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ClassNI( 員 MBMISYG IS0 9001 RvA[1] EENTRIFUEAL PUMPS INSTRUGT10NMANUAL TAIKO KIKAI INDUSTRIES CQ・ LTD
ClassNI( 員
MBMISYG
IS0 9001
RvA[1]
EENTRIFUEAL PUMPS
INSTRUGT10NMANUAL
TAIKO KIKAI INDUSTRIES CQ・ LTD
CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
Contents 1 Safety instructions・ ・・………・・ 中中●●●● 2 1.Scope of Application。 "・
Contents
Safety instructions・ ・・………・・ 中中●●●●
1.Scope of Application。 "・ ・…・・ """・・……… ・・・・・・ ¨¨中中 "¨ ●● ………・・
2.Transport
3.Prevention of Vibration
4.insta‖ ation・ "・ ・・・・・・・・・・・ ¨ ・・……… ・・ ""・ ・・・ 中●●●●● ・ 中中●● … ●● "・ ・・・ 中●● "●
5.Piping
6.Connection・ 中●●●●
7.Operation
8.Maintenance "・ ・・・ ¨ ・・・・・・ ""・ ・ 中●● "● ● "¨ ¨ ・・・・・・・・・・"… ……・・・・ ¨ …… 。
9.inspection
・・・・・・ 14
10.Troubles and Remedies ・・・・ 中●●中 "● ●●● ・・… ・・ "・ ・ ¨ ・・ 市●●●● "・

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS Safety lnstructions △ CAUT10NS FOR YOUR SAFビ lY C〉 WARNING Before operating the pump,read
Safety lnstructions △ CAUT10NS FOR YOUR SAFビ lY C〉 WARNING Before operating the pump,read the
Safety lnstructions
△ CAUT10NS FOR YOUR SAFビ lY
C〉 WARNING
Before operating the pump,read the
TRANSPORTAT10N and INSTALLAT10N:
instruction r¬ anual and folow the
●TRANSPORTAT10N work must be cartted
by onty a LiCENSED o「 AUTHORIZED
o Wa「 ning
iabel(s)
PER30N(3)who haS enough knowiedge on
・ instruction(s)
。 Caution panel(s)
his or her profession:special attention and
caution are required when fitting a
in order to use it correctly・
HANGINe WiRE in relation to its weight
Keep the instruction rrlanual(s)at the
and g「 avity center.
same place for easy access,
DROPPING or FALLING→ DEATH o「
Wa阿 ling iabel(S)and Sing in the instRJCtiOn
SERIOUS IN」 URY.
manual are ctassified into
o Warning
OPERAT10N and MANIPULAT10N
o Caution
● NEVER ALLOW an UNAUTHORIZED
・ Notice
PER30N to ope「 ate the pump.DO NOT
TOUCH or contact to ROTATINe parts Or
〉WARNING
portion(s).
ROTATING→ ROLLED IN,BIT,PINCHED
indicates a potentia‖ y hazardous
and SPILLED(contaCted things).
situation whichtif not avoided,could resuit in
death or serious iniury.
\CAUT10N
indicates a potentia‖ y hazardous
situation which,if not avoided,may resuit in
minor or mode「 ate injury.
△ CAUT10N
OPERAT10N and MANIPULAT10N
●DO NOT TOUCH orcontactto SEALING
△ NOTICE
part or HOT parts while the pump is IN
indicates a potentia‖ y hazardous
OPERAT10N.
situation which,if not avoided,may resuit in
damaging Or defecting a product.It wi‖ be
HOT→ BURNED andIN」 URED
onty used for protecting the property】 but not
INSPECT10N and MAINTENANCE
fo「 personal safety.
OWhen OVERHAULINe the pump,carefully
Footnote:ANSiZ 535
handle the HEAVY weighted parts i
especially,fitting a HANGINe WIRE.
DROPPINC o「 FALLING→ IN」 URY.
The fo‖ owing work rrlust be done by onty
● Before starting a r¬ aintenance work,
a licensed and authorized person(s)WhO haS
・ Sing in r¬ aintenance work
enough knowiedge on health and safety
o Cut electric supply
regulaton.
Transportation,insta‖ ation,
Electric shock― → death
Unintended Rotation― → Ro‖ ed in,bit,and
piping,wiring〕 operationlinspection,and
Pinched・
maintenance
in any respect,we、 Ⅳi‖ not guarantee any
death,iniures,damages and losses resuitin
to‖ owing reason.
・ Modification、 Ⅳithout ou「 written perrnission
・ Using and assembling unauthorized parts.
△ NOTICE
When disposing a pump,any sccesso「 les,
used parts and oil should be treated as Ceneral
industrial waste.
Operation and rrlanipulation
Do not rnanipulate the valves and cocks for
the pump without any specific purpOse.
W「 ong manipulation― → Damaging or
Defecting the pump.
1

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

1日 SCOpe of Application 6日 COnnection This r¬ anualis applicable to centrifugal On completing insta‖
1日 SCOpe of Application
6日 COnnection
This r¬ anualis applicable to centrifugal
On completing insta‖ ationi alignment
pumps in gene「 at horizontal,vertical and
selfpriming.
must be checked and care rrlust be taken so
that no rnisalignment occu「 s,「 eadjustment
must be rnade carefu‖ y by loosening boits in
2日 TranSport
each part.
a.Horizontal pump
in transportit is necessary to proceed
it is desirable that adjustment be rrlade by
as fo‖ ows:
a.When tifting,pay attention to the weight
lifted and the r¬ ethod of using wires.
inse「tliner between co口 lrnon bedplate and
pump foundation base,but if
necessa「 y,liner can be placed between
b.Be carefuito avoid damage to accessories
such as pipingi valvesi cocks,ctc.
cornmon bedplate and motor base.
b.Vertical pump
3日 PreVention of Vibration
Adjustmentis made by placing line「
between rrlotor and motor base.
in o「 der to avoid vibration of pump and
piping,pay sutticient attention to the
6.l in case of Flexible Coupling
reinfo「cement of pump foundation and piping
supports.
6.1.l Case when alignmentis checked by
disconnecting pump and『れotor.
4口 insta‖ ation
insta‖ ation,pay attention as fo‖ ows:
a.As shown in the figure,after removing
coupling bolts,check alignment by
measuring pa「a‖ el and angular
rnisalignment at 4 point:90° apart,on the
a.Pump foundation must be rigid and strong.
coupling periphe「 y.
b.Considering operation and overhaul,give as
wide space as possible.
c.insta‖ ation face rnust be horizontal.
Fig.1
5日 Piping
Sufficient attention must be given to
piping since it has g「 eat ettect on pump
perfOrrYlanCe.
a.Suction pipe rYlust be as sho「 L as pOssible.
b.Suction pipe rnust be f「 ee frorn air pocket
or alr invaslon.
c.Valves on the suction side r1lust be
guarded against al「 invaslon th「 ough the
giand.
d.Flanges connecting to the suction and
discharge nozzles should be rnatched
correctly in o「 de「 to avoid disturbance of
pump alignment when fiange boits a「 e
This「!lethod is used chiefly at the tirrle of
repair and interr¬ ediary as we‖ as periodic
unduly tightened.
e.Precautions rrlust be taken so that
inspection,butin the case of checkup afte「
new insta‖ ation and piping,use of a dial
gage is preferable.
expansion and contraction due to
temperature and weight of piping and
valves rnay not abnor「 rla‖ y affect the pump.
f. interior of the piping must be thoroughiy
cteaned.
g.Strainer should be insta‖ ed on the suction
side.
2
pump. f. interior of the piping must be thoroughiy cteaned. g.Strainer should be insta‖ ed on
CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS b.Check alignment according to the Table l 6.2 in case of Rigid coupling.

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

b.Check alignment according to the Table l 6.2 in case of Rigid coupling. The Table
b.Check alignment according to the Table l
6.2 in case of Rigid coupling.
The Table 2 below shows
① the
Table l
a‖ owable value of run‐ out of shaft center
between impe‖ er shaft and motor shaft when
Moto「 output
Coupling
Coupling end
i「npe‖ er shaFL and rnotor are connected】 and
kVV
pettphery(mm扶
faCe(mm)
② the valuc ofrun― out ofimpe‖ er shaft
Below 3フ
Below O.05
Below O.10
cente「 from the casing center when impe‖ er
shaft and rnotor are connected.
Above 3フ
Below O.0フ
Below O,16
Table 2
c.Confirr¬ the rotating direction of the rY10tO「
.
Run‐ out of shaft
d.Fit the coupling bOlts.
Run‐ out of cente「
Motor output
center between
of impelle「 f「om
e.Turn by hands to checkifit tu「 ns smoothly.
impeller and motor
kVV
casing center(mm)
shaft(mm)
f. Take care to avoid rust or damage on the
coupling periphery and face.
Below 3フ
Below O.03
Below O.03
6.1.2 Case when alignmentis checked with
Above 3フ
Below O.05
Below O.05
pump and rnotor coupled.
a.Fo「 measurement on the shaft coupling
pe「 iphery,a dial gage is fixed on the rnoto「
end coupling periphery and the pump end
Shaft alignmentis rrleasured by the
coupling is given one complete tu「 ning.
The value is going to be half of the
difference of the highest and the lowest
value,which rrlust comply with the value in
follvving r¬ anner
a.Connect rnotor and shaft and fix dial
gage on the rnotorflangel and tu「 n the
shaft once. The value is going to be
the Table‐ 1.
b.Fo「 measurement on the coupling end face〕
half of the difference of the highest and
the lowest value.
the coupling is given one complete turning
as above at specified points using a
b.Connect rllotor and shaft and fix dial
gage on the edge ofthe shaft. Set the
thickness gauge,etc.,and the difference
between maximum and minimum readings
is taken as the value of rneasurementi
which must comply with the value in Table
point of the dial gage on the inner
surface of casing ring and turn the shaft
once. The value is going to be half of
the indicator reading as shown in a.
l.
c.For otherst the procedures shown in 6.1.1.
Fig.2
ettf are foWowed.
d.On completing the adjustment of
alignment,knock pins are inserted.
※ For centering of gear coupling,referto item 9‐ 5
(c‐ 2)
note i Exercise care not to damage motor when you
carry out the above
3
CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS フロOperation フ.2 0peration ^ Operation afterinsta‖ ation or 「 eassembly rYlust be carried
CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
フロOperation
フ.2 0peration
^
Operation afterinsta‖ ation or
「 eassembly rYlust be carried out in the
a.Start motor,but firstly ON and OFF should
be repeated once or twice to confirrn that
fo‖ owing Order:
therels no abnorr¬ al condition,when
operating the pump.
フ.l Preparation before operation
b.When pump revolutions and pressure have
a,Open the air vent valve on top of the
casing and fili the casing with water untilit
risen,open gradua‖ y the valve on the
discharge side until the pressure drops
down to the specified pressure.
comes out ofthe vent.
b.In case of the reseⅣ oir‐ type seif‐ prirning
c.Avoid absolutely dry operationi especia‖ y
be careful when a rnechanical sealis used.
pump(MOdel EHS and TMS type),fi‖ the
Even though a vacuur1l pump is provided,
casing with water by removing the plug on
pump if self‐ pttming(Model EHS
stop the
top of the casing.
type)iS not effected with in 5 rYlinutes.
Howeveri after the fi「 st starting there is no
need of pouring if water「 emains in the
d.The bearing for pump and moto「 of stand―
by pump or pump thatis not operated for
casing.
iong tirne wili be caused a fretting
c.in case of the seif― prirning pump with a
vacuu「 rl pump,fi‖ wate「 into the supply
water tank.
d.Open fu‖ y the valve on the suction side
phenomenon by the vibration so that there
is need to hand turning of pump once per a
week.If there is stand― by pump,there is
need changeover operation of pumps about
and close completely that on the discharge
once pertwo(2)weekS.
side.
e.In case of the seif‐ prirning pump(Model
フ.3 Stopping
EHS type),open a slightly the valve on the
discharge side in o「 der to discharge the
separated air without close completely its
a.CIose the vaive on the discharge side.
b.Stop the r¬ otor.
valve.
c.When the pump stops suddeniy during
f. Be sure of bearing lubricant.
operation,turn off the switch first and then
close the valve on the discharge side.
g.Turn the pump shaft by hand to see
whetherit turns smoothiy.
4

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS 8B Maintenance k.in the case of automatic ope「 ation under centralized control〕 pay attention
8B Maintenance k.in the case of automatic ope「 ation under centralized control〕 pay attention to
8B Maintenance
k.in the case of automatic ope「 ation under
centralized control〕 pay attention to the
in order to maintain efficient operation
indication of gauges on the gauge boa「 d.
overiong periods,utmost care rnust be taken
|. in case of pump、Alith Vacuurn pump type
seif― prirning unit,if there is positive
8.l Cautions during,operation
pressure on pump suction side,the valve
on the p「 irlling line should be ciosed.
a.Be careful t0 0perate at the design point.
lf pump is Operated atiess than design
m.Check up the sealing tankis water
periodica‖ y for u「gent use ifit attached to
point,we recoΠ lrrlend to fit orifice and etc.
on the pump to close to design point.
emergency fire pumps.
b.Pay attention to vibration and operating
8.2 Cautions during standsti‖
noise,and watch the pressure gauge and
arnr1leter. If abnorr¬ al condition is noticed〕
a.Keep the valves ciosed on the suction and
stop the pump irnrnediately, Particularly!
discharge sides.
for the pump provided with a rTlechanical
seal,guard against vibration in view Of the
b.In cold regions,keep the pumps at
standstill and standby completely drained.
seⅣ ice life of the rnechanical seal.
c.in case of pump thatis not ope「
ated for
c.Pay attention to bearing tempe「 atu「 e rise.
If the bearing case can be feit by hand
iong time as Air Cooler or Cooling Pump
and etc.,the pump should be cteaned by
safely there is no fea「 ,othettise,insta‖ a
fresh water enough and kept by carefu‖
y
therr¬ omete「 to measure the temperature.
Keep the perr¬ issible bearing temperature
at Wambient temperature
temperatu「 e plus 20℃
plusと 年0て,or liquid
d.Since excessive greasing can result in
ove「 heati g「 ease up while operation by
taking off the exhaust plug This〕 however,
does not apply where g「 eased bearings are
used.
e.Be sure to keep sma‖ amount of
continuous teakage th「 ough the giand,
which rnust be in the forrn of d「ops. TOO
much tightening Of the packing wili cause
p「 emature wea「 of the shaft and
overheating,(See par.9.5)
f. When a rvlechanical sealis usedi the「 e is
alr¬ ost no leakagei so if continuous
teakage occu「 s,t「ace it cause・
g.Never throttle the valve on the suction
side. Adiust the flow by rneans of the valve
on the discharge side.
h・ Never operate the pump continuously
with the valve ciosed on the discha「 ge
side,othettise the rise of the Ⅵlater
temperatu「 e in the casing wili cause
seizure.
i. See whethe「 the stand by pumpis
「 eversing due to the leakage ofit non―
「 eturn valve.
j. in the case of a pump with automatic
starting and stopping device,such as
hydrophOr systerTl pay attention to the
p「 essure at the time of starting,and if the
cycle is too rrttuch,take rrleasures such as
adjustment of ai「 amount,level,etc.
5

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

■ CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS inspection pe「 iodica‖ yin the foHowing way, 9日 inSpection but since it varies
inspection pe「 iodica‖ yin the foHowing way, 9日 inSpection but since it varies according to
inspection pe「 iodica‖ yin the foHowing way,
9日 inSpection
but since it varies according to the「 rlethod of
mounting,place ofinsta‖ ation and liquid
9.l Periodic inspection
Excepting the case of abnorrnal
handled,it is preferable that the operato「
should r¬ ake a final plan ofinspection in
conditions,it is desi「 able to carry out
acco「dance with conditions.
Table 3
Period
Location
Details
Every 3
Every 6
Every 1 2
Every 4
months
months
months or
years or
8000h
20000h
Replace lubricant
※Replace lub「 icant first time in 3 months ater
operation sta「 t up.
※Type oflub両 canti
Ro‖ er bearing
・ Lubricant:Turbine ISO VG46,o「 equivalent
・ erease:Ro‖ er bea「 ing grease Type l No.2,or equivalent.
For greased bearings,replace thenl with new items.
Check up sliding surfaces fo「 points of contact and
in,ury. Measure inside diameter and if this is about
double than fo‖ ow list.
Submerged
diameter
clearance by metal(in diameter)
line
bearing
30~ 50
008~ 0.10
50~ 80
010~ 0.15
80ヘ ン 120
0.15~ 0.25
Check up condition of fitting and amount ofleak
Gland Packing
Renew itifleakis too much
Check up condition of mating faces.
Mechanical
seal
Renew h.
Check up contact points and iniury in portions facing
packing and bearing. Measure outside diameter and
renew itin the case of this is defaced about 2 Rlm by
Shaft
the diameter
Check up points of contact,damage and bend in sliding face
Check up surface damage and condition of deterioration.
Renew it tt deformed,
‖ 0‖ Hng
Renew it.
Check up wear and condition of corrosion of a‖
parts,
and measu「 e sliding faces in contact with casing rings
sea
clean
I「npe‖ er
and a bore of casing rings. Based on the Table 4
(Ctearances Between impe‖ er Mouth and Casing Ring),
water
water
O
renew casing rings,if clearances were off from Limit
Clearance in SeⅣ ice.
Check up contact points,wear and condition of corrosion.
Measure the interion diameter and renew it by the foIIow
sea
clean
water
water
Casing ring
Table 4
O
O
Shaft coupling
Check up condition of wear and renew if abnormal
boits and
points are found.
rubber ring
Gear coupling
Replace grease.
※Replace grease first time in one month ater operation
start up,or 500 hours operation.
※Type of grease:
」IS K 2220 centrallubrication grease Type 4 No.],
or equivalent.
※Grease amounti See Table 5.
6

|

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS Table 4 Clearances Between lmpe‖ er MOuth and casing Ring ● Dia of
CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
Table 4
Clearances Between lmpe‖ er MOuth and casing Ring
Dia of
Ctearance in Manufactunngぐ n Dia.)
SIiding
Face
Over
Up to
02フ ~0.38
30
50
0.40~
051
035~0.46
050~ 0.61
15
0.30~ 042
045~ 05フ
50
80
0,40~ 05フ
0.55~ 06フ
16
035~050
80
120
0.50~ o.65
045~060
0,60~
0.フ 5
1.9
120
180
0.40~ 0.5フ
055~ 0.フ 2
0.55~ 0.フ 2
0フ 0~
0.8フ
20
180
250
050~ 0.69
065~ 0,84
065~ 0.84
0.80~ 0,99
24
250
315
0.60~ 082
0.80~ 102
0,95~ 1.17
2.8
315
400
0,70~ 093
090~ ].13
105~ 1.28
3.0
400
500
080へ ´ ].06
110へ ″ 136
0.80へ ´ 102
0,90へ ´ 1 13
1 10~ .1.36
125~ 1.51
3.4
④ :Standard CЮ arance(which applies in all
cases,except for the fo‖ owing◎ ,⑥
and◎ )
modeis.
◎ :Relevant modeis of
⑧ :The matettal ofimpelle「 and casing ttng is
SCS cOmbined with SUS.
ofimpe‖ e「 and casing「ing is scs
combined wvith suS.
Table 5
Grease Amountin Cear cOupling
Grease Amount(g)
卜10deis
29
NSE‐ 103
…115
5フ
-125
フ0
water,its internal surface sha‖
‐ 13フ
90
‐ 可60(S)
168
coating).
引 フ5
1フ 5
‐ 190
206
-224
313
0

the pumpis Open(tar epoxy resin

Unh[mm]

Linnit Ctearance

in Ser、 lice(Repl)

:A‖ vertical ESC‐ D models and ESD/EMD

where the matettal

Note l. The number of hOu「 s in the previOus

page is the hours of operation ti「 ne.

Note 2. Forthe pump casing p「 Ocessing sea

be

coated,ifit is made of cast iron,during

7

■ CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS 9.2 0verhaul 9.5 0ther instructions | a.Gland Packing When overhauling the pump
■ CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
9.2 0verhaul
9.5 0ther instructions
|
a.Gland Packing
When overhauling the pump attention
must be paid as fo‖ ows:
a-l Assembling instructions(Division
Tightening)
a.Understand the construction we‖ by
referring to the assembly draWing and
make no r¬ istake in the order of overhaul.
(1)Set the cut end of packing to fitin,
and check ifit is inserted smoothly by
hand while stretching its back.
b.When separating sockets and parting
faces,use push bolts and wooden
(2)insert One packing first to the extent
of depth,and set the old packing
ha口lrYnerSi and neve「 apply force with chisel
instead of toolsi and tighten therrtt by
and d「 ivers.
the nut on giand.
c.When removing the rotating element,take
(3)insert another packing and tighten it in
care to avoid damage on stiding faces and
the same rnanner as above(to suCh
machined surfaces.
an extent that the shaft can turn by
Particularly,never damage rnechanical seal
mating faces.
d.When removing rotating patts from the
hand.
・ Fu‖ compression of packings on inner
shaft,drawv off each one carefu‖ y after
removing anti― 「 otation device.
side wili rnake the sealing effect
better and prevent two or rY10re
packings from tu「ning at one timei so
e.Long parts such as shaft should be
|
handled carefu‖ y so thatit rYlay nOt bend.
that no bearing resuiting fror1l coerce
tightening wili be applied on the
f. Handie parts carefu‖ y,ar「 anging thenl on
packing.AIsoi in generali tightening
sheets of paper or cioth in g00d order.
g.At overhauling,put suitable r¬ a「 ks asr¬ uch
of the packings by using the giand wi‖
make the inner packings within the
as possible to avoid rr、 istakes when
reassembling.
packing bOx have lower shaft bearingsi
in which case,therefo「 e,a tightening
9.3
Checkup
fo「 ce tends to be ineffective. Such
being the caseithe packings at the
inne「 part should be compressed
Measure each stiding pa「 L and take
sufficiently when they are inserted・
steps acco「 ding to r¬ anufactureド s
standard
9.4
Assembly
・ The cut end of each packing should
not be located at the same point,but
should be apart by 1 20 degrees.
(Z年 )Then,inse「 t the air side packing
Carry out assembly:reversing the order
of disassembly and paying attention as
carefuHy,and tighten the giand nut by
foHows:
hand togethe「 (finger tight).
a.Remove dust and stain frorll each pa「 L by
washing it thoroughly with kerosene.Repair
・ Take care not to tighten the giand
one‐ sidedly and also not to have itin
contact with the shaft.
itif damage is found.
b.Fit anti‐ rotation device perfectly in each
(5)Operate the pump for an initial「 un(30
min.)While paying attention to any
「 otating part if necessa「 y・
ir「 egularity,e.g.leak f「 om the giand,
c.When fitting parts with rrlatch rYlarkS,be
generation of heat or sound.Then,
sure to foHow them.
tighten the nut littie by tittle for a
properieak amount.When the
d.Insta‖ the rnechanicai seal carefu‖ y and
confir「YlitS rrlovement by hand after
operation has become stablei take
care forthe giand nut not to become
instanation.
loose.
e.Insett each packing rings in gOOd order
softly one by one f「 om the bottom,
staggettng each iOint by 90° o「 120° .
(Refe「 to 9.5)
f. Check the center of shaft(see item 6).
g.Tu「 n the shaft by hand to see whetherit
tu「 ns smoothiy.
h.Check that the amount oflubricantis
appropriate.As for the amountirefer to the
lubricant list in‖ Specification of SupplyW.
8

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS a-2 Refe「ence Leak Amount ハ (1)Itis necessary that the pump (4)Reference Leak Amount Table
a-2 Refe「ence Leak Amount ハ (1)Itis necessary that the pump (4)Reference Leak Amount Table 6
a-2 Refe「ence Leak Amount
(1)Itis necessary that the pump
(4)Reference Leak Amount
Table 6
operation should go on with the giand
packing being ensured to leak in sma‖
Reference Leak Amount(cc/min)
quantities.
Shaft Dia(mm)
in operat,on
・ The leak amount depends upon the
in standstiII
service conditions(shaFL diameter,
「 evolutions,suction condition,etc.),
24~ 40
12~ 20
24~ 34
41~
60
15~ 25
30~40
and therefore it is dif¬ cuit fo「 the
pumps under ditterent cOnditiOns to
61~ フ0
18~ 30
35~45
have the same leak amount.
(2)Ifthe leak amountis tOo sma‖ ,then
the「1lore heat is generated,thus the
packing tends to be damaged heavily.
As the resuit,the leak amOuntis
※The listed values are for reference ontyI
※Fo「 referencei
inc「 eased with the tirne gradua‖ y.
・ 2 cc//min.:a leak amOunt such that
(3)The giand packing is a clea「 ance seal
having a very little clearance,but
during the pump is in operation,the
suction pressu「 e is「educed by the
about one drop fa‖ sin 3 sec.
・ 20 ccノ /min.:a leak amount such that
ad「op fa‖ s frorll a th「 ead― like for「 Yl.
amount of resistance in the suction
pipeline,and alsO the tu「 ning etto武
arising from Operation w‖ Ibe app‖ ed,
so that the leak amountis sma‖ er
than that in standstill.
・ When the leak amount in standstillis
not perr¬ issible,shut the suction
valve,and open it before operatiOn・
a-3 Troubleshooting
Tableフ
T「oubles
Causes
Troubleshootings
Too much ieak at the stattt up.
・ Retighten the nut.
。 Packing is 100sened
・ Too much run_Out.
・ Re‐ center and adiuSt
・ Fluid is slurry
・ P「ovide a lantern ring tO feed
water froR1 0utSide
Lcak is inc「 eased gradua‖ y
inner packings are not ettective.
・ Re‐ insta‖ packings
FIuid is slurry
・ Provide a lantern ring to feed
water f「 o日1 0utSide.
Too little leak.
・Refer to WReference Leak Amount‖
Packing life is shOrt.
,SIeeve is worn.
・Replace sieeve.
(Frequency of retightening is high.)
・ Too much run‐out
。 Re‐ center,and replace bea「 ing
,Too little leak.
o Refer to‖ Reference Leak Amount‖
・ Packing is used up.
・Too much ctearance at the neck
bush.
・ Use the teflon sheet bush.
Leak at the circumference Of
・Turning of packing together with
Refer to‖ Assembling
packing.
the shaft(tightening fail).
instruct,ons‖ .
9

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

b.MechanicaI Seal b‐ l initial Leak lt is ideal that the profile of ctearance in
b.MechanicaI Seal
b‐ l initial Leak
lt is ideal that the profile of ctearance in
No「 r¬ a‖ yi the initialleak tends to be
the sliding surface is always kept pa「 a‖ el and
fiat. However,it is difficult to keep such a
profile due to the ettects bf pressure〕 heat or
strainl or inclusion of fine foreign substances
decreased with a ce「 tain time(f「 om SOme
rrlinutes to some days depending on the
existing cOnditions)beCause the ctearance
in the liquid under service conditions.And,
this is true even when machining Of each「
wi‖ turn to an ideal profile because of the
interactive f「 iction of the stiding surface
ing
(running in)・
is finished p「 ecisely.As the resuit,a little leak
may exist du「 ing the initial operationi that is
so― ca‖ ed an initialleak.
b‐ 2 Leak Amount and Dete「「 ¬ination of Replacing Tirne
Table 8
SIurry
FIuid
A‖ owable Leak
Time for M S.Replacement
Yes//No
N
3
cc/H「 (l drop/min,)
Continuous dripping
VVate「
Y
5
cc//H「 (l
drOp//30‐ 40 sec)
Do.
N
3 cc/H「 (l drop/min.)
Do.
Hot water
・ When 3 cc/Hr(l drop/Sec,)
room temp.
continues more than 24 H「 s,
fresh vvater
andit does not seems to be
external
N
Do
dec「eased.
seif flushing
When lcc//H「 (l drOp//3
&partial
SeC.)0「 more is increased
circulation
Y
5 cc//Hr(ld「 Op//30‐ 40 sec.)
Do
c.Cear Coupling
c‐ l Construction
Table 9
Fig.3
Part No
Part Name
3
8
5
2
Sieeve A
1
2
Solid fiange
3
Hub
4
Reamer boit
5
Ctass l nut
6
Side cover
Hexagon head cap screw
8
0‐ 両ng
9
0‐ 耐ng
10
0‐ 耐ng
11 0‖ plug
]2
Grease nipple
10
c-2 Assembling sequence Figi 5 (1)Cleaning View ⑥ View◎ Ctean the inner and oute「 cylinders
c-2 Assembling sequence
Figi 5
(1)Cleaning
View ⑥
View◎
Ctean the inner and oute「 cylinders
thoroughly.
(2)insettiOn of O― 画ng
insert Ofing in the sё al g「OOve On the
side cover.
(3)insertiOn ofinner and Oute「 Cylinders
in the Shaft
Put the side cove「 in the shaft,and
then afte「 checking the di「 ection of
inne「 cylinde「 ,fit it in the shaft, At
this tirrle,use care not tO impair the O―
(7)Assembling Of outer Cylinder
reamer bolt.
ring.
(4)Drive‐ in of Key
Oil can teak frorYl the key on the part
this wo「 k,insta‖ the side cove「
.
chamfered. 8o,apply key sealant fu‖ y
Fig.6
before driving it in.
(5)Mounting of MOtO「
Mount the rnotor to putitin place.
(6)Centering
Mount a dial gage on One inner
cylinder,and put the rneasuring needle
on the「 efe「 ence face fo「 centering.
Then,turn the shaft on the side where
(8)Greasing
a dial gage is insta‖ ed ca「 efu‖ y to
take reading Ofits run‐ outs.
(For centeringi reconlr¬ ended run― outs
are as shown in the fo‖ Owing table.)
port.
Fig.4
(See Table‐ 5)
perforrnance of gear coupling.
● ―
Table 1 0
Reco阿lrnended Run‐ outs in Centering
Unh[mm]
Para‖ el
Ax,al
Angie DeMation
Model
DeMation
Ctea「 ance
°
(σ )
θ
C2‐ Cl
(C)
004
0.05°
0.04
8
‐ 115
0.04
0.05°
0.05
8
-125
005
0.05°
0,06
8
Supply procedure of grease:
‐ 13フ
005
0.05°
006
8
‐ 160(S)
006
0,05°
0.08
10
006
‐ 1フ 5
005°
0.09
10
‐ 190
0.06
005
0.可 0
10
insta‖ the
‐ 224
0,0フ
005°
0.12
12
g「 ease. イ

CENTRIFUEAL PUMP S

¬ Tighten the outer cylinde「 A and the fiange of so‖ d flange by r¬
¬
Tighten the outer cylinde「 A and the
fiange of so‖ d flange by r¬ eans of
in this casei be carefui not tO fOrget to
inse「to― 画ng in the flange face. After
/
Apply grease on the tooth faces of
inner and outer cylinders thOrOughly
before assembling,and g「 ease up to
the specified level f「 orn the g「 ease
※The above g「 easing is critical fOr the
Because grease is to fO「「 ¬ an oil film
on the gear contact facei which is
effective in prevention of the rnetal
surfaces fronl contacting each other
and the「eby the wear resistance of
gea「 tooth is improvedi as vve‖ as
noise and temperature「 ise and also
some extent of seif― excited vibration
a「e prevented.
in this way,g「 easc has a ve「 y
irnportant function,so that a proper
type grease rれ ust be used.(see p6)
(Grease rnay be deteriorated
depending On the service conditions,
NSE‐ 103
and the「efore it should be「 eplaced at
approp「 iate inte「 valst which rYlakeS the
life of coupling extended.)
Please remove the(D Oil plug.Andi
please supply the grease of
appropriate quantity from the grease
nipple by using the grease. FDleaSe
⑫ oil plug afte「 supplying
11
■ CE NTRIFUGAL PUMPS d.Combining of Pump with MotOrfOr Semト σ open Type impe‖ e「
■ CE NTRIFUGAL PUMPS
d.Combining of Pump with MotOrfOr Semト
σ
open Type impe‖ e「
FoE TMS-40A,50B(4P),65B(4P),80B
adiuStit tO be A+0,6 to O.7 mm.
Out the pump shaftinto the rnotor
(1)Pu‖
Then】 fix it with a hexagon head Cap
side,and take rrleasu「 ement of A by
means of depth gage、
(2)Check the rYlovement value by pushing
screw securely.(At this time,the
clearance betWeen the back ofimpe‖ er
and the casing cover should be O.6 to
the rY10tOr shaft into the fan cover.
O.7 mm.)
(Generally,it「 anges from l.O to l.5
[Note]if thiS setting is fa‖ ed,the back of
mm.)
irnpe‖ er and Casing cover vvi‖ come in
(3)After mounting the ttgid coupling on the
contact with each other,which can be
motor shaft,take rYleaSurement of the
distance between the fiange face of
cause of overioad.
(4)Combine the pump With the mOtor.After
motor and the end of couplingi where it
is pushed toward the fan coverfu‖ y,and
combiningi check if they can turn
Fig.フ
フmm
|
O
Fig.8
e.Method of removing bearing
FoE ESC,ESD
in order to remove a bearing,use long boits
to the tap of coupling portion of shaft,and
push out the bearing and the beaHng cover
at the same time.Refer to fig.8
12

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS f, separation and connection of modeis using Fig.9 fttction,oint Fori EMD,2p(3600rpm),EMS f-l Sepa「
f, separation and connection of modeis using Fig.9 fttction,oint Fori EMD,2p(3600rpm),EMS f-l Sepa「 ation (1)MOVe
f, separation and connection of modeis using
Fig.9
fttction,oint Fori EMD,2p(3600rpm),EMS
f-l Sepa「 ation
(1)MOVe the coupling set,ig tO underthe
Friction
nt
friction coupling in order to prevent the
d「op ofthe「otation part.(Refer to Fig.9)
ing set,ig
Coupling set,ig
(2)Rotate the pressure screw counte「
ciockwise.(Refer to Fig.11)
The connection of the shaft cOupling
h/1ech cover
and the shaftis「 eleased.
Take the motor off.
[Warning]When rotating the pressure screwv,do
not unscrevv beyond stOpper and do
not remove screw from Friction,oint
if unscrevved beyond stopper,
pressure medium will spiII
Fig.lo Roto「 unit
The Friction ioint Wi‖ be dest「oyed
Coupling set iig
and have to be replaced.
f-2 Connection
(1)Ctean and degrease the surface of the
friction,oint,the shaft,and the hub that
is coupled by using fabric.
(2)insert the friction,oint on to the pump
shaft and fix them with c― type retaining
ring.
(3)insert the「 oto「 unit into the
casing,(Refer to Fig.lo)
At this tirrlel be sure to r¬ ove the
coupling set,ig tO unde「 the friction
,Oint.
By doing this,「 otation pa「ts can be
instatted on the p「 oper position.
(4)insta‖ the coupling at the rnotor shaft―
Figi l l Friction joint
end.and connect the pump and the
motor.
Pressure medium
Steeve
(5)Rotate the pressure screw of the friction
iOint tO CiOckwise(tightening),and
connect the coupling and the staft.
(Refer to Fig.11)After the connection,
move the coupling set iig frorrl under the
Pressure screw
friction,oint to the outside and fix it・
(Refe「 to Fig.9)
[Note]・ Never tighten the pressure screw until
the friction ioint iS insta‖ ed to the shat
and the hub.
・ When rotation the pressure screw tO
c'ockwise(tightening),be sure to use a
torque vvrench and maintain the torque
of 24N・ m
(6)Turn the shaft by hand to confirrn ifit
tu「 ns smoothly.
・ Fricution ioint structure
This friction ioint iS a double wa‖
ed hardened steel
sieeve that filled with a pressure medium.
Pressurizing mechanism that consists of a screw
and piston with dOuble sealing function is provided
at flange part when the pressurizing scre、 Al iS
tightened,double wva‖ steeve uniformly expands
against shah and cOup‖ ng and rigidly,oint them.
Dismantling is dOne by loOsing the pressurizing
screw that a‖ Ows steeve tO back original dimens,on
13
10日 TrOubles and Remedies Should troubles occu「 itheir causes must be traced and necessary remedies
10日 TrOubles and Remedies
Should troubles occu「 itheir causes must be traced and necessary remedies rnust be reso「 ted to
As kinds of troubles the fo‖ owing can be conceivable:
Table ll
Causes
Remedies
Troubles
Repair motor.
Pump does not start
Motor out of operation.
Repair pump
Pump is seized.
No pOwer source.
Check up electric system
Wiring is broken,or relay,etc,are in trouble
Lack in voitage.
Repal「 .
Check up electric system.
Prrne pump once more
Pump starts,but
Pump is not primed orinsufficiently primed
Valves are not open.
Open valves.
does not discharge
Repai「 valves
water,
Vaives cannot be opened.
Pump is sucking air.
Suction pipe or straineris clogged
irnpe‖ eris clogged.
Check up suction system and ctean up inside,
Clean suction pipe or strainer
Clean impe‖ er
VaCuURl pump out of operation
Repair vacuum pump.
Change wittng.
Motor rotating direction is wrong.
Check up suction system
Pump starts,but
Pump is sucking air
Correct electric source.
specified discharge
Check up discharge piping.
head is not reached
Pump revolutions are too lowv
Discharge pressure is too high.
Suction pipe or straineris clogged.
Irnpe‖ eris clogged.
Worn casing ring.
Ctean suction pipe or st「 ainer.
Ctean impe‖ er.
Renew casing ring.
Throttie valve on discharge side.
Cavitation exists,
Replace gauges by new ones.
Gauges not in function
lrnpe‖ eris worn
‖er by new one,
Prime pump
Pump starts and
Correct piping.
discharges water,
but soon ceases to
Priming is insufficient.
Air pOckets exist in suction line.
Pump is sucking air
Check up suction system.
Check up sealing pipe,adlust mechanical
discharge water.
Pump is sucking air th「 ough stuffing box.
seal and
and packing.
Remove contact
Pump starts,but
Abnormai contact exists in interior of pump
Check up alignment
moto「 gets
Connection is wrong.
overloaded
Packing is too tight.
Pump shaftis bent.
Pump casing is deformed
Loosen giand orrenew packing,
Renew shaft.
Arnend pump foundation base and piping
Pump discharge is too much.
Pump bearings are w「ong.
Throttle valve on discharge side
_
Renew
bearin
Pump starts,but
Lubricant is in shortage
Supply lubricant,
Draw outiubHcant.
bearings get
Lubricantis too much.
Replace lubricant by specified one
overheated
Lubricant is unsuitable or incorrect.
Connection is wrong
Beattngs are wrong.
Shaftis bent
Thrust has increased.
Check up alignment.
Renew beanngs.
Renew shaR.
i「npe‖ er balance is wrong
Beattng assembly is wrong.
Check up whether one― sided wear exists or
irnpe‖ er balance holes are clogged,and
reassemble if necessary.
Repair orrenew impe‖ er
ReadiuSt bearings.
Pump starts,but
sw「 ong
vibration occurs
shat is bent
Check up alignment
Renew shaft.
insta‖ ation is wrong
Correct instaWatin condition.
Pump foundation is weak
Reinforce pump foundation base
Other vibration is transnlitted
Cavitation exists.
Reinforce piping.
Th「 ottie valve on discharge side.
Bearings are worn
Renew ba‖ bearing or submerged beattng.
irnpe‖ er balance is w「 ong
Repair or renew impe‖ er
be in the design
in case troubles cannot be remedied in accordance with the above table,the causes may
conditions of the pump,so it is preferable to consult the shipyard or manufacturer
TAIKO KIKAl lNDUSTRIES CQ,LTE
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