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DETAIL DESIGN

BASE REPORT
Name of Project: - Retrofitting & Vertical
Expansion of Trauma Centre C-Block at
Shajapur (M.P.)

Submitted to: - PIU PWD BHOPAL (M.P.)

DESIGN CONSULTANT
APOORV SHARDA
STRUCTURE CONSULTANT
14-A, MAHALAXMI NAGAR
INDORE (M.P)


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List of Contents
1. Scope
2. Codes, Regulations, Specifications and Standards
2.1 Analysis & Design
2.1.1 Loads
2.1.2 Concrete Design
2.1.3 Foundation Design
3. Materials of Construction
4. Design Loads
4.1 General
4.2 Dead Loads (D)
5. Live Loads (L)
5.1 General
5.1.1 Live Loads on different structures/buildings
6. Seismic Loads (S)
7. Load Combinations
7.1 General
7.2 Load Factors and Combinations
8. Concrete Structures – Design
8.1 General
8.2 Foundations
8.3 Concrete Grade
8.4 Reinforcement Bars
8.5 Allowable Deflections for concrete buildings
8.6 Slab Design calculation
8.7 Retrofitting & Strengthening

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1 Scope
The engineering design basis defines the minimum design criteria that shall form the
basis for carrying out detailed civil, architectural and structural design of all structures

This document also includes the design criteria that shall form the basis for carrying out
design

This document shall be read in conjunction with technical specifications and scope of
works

This specification describes the materials, loads, design requirements and methods to be
used for design of structures / buildings as described below:

2 Codes, Regulations, Specifications and Standards


Following technical specifications shall be referred along with this design basis.

2.1 Analysis & Design: - Stage 1 elastic analysis.

2.1.1 Loads:

IS 875 : Part Code of practice for design loads ( other than earthquakes) for buildings
1: 1987 & structures ,Part 1 – Dead loads
IS 875 : Part Code of practice for design loads ( other than earthquakes) for buildings
2 : 1987 & structures ,Part II – Imposed loads
IS 1893: -
1984- Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures
1984
Part 1, 2002– Code of practice for earthquake resistant design of
- Pt I , 2002
structures – General Provisions & buildings
Part IV, 2005- Code of practice for earthquake resistant design of
- Pt II , 2005
structures –Industrial structures including stack like structures.
IS 4326 Code of practice for earthquake resistant design and construction of
:1993 buildings.

2.1.2 Concrete Design:

IS 456 – 2000 Plain & Reinforced Concrete - Code of practice


SP 16: Design Aids to IS 456
Ductile detailing of Reinforced Concrete Structures subjected to
IS 13920 :1993
Seismic Forces – Code of Practice

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2.1.3 Foundation Design:

Code of practice for design & construction of shallow foundations


IS 1080 :1985
in soil
Code of practice for design & construction of foundations in soil
IS 1904 :1986
general requirements
IS 2950, Part 1 Code of practice for design & construction of raft Foundations,
1981 Part I - Design

3 Materials of Construction
The materials used for construction shall be strictly as per the relevant technical
specifications and as per the relevant I.S. Codes & specifications.

4 Design Loads

4.1 General
4.1.1 Structures shall be designed to have sufficient structural capacity and integrity to
resist safely and effectively all loads and effects of load combinations that may
reasonably be expected.

4.1.2 The design loads used for the structures, buildings and foundations shall conform to
the requirements of the governing codes and specifications. As a minimum the design
loads shall include dead load, operating loads, live load, rain load, wind load and seismic
load.

4.1.3 The units to be used for design and drawings are SI units.

4.2 Dead Loads (D)

4.2.1 Dead load comprises of the weight of all permanent construction as per
architectural drawings.

Dead loads (D) shall consist of total load due to the structure which transfer to the
foundation, dead loads shall also contain the weight of the soil immediately above the
foundation

Weight of the structure: The self-weight of the structure shall be calculated based on the
following unit weights of the structure:

Items Unit Weight (kN/m3)


Steel 78.5 KN/M3
RCC 25 KN/M3

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PCC 24 KN/M3
Water 10 KN/M3
Soil (Dry Earth) 18 KN/M3
Brick Masonry 20 KN/M3

Computation of Dead Load:

 Slab Load- 100 mm thick slab. (0.100x25= 2.5 KN/M2)


 Slab Load- 110 mm thick slab. (0.110x25= 2.75 KN/M2)
 Slab Load- 125 mm thick slab. (0.125x25= 3.125 KN/M2)
 Slab Load- 150 mm thick slab. (0.15x25= 3.75 KN/M2)
 Floor Finish Load -1.5 TO 2 KN/M2
 Wall Load- 200 mm Thick Wall (3.2x0.2x20=12.8≈13 KN/M2)
 Wall Load- 200 mm Thick parapet wall (1x0.2x20= 4.0 KN/M2)
 Wall Load- 300 mm Thick Wall (3.1x0.3x20=18.6≈19 KN/M2)

5 Live Loads (L)

5.1 General
5.1.1 Live loads (L) shall consist of loads due to the intended use and occupancy of the
structure. Minimum live loads due to use and occupancy shall be as follows, unless
otherwise specified on process / assignment drawings. Reduction in Live load shall be per
Cl 3.2 of IS: 875 – Part II.

AREA UNIFORM LOAD (KN/M2)


WARD 2 KN/M2
PASSAGE 4 KN/M2
OFFICE 3 KN/M2
MEETING RM. 2.5 KN/M2
TERRES 1.5 KN/M2

6 Seismic Loads (S)


6.1 Categorisation of Structures shall be classified into the following four categories.
 Category -I
 Category - II
 Category - III
 Category - IV

6.2 Seismic load (S) induced on structures, buildings, equipment’s, and foundations shall
be calculated in accordance of the requirements the IS standard as mentioned in Section
2.

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6.3 Factors for the calculation of the seismic loading, i.e. seismic zone, soil profile, etc.
shall be as per Geotechnical Investigation and in accordance with the requirements of the
IS standard as mentioned in Section 2.

6.4 Basic Seismic Loading parameters:


Seismic Zone – II,
Factor Considered, Z = 0.10, RF 5, I 1.5, SS 2, ST 1
Design horizontal seismic coefficient, Ref. Cl 6.4.2, IS 1893: 2002
The Fundamental natural period shall be as per, Ref. Cl 7.6, IS 1893: 2002
For percentage of live load to be considered during seismic action for load evaluation,
Ref
Table 8, IS 1893, Pt 1, 2002.
The seismic base shear VB = Ah* W

7 Load Combinations

7.1 General
7.1.1 Structures, buildings and foundations shall be designed for all individual load cases
and the various load combinations that may act together.

7.1.2 Load combinations using Working Stress Design or Limit State Design shall be as
per the requirements of the IS standard as mentioned in Section 2.

7.2 Load Factors and Combinations


7.2.1 Load notations shall be as follows:

D – Dead Load
L – Live / Imposed Load
S – Seismic / Earthquake Load

7.2.2 Strength load combinations for buildings with or without equipment shall be as per
IS: 456-2000.
 1.5*D + 1.5*L
 1.5*D + 1.5*S
 0.9*D + 1.5*S
 1.2*D + 1.2*L + 1.2*S

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7.2.3 Service load combinations for general buildings shall be as per IS: 456-2000.
 1.0*D + 1.0*L
 1.0*D + 1.0*S
 1.0*D + 0.8*L+ 0.8*S

8 Concrete Structures – Design

8.1 General
8.1.1 All structures shall be analysed/designed in STAAD PRO and mainly in limit state
as per IS: 456-2000.

8.2 Foundations
8.2.1 All major foundations structures shallow spread foundations or mat/raft foundations
shall be designed for SBC specified in soil report. Design calculations are attached with.

8.3 Concrete Grade


The minimum M20 grade of reinforced cement concrete shall be used for all structures
and foundations

Plain cement concrete (PCC) of grade M10 (nominal mix) of minimum 100 mm
thickness shall be provided under all masonry wall foundations.

8.4 Reinforcement Bars


High strength deformed steel bars of grade Fe 415- corrosion resistant conforming to IS:
1786 shall be used.

8.5 Allowable Deflections for concrete buildings


8.5.1 The deflections of the structures and buildings based on the worst load combination
shall be limited to an acceptable level as defined below.

8.5.2 Deflections in concrete structures shall be limited by adherence to the limits on


span/depth ratio for beams, slabs & length/lateral dimensions for columns as specified in
IS: 456.

Calculated vertical deflections for structural members shall not exceed the following:

For concrete structures (Ref. Cl 23.2.1 of IS 456: 2000):

(a) For cantilever beams 7

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(b) For simply supported beams 20

(c) For continuous beams 26

8.5.3 Total vertical deflection due to all loads including the effects of temperature, creep
& shrinkage = Span/250

8.5.4 The calculated lateral deflections due to load combinations for building shall not
exceed the following:

(a) Occupied buildings = h/250

(b) Wall stanchions = h/350 or 20 mm whichever is less

8.6 Slab design calculation

SLAB DESIGN TYPE S1 TWO WAY


DATA AVAILABLE LOAD CALCULATION & CALCULATION
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fck = 20 N/mm Self Wt. FF LL
b = 1000 mm W 3.75 1.25 4
D = 150 mm L = 4.5 M
d = 130 mm Factor = 10
Cover = 20 mm Astmin = 180 mm2
Mulim = 0.138 fck bd² Mu = 1.5WL²/10
Mulim = 62100000 N-mm Mu = 27.34 Kn-m
62.1 Kn-m OK
Therefore, From SP-16 ; provide 10 ф @ 125 c/c both way

8.8 Retrofitting & Strengthening


8.1.1 Existing structure be analysed Flitch beam method and determine the
capacity of composite section.