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}ffics Msrre lurra UNITED *, LrrI""bS GOVERI\TMEhTT

TO :4. H. Be DATE: Janr"rary 5 r }y 51"

Tolson
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l:'A$ilI S T* ll$ T{kSKI ACT::[ I/T TTm$ 01avln_
cH. YIIGOSIAV T ],fi,{l_ G}iltT,I T5 T0 l"i . .,",$ *
Nlchole_

I}ITT:]RhIAI SHCTIII TY C ]III Rosen

TraoY-*---
Bureau und.ertalce no aetj.ve
Hsbo----
To propose (1) that the k
investigation of Yugosl-a.v immigrants and displaced pgrFons r.rlro [I;;-
have been menbers of or associaterd wlth the Fascist $!.1p$"i. Neaae___
elements in World i'Var I1 unless thelr actlvltles after arriving *dy--.
in the Unj-ted $tates appear to be inir:-lcal to the jnternal securi.ty'
(2) That such allegations regarding Wor"ld War I1 Ustashi activitie" l{'rr*}-#, t44
abrpad W Yugoslav immigrants be referred to INS for suoh action ----+l
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as is deeneecl advj-sab1e with ttre comment ihat the Bureau contemplates k"l$--""i
no i:ir.estigatton unless subsequent inforrnation ind.icates i;he f, \
subjectt s actlvities after arriving in the United States appear to ,.tr6*d*
be jninieal to the internal security. t. {t"\ .Xr.,'
d .\" i,. 1f
s=5snssi. tI cLJ#'M
t',.f"ry i/'r
The well--ls-1own antagonisn b etween the Serbians and Crrcatiart- I tk"J
$Fs is based on politieal and ysli grous Ciffe:"ences which ant'eceder 1
W
Sffi* ffi
Siorl-d T[ar IT by niany years. fn invading Crrratia: where a puppel,
w I*-S t4r**?r* Government was set u"p unCer Ante Pa,veltch the Gerrre.ns exploi-ted- the
ffi$ t*$**- age-old desire of C::oatia for a separate state and in retum the
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Croats forrned a mi.Iita,r;rr licrce kriovm as the Llstashi ',vl:ich jcined in
the ,rar againsi, ltiissia.
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The anti-Comnrunj.st Sierbian Chetniks, under Draaa Mikhailovlch,
at the same tirne were fightin5q the Gerrm.n jnvaders who had set rip a
€ Fls
\$ffi ry4 puppet state in $erbia under General Mij"a.n l{,edieh. Thus the Crnatian
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Ustashi and the Serbian Chetniks were throun into the war agai.nst
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^nar. ^+h^- -,i+]- the forces of General \leciich zupporting the Ustashi.
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-- gqvl! V VlIg I t Ytf Vll Ullg M V9, VI UvI{9tsJ :'i v\4rv.r * ?'
".t" ""
L&.1 fs*$
ffit* .r,
t l't ani other anri-Gert:an elercents in Yugosl-at'-ia
at\F
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The 3o:::.'r':;r:ist
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ff

#:Cl
iorned. ihe Fe,::-"isa::s:ri.er l.aishal- Tito a:d. r;ere accepfed b;'the Al]ies
with the s'apFri,:j :'---ssia;;ith *-:re :'es'-:.it ihat the anti-Comnmnist,
anti-Gennan Che-,;i::s :j ;,ikharlovicir received progressirrely dinfnishing
support frora tlte a-r 'ie'; r,aticns.

lgyl\ii;39ns:
a Yugoslav imnri-grant is alleged to have been a
Thus ub.en
member of or associatecl with ttre ilstash.l it is not eonclusi-ve that he
rras a Fascist, because of the hatred betnreen the $erbs and Croats and
the historj-cal desire of the Croats for a selNirate state, In add-ition
it should be remembered t$at, afte.r Crrratia was occupied. by the Gertnans
l.t became expedient .,W.e*fport
,}t \' thg Gernran pup.pet, goverrment thepp and
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the ustash' forces'. Therefore, in the absence of any additional
infonnatlori indi-cat'ing that afier his arr:ivai-i* tir" united $tates
the lmrn:igra,rtt has engaged in activlties inj-n-i*uf to the lnternal-
security no investi-gation appears warranted merely because h;-
reportedly was affiliated with the Ustashi.
Recommendation r

(l) Thae no active investigation be i-HrCertaken by the


Bnreau' baserj on sueh infornation unless i.t is reported
is enga.g'ed in actj-vities in the TJnited $tates deemed tothat
be
ti:e inunj_grant
subversive
in fiatr-ife *
{2) Instead. of ccnductjng &n investigation
furn"ish to rN$ tne arlegatj_on reeeived concerning thewe should merely
inrnrj-grant to
the effect that during y{crld TFar rr he was a of or a,$ s0 cia'beC
with the Ustashi" with the adrice to rnrs that menrher,
baseci on si-i cI: ini'o rmal tion
no inv"estigation is ccnternplated by this Brl

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