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CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

ADVANCED PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION

SPECIMEN PAPER
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
FOR

GEOGRAPHY

UNIT 2: CLIMATE, ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AND CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

Each item in this test has four suggested answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D). Read each item you are
about to answer and decide which choice is best.

Sample Item

One measure that could be used to reduce vulnerability to hazards is


Sample Answer
(A) cloud seeding
(B) insurance coverage A B C D
(C) provision of aid
(D) timely warning

The best answer to this item is “timely warning”, so answer space (D) has been shaded.

Permitted: Calculator
Geometrical instruments

Copyright © 2009 Caribbean Examinations Council ®.


All rights reserved.

02125011/SPEC 2009
-2-

1. The ratio between incoming solar radiation Item 5 refers to the statement below.
and reflected solar radiation is called
‘It is formed under clear skies at night when
(A) albedo the air in contact with the ground is cooled
(B) scattering by conduction’.
(C) diffused radiation
(D) infra-red radiation 5. The type of fog described above is termed

(A) advection
2. Jet streams are (B) conductive
(C) frontal
(A) air flows which are felt when an (D) radiation
aeroplane takes off from the
runway
(B) light winds which blow out of North 6. Hygroscopic water is soil water that
America
(C) meandering rivers of air blowing (A) cannot be seen
from land to sea (B) cannot be removed by plants
(D) strong winds which blow in the upper (C) is used in hydroponics
atmosphere (D) moves by gravity

3. Which of the following is NOT a feature of 7. A soil textural triangle can be used to show
anticyclones? the proportion of

(A) The circulation is clockwise in the (A) humus, sand, silt, clay
north. (B) humus, loam, silt, clay
(B) The pressure at the centre is usually (C) sand, silt and clay
below 1000 mb. (D) sand and clay
(C) The pressure at the centre is usually
above 1020 mb.
(D) There is a slow descent of air. 8. Which of the following statements about
atmospheric motion is INCORRECT?

4. Which feature deflects moving air as a result (A) Air moves from high to low pressure.
of the earth’s rotation? (B) The deflection of winds increases
towards the poles.
(A) Coriolis force (C) Winds are deflected to the right in
(B) Geostrophic force the Northern Hemisphere.
(C) Jet stream (D) Wind speed is increased by friction.
(D) Pressure gradient

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02125011/SPEC 2009
-3-

9. A temperature inversion in the atmosphere 11. The effects of replacing vegetation with
is a good example of urban structures are higher

(A) absolute stability I. ground temperatures


(B) absolute instability II. transpiration
(C) conditional stability III. relative humidity
(D) conditional instability IV. wind speed

(A) I and II only


10. Global warming is of great concern as it may (B) I and III only
(C) I and IV only
I. cause sea levels to rise (D) II and IV only
II. raise the earth’s temperatures
significantly
III. increase storm activity 12. Which of the following are characteristics of
IV. cause changes in agricultural soils which develop under the tropical
patterns rainforest?

(A) I and II only I. They are formed as a result of


(B) II and III only excessive leaching.
(C) I, II and III only II. Their red colour comes from the
(D) I, II, III, and IV presence of iron oxide.
III. They have a thin humus layer.
IV. The development of horizons is very
weak.

(A) I, II, III only


(B) I, III, IV only
(C) II, III, IV only
(D) I, II, III, and IV

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02125011/SPEC 2009
-4-

Items 13 - 14 refer to the diagram below.

13. The front shown in the diagram above is 14. The rainfall at Station Y can be described as
travelling
(A) light and continuous
(A) South East (B) light and intermittent
(B) South West (C) heavy and continuous
(C) North East (D) heavy and intermittent
(D) North West

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02125011/SPEC 2009
- 5 -

Item 15 refers to the diagram below. 18. ALLof the following are characteristics of
ecotourism EXCEPT it is
State City
(A) a type of urban tourism
(B) not harmful to the environment
(C) intended to support conservation
(D) related to ecological capacity

19. ONEof the characteristics of transnational


corporations is their ability to

(A) avoid competition in the global market


(B) delegate decision making to LEDC’s
(C) reduce operational costs
Built-up area (D) retain profits in markets in LEDC’s

15. The name given to the urban phenomenon


illustrated in the diagram above is 20. W hich o f the follow ing factors have
stimulated the growth of world tourism since
(A) heat budget 1960?
(B) heat island
(C) microclimate I. More leisure time
(D) radiosonde II. More income
III. Cheaper transportation
IV. Longer holidays
16. The The
termterm
‘footloose industries’
‘footloose refers
industries’ to to
refers
(A) I only
(A) high-tech industries located near aa (B) I and II only
shoe factory (C) I, II and IV only
(B) high-tech industries with a lot of (D) I, II, III, and IV
constraints on their location
(C) light industries th atht a tproduce
produce
footwear 21. Which of the following is NOT associated
(D) light industries th at have few with de-industrialization?
constraints on their location
(A) Exhaustion of resources
(B) Increase in costs
17. The location o f hi-tech industries are (C) Overseas competition
influenced by access to (D) Urban congestion

(A) affluent markets


(B) cheap energy sources
(C) good communication
(D) raw materials

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02125011/SPEC 2009
-6-

22. Agricultural intensification results in increased 25. Which of the following factors have greatly
assisted transnational corporations in their
I. agricultural pollution global operations?
II. food output
III. size of the average farm I. Cheap labour force
IV. size of the agricultural labour force II. Government support
III. Large local market
(A) I only IV. Container ships
(B) II and III only
(C) I, II, and III only (A) I only
(D) I, III and IV only (B) I and II only
(C) I, II, and IV only
(D) II, III and IV only
23. Which of the following are challenges to
industrial development in the Caribbean
Region? 26. Which of the following is NOT associated
with the growth of the service sector?
I. Small size of the domestic market
II. Shortage of skilled labour (A) Agglomeration
III. Levels of literacy (B) Globalization
IV. Shortage of local capital (C) Outsourcing
(D) Rationalization
(A) II and III only
(B) II and IV only
(C) I, II and IV only 27. Which of the following BEST describes an
(D) I, II, III and IV informal sector activity?

I. Capital intensive
24. All of the following are associated with cruise II. Family enterprise
ship tourism EXCEPT an increase in III. Labour intensive
IV. Self-employed
(A) craft industries
(B) hotel accommodation (A) II and III only
(C) local transport (B) I, III and IV only
(D) tour guides (C) II, III and IV only
(D) I, II, III and IV

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02125011/SPEC 2009
- 7 -

Items 28 - 29 refer to the graph below.

Net Profit Curves For


— — — — t—— — — — t—— — ' '
' ' '
Crops X and Y

100­
/ —s
!------- CROPX
'w ' 80­
d I------ CROPY
CD
J-


a 60­
B
O
•-C
ss
uo 40­
-
20­

0-
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
Distance from market (km)

28. Based on the data presented in the graph 29. W hat is the margin o f transference for
above, which of the following is true about Crop X?
Crop Y?
(A) 10km
10 km
(A) It hhas higher transport costs than (B)
(B) 20 km
20 km
C
Crop X. (C)
(C) 32 km
32 km
(B) has aa wider
ItIt ha
has margin of
wider margin of cultivation
cultivation (D) 54 km
54 km
than Crop X.
th
(C) It Itis is more bulkybulky
It is more than than
Crop Crop
X. X.
ItIt isis more
(D) It is more profitable
profitable
than than
Crop Crop
X at X at
th
the market.

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02125011/SPEC 2009
- 8 -

Item 30 refers to the diagram below. Items 31 - 32 refer to the development model
below.

100A0

80, ,20 aac>


u 5 Age of mass consumption
a
_oaao /
60 40
_ 4
>■
<
<uu /
■O
■O 3
40 60 o
T5 /
> 2 Preconditions for takeoff
20 , 80 0■
)
J
1 Traditional society______
0 100
100 80 60 40 20 0
Tertiary Time

30. Which o f the distribution, I, II, III or IV, 31. The name o f the model o f development
below represents the structure of the economy shown below is
ofP above?
(A) core-periphery
I II III IV (B) cumulative-causation
(C) Friedman’s
Primary 23 52 46 78 (D) Rostow’s

Secondary 46 21 31 21
32. The stage indicated by the number 4 is
Tertiary 31 27 23 23
(A) a drive to maturity
(B) industrial economy
(A) I (C) post industrial
(B) II (D) take off
(C) [II
(D) [V
33. Which of the following models discusses the
concept of trickle down effects?

(A) Butler’s
(B) Myrdal’s
(C) Rostow’s
(D) Von Thunen’s

34. Which of the following is based on the cost


of a standard food basket?

(A) Absolute poverty


(B) Human Development Index
(C) Poverty line
(D) Purchasing Power Parity

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02125011/SPEC 2009
-9-

35. The measurement of gross national product 39. Which of the following are constraints on
(GNP) includes sustainable development in Caribbean small
island developing states (SIDS)?
I. Gross domestic product (GDP)
II. Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) I. Limited land area
III. Income to residents of a country from II. Limited natural resources
abroad III. Small populations
IV. Income of foreign residents investing IV. Vulnerability to natural disasters
in a country
(A) I only
(A) I only (B) I, II and IV only
(B) I and II only (C) I, II and III only
(C) I and III only (D) I, II, III and IV only
(D) I and IV only

40. Compared to the core, which of the following


36. Which of the following indices is NOT used is NOT always true of the periphery?
in the calculation of the Human Development
Index? (A) Fewer jobs
(B) Smaller cities
(A) Infant Mortality Rate (C) Less investment
(B) Life Expectancy (D) Fewer services
(C) Literacy Rate
(D) Purchasing Power Parity
41. Bilateral aid flows from

37. Which of the following is NOT a useful (A) one government to another
measure of development in a country? (B) a non-governmental organization
(NGO) to a receiving country
(A) Total value of goods produced (C) several countries to one country
(B) Life expectancy of the population (D) one country to several countries
(C) Crude death rate
(D) Level of literacy in the society
42. Multilateral aid is channelled through

38. Why is the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) an I. The World Bank
important measure of development? II. Save the Children
III. Doctors Without Borders
I. Infants are the most vulnerable. IV. The IMF
II. It is an indicator of health and
nutrition status. (A) II only
III. It is typical of developing countries. (B) I and IV only
IV. It is indicative of improved living (C) II and III only
standards. (D) III and IV only

(A) I and II only


(B) I and IV only
(C) I, II and III only
(D) I, II and IV only

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02125011/SPEC 2009
- 10 -

Items 43 - 44 refer to the table below.

% POPULATION WITH ACCESS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER

Country Type of 1970 1980 1990 2000


Household

Columbia urban 88 93 87 98
rural 28 73 82 73

Dominican Republic urban 72 85 82 83


rural 14 34 45 70

El Salvador urban 71 67 87 88
rural 20 40 15 61

Honduras urban 99 93 85 97
rural 10 40 48 82

43. In which year was the disparity between urban and rural households in El Salvador GREATEST?

(A) 1970
(B) 1980
(C) 1990
(D) 2000

44. In which country was the disparity between households in urban and rural areas smallest in the year
1980?

(A) Colombia
(B) Dominican Republic
(C) El Salvador
(D) Honduras

45. Using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient, a perfect positive correlation should have a value of

(A) – 1.0
(B) 0
(C) 1.0
(D) 1.5

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02125011/SPEC 2009
Caribbean Examinations Council
Master Data Sheet

Subject: CAPE Geography Unit: 2 Year: 2009 Specimen

Question Module/Syllabus Profile Key Question Module/Syllabus Profile Key


Reference Reference
1 1.1 KC A 31 3.3 KC D
2 1.2 KC D 32 3.3 KC A
3 1.4 KC B 33 3.3 KC B
4 1.2 KC A 34 3.2 KC A
5 1.6 KC D 35 3.2 KC C
6 1.8 KC B 36 3.2 KC A
7 1.11 KC C 37 3.2 KC D
8 1.2 UK D 38 3.9 UK D
9 1.2 UK A 39 3.7 UK C
10 1.5 UK D 40 3.2 UK D
11 1.6 UK C 41 3.7 KC A
12 1.8 UK D 42 3.7 UK B
13 1.4 PS A 43 3.6 PS C
14 1.4 PS A 44 3.8 PS A
15 1.6 PS B 45 3.8 PS C
16 2.3 KC D
17 2.3 KC C
18 2.4 KC A
19 2.6 KC C
20 2.8 UK D
21 2.6 KC D
22 2.6 KC C
23 2.3 UK C
24 2.3 UK B
25 2.3 UK C
26 2.1 UK A
27 2.2 UK C
28 2.2 PS C
29 2.3 PS A
30 2.7 PS C