Sie sind auf Seite 1von 15

Mark

-accumulation of scratches, nicks, chips,and burrs.


Scratch

- Line of damage of any depth and length in the material and results in a cross-
sectional area change caused by contact with other object.
Gouge

- Damage area of any size which results in cross-sectional area.


Crack

- Is a partial fracture or complete break in the material


Dent

- A damage area which is pushed in,with respect to its usual contour.There is no cross
sectional area change in the material,area edges are smooth.
Crease

- a line, mark, or ridge made by or as if by folding a pliable substance


Corrosion

- Deterioration of a metal because of an electrochemical reaction with its environment.


Depending on the type of corrosion, this deterioration may take the form cracking,
exfoliation, or erosion of the corroding material. Corrosion damage is typically
classified as light, moderate, or severe,depending on the extent of the corrosion and
the loading requirements of the corroded part. Aircraft-specific structural manuals
should be consulted for the correct classification of corrosiondamage on a given part.
Abrasion

- A damaged area that is the result of scuffing, rubbing, scraping, or other surface
erosion. This type of damage is usually rough and has an irregular shape.
Nick

- Broken edges without cracks, but with portions of material removed. Negligible
damage limits will vary with structure, material, and loading.
Crazing

- is the phenomenon that produces a network of fine cracks on the surface of a


material, for example in a glaze layer. Crazing frequently precedes fracture in some
glassy thermoplastic polymers.
Delamination

- Separation of the layers of material in a laminate, either local or covering a wide area,
that occurs during manufacturing or in service. Fiber-reinforced and composites may
delaminate when impacted and not exhibit visible damage.
Distorsion

- Distortion is the unexpected, uneven change in size or shape caused by dissimilarities


in manufacturing and heat treatment processes. Distortion is affected by material
properties, part geometry, the size of the component and the most importantly the
residual stress state of the component.
Disbond

- An area within a bonded interface between two adherents in which an adhesion


failure or separation has occurred. If the separation is performed deliberately to
referred to as a debond.
Burn Marks (Lightning Strikes)

- can be identified by damage to the airplane’s structure, such as melt through, resistive
heating, pitting to structure, burn indications around fasteners, and even missing
structure at the airplane’s extremities, such as the vertical stabilizer, wing tips, and
horizontal stabilizer edges .Airplane structure can also be crushed by the shock waves
present during the lightning strike