measure-
ment. lf it is partly in shadow, a false read-
ing will be obtained.
Measure by pressingM.
Reading examples'
For a photograph with accurate colour
reproduction,a red filter R 6 must be used,
and the colour temperatureis 8700 K.

For your photograph you must use a blue


filter B 13, and the colour temperatureis
3200 K.

Pressing M displays the colour sensitivity


settingof the colour film to be used. PROFI-color 65
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Exampfes of readings
Subject in sunlight:
Take your readingstowards the sun. The
colourtemperatureof your lightwill vary in
the course of the day. Do not "filter out"
illuminationcreatingatmosphere,e.9., red
evening light.

OVercast sky (no sun):


Measure obliquely upwards towards the
sky,
Beware of passing clouds (even when the
sky is completelyovercast):readingscan
changevery quickly.In this instance,there
should be a minimal interval between
readingand shooting.

66 PROFT-cotor
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Subject in shadow:
The colour temperature is particularlyhigh
in this case. Take your reading oblique-ly
upwards towards th-esky. All sJnliqht'anil
coloured light should bb avoided"on the
light admission surface, otherwise an
incorrect reading will be displayed. Col-
oqled..lightis produced, for bxdmple, by
reflection from coloured surfaces' or by
tra.nsparentmaterials, through which the
subject is illuminated.

Subject in both sun and shadow:


Measure the light illuminatingthe impor-
tant part.of the subject: this-is geneially
the sun. In such a situationand riith such
great colour-temperaturedifferences, col-
our casts in the "neqlected" parts are
hardly likely to be- avoided' without
supplementaryartificiallighting.This addi-
tional illuminationwill ha-vetd match the
colour temperatureof the main illumina-
tion.

Inaccessible subject:
Measure from a substitute point, receiving
as.nearlyas possiblethe same light as the
subject.

. PROFI-color 67
.
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Fitting filters Filter factors (exposure-increase
factors)
The filter determined by the reading is
placed in front of the camera objective. When using filters,the exposuretime has
Should such a filter, e.9., a red filter 9 to be increased,since the filters absorb
(R 9), be unavailable,choose the next light.The so-called"filterfactors"are usu-
weaker, R 6. The same value can also be ally marked on the filter mount, e.9., the
achieved by a combinationof filters,e.9., difference "21a"in stops or the factor " x4" .
R6 + R3: R9. lf the filterfactor is fed in the CORR mode
before the subsequent exposure mea-
To start off with, a set of filters, consisting surement, you will not need to recalculate
of two weak R-filters and one weak B{il- when reading off the exposure time (see
ter. will be sufficient. page 13).

68 PRoFI-color

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Use filters correctly! Mixed light
The filters indicated by the PROFI-color Photographstaken under illuminationby
only help to prevent colour casts produced light with differentcolour temperaturesare
by the "wrong" colour temperature.Other rather tricky. All colour films are intended
colour casts may be caused, for example, tor a particular colour temperature and
by improper storage or by the processing cannot cope adequatelywith such mixed
of the film. light.
!f you wish to achieve special effects, e.9., Care must also be taken with fluorescent
in the evening sun, a filter weaker than lamps, sodium-vapour lamps, mercury-
that indicatedby the PROFI-colorshould vapour lamps and with coloured or multi-
be used, or no filter at all (dependingon coloured light sources. This applies to
the effect intended and on the basis of measurement and to the photograph,
experience). since the kinds of light listed have a diffe-
In doubtfulcases use a weaker filter! rent spectral composition from the light
Incidentally,filtersof the same type (equal from incandescent bodies and cannot
B-values or R-values) but made by diffe- therefore be measured with the PROFI-
rent manufacturers,may look differentand color.
have different filter factors.

PFtOFt-cotor69
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More about colour temperature For this reason, we need an objective
instrument,which can measurethe colour
Light is composed of rays of different or spectral distributionof the light. This
wavelengths.In the spectrum (e.9. rain- light "composition", which is of such
bow), the individual wavelength regions importance in colour photography, is
have their own characteristiccolours, viz. characterized by the "colour tempera-
(from shorter to longer wavelengths) vio- ture". The relationshipbetween "colour"
let, blue, green, yellow, orange, red. and "temperature" is provided by the
Depending on the kind of light, the properties of the light from incandescent
radiated proportionsof these spectral reg- bodies. With these bodies, the spectral
ions will vary in magnitude.For example, compositionof the light,i.e. its "colour",is
light from an incandescentlamp contains clearly determinedby the incandescence
more red radiationthan blue. In a blue sky, temperature. This temperature is called
on the other hand, blue radiationis predo- the "colour temperature" and is expressed
minant. in K (Kelvin) (K : "C + 273).
This "spectral composition" of the light
governs the colour reproduction of the The term "colour temperature" is, how-
film. In a photographin shadow,for exam- ever, also applied to light which is not
ple, blue light from the sky, as the unique directly radiated by incandescentbodies.
light source,will produce a "blue tinge". Stating a colour temperature of, Say,
10000 K for blue lightfrom the sky means
Our eyes are not capable of accurately that this is the light that would be radiated
judging the colour of the light (i.e. its by a body glowing at 10000 K.
spectral composition),since our "subjec-
tive" perception of colour always accords
with the predominantcolour of the light.

70 PRoFt-cotor

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Filter designations Example:


Colour temperatures are not expressed An R-6 filter transforms the colour temper-
o n l y i n " K e l v i n " ( K ) , b u t a l s o i n " m i re d " ature by a value of 6 decamireds,'for
values. example:
1000000
mired-value: 8900 K (11.2 decamired)
K-value to 5800 K (17.2 decamired)
MIRED : Mlcro REciprocalDegree. or 3960 K (25.3 decamired)
In practice,the value in "decamireds" is to 3200 K (31.3 decamired)
usually used, in order to obtain smaller The decamir:ed difference is the same
numerical values: the mired-value is (i.e. 6) in both cases, but the K-difference
dividedby 10, i.e. 10 mired : 1 deca- is different (3100 K and 7OO K, respec-
mired. tively).
Example:
5000 K : 200 mired : 2O decamired. B-filters increase the K-value of the colour
temperature;R-filtersreduce it.
The mired or decamiredvalues permit per-
fect characterization of the filters. since The term LB is also used for blue filters
the same filter will always transform colour (Ligth-balancingBlue), and LA for red fil-
temperatures by the same decamired ters (Light-balancing Amber).
amount, regardless of the initial tempera-
ture. The ,,conversionvalue", exprdssed
in K, on the other hand, is different.

PROFI-color 71

wful
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A blue filter of 60 mired (^ B 6) is also A red filter of 30 mired (a R 3) is also
referredto as an LB -60. referredto as an LA+30.

In th e s edes ignat ionas ,m i n u ss i g n i n d i - A plussignindicates thatthefilterreduces


cates that the filter increasesthe stated the colour temperature, since the
colourtemperature, sincethe equivalent associatedmired-yalueis increasedby
mired-value is reduced. the filter.
Exa mple. Example:
lf the colourtemperature of a lightsource lf the colourtemperature of a lightsource
is, say: is, say:
5000K ^ 1000000 ^ 200 mired 6 6 0 0K ^ 1 0 0 0 0 0 0- 1 5 1 . 5m i r e d
5000K 6600 K
The desiredcolourtemperature: The desiredcolourtemperature: I
200 - 60 mired: 14Qmired. 1 5 1 . 5+ 3 0 m i r e d: 1 8 1 . 5m i r e d .
The colourtemperatureachievedby the
LB -60 filteris thus:
The colourtemperatureachievedby filter
LA+30 is thus: I
:5500 Ketvin
i
(K).
W
II
t
I

i
72 PRoFt-color I
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The followingequivalencesare obtaines
for Agfa and Kodak-Wratten
filters: Filterdetails Kodak-Wratten
filter

Filterdetails Agfa filter B3 828


B6 82+ 82 C
B 1.2 B9 82 + 82C
CTB 1 812 808
B 2.4 CTB 2 B 15
B 4.8 CTB 4 80B + 82A
B 9. 6 818 80B + 82C
CTB 8 821 808 + 828 + 82C
B 14. 4 C T B1 2
B 19.2 C T B1 6
Thesefiltersincreasethe colour
temperature.
These filters increase the colour
temperature
Filterdetails Kodak-Wrattenfilter
Filterdetails Agfa filter
R 1.5 1A
R3 81B
R 1.2 CTO 1B R6 8 1E F + 8 1
R 2.4 CTO 28 R9 85C
R 4.8 CTO 4B R12 85
R 9.6 CTO 8B R 15 85B
R 14.4 cT o 1 2 B R18 858+818
R 19.2 C T O 1 6B R21 85B+81EF
R24 cTo 20 B R24 858+81EF
These filtersreducethe colourtempera- These filters reduce the colour
ture. temperature PROFI-color73

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REPRO
The REPRO attachment converts your
MASTERSIX into an instrument with
which you can determine the requisite
exposurevalues for copying.
The exposurevalues for the copying of a
black-and-whiteor coloured original can
b e d e t e r m r n e dw i t h t h e M A S T E R S I X +
R E P R O c o m b i n a t i o na , s can the untform
d i s t r i b u t i o no f t h e i l l u m i n a t i o n .
The REPRO is simple to fit. You remove
the cover,slidethe diffuserto the right and
locatethe lug on the REPRO in the recess
providedon the MASTERSIX.With the
knob pressed, unite the two units; when
t h e k n o b i s r e l e a s e d t, h e M A S T E R S I Xa n d
R E P R O a r e r i g i d l yc o n n e c t e d .

74 REPRo