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LIQUIDITY RATIO | AVERAGE SALES PERIOD

360 𝑑𝑎𝑦𝑠
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑃𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑑 =
𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟
FUNDAMENTALS OF ACCOUNTANCY, BUSINESS AND
MANAGEMENT 2 LIQUIDITY RATIO | WORKING CAPITAL
Formula Card
𝑊𝑜𝑟𝑘𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑙 = 𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 − 𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐿𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠
HORIZONTAL ANALYSIS
SOLVENCY RATIO | DEBT RATIO
𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑌𝑒𝑎𝑟 𝐴𝑚𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡 − 𝐵𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑌𝑒𝑎𝑟𝐴𝑚𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡
% 𝑜𝑓 𝐶ℎ𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑒 = × 100
𝐵𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑌𝑒𝑎𝑟 𝐴𝑚𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐿𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠
𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 =
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠
VERITICAL ANALYSIS
SOLVENCY RATIO | EQUITY RATIO
𝐴𝑚𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝐹𝑆 𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑝𝑜𝑛𝑒𝑛𝑡
% 𝑜𝑓 𝐹𝑆 𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑝𝑜𝑛𝑒𝑛𝑡 = × 100 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑚𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝐴𝑐𝑐𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 =
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠
TRENDS ANALYSIS
SOLVENCY RATIO | DEBT TO EQUITY RATIO
𝐶ℎ𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑛 𝑌𝑒𝑎𝑟
𝑇𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑑 % = × 100 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐿𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠
𝐵𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑌𝑒𝑎𝑟 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝑡𝑜 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 =
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦
LIQUIDITY RATIO | CURRENT RATIO
SOLVENCY RATIO | TIMES INTEREST EARNED
𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠
𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 = 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑒 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑇𝑎𝑥𝑒𝑠
𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐿𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝑇𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑠 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝐸𝑎𝑟𝑛𝑒𝑑 =
𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝐸𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒
LIQUIDITY RATIO | QUICK RATIO
PROFITABILITY RATIO | GROSS PROFIT RATIO
𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ + 𝑆ℎ𝑜𝑟𝑡 𝑇𝑒𝑟𝑚 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠 + 𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠
𝑄𝑢𝑖𝑐𝑘 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 =
𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐿𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑖𝑡
𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑖𝑡 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 =
𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠
LIQUIDITY RATIO | RECEIVABLE TURNOVER
PROFITABILITY RATIO | OPERATING PROFIT MARGIN
𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐶𝑟𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑡 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠
𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 =
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒
𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑖𝑡 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑖𝑛 =
𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠
𝐵𝑒𝑔. 𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 + 𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 = PROFITABILITY RATIO | NET PROFIT RATIO
2

𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒
LIQUIDITY RATIO | AVERAGE COLLECTION PERIOD 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑖𝑡 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 =
𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠
360 𝑑𝑎𝑦𝑠
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐶𝑜𝑙𝑙𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑃𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑑 = PROFITABILITY RATIO | RETURN ON ASSETS
𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟

or 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒
𝑅𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 𝑜𝑛 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 =
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐶𝑜𝑙𝑙𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑃𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑑 =
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐷𝑎𝑖𝑙𝑦 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝐵𝑒𝑔. 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 + 𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 =
2
𝐴𝑛𝑛𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐷𝑎𝑖𝑙𝑦 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 =
360 𝑑𝑎𝑦𝑠

LIQUIDITY RATIO | INVENTORY TURNOVER

𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝐺𝑜𝑜𝑑𝑠 𝑆𝑜𝑙𝑑


𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 =
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦

𝐵𝑒𝑔. 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 + 𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦


𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 =
2

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FABM 2 | AY 2018-2019 Section __________________________________