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CHEMUN

INSTRUCTIONAL MANUAL
(updated Sep.2010)

CHEMUN Organizing Committee

chennaimun@gmail.com
www.chemun.org

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table of contents

section 1- welcome
about CHEMUN 5

introduction 5

section 2- code of conduct


role of CHEMUN participants 7
Authority and role of a Chair 7
Role of the Delegate 7

section 3- conference preparation


country foreign policies 9
Formulating a Position 9
Writing the Policy Statement 9
Sample Foreign Policy Statement 10
The Delegate Opening Speech 10

resolutions 11
Writing a Resolution 11
Making Amendments 13
Preamble and Operative Clauses 13
Sample Resolution 14

formal & informal debate 15


Speeches 15

section 4- conference rules and procedures

rules 17
Delegate Identification 17
Parliamentary Points 17
Objections 18
Basic Responsibilities of Delegates 18
Note Passing 19
Time Limits 19

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conference procedures 19
Roll Call 19
Opening Speeches & Right to Reply 19
Caucusing 20
Resolutions 20
Amendments 21
Informal Debate 21
Voting Procedures 21

section 5- security council


Introduction 23
Procedure 23
Resolutions and Clauses 23
Formal Debate 23
Informal Debate 24
Motions 24
Challenging the Chair 24
Sample SC Resolution 24

section 6- CHEMUN 4
Admin and Chairs 27

Topic List 28

section 7- resources
Resources and Links 31

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section 1
welcome

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section 1- welcome

about CHEMUN
The Chennai Model United Nations (CHEMUN) program was established in October
2004 as part of the American International School Chennai‟s annual UN day celebrations. What
was started as a small conference involving AISC and a local school has now expanded to have
many schools from Chennai and a few from outside Chennai participating in it. Our vision is to
make CHEMUN the premier MUN conference in South India over the next few years.
CHEMUN is the only conference in South India accredited by and affiliated to The
Hague MUN Conference (THIMUN).

introduction

What is Model United Nations?

The Model United Nations is an annual conference for high school students who come
together to caucus, negotiate, debate, support and pass resolutions to solve global issues. It is a
simulation of the United Nations where students play the role of UN delegates representing
countries assigned to them.

How does the CHEMUN conference work?

Each participating student is assigned a specific country he/she will represent and will,
from then on, be referred to as the „delegate‟ of the respective country in a particular forum of
the United Nations. During CHEMUN, we will be having four forums: General Assembly,
Security Council, DISEC, and ECOSOC. Each of these forums deal with specific agenda items -
questions related to political, economic, environmental or other issues.

Delegates have to do thorough research on the countries and topics assigned to them so
that they can faithfully represent their country‟s policies during the conference. For example, a
delegate, representing Russia in the Security Council has to have a good idea of Russia‟s foreign
policy as well as good knowledge about the issues to be debated in the Security Council.

All delegates (Security Council delegates should see SC section in the manual) have to
come prepared with a 1 minute Opening Speech and a Foreign Policy Statement. After the
opening speech, delegates in each committee will caucus/negotiate to formulate their resolutions
on the issues to be debated. During this time, draft resolutions will be written and merged to
come up with one or two final resolutions which will be submitted to Committee Chair. These
resolutions will be debated in the respective forums and voted upon. If the resolution passes, it
becomes a UN resolution that member countries are expected to adhere to.
This is the general structure of a Model United Nations Conference. For further details,
please review this manual, which will facilitate the delegates and advisors on the rights of a
delegate, the required preparation, and other necessary procedures.

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section 2
code of conduct

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section 2- code of conduct

the role of CHEMUN participants


Role and Authority of a Chairs
Each Forum has a Chair and a Co-Chair who run the proceedings according to
established parliamentary procedures based on the Robert‟s Rules of Order. Their primary task is
to maintain the order and the flow of the debate. They will declare opening and closing of each
meeting, conduct discussions, assign the right to speak and put all questions, motions and
resolutions to vote.

The Chair decides on various objections, considerations, penalties for delegates of


misconduct, motions on the floor, and setting the general tone of the debate. They are expected
to be keen observers of the dynamics of the meetings, and enforce the rules and procedures with
impartiality. Delegates are permitted to appeal against a Chair‟s decision, only on either a
general consensus, or with a two-thirds majority vote in the committee. The Chair/Co-Chair has
the authority to change any rules and/or procedures after consultation with the Secretary General
or Deputy Secretary General.

Role of Delegates
Each and every delegate is expected to come completely prepared for the conference, in
proper, formal attire, and follow the conference code of conduct. The delegates have to
thoroughly research each issue and the country assigned to them. They should be well prepared
on the policies of their country. The delegates are expected to be updated with the current events
and develop an understanding of issues beyond their assigned field. The delegates should have a
broad knowledge and specific expertise in the committee assigned. The delegates are to work in
a friendly and open manner to reach a consensus on contentious issues. It is the delegate‟s
responsibility to act professional and diplomatic.

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section 3
conference preparation

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section 3 - conference preparation


country foreign policies

Formulation a Position
Formulating a position is an integral part of the Model United Nations because delegates are
expected to follow these positions based the policies of each individual country. In order to
formulate a position on an issue, a delegate needs to:

1. Research on the political, economic and social conditions of each individual country
2. Research on the neighbors and a country‟s relations with its neighbors, economic or
military alliances, and other major treaties signed by individual country‟s governments
3. Research on a brief history of the country and retain background information on the
country, and major domestic and international issues involving your country, and its
stance on the respective issue
4. Research and retain key points, opinions and other important information from speeches
and interviews of their country‟s leaders to use as references during the course of the
conference.

Each country has a definite foreign policy on issues that affect it. Only if a delegate has
researched efficiently and sufficiently on the country and its positions on various issues, he/she
will be able to write, debate and defend the country, and pass resolutions that would solve the
issues at hand.

Foreign Policy Statement

What is a Foreign Policy Statement?


A Foreign Policy Statement is a sheet of factual and analytical information collected and
written by the delegates, which sketches a country‟s position over a certain issue of the
respective committee. Each delegate is recommended to write a Foreign Policy Statement. Each
FPS should not be more than a page and not over one minute long.

Why write a Foreign Policy Statement?


Writing a policy statement serves three primary purposes. Firstly, it allows the delegate
an excellent opportunity to think about his/her policy further in depth. Secondly, if a delegate is
thorough on two of the four issues, but is asked on his/her country‟s policy on the third issue, the
FPS will remain as a reference guide. Additionally, it acts as an outline for each delegate‟s
Opening Speech and for the resolution. Delegates are encouraged to write one FPS for each
issue, totaling four FPS. However, one FPS that touches upon all four issues is also acceptable.
Please remember that an FPS is different from an Opening Speech.

How to write a Foreign Policy Statement?


An FPS should include

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1. Your country‟s policies with respect to the issue and your countries justification for these
policies;
2. Quotes from your country‟s leaders about the issue;
3. Statistics to back up your country‟s position on the issue;
4. Actions taken by your government with regard to the issue;
5. UN Conventions and resolutions that your country has signed or ratified;
6. UN actions that your country supported or opposed;
7. What your country would like to accomplish in the committee‟s resolution.
It is important that delegates write an FPS properly, as any delegate without a FPS will be poorly
prepared to fully participate in the conference.

Sample Policy Statement


Delegation: United States of America
Committee: First Committee
Question of: Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction
“Any outlaw regime that has ties to terrorist groups or seeks to posses weapons of mass
destruction is a grave danger to the civilized world and will be confronted,” said George W. Bush, the
former President of the USA. The United States has always worked for global peace and security. Even
recently, we as a Member State strongly supported The United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism
Strategy, a resolution that was successfully passed on 8th September 2006. We rigorously maintain our
stockpile under tight security, under the joint responsibility of the Department of Defense (DOD) and the
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), and keep a detailed inventory of our stockpile. The
United States has always been a pioneer in the war against terrorism, and will continue to be so. The USA
will continue to maintain tight security over our WMDs, and continue to keep a meticulous inventory. We
will continue to guide the world to fight against terrorist threats, and will support any and all actions taken
towards the alleviation of terrorism.

Delegate Opening Speech

What is an Opening speech?


An Opening Speech is a speech made by a delegate stating on their country‟s policy. It is
based on the FPS.

Why write an Opening speech?


An Opening Speech allows other delegates to comprehend your country and its stance
better. This speech cannot be more than a minute long. (Security Council varies) All
committees are assigned four different issues to be debated during the three day conference. The
Opening Speech may concentrate on one issue that is of the most importance to the country or
touch upon all the issues

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While making a speech, it is important that the delegates:

1. Refer and acknowledge the Chair, Co-Chair, Secretary and Deputy Secretary-
General and fellow delegates
Examples: Esteemed Chairs and Honorable Delegates
Respected Chairs and Fellow Delegates
2. Speak clearly and loudly
3. Enunciate
4. Maintain constant eye contact with the delegates
5. Stay on topic
6. Refrain from using personal pronouns;
Examples: “The delegate would like to approach the Chair” instead of “I would
like to approach you”
7. Never call another country by its direct name
Examples: Instead of saying “France did not sign it”, one should say, “The
delegation of France has not signed it.”
8. Please do not use a high tone with any member of the forum.

It is important for all delegates to understand and follow these, as this is the basic diplomatic
behavior expected off all members in the conference.

resolutions
What is a Resolution?

A Resolution is the principal element of a MUN Conference, as it forms the basis of the debate.
Resolutions are solutions written by delegates themselves on various issues.

Delegates are encouraged to bring in pre-made draft resolutions. Resolutions should not be
plagiarized from past conferences or actual UN resolutions. Please follow proper resolution
format, including proper punctuation. You are expected to come up with creative solutions for
the issues on the agenda during the conference caucusing session.

The Structure -This does not apply for the Security Council

A resolution has one or two main submitters to the maximum. Main submitters are the
delegates that contribute the most towards the formation of the resolution. These main submitters
are responsible for persuading other delegates and proving to other delegations and delegates that
their resolution will be the most effective in resolving an issue.

Each resolution submitted must have a certain minimum amount of co-submitters. Co-
Submitters are delegates who have read and are willing to support the resolution at hand. These
delegates are supposed to prepare speeches for the resolution and will support and defend it.
During the course of the debate, a Co-submitter may not vote against a resolution; however,
he/she can abstain from voting.

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Once a resolution is completed and edited completely, they have to be turned in to either the
Chair or CO-Chair of the respective committee, who will then review it or accept it in the form it
is, if appropriate and correct. It is important that resolutions are written in the correct format with
correct phrases and punctuations. Remember that resolutions will mostly be considered in order
of submission except in certain exceptional circumstances.

A delegation may submit or Co-Submit only one resolution on a particular issue; the same
delegation cannot be part of another resolution on the same topic. Please be clear on these rules
and restrictions for the submission of a resolution.

There are three main steps in the development of a good resolution. First, the delegates must
recognize and investigate the need for action. Second, they should attempt to find a solution.
Third, delegates must be able to justify their proposed solution.

Resolution Format
(Refer to the sample resolution provided on page 12)
A resolution is only ONE long sentence that has two main sections: the Preambulatory
Clauses and the Operative Clauses. Before the clauses, please note the appropriate heading at the
top of every resolution.

1) On the top left hand corner, at the very top, the committee;
2) Then the question of or the issue at hand should be provided;
3) The delegation of the Main Submitter(s) nation;
4) The delegation of the Co-Submitters nations.

-The Preambulatory Clauses:


These are the clauses that provide the reasoning and justification for the proposed action that will
follow later in the resolution. Each clause constitutes a sentence fragment followed by a comma.

Each preambulatory clause begins by using a present or past participle (suggestions and
examples for clause openings are provided with the sample resolutions on page 11). Refer to the
list on the following page for a few examples. Each introductory word in each point is underlined
and indented.

- The Operative Clauses:


The operative clauses are the statements of plan of action, recommendations, or statements of
concern or condemnation. Each clause is numbered and indented. Each introductory word is
underlined. Each clause ends with a semicolon. Introductory words are usually verbs
(suggestions and examples for clause openings are provided with the sample resolutions on page
11).
The sub-clauses begin with a), b), c), etc.; sub-sub-clauses begin with i), ii), iii), etc.

Points to remember:
Resolutions should be word processed (at least when being debated); (delegates
will have access to computers for printing)

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Accurate in reflecting the views and policies of the country they represent;
Clear and concise, using language that is direct and easily comprehended by all
delegates.
Lines are NOT numbered. (excludes Security Council)

amendments

Once a resolution is being debated on the floor, any and all delegates are permitted to make
amendments to the resolution at hand. These amendments can include
a) the inclusion of a new clause or sub-clause
b) the omission of an already existing clause or sub-clause
c) the addition of a new word, phrase or sentence to a clause or sub-clause
d) the deletion of a word, phrase or sentence from a clause or sub-clause
e) proposing an amendment to the amendment

All delegates will be supplied with a CHEMUN notepad, which has a special provision for
amendments to be submitted.

Sample preambulatory phrases:

Acknowledging Guided by
Affirming Having…
Alarmed by Keeping in mind
Approving Noting
Aware of Noting with…
Believing Observing
Bearing in mind Reaffirming
Concerned Realizing
Condemns Recalling
Confident Recognizing
Congratulating Regretting
Considering Seeking
Contemplating Stressing
Convinced Taking note
Declaring Viewing with…
Deeply concerned Welcoming
Deeply conscious Emphasizing
Deeply convinced Expecting
Deeply disturbed Expressing…
Deeply regretting Fulfilling
Desiring

sample operative clauses


Affirms
Accepts
Adopts Approves

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Appeals Further
Authorizes Invites
Calls Reaffirms
Calls upon Recommends
Condemns Regrets
Congratulates Reminds
Concurs Requests
Declares accordingly Solemnly affirms
Deplores Strongly condemns
Designates Supports
Directs Trusts
Draws the attention Takes notes of
Emphasizes Transmits
Encourages Urges
Endorses

sample resolution
FORUM: GENERAL ASSEMBLY
QUESTION OF: “Strengthening UN Coordination of humanitarian assistance in complex
emergencies”
SUBMITTED BY: United States of America and Austria
CO-SUBMITTED BY: Greece, Italy, Tajikistan, Japan, Canada, Mali, Netherlands, Gabon,
Israel, Ghana, UK, Hungary, France, Belize, Indonesia
The General Assembly,

Reminding all nations of the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights, which recognizes the inherent dignity, equality and inalienable rights of all global citizens,

Reaffirming its Resolution 33/1996 of 25 July 1996, which encourages Governments to work
with UN bodies aimed at improving the coordination and effectiveness of humanitarian assistance,

Noting with satisfaction the past efforts of various relevant UN bodies and nongovernmental
organizations,

Stressing the fact that the United Nations faces significant financial obstacles and is in need of
reform, particularly in the humanitarian realm,

1. Encourages all relevant agencies of the United Nations to collaborate more closely with
countries at the grassroots level to enhance the carrying out of relief efforts;

2. Urges member states to comply with the goals of the UN Department of Humanitarian Affairs
to streamline efforts of humanitarian aid;

3. Requests that all nations develop rapid deployment forces to better enhance the coordination of
relief efforts of humanitarian assistance in complex emergencies;

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4. Calls for the development of a United Nations Trust Fund that encourages voluntary donations
from the private transnational sector to aid in funding the implementation of rapid deployment
forces;

5. Stresses the continuing need for impartial and objective information on the political, economic
and social situations and events of all countries;

6. Calls upon states to respond quickly and generously to consolidated appeals for humanitarian
assistance; and

7. Requests the expansion of preventive actions and assurance of post-conflict assistance through
reconstruction and development achieved by including to but not limited to:
a) Infrastructure such as schools and roads
b) Basic human necessities etc.
------------------------------
Sample resolution adopted from UNAUSA.org

formal and informal debate

speeches
During the course of the conference, delegates will have to encounter various types of
speeches. There are three principal types of speeches

types of speeches

1) Opening Speeches: Opening speech is a speech that is given by each delegate stating
his/her country‟s policy on any of the issues. These speeches could address one of the
four issues or all of them. All delegates have strictly one minute to make this speech.
After the speech, the delegates will yield the floor back to the Chair;

2) Procedural or Formal Speeches: Procedural speeches deal with amendments, and


resolutions. This speech is given by anyone, who, during formal debate, wishes to make a
speech for or against a resolution or amendment. After a delegate gives this speech, he or
she is subject to points of information. After the speech, the delegates will yield the floor
back to the Chair;

3) Substantive or Informal Speeches: Substantive speeches are speeches given after the
time for formal debate has elapsed. This speech is given in order to speak for or against a
resolution only, without being subject to any points of information. After the speech, the
delegates will yield the floor back to the Chair. Informal debate may not always take
place and can be called at the Chair/vice Chair‟s discretion.

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section 4
rules and procedures

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section 4- conference rules and procedures

Rules
Delegates must review the rules before the conference and obey those rules. Rules not
only help carry out effective debates but also provide each country with respect. Failure to follow
the rules will result in consequences, including suspension and eventually dismissal from the
conference.

delegate identification:
Throughout the duration of the conference, delegates are expected to display their
delegate badges provided by CHEMUN. By this, it will help other delegates to identify each
other by the committee and countries, and can enter and move around the school campus without
any difficulty.

parliamentary points:

A point may be asked through the following procedure. When a delegate raises his or her
placard the Chair will ask, “Delegate of -----, to what point do you rise?” The delegate will
answer with either point of information, order, etc. Then the Chair will decide whether to
entertain the point or not.

Point of Personal Privilege


Point of personal privilege refers to personal comfort. All delegates have the right to
request this point if they cannot, either hear another delegate or the chair, cannot read the
amendments on the display board. This point may not deliberately be used to interrupt another
delegate‟s speech. If a delegate feels the need for this point, he or she may raise their placard at
any time of the conference; however, he/she may not speak until recognized by the Chair. Any
points such as bathroom break or water break requests must be requested through a note to the
Chair.

Point of Order

A delegate may only utilize this if he or she feels that another delegate or the Chair has
violated a rule or is not following a procedure of the CHEMUN conference. The delegate may
stand and speak without being recognized by the Chair.

Point of Parliamentary Procedure


A delegate may use this point if he or she has a doubt regarding the procedure or the rules
of the conference. The delegates are not allowed to interrupt a speaker if they have a concern

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regarding this point. A delegate may rise to this point only after the floor has been yielded to the
Chair.

Point of Information
All delegates are allowed to question another delegate regarding a statement made earlier
on by them, or by another primary member of the delegation; however, relating to the topic at
hand or the resolution and amendment at hand. For example, after a delegate has made a speech
for or against a resolution or amendment, and is open to one or multiple points of information,
delegates may ask points of information by raising their placards; however, no delegate is
permitted to speak until and unless recognized by the Chairs. All points of information have to
be asked in the form of a question. For example,
“Does or does not the delegate agree that child prostitution is a violation of the human
rights?”
“What does the delegate have to say about clause 6, sub-clause a?”
“Could the delegate please elaborate on this clause?”

objections
Delegates can object themselves before any motion during the conference when they feel
unnecessary and do not agree with procedure. Objections will usually be used for „directly going
to voting procedure‟ and „extending debate time‟. Any other circumstances when the Chair feels
appropriate, objections will be granted. A delegate may not object motions such as „motions
made in the interest of time‟, „motions regarding voting procedures,‟ and „speeches by
delegates‟.

basic responsibilities of delegates during debate


All delegates are expected to demonstrate respect towards other delegates, Chair and co-
chairs. All delegates are also expected to dress up in formal attire. Clothing such as jeans,
sneakers, t-shirts or caps will NOT be allowed.
When a delegate wishes to speak, they must raise their placards to be recognized by the
chairs. Delegates are to make speeches and ask questions only when granted permission by the
Chair. Failure to speak before being recognized after warning will result in dismissal from the
forum. The delegates are expected to use formal language throughout the conference. Delegates
are also expected to refer to themselves with the third person any time they make speeches or ask
questions, since delegates are not individuals but representatives of the country
Example: “I support this resolution because it effectively covers the issue
and offers the immediate solution as well as long term solution.” – This is
unacceptable

As a gesture and sign of respect, all delegates must stand while speaking.

Under any circumstances, there will not be any direct conversation between two
delegates. The delegates must speak through the chair. Delegates are not to speak against their

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country‟s policies. The Chair is allowed to intervene and correct the situation if they notice a
delegate acting against his country‟s foreign policies. All delegates are expected to research
efficiently and should be able to defend their country.

When delegates wish to share opinions on the issue, delegates are permitted to pass notes
to other delegates through the note passers present in the conference.

note passing
Note passers, who are part of the organization team, will be present in the conference hall
in order to pass notes to and from other delegates. Be sure that these notes contain appropriate
information, queries, opinions or something related to the conference. Please note that all of
these notes are read before being passed on and any inappropriate or irrelevant notes will be
passed on to the chair and the respective delegates will be warned. Note passing will be halted
during all voting procedures.

time limits
The conference takes place in three day duration and therefore, time limits are required
for all procedures.

All debate times are set by the Chair and vice-Chair, depending on the issue at hand.
Usually, debate time for each topic is approximately two hours long. The time limit for
amendments is 10-15 minutes.

CHEMUN conference procedures

Roll Call
At the beginning of each day and after any breaks during the conference, the chair or co-
chair will take roll calls to check the presence of the delegates. When present, delegates are
expected to lift their placards and say, “Present and voting.” If, for any reason, a delegate fails
to answer or be present on time for the conference, they are expected to meet the Chair before
taking their seats.

Opening Speeches & Right to Reply


On the first day of the conference, after the opening ceremony, the committees will start
their sessions. The Chair and co-chairs of each committee will commence roll call and begin the
session with opening speeches of the delegates.

The delegates will make their opening speeches in alphabetical order of their respective
country. The Chair will call out the names of five countries together (does not apply to SC). The
first one will start first, whereas the other four will wait behind the podium for their turn, in the

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respective orders. All delegates need to make sure that their speeches last for no more than one
minute, as after the time has elapsed, the delegate may not speak further. After the five speeches
have been made, any delegate who wishes to make a right to reply may raise their placards and
do so only upon being recognized. Right to reply is a brief, 20-30 seconds speech, comment or
opinion made by another delegate on one of the five speeches made by any of the delegates;
however, it has to relate to the opening speeches. No delegate is permitted to raise a point of
information in this case.

caucusing

During the first day of the conference, after the opening speeches are given, delegates
will be asked to get together and formulate a draft resolution on the issue at hand. Based on these
opening speeches, delegates are required to formulate a group with other allies. They should be
faithful to their country‟s foreign policy all the time. At this point, delegates should discuss
clauses and give and share opinions, and come up with an effective resolution. At the end of the
caucusing time, this resolution should be approved by Chair for grammar check and format. This
does not apply to Security Council Delegates.

resolutions
What is the procedure of submitting a resolution to the Chair?

During the first day of the conference, after the opening speeches, all delegates should be
familiar with the policies of other countries. Therefore, this should facilitate the delegates in
supporting and merging resolutions written during the caucusing session. During this time, all
delegates must format, write their resolutions or find co-submitters, or help others do the same.
This time is for delegates to plan with ally countries about defending or submitting the
resolution. The AISC Library and Computer Lab computers will be available for use.

Once the delegates feel that their resolutions are in the expected form and ready for
submission, they should either give it to the Chair or vice-Chair, who will in turn, read and
suggest structural or format changes only. This does not include changing the ideas expressed in
the resolution. Then the delegates are expected to edit them electronically and then re-submit
them. Then the Chair or vice-Chair will collect it. There will be only three resolutions that will
be collected on the same issue. They will be collected and debated in the order they are
submitted in. The Chair reserves the right to not debating a resolution due to time-constraints.

The actual debate will begin on the second day of the conference. All delegates will be
given a copy of the resolution at hand. The time for the resolution will be set and the house will
come to order. The Chair will call out one of the main submitters to obtain the floor and read the
operative clauses of the resolution. After that, the submitter who is reading it may either yield
the floor to another delegate, or make a 2 minute speech for the resolution. No delegate is
allowed to yield the floor to another delegate more than once at a time. The delegate, who made
the speech for the resolution, will be asked whether he or she is open to any points of
information. If yes, then all delegates may ask a limited amount of points of information;

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however, if not, then the delegate may yield the floor back to the chair. After this, other delegates
may seek the floor to speak for or against the resolution.

Amendments

All delegates are permitted to submit written amendments to the resolution at hand. If a
delegate wishes to do so, he or she may write it on the amendment sheet provided, and may
submit it to the chair. When the chair receives it, the delegate may raise their placard and rise to
a point to propose an amendment and obtain the floor. Upon being recognized, he or she may
obtain the floor and make the amendment, and make a speech reasoning and explaining the
amendment.

If a delegate wishes to make an amendment to an amendment, he or she should follow the


same procedures. Please be sure that an amendment to an amendment will only be permitted by
the Chair, if they feel the need to. Upon voting on the amendment to the amendment, the actual
amendment will be voted upon. Please be aware that no delegate is permitted to abstain from
voting on amendments. (Further details on page 10) Any speeches for or against the amendment
are encouraged.

Informal debate
When the time for formal debate has elapsed, the chair will yield the floor to „Informal
Debate‟, and any delegate who wishes to make speeches for or against the resolution at hand,
may raise their placards and upon recognition, may rise and do so. However, during the course of
Informal Debate, points of information will not be permitted.

When the allotted debate time for an amendment, an amendment to an amendment, or a


resolution has elapsed, they will be put to vote. At this time, no notes will be passed on, and the
floor is yielded to the chair and all delegates are asked to raise their placards either for the
resolution, against it or to abstain from voting. Delegates may not abstain in case of
amendments; however, they may do so in the case of resolutions. All delegates must be aware
that if they have co-submitted a resolution, they are not allowed to vote against it; however, they
may vote for or abstain from voting.

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section 5
security council

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section 5- security council


introductions
The Security Council (SC) functions as the power house of the UN that makes it different
from the other committees. It is composed of five permanent members and 10 other members.
The five permanent members are China, France, the Russian Federation, United Kingdom and
the United States of America. Non-permanent members include Belgium, Burkina Faso, Costa
Rica, Croatia, Indonesia, Italy, Libya, Panama, South Africa, and Vietnam.

procedure
After the Chair of the Council calls the house to order, all members will be invited to read
their 90 second opening speeches, stating their policies. This is the formal debate. All delegates
please note that even the SC delegates have to prepare Foreign Policy Statements and Opening
Speeches. (Please refer to the Conference Preparation section –for further help on writing either)
After the delegates state their policies, the caucusing session will begin, where the
delegates are expected to lobby and merge clauses with one another. Please be aware that this
session will be very brief (about 20 min) for the delegates to gather opinions and support for
their resolutions. The Chair will then call back the meeting, after a recess to begin informal
debate. Once there are clauses at hand, the main submitters are required to read out the clauses.
Each clause will be voted upon individually, and then, the resolution will be formed and voted
upon as a whole. It is up to the Chair to decide if formal or informal debate is necessary. These
clauses will be open for any amendments.

resolutions and clauses


It is suggested that all SC delegates bring in a few clauses to merge with other delegates,
as the lobbying session will be very brief. After the caucusing session, all delegates have to turn
in their clauses, if any, to the Chair. Members can submit amendments and/or new clauses after
the debate has begun during informal debate. No draft resolution will be permitted.
In order for each clause and resolution to pass, a majority of nine votes are required. A
vote against by a permanent members counts as a veto for voting on the resolution or the clause.
Any clause or resolution can be vetoed, but permanent members CANNOT veto procedure
rulings, amendments, or events leading up to the vote on a clause or resolution. If a permanent
member is not happy or displays disapproval of a certain clause, the clause either should be
amended or struck out.

formal debate
During formal debates, there will be no points of information permitted. All delegates
will state their positions through giving a position or opening speech. After this, the chair may or
may not invite rights of replies. This decision is solely left to the chair. These rights of replies
must be used only to comment, state an opinion or rebut another speech, provided that no
speaker is interrupted.

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informal debate
The informal debate takes after the formal debate has been completed. During this,
clauses at hand will be debated. The main submitters may obtain the floor to read their clauses,
and give a speech for the clauses, followed by points of information. Then the flow of the debate
is the same as the other committees. Informal debate time is used to defend their policies and
compromise on issues between members.

motions
Procedural Motions:

These are motions made to alter the activities and their order in the council. These
motions require a minimum of 8 votes (simple majority) in favor of the motion in order to pass.

Substantive Motions:

These are inclusive of everything else and are subject to veto. Motion to define the
property of another motion as procedural or substantive is itself a substantive motion and is
subject to veto (double veto). These motions require a minimum of nine votes in order to pass,
with none of the five permanent members voting against the motion. These motions are
considered in the order they are submitted in, until and unless the council decides to proceed to a
particular motion first.

challenging the Chairs

The Chair may only be challenged on a judgment or an order coming from the Chair
himself, which is not based on the rules. This is not debatable. A ruling challenge is considered
as a procedural motion requiring nine votes to pass. A challenge to the Chairs‟ ruling that would
have a major effect on the committee‟s proceedings would have to be approved by the Secretary
or Deputy Secretary-General before being enforced.

sample security council resolution

Main Submitter:
Co-Submitters:

The Security Council,

Recalling its resolution 1617 (2005) requesting increased cooperation between the International Criminal Police
Organization (Interpol) and the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999) (the “1267 Committee”),

Recalling also the cooperation agreement of 8 July 1997 between the United Nations and Interpol, and the exchange
of letters of 8 December 2005 and 5 January 2006 supplementing the agreement,

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Welcoming the constructive role that Interpol has played to help the 1267 Committee fulfil its mandate, inter alia,
through the creation of the Interpol-United Nations Security Council Special Notices,

Noting that such cooperation with Interpol could also benefit the other sanctions committees established by the
Security Council (the “Committees”), further noting that each committee might come up with its own conclusion in
this regard,

Stressing that Security Council sanctions measures are often implemented under national law, including criminal
law where applicable, and that enhanced cooperation between the United Nations and Interpol would enhance
States‟ enforcement of those laws,

Emphasizing the obligations placed upon all Member States to implement, in


full, the mandatory measures adopted by the Security Council,

1. Requests the Secretary-General to take the necessary steps to increase cooperation between the United Nations
and Interpol in order to provide the Committees with better tools, to fulfil their mandates more effectively, and to
give Member States better optional tools to implement those measures adopted by the
Security Council and monitored by the Committees, as well as similar measures that may be adopted by the Security
Council in the future, particularly the freezing of assets, travel bans, and arms embargoes;

2. Encourages Member States to use the tools offered by Interpol, particularly the I-24/7 global police
communications system, to reinforce the
implementation of such measures and similar measures that may be adopted by the
Security Council in the future;

3. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

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section 6
CHEMUN IV

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admin and chairs Chairs:

Admin: Ajay Raghunath (AISC)


Chair - Security Council
ajay_000222@hotmail.com
Divya Prabhakar (AISC)
Grade: 12
Secretary General
divyaprabhakar28@gmail.com
Grade: 12 Maynica Sachdev (Woodstock)
Experience: Chair - Security Council
CHEMUN 1, delegate of Iraq GA maynicasachdev@woodstock.ac.in
Woodstock MUN, delegate of D.R. Congo UNEP Grade: 12
CHEMUN 2, delegate of USA Security
Council
SPIMUN, delegate of USA Human Rights
CHEMUN 3, Security Council chair Hi Su Kim (AISC)
Chair - General Assembly
Sujata Mahtaney (AISC) hisurain@gmail.com
Conference Manager Grade: 12
sujata.93@gmail.com
Grade: 12 Prashanth Sriharan (AISC)
Experience: Chair - General Assembly
CHEMUN 1, delegate of Cuba ECOSOC technoprash@hotmail.com
Woodstock MUN, delegate of UK Grade: 11
ECOSOC
CHEMUN 2, delegate of USA ECOSOC
SPIMUN, delegate of USA ECOSOC Anurag Padmakumar (Sri
CHEMUN 3, ECOSOC Chair Sankara)
Chair - General Assembly
Krishna Raja (AISC) anuragpadmakumar@gmail.com
Deputy Secretary General Grade: 12
krishnarraja@gmail.com
Grade: 12 Harshini Krishnan (AISC)
Experience: Chair - ECOSOC
CHEMUN 2, delegate of Israel GA
SPIMUN, delegate of Bolivia Environmenal harshini.krishnan@gmail.com
CHEMUN 3, GA chair Grade: 10
THIMUN, delegate of Luxembourg DISEC
S.P.M. Deepak (MCC)
Shweta Patwardhan (AISC) Chair - ECOSOC
Deputy Conference Manager spm_deepak@yahoo.com
soccershweta@gmail.com Grade: 11
Grade: 11
Experience: Harish Raja (AISC)
CHEMUN 2, delegate of Afghanistan DISEC
SPIMUN, delegate of Nicaragua HRC Chair - DISEC
CHEMUN 3, GA chair harish_k_raja@yahoo.com
Grade: 11

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Sasha Bhatnagar (Delhi Public


School) Samvitha Ram (AISC)
Chair - DISEC Chair - Environment Committee
bhatnagar.sasha@gmail.com samvitha101@hotmail.com
Grade: 11 Grade: 10

Sanjay Dasari (AISC) Anuraag Bhal (AES)


Chair - HRC Chair - Environment Committee
sanjay.actor.tomcruise@gmail.com abahl@aes.ac.in
Grade: 12 Grade: 11

Pranshnu Maheshwari (Sishya)


Chair - HRC
pranshu_maheshwari@msn.com
Grade: 12
topics

Security Council
Topic 1: Security Council Reform
Topic 2: The Question of Tibet
Topic 3: Nuclear Proliferation and Disarmament in North Korea
Topic 4: The Situation in Afghanistan

General Assembly
Topic 1: Establishment of a Nuclear-Free Zone in Asia
Topic 2: Combating and Alleviating the Problem of Child Soldiers in War-Stricken Zones
Topic 3: Maintenance of Peace and Stability in the Middle East
Topic 4: Access, Protection, and Freedom of Journalists in Military and Combative Zones

ECOSOC
Topic 1: The Question of Promoting Microcredit Schemes as a means of Combating the
World Poverty/Global Financial Crisis
Topic 2: International Cooperation in Combating the Spread of Epidemics
Topic 3: Employment for Youth in Developing Countries
Topic 4: The Impact of Bio Fuels/ Bio-energy on Environment

DISEC
Topic 1: The question of nuclear facilities in Iran

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Topic 2: Measures to prevent terrorists from obtaining weapons of mass destruction


Topic 3: The question of cyber war by nation states
Topic 4: Reviewing the implementation of global ban on the use of cluster bombs and
landmines

Human Rights Council


Topic 1: Combating human trafficking and improving coordination of efforts against
ggggggggg trafficking
Topic 2: Eliminating the stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS
Topic 3: Question of Human rights violations in conflict-stricken countries
Topic 4: Preventing and eliminating domestic violence against women

Environment Committee
Topic 1: Biodiversity and ecosystem restoration for sustainable development (2010 is
declared the international year of biodiversity)
Topic 2: The question of toxic waste and their disposal
Topic 3: The question of trying to attain more sustainable and efficient forms of producing
energy
Topic 4: The question of threat to human well being from Environmental disasters

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section 7
resources

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section 7 - resources
resources + links

The purpose of this section is to provide the delegates with additional help and support in starting
off and getting information for various issues. We hope that these Internet Sites are helpful.

Below is a list of internet links that are very helpful while conducting research on various issues.

familiarize yourself with the country that you are representing:

A number of standard sources found in documents collections are available for providing the
current information they need.
The Country Profiles provide a very current overview of domestic political and economic
policies for over 160 countries.
http://www.state.gov/www/background_notes/

This site provides an exhaustive source of background information on the social, cultural,
historical, political and economic context in individual countries.
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/cshome.html

This site includes all cultural, historical and statistical information on all countries.
http://www.countryreports.org/

Gathering background information on the assigned issues:


The site below is an official United Nations Press Releases and Meeting Coverage
website which includes up-to-date information about the activities of the UN organizations.
http://www.un.org/apps/pressreleases/

http://unbisnet.un.org/

Global Policy Forum


An EXCELLENT summary of issues at the United Nations.
www.globalpolicy.org

UN Association of the USA


Check out the 'fact sheets' under 'INFORMS'. Summarizes relevant UN resolutions by
issue.
www.unausa.org

Cyberschool Bus
(UN website for MUN Prep). Check out the 'briefing papers', for quick facts.
http://www.un.org/cyberschoolbus/
http://www.un.org/News/ News from the UN on current world issues. www.thimun.org-
THIMUN website.

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