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Taller de movimiento en 2D

(para entregar en parejas el 1 abril de 2019)


1. At t = 0, a particle leaves the origin with a velocity of 9.0 m/s in the positive y direction and moves in
the xy plane with a constant acceleration of 2.0i 4.0j m/s 2 . At the instant the x coordinate of the
particle is 15 m, what is the speed of the particle?
a. 10 m/s
b. 16 m/s
c. 12 m/s
d. 14 m/s
e. 26 m/s

2. A particle leaves the origin with a velocity of 7.2 m/s in the positive y direction and moves in the xy
plane with a constant acceleration of (3.0i – 2.0j) m/s2. At the instant the particle moves back across the
x axis (y = 0), what is the value of its x coordinate?
a. 65 m
b. 91 m
c. 54 m
d. 78 m
e. 86 m

3. At t = 0, a particle leaves the origin with a velocity of 5.0 m/s in the positive y direction. Its acceleration
is given by a = (3.0i – 2.0j) m/s2. At the instant the particle reaches its maximum y coordinate how far is
the particle from the origin?
a. 11 m
b. 16 m
c. 22 m
d. 29 m
e. 19 m

4. A particle moves in the xy plane with a constant acceleration given by a  4.0jm/s 2 . At t = 0, its
position and velocity are 10i m and (–2.0i + 8.0 j) m/s, respectively. What is the distance from the
origin to the particle at t = 2.0 s?
a. 6.4 m
b. 10 m
c. 8.9 m
d. 2.0 m
e. 6.2 m

5. The initial speed of a cannon ball is 0.20 km/s. If the ball is to strike a target that is at a horizontal
distance of 3.0 km from the cannon, what is the minimum time of flight for the ball?
a. 16 s
b. 21 s
c. 24 s
d. 14 s
e. 19 s
6. A ball is thrown horizontally from the top of a building 0.10 km high. The ball strikes the ground at a
point 65 m horizontally away from and below the point of release. What is the speed of the ball just
before it strikes the ground?
a. 43 m/s
b. 47 m/s
c. 39 m/s
d. 36 m/s
e. 14 m/s

7. A baseball is hit at ground level. The ball is observed to reach its maximum height above ground level
3.0 s after being hit. And 2.5 s after reaching this maximum height, the ball is observed to barely clear a
fence that is 97.5 m from where it was hit. How high is the fence?
a. 8.2 m
b. 15.8 m
c. 13.4 m
d. 11.0 m
e. 4.9 m

8. A rock is projected from the edge of the top of a building with an initial velocity of 12.2 m/s at an angle
of 53 above the horizontal. The rock strikes the ground a horizontal distance of 25 m from the base of
the building. Assume that the ground is level and that the side of the building is vertical. How tall is
the building?
a. 25.3 m
b. 29.6 m
c. 27.4 m
d. 23.6 m
e. 18.9 m

9. A rifle is aimed horizontally at the center of a large target 60 m away. The initial speed of the bullet is
240 m/s. What is the distance from the center of the target to the point where the bullet strikes the
target?
a. 48 cm
b. 17 cm
c. 31 cm
d. 69 cm
e. 52 cm

10. A rock is thrown from the edge of the top of a 100 m tall building at some unknown angle above the
horizontal. The rock strikes the ground a horizontal distance of 160 m from the base of the building 5.0
s after being thrown. Assume that the ground is level and that the side of the building is vertical.
Determine the speed with which the rock was thrown.
a. 72 m/s
b. 77 m/s
c. 68 m/s
d. 82 m/s
e. 87 m/s