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English Proficiency Test (EPT) Reviewer for

Teacher Applicants
Hoping to be a part of DepEd? Then you will have to undergo screenings, interviews and of course a test! THE
Each year, the Department of Education releases a memorandum on the hiring guidelines and procedures for
all public school teachers in the elementary and high school divisions. Such memorandum states that all
teacher applicants must take the English Proficiency Test— commonly known as EPT.
EPT is administered to applicants by the Bureau of Education Assessment (BEA).
The respective Division Testing Coordinators shall coordinate with BEA regarding the conduct and schedule
of the exam in their division, which should ideally be within December to January.
The total percentage score obtained by an applicant shall be multiplied by the weight points, as follows:
Percentage Score = 82% or 0.82 Weighted Points = 10 for Academic Track and Core Subject applicants = 5 for
TVL, Arts and Design, and Sports track applicants Rating = 0.82 x 10 = 8.2 points for Academic Track and
Core subject applicants = 0.82 x 5 = 4.1 points for TVL, Arts and Design, and Sports track applicants.
10%, though may seem a small part of a hundred percent still matters so it is important to pass the EPT. The
following are the things you should consider when before and when taking the EPT.
Studying for exams can be stressful, especially if you have no idea how to study for a specific subject. English
exams can vary widely depending on the focus of your class, whether it is a composition course, a literature
class, or a more comprehensive humanities class. However, there are some universal strategies that can help
you be successful on exams in English.
Read more here: Tips on Passing the Teachers English Proficiency Test (EPT)
EPT might sound easy to some teachers but remember that it must be taken seriously as even some teachers
who majored English fail too.
English Proficiency Test (EPT) Reviewer
Questions Provided by: Mr. Francis Kenneth Hernandez
Principal 2 at Paliparan III Senior High School
Teacher PH Administrator
DIRECTIONS: This subset measures your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard
written English.
Items 1 – 15 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence, you will see four words or phrases marked A,
B, C, and D. choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentence, then shade the letter corresponding to
your answer in the Answer Sheet.
1. The enterprising daughter who __________ a vast fortune from her super rich and powerful father is going
to Europe to venture into other business deals.
A. Inherit B. inherited C. is inheriting D. was inherited
2. Helium, a new element in the sun, is the ash left __________ atoms of hydrogen are fused in the furnace of
the sun.
A. While B. unless C. when D. until
3. To everybody’s surprise, the captain, looking __________, ease there ahead of all the rest.
A. His best B. at his best C. in his best D. for his best
4. People __________ Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) damage were not necessarily those who had smoked the
longest but those who began smoking at a young age.
A. of worst B. of worse C. within the worse D. within the worst
5. The primordial purpose __________ schooling is ultimately to learn how to learn.
A. In B. for C. of D. at
6. Before the seeds germinated, I did not know what kind of plants they __________.
A. Will be B. would be C. can be D. could be
7. In April 1906, an earthquake never before equaled in violence __________ a part of the United States,
particularly San Francisco, California.
A. Striked B. stroke C. strikes D. struck
8. Ballooning revenue collections, mushrooming infrastructures and expanding transportation and
communication facilities conspicuously manifest the __________ of the city.
A. Speedily growing economy B. Speedy economic growing
C. speedy growing economic D. growing economic speed
9. The latest addition to the year – round regional cultural showcase is the new, state-of-the-art light and sound
museum which __________ the country’s past and its present.
A. Exhibit B. exhibits C. exhibited D. is exhibiting
10. Oral rehydration __________ attempted to replace lost body fluids in the early stages of fever.
A. Is B. would be C. was D. has been
11. It __________ be gleaned from the article that mass media have both positive and negative influence to
A. Would B. could C. must D. might
12. Of all the sports that __________ strong bodies, swimming is the best.
A. Develops B. developed C. develop D. is developing
13. The legalization of divorce, until such time, has been __________ in our society.
A. A hotly-contested issues B. A hotly-contesting issue
C. the hot contested issue D. the hot contesting issue
14. A website is limited __________ you to other websites where you can access for more information and
A. until it is linking B. because it links C. since it linked D. while it link
15. The happy children, __________, paraded in the busy streets in celebration of their school foundation.
A. Majestic costumes B. majestic costumed C. majestically costumes D. majestically costumed

DIRECTIONS: in items 16 – 40, each sentence is divided into four parts mark A, B, C, and D. identify the
one part that must be changed to make the sentence correct. Then shade the letter corresponding to your
answer in the Answer Sheet.
A. Marc Chaggall, a painter,
B. was considered a forefather of the art of surrealism
C. an art on how can be characterized by incongruous imagery
D. produced by unnatural juxtapositions and combinations
A. Since the time the World Wide Fund for nature reported
B. that more than 22 species of wild felines have declining
C. different non-government agencies have given their support
D. to the program that would protect the species
A. The threat of deculturation
B. now hangs over many small ethnic minority
C. that are scattered
D. in the depths of many forests.
A. Unclean water and improper disposal of waste
B. can be carried highly communicable diseases
C. because of their injurious effects
D. to human life
A. Language was brought into the spotlight
B. as a crucial factor
C. for Nigeria’s social, economic and the political future
D. because multilingualism inevitably results in communication problems
A. The failure of tree-planting project was due to the inconsistent reforestation program
B. haphazard community tree-planting schemes, and meddling practices of indifference individuals
C. who reduced the anti-erosion fences
D. just to benefit their pasture land businesses
A. Because of new coffee growers
B. flooding the global market,
C. the official price of a pound of coffee in the United States
D. crashed into $6 in 1977 to 42 cents in 2001.
A. The navy contributes
B. to the protection of the environment and preservation of natural resources
C. by scuttle out cylindrical blocks
D. to serve as artificial reefs.
A. Trinh Xuan Thuan, an astrophysicist from Vietnam
B. wrote The Birth of the Universe: The Big Bang and After, in 1993,
C. a book on how it elucidates
D. the information and evolution of galaxies
A. Susana earned money for her vacation
B. by working in an antique store all summer
C. but the amount was inefficient
D. for all that she needed.
A. The eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in 1991
B. was one of the many misfortunes
C. to wreak havoc
D. in Central Luzon
A. After participating the fertility rites,
B. the childless woman,
C. who was blessed with a healthy baby
D. experienced a blissful and contented life.
A. Media produce
B. a sociology phenomenon
C. such as psychological, moral, and academic confusion
D. about the present culture.
A. Concentrating on the physical intricacies
B. of different pose of the body
C. forced one to filter out
D. physiological anxieties
A. Any nation
B. that aspires to elevate morality
C. will have difficulty
D. stamp out prostitution
A. He is living in this country
B. ever since he came
C. but he makes no
D. attempt to speak our language
A. Some doubt about the state of truth of those who do not share their faith,
B. but they leniently tolerate the situation
C. even if they are hinder
D. the motives of others.
A. Human beings
B. have this natural inclination
C. for fending off lonely, exile, and death
D. by dressing up the passing moment as a miracle
A. Costing more than $40 million and grossing $20 million in the first two weeks,
B. Pinocchio is one of the most expensive film
C. Made in Italy
D. To help put Rome back to the filmmakers’ maps
A. Oil prices have shaping the world economy for many years
B. but the emergence of the New Economy and the rise of service industries
C. have supposedly made oil
D. increasingly less vital to economic growth.

DIRECTIONS: In this subtest you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several questions
about it. For items 1-50, you are to choose the one best answer, A, B, C, and D, to each question. Then blacken
the circle that corresponds to the letter of your choice in the Answer Sheet. Answer all questions following a
passage on the basis of what is started or implied in that passage.
Selection A (Items 1 – 8)
1. One reason that so many people fail is that they lack confidence in themselves. If you think of yourself
as being unworthy of great achievement, you will never achieve greatness. If, on the other hand, you
know yourself and understand what your abilities are, and if then you are determined to accomplish
everything of which you are capable, you will then realize all your possibilities and gain confidence in
2. One of the surest ways to accomplish this is for you to associate with persons who have really achieved
greatness. It is impossible, however, for most people to come frequently into the actual presence of the
great. The next best thing, perhaps, is for you to spend part of your time in reading about great
achievers. Biography is a powerful stimulant to action.
3. But these processes will not work unless you rid yourself of a sense of inferiority and determine to do
the best that you possibly can. One of the great philosophers expressed the idea in a single sentence
when he said that each individual should hitch his wagon to a star.
1. What is the main idea of the selection?
A. Self-confidence is hard to achieve
B. Many people suffer from an inferiority complex
C. Knowing oneself leads to great achievement in life.
D. Self-confidence is the key factor in achieving success in life.
2. Which paragraph/s gives/give specific suggestions on how to develop confidence in oneself?
A. Paragraph 1
B. Paragraph 2
C. Paragraph 1 to 3
D. Paragraph 2 and 3
3. What word is synonymous or closest in meaning to the word “hitch” as used in the last sentence of the
A. Drive
B. fasten
C. detach
D. remove
4. Successful people are different from those who are not because they
A. work hard at having faith in their abilities.
B. Persevere to achieve greatness.
C. Hesitate to take risk by themselves.
D. Disregard the opinions of others.
5. What does the saying “Each individual should hitch his wagon to a start” mean?
A. One should try to fulfill all his ambitions in life.
B. A person should emulate his ideal person.
C. A person should aim as high as he could reach.
D. One should wish upon a star to make his dreams come true.
6. What literary technique was used by the writer in presenting his ideas?
A. Narration
B. Detailed analysis
C. Comparing ideas
D. Giving suggestions
7. According to the author, what is one of surest ways to achieve self-confidence?
A. Read lots of informative books
B. Deal with people who have achieved greatness
C. Befriend people who are self-sufficient
D. Develop a strong and independent personality
8. Based on the selection, what conclusion may be drawn?
A. Confidence in oneself is crucial in achieving success.
B. Associating with well-known individuals is enough to propel one to succeed.
C. Reading the biographies of great people is essential for one to become successful.
D. Confidence in the ability of others is needed to boost one’s chances of succeeding.
Selection B (19 – 15)
1. Asia’s new generation of kids has more than just youth in common. Whether in Manila, Hongkong,
Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Jakarta or Tokyo, whether rich or poor, urban or rural, delinquent or not,
Asia’s youngsters share many things. They go to schools, sing-along bars, fast food outlets, rock
concert and rallies. They are dressed in wild costumes of screaming colors or black, leather jackets,
outsized t-shirts and candy-colored sneakers.
2. In Manila, they are particularly called “bagets”. Their pursuits, though seemingly inane are innocent –
singing-along with the gang at the malls, sharing cheeseburgers and sodas or cruising the commercial
center of Cubao and Makati.
3. In Bangkok, they will wander about the Siam Shopping Center, in Singapore, in the Shopping
complexes of Orchard Road. They are kids of Asia’s great cities, avant-garde, rebellious, modernized.
They are exposed to imported television that usher in international values.
4. In Hongkong, the kids have been described as precocious, world-wise, and materialistic, governed less
by teachers and parents than by the omnipresent television. Peer group influence is great. Their
trademarks are smoking, foul language, bizarre and attention-getting appearance, and rude mannerisms.
5. In Japan, they look like different race to the old generation. There is rising drug abuse, sexual freedom,
crime and homosexuality among the youth. There’s less respect given to parents and to the aged.
6. Such attitudes may have been developed due to persistent exposure to westernized lifestyle, but beneath
their modern image, many of Asia’s kid still hold traditional values. They still dream and that is good.
Most are still more family-oriented. Some are more resilient and they seem to be able to cope better
with their problems.
7. These, in a nutshell, are Asia’s kids.

9. The selection is about Asia’s

A. lost generation B. delinquent youth C. urbanized society
D. new generation of youth
10. it can be inferred from the selection that Asia’s youth
A. have senseless pursuits.
B. share many common goals.
C. have been influenced by western culture.
D. have varied dreams and ambitions.
11. What is worth observing and good about the youth beneath the modern image and westernized lifestyle?
A. The youth are still the easy-go-lucky type
B. Many of them still believe in traditional values
C. They share a common character as influenced by the media.
D. The values of the new generation have been modified by modernization.
12. When the author said that Asian youth are avant-garde, it means that they
A. Are behind the times
B. Have old-fashioned thoughts
C. are promiscuous and stubborn
D. practice new and experimental ideas
13. What conclusion can be drawn out of the selection?
A. Peers are just companions, they don’t influence others.
B. Print and broadcast media have a great influence on the youth.
C. Discipline at home has nothing to do with the character of the youth today.
D. Character is hereditary, the environment has nothing to do with what was become of the youth
14. If the youth are exposed to too much western television they will likely
A. Develop foreign values and forget traditional ones.
B. Become complacent and indifferent.
C. Become aggressive and violent
D. Develop an independent mind.
15. What literary technique was used by the author in writing the selection?
A. Comparing
B. Describing
C. Making a profile
D. Narrating events
Selection C (Items 16 – 22)
1. In the year 1799, an officer of the French Army was stationed in a small fortress on the Rosetta River, a
mouth of the Nile, near Alexander, Egypt. He was interested in the ruins of the ancient Egyptian
civilization, and had seen the sphinx and the pyramids, those mysterious structures that were erected by
men of another era.
2. One day, as a trench was being dug, he found a piece of black slate on which letters had been carved.
He had studied Greek in school, and knew this was as inscription written in that language. There were
two more lines carved into the stone: one in the Egyptian characters he had seen on the ruins, the other
in completely unfamiliar characters.
3. The officer realized the importance of such a find, and relinquished it to scholars who had been
puzzling over Egyptian inscriptions.
4. In 1802, a French professor by the name of Champollion began studying the stone in an attempt to
decipher the two unknown sets of characters using the Greek letters as a key. He worked with the stone
for over 20 years, and in 1823, announced that he had discovered the meaning of the fourteen signs, and
in doing so, had unlocked the secret of ancient Egyptian writing.
5. Some 5000 years after an unknown person had made those three inscriptions, the Rostta Stone became
a key, unlocking the written records of Egypt and sharing the history of that civilization with the rest of
the world.
16. What is the main idea of the selection?
A. French scholars worked hard in studying ancient history.
B. Ancient Egyptians wrote and preserved their history in stones.
C. The discovery of the Rosetta Stone led to a better understanding of the history of Egypt.
D. A French Army officer studied the Rosetta Stone and the inscriptions carved into it.
17. In which country was the Rosetta Stone found?
A. Egypt
B. Greece
C. France
D. Alexandra
18. What word would best describe ancient Egyptians based on the selection?
A. dedicated
B. resourceful
C. wise
D. gifted
19. What might have happened if the Rosetta Stone were not found?
A. Egyptian civilization would have flourished.
B. Ancient Egypt would not have reached the peak of its glory.
C. Ancient Egyptians would not have known of their cultural heritage.
D. Egyptian civilization would not have been fully understood by the modern world.
20. What does the lone sentence in the third paragraph mean?
A. The owner of the Rosetta Stone tried to sell it to scholars.
B. The Egyptian scholars were puzzled by the inscriptions found in the Rosetta Stone.
C. The founder of the Rosetta Stone knew of its value and turned it over to the proper authorities.
D. The officer did not think the Rosetta Stone had much value and therefore gave it away.
21. What literary technique was used by the writer in developing the selection?
A. Detailed analysis
B. Comparison and contrast of ideas
C. Narrative chronological order of events
D. Repetition of important points for emphasis
22. What conclusion may be drawn from the selection?
A. Egypt has a rich civilization dating back to the earliest of times.
B. Egypt has a mysterious culture which remained unknown.
C. Egypt was an ancient country with no significant history.
D. Egypt’s civilization benefited only those in ancient times.
Selection D (Items 23 – 29)
1. The complacent Filipino majority may not have been awakened yet to the reality of a ravaged
environment; nonetheless, the evidence must be overemphasized. Automotive vehicles for one,
reportedly contribute 94.6 million tons of waste released into the air each year; a commuter can only
imagine how polluted the air that gets into his respiratory system is.
2. Pollution experts are inclined to single out man as the culprit of his own destruction. Man, rightly
referred to as a “messy animal,” has helped bring about untold environmental decay.
3. Imperiled by the pollution of air, water and land are not only human lives. The marine species as well
as the flora and fauna are just adversely affected. Mass suicides of fishes and whales have been
witnessed along Australian and American shorelines.
4. The mushrooming of factories and plants along river banks have been largely responsible for the
pollution of the different bodies of water; indiscriminate disposal of industrial waste makes festering
sinks of the rivers. Too much dumpling of industrial waste renders to water stagnant. Many of the rivers
that used to flow along industrial banks can use some dredging. And yet what good will dredging of a
river do if in no time at all it will serve again as a dumping basin? The initiative has to come from the
factory owners.
5. A great number of scientists like o think that new technology can be called upon to check the
impending pollution disaster, others are of the opinion that fewer births and less gadgetry may yet
provide the answer to the devastating dilemma. It cannot be denied, however, that man’s wasteful ways
call for some measure of discipline.
6. Man’s brutality toward his environment will only lead to his unmarking. It is ironical, indeed, hat he
who was created to have dominion over every living creature on earth should one day be overpowered
by an environment he has helped to pollute. The catastrophe can hopefully still be averted.
23. What does the selection generally urge man to realize?
A. The threat of environmental pollution to each country
B. The necessity of taking immediate steps to solve the pollution problem
C. The scope of the problem of environmental pollution
D. The steps to take in checking the impending pollution disaster
24. The phrase “mushrooming of factories” are used in the fourth paragraph of the selection refers to factories
which are
A. built
B. destroyed
C. maintained
D. abandoned
25. In what part of the selection can you read of the ways we can prevent pollution?
A. First paragraph
B. Fourth paragraph
C. Fifth paragraph
D. Last paragraph
26. Who is referred to in the phrase “a messy animal” in the second paragraph of the selection?
A. Fishes and whales
B. Flora and fauna
C. Scientist
D. Man
27. What is implied in the last paragraph of the selection/
A. Man failed to realize the seriousness of the pollution problem.
B. Pollution, if unchecked, can bring about the destruction of man.
C. Man does not deserve to be the master of His creation.
D. There is no need to be alarmed of the pollution problem.
28. What would be the likely outcome if we continue polluting our environment?
A. Man will be destroyed by an environment he had polluted.
B. Less births and less gadgetry will save the world from catastrophe.
C. Technology can help check the problem on environmental pollution.
D. Man’s wasteful ways will contribute more to the pollution of the environment.
29. Which of the following statements show a cause and effect relationship?
A. Man’s wasteful ways are a perennial problem.
B. Man’s brutality toward his destruction.
C. The marine species and the flora and fauna are adversely affected.
D. Mass suicide of fishes and whales have been seen along coastlines.

Selection E (Items 30 36)

1. When the women’s liberation movement started, among the man issues raised by feminists was the
relevance of beauty contest. It was felt that the competitions were exploitative and demeaning to
women. It would seem, that the campaign to discourage contest has had so far very limited success.
Certainly there have been achievements. Some competitions were launched which focused more on the
contestants’ talents than their pulchritude.
2. Despite some developments, however, there are very strong indicators that feminist have not really
discouraged the holding of beauty competitions nor the participation of many women who seem to look
upon them as the stepping stone toward glamorous careers like modeling and acting.
3. Every year still sees the birth of many new beauty contest and many women have made a career of
joining every competition. Contestants have displayed the fierce determination one expects to see only
among prizefighters. There was, for instance, this Italian beauty who participated in the Miss Universe
pageant. Eager to make the members of the board of judges notice her and possibly award her the title,
the signorina sashayed across the stage deliberately forgetting whatever it was she was supposed to be
wearing during that portion of the program.
4. While not many women will probably go to the same lengths to get the attention, the fact remains that
the word is still full of ladies of all ages eager to participate in any beauty contest. Thus, new contest are
being launched each year just to accommodate all these women who would like to be known as Miss
Somebody sometime during their lifetime.
30. What is the main idea of the selection?
A. There is stiff competition among beauty contest candidates.
B. Beauty contests have diminished in popularity through the years.
C. There is little relevance in the beauty contest held every year.
D. Beauty contests remain popular among young women in spite of negative reactions sfrom
feminist’s movements.
31. What is meant by the phrase “stepping stone” as used in the second paragraph?
A. A good-luck charm
B. An accessory to one’s attire
C. a bridge to get to the other side
D. an initial step towards one’s goal
32. According to the author, what career do most beauty contestants aspire for?
A. Modeling
B. advertising
C. broadcasting
D. television hosting
33. What is the primary reason why young women all over the world are eager to join beauty contests?
A. To get rich and lead a privileged life
B. To meet more friends around the world
C. To be able to travel to another country
D. To have an opportunity to start a glamorous career
34. One contestant in a beauty pageant deliberately did not wear the proper attire in order to
A. Catch the attention of the judges.
B. Be different from the others.
C. entertain the audience.
D. make fun of herself.
35. The author presented his ideas in the selection by?
A. Narrating
B. describing
C. enumerating details
D. giving examples
36. What does the author mean when he said “ it was felt that the competitions were exploitative and
demeaning to women”?
A. Feminists felt that beauty contests are a waste of precious time to women.
B. Feminists felt that beauty contests were dishonorable and disrespectful to women.
C. The author felt that beauty competitions are a source of pride to women.
D. The author felt that beauty competitions are meaningless and irrelevant.

Selection F (Item 37 – 43)

1. This is a true story of something that happened just a few years ago in a foreign university:
2. There was a professor of philosophy in a school who was a deeply committed atheist. His primary goal
for one required class was to spend the entire semester attempting to prove that God did not exist. His
students were always afraid to argue with him because of his impeccable logic. For twenty years he
taught his subject and no one ever had the courage to go against him. Sure, some argued in class at
times, but no one ever really went against him because of his reputation.
3. At the end of every semester, on the last day, he would say to his class of 30 students, “if there is
anyone here who still believes in God, stand up.” In those twenty years, no one ever stood up. They
knew what he was going to do next. He would say, “Because anyone who believes in God is a fool. If
God existed, he could stop this piece of chalk from hitting the ground and breaking. Such a simple task
to prove that He is God, and yet He can’t do it.”
4. And every year, he would drop the chalk onto the tile floor of the classroom and it would shatter into a
hundred pieces. All of the students would do nothing but to stop and stare. Most of the students thought
indeed that God couldn’t exist.
5. Well, a few years ago there was a freshman who happened to enroll. He had heard the stories about this
professor. He was required to take the class for his major, and he was afraid. But for three months that
semester, he prayed every morning that he would have the courage to stand up, no matter what the
professor said, or what the class thought. Nothing they said could ever shatter his faith.
6. Finally, the day came. The professor said, “If there is anyone here who still believes in God, stand up!”
7. The professor and the class of 30 people looked at him, shocked, as he rose from his seat at the back of
the classroom. The professor shouted, “You FOOL! If God existed, he would keep this piece of chalk
from breaking when it hits the ground!” He processed to drop the chalk, but as he did, it slipped out of
his hand, into his pants, down his leg, and off his shoes. As it hit the ground, it simply rolled away
8. The professor’s jaw dropped as he stared at the chalk. He looked up at the young man, and then ran out
of the lecture room. The young man, who had stood, proceeded to walk to the front of the room and
shared his faith for the next half hour.
38. What was the professor’s method of proving there is no God.
A. Dropping a piece of chalk on the floor and having it roll.
B. Intimidating his students to agree with him that there is no God
C. Dropping a piece of chalk on the floor and demanding that God stop it from breaking.
D. Asking his students at the end of the semester as to who still believes in God.
39. In what sway was the new student different from the other students?
A. He has a stronger faith.
B. He is smarter and brighter.
C. he knows what he is fighting for.
D. he is ambitious and aggressive.
40. Which paragraph mentions how the new student prepared for his encounter with his atheist professor?
A. Paragraph 3
B. Paragraph 5
C. Paragraph 7
D. Paragraph 8
41. The pronoun “him” in the second paragraph refers to
A. The student who stood up.
B. One of the class members.
C. the professor.
D. God.
42. What conclusion can be derived from the above story?
A. Men of knowledge and wisdom have no need for faith.
B. Faithless people lead unhappy lives.
C. Faith is all that a person needs to survive.
D. Faith can surmount even most resistant obstacles.
43. What word is synonymous or closet in meaning to the word “impeccable” as used in the second paragraph?
A. faultless
B. astonishing
C. changeable
D. inconsistent
Selection G (Items 44 – 50)
1. The unprecedented and increasing volume of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW’s) migration from the
Philippines has unquestionably helped ease unemployment and generate foreign exchange earning.
2. General findings of students made about our OFW’s have yielded the following: OFW’s are mostly in
their thirties, educated beyond high school, most are married. Workers who are single are more likely to
be female, relatively younger and better educated than their married counterpart. In addition, both male
and female OFW’s are for the most part, better educated than their parents who hardly reached the
secondary level of education.
3. Many of the OFWs who have established residence in Metro Manila are “migrants from far flung
province.” For example, a large percentage of seamen were born in the Visayas. At the same time, a
number of hose born in nearby regions such as Central Luzon and Southern Tagalog have retained their
provincial residence. It is probable that because of proximity of these regions to the metropolitan area,
such workers opted to stay in their place origin.
4. The land-based workers profile is dominated by Saudi Arabia as a country of employment. Other
Middle East destinations include Iraq, United Arab Emirates, Libya, Kuwait and Bahrain. In the case of
seamen, some 50% of ships are registered in either Liberia or Panama. Such country employment focus
should not prevent recognition of the very wide geographical dispersion of Filipino workers in countries
all over the word.
5. Given the low level of Philippine monthly earnings and a household size of about 5 persons to support,
the average workers view contact employment as a temporary means to secure a higher income. In
addition to the generally increased level of living standards, overseas workers’ target include
acquisition of a house and lot, setting up one’s own business, education of children and family security.
6. By and large, OFW’s are skilled and experienced workers. Overseas jobs entail either similar or
additional responsibilities relative to their previous jobs in the Philippines. In most cases, employment
skill are fully utilized overseas but, for a minority, there is little or no use of skills previously learned in
the Philippines
7. OFW’s holding positions overseas are generally very satisfied with their jobs and working conditions.
A factor to consider in job satisfaction, however, is the country of employment. It appears that workers
in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East countries are relatively less satisfied than workers employed in
Europe, America, and Asia.

44. What is the selection is all about?

A. Solutions to problems of overseas Filipino workers
B. A profile of overseas Filipino workers
C. A study made by overseas Filipino workers
D. Problems faced by overseas Filipino workers
45. Most OFW’s are in their thirties because they
A. are more prepared to take risks and are more ambitious.
B. Are more mature and confident than those who are younger.
C. Have a family to support and thus need a higher income.
D. Have tried working locally but were unsuccessful.
46. To whom does “their” in the last sentence of the second paragraph refer to?
A. Parents of male and female OFW’s
B. Male and female OFW’s
C. female OFW’s
D. male OFW’s
47. Which of the following statements is true, based on the selection?
A. OFW’s in the Middle East and those in Europe, America, and Asia are not satisfied with their
B. OFW’s in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East are generally mosre satisfied than OFW’s in Europe,
America, and Asia.
C. OFW’s in the Middle East countries and those in America, Europe, and Asia are generally well
satisfied with their work.
D. OFW’s in Europe, America, and Asia are generally more satisfied than those who work in Saudi
Arabia and the Middle East countries.
48. Which paragraph mentions the countries wherein most overseas Filipino workers are employed?
A. Fourth Paragraph
B. Third Paragraph
C. Fifth paragraph
D. Last Paragraph
49. What conclusion may be derived based on the foregoing discussion?
A. Most OFW’s come from poor families.
B. It is difficult for OFW’s to stay employed abroad.
C. Families of OFW’s prosper due to a large income.
D. OFW’s work abroad to improve their family living conditions.
50. What might happen if most Filipinos continue to prefer working abroad than in their own country?
A. The economy will suffer from the loss of its most skilled workers.
B. The economy will remain as it is in spite of workers going abroad.
C. The country will become rich because of foreign workers’ earnings.
D. The country will become highly industrialized.