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CIVIL LAW REVIEW I

Atty. Teresita L. Cruz

SYLLABUS

COURSE DESCRIPTION: A general integration of the principles in civil law


covering the effect and application of laws, the law on human relations, persons
and family relations, use of surnames, property, ownership and its modifications,
and the different modes of acquiring ownership, more particularly, the law on
succession.

CIVIL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES

PRELIMINARY TITLE

CHAPTER 1. EFFECT AND APPLICATION OF LAWS (ARTS. 1-17)


1. Honasan vs. The Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the
Dept. of Justice, et. al., G.R. 159747, April 13, 2004
2. Gatbonton vs. NLRC, et. al., G.R. 146779, January 23, 2006
3. Marcos vs. Judge Fernando Vil. Pamintuan, A.M. No. RTJ-07-2062,
January 18, 2011
4. People vs. Quiachon, G.R. 170236, August 31, 2006
5. Jarillo vs. People, G.R. 164435, June 29, 2010
6. Atty. Ferrer vs. Spouses Diaz, et. al., G.R. 165300, April 23, 2010

CHAPTER 2. HUMAN RELATIONS (ARTS. 19-35)


7. Diaz vs. Encanto, et. al., G.R. 171303, Jan. 20, 2016
8. California Clothing, Inc., et. al. vs. Quiñones, G.R.175822,
October 23, 2013
9. Ardiente vs. Spouses Pastorfide, et. al., G.R. 161921, July 17, 2013
10. Nikko Hotel Manila Garden, et. al. vs. Reyes, G.R. 154259,
Feb.28, 2005
11. Spouses Hing vs. Choachuy, et. al., G.R. 179736, June 26, 2013

PREJUDICIAL QUESTION (ART. 36)


12. De Zuzuarregui vs. Hon. Villarosa, et. al, G.R. 183788, April 5, 2010
13. Pimentel vs. Pimentel, G.R. 172060, September 13, 2010
14. Tomlin II vs. Atty. Moya II, A.C. No. 6971, February 23, 2006

BOOK I. PERSONS

TITLE I. CIVIL PERSONALITY

CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS (ARTS. 37-39)

CHAPTER 2. NATURAL PERSONS (ARTS. 40-43)


15. Geluz vs. CA, G.R. L-16439, July 20, 1961

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16. Continental Steel Manufacturing Corp. vs. Hon. Accredited
Voluntary Arbitrator, G.R.182836, October 13, 2009

THE FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES


(Exec. Order No. 209 as amended by Exec. Order No. 227)

TITLE 1. MARRIAGE (ARTS. 1-54)


1. Acebedo vs. Arquero, A.M. No. P-94-1054, March 11, 2003
2. Espinosa, et. al. vs. Atty. Julieta A. Omana, A.C. No. 9081,
October 12, 2011
3. Vda. de Avenido vs. Avenido, G.R. No. 173540, January 22, 2014

CHAPTER 1. REQUISITES OF MARRIAGE (ARTS. 1-34)


4. Republic vs. Albios, G.R. 198780, October 16, 2013
5. Santiago vs. People, G.R. 200233, July 15, 2015
6. Ronulo vs. People, G.R. 182438, July 2, 2014
7. Bangayan vs. Bangayan, Jr., G.R. 201061, July 3, 2013
8. Kho vs. Republic G.R. 187462, June 1, 2016
9. Niñal, et. al. vs. Bayadog, G.R. 133778, March 14, 2000
10. Republic vs. Dayot, G.R. 175581, March 28, 2008
11. Llave vs. Republic, et. al., G.R. 169766, March 30, 2011
12. Uy vs. Sps. Lacsamana, G.R. 20622, August 19, 2015
13. Morigo vs. People, G.R. 145226, February 6, 2004
14. Lavadia vs. Heirs of Luna, et. al., G.R. 171914, July 23, 2014
15. Republic vs. Orbecido III, G.R. 154380, October 5, 2005
16. Corpuz vs. Sto. Tomas, et. al., G.R. 186571, August 11, 2010
17. Fujiki vs. Marinay, et. al., G.R. 196409, June 26, 2013
18. Medina vs. Koike, LCR of Quezon City & NSO, G.R. 215723,
July 27, 2016
19. Republic vs. Manalo, G.R. 221029, April 24, 2018

CHAPTER 3. VOID and VOIDABLE MARRIAGES (ARTS. 35-54)


Adm. Matter No. 02-11-10 SC. Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of
Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages (effective March 15,
2003)
20. Capili vs. People, et. al., G.R. 183850, July 3, 2013
21. Cariño vs. Cariño, G.R. 132529, February 2, 2001
22. Quiazon, et. al. vs. Belen, et. al., G.R. 189121, July 31, 2013

PSYCHOLOGICAL INCAPACITY (Art. 36)


23. Suazo vs. Suazo, G.R. 164493, March 12, 2010
24. Kalaw vs. Fernandez, G.R. 166357, September 19, 2011; January 14, 2015
25. Matudan vs. Republic, G.R. 203284, November 14, 2016
26. Mallilin vs. Jamesolamin & Republic, G.R. 192718, February 18, 2015
27. Tani-Dela Fuente vs. Dela Fuente, G.R. 188400, March 8, 2017

RE-MARRIAGE DUE TO ABSENCE OF SPOUSE (Arts. 41-43)


28. Republic vs. Sareñogon, Jr., G.R. 199194, February 10, 2016
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29. Republic vs. Villanueva, G.R. 210929, July 29, 2015
30. Santos vs. Santos, G.R. 187061, October 8, 2014
ANNULMENT OF VOIDABLE MARRIAGES (Arts. 45- 54)
31. Almelor vs. RTC of Las Piñas, G.R. 79620, August 26, 2008

TITLE II. LEGAL SEPARATION (Arts. 55 – 67)


Adm. Matter No. 02-11-11-SC on Legal Separation (effective March 15, 2003)
32. Bugayong vs. Ginez, G.R. L-10033, December 28, 1956
33. Lapuz-Sy vs. Eufemio, , G.R. L-30977, January 31, 1972
34. Ong vs. Ong, G.R. 153206, October 23, 2006

TITLE III. RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS BETWEEN HUSBAND AND WIFE


(Arts. 68 – 73)
35. Ilusorio vs. Ilusorio – Bildner, G.R. 139789, May 12, 2000
36. Valino vs. Adriano, et. al., G.R. 182894, April 22, 2014

TITLE IV. PROPERTY RELATIONS BETWEEN HUSBAND AND WIFE


(Arts. 74 – 146)
37. Domingo vs. Sps. Molina, G.R. 200274, April 20, 2016
38. PNB vs. Garcia, et. al., G.R. 182839, June 2, 2014
39. Tan vs. Andrade, et. al., G.R. 171904, August 7, 2013
40. PNB vs. Venancio Reyes, G.R. 212483, October 5, 2016
41. Pelayo vs Perez, G.R. 141323, June 8, 2005

CHAPTER 7. PROPERTY REGIMES OF UNIONS WITHOUT MARRIAGE


(Arts. 147 – 148)
42. Agapay vs. Palang, G.R. 116668, July 28, 1997
43. Barrido vs. Nonato, G.R. 176492, October 20, 2014

TITLE V. THE FAMILY (Arts. 149 – 151)


44. Alvarez vs. Ramirez, GR 143439, October 14, 2005
45. Hiyas Savings & Loan Bank vs. Acuña, G.R. 154132, August 31, 2006

CHAPTER 2. THE FAMILY HOME (Arts. 152 – 162)


46. Eulogio, et. al. vs. Bell, Sr., et al., G.R. 186322, July 8, 2015
47. Patricio vs. Dario III, G.R. 170829, November 20, 2006
48. Arriola vs. Arriola, G.R. 177703, January 28, 2008
49. Spouses De Mesa vs. Spouses Acero, G.R 185064, January 16, 2012
50. Equitable PCIB, Inc. vs. OJ-Mack Trading, Inc., et. al., G.R. 165950,
August 11, 2010
51. Ramos, et. al. vs. Pangilinan, et. al., G.R. 185920, July 20, 2010

TITLE VI. PATERNITY AND FILIATION (Arts. 163 – 182)


R.A. 9255. An Act Allowing Illegitimate Children To Use The Surname Of The
Father (effective Mar. 19, 2004)
R.A. 9858. An Act Providing For The Legitimation Of Children Born To Parents
Below Marrying Age (approved Dec. 20, 2009)
52. Aguilar vs. Siasat, G.R. 200169, January 28, 2015
53. Concepcion vs. CA, et. al., G.R. 123450, August 31, 2005
54. Arado Heirs vs. Alcoran, et. al., G.R. 163362, July 8, 2015
55. Grande vs. Antonio, G.R. 206248, February 18, 2014
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56. Dela Cruz, et.al. vs. Gracia, G.R. 177728, July 31, 2009
57. Verceles vs. Posada, G.R. 159785, April 27, 2007
58. Geronimo vs. Santos, G.R. 197099, September 28, 2015

TITLE VII. ADOPTION


Supreme Court Adm. Matter No. 02-6-02. Rule on Adoption (Domestic & Inter-
Country)
R.A. 8552. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998
R.A. 8043. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995
59. Castro vs. Gregorio, G.R. 188801, October 15, 2014
60. In Re Petition for Adoption of Michelle P. Lim, G.R. 168992-993,
May 21, 2009
61. In The Matter of the Adoption of Stephanie Nathy Astorga Garcia,
G.R. 148311, March 31, 2005
62. Lahom vs. Sibulo, G.R. 143989, July 14, 2003

TITLE VIII. SUPPORT (Arts. 194 – 208)


63. Del Socorro vs. Van Wilsem, G.R. 193707, December 10, 2014
64. Spouses Lim vs. Lim, G.R. 163209, October 30, 2009
65. Lacson vs. Lacson, G.R. 150644, August 28, 2006

TITLE IX. PARENTAL AUTHORITY (Arts. 209 – 233)


66. Salientes vs. Abanilla, G.R. 162734, August 29, 2006
67. Beckett vs. Judge Sarmiento, Jr., A.M. No. RTJ 12-2326,
January 30, 2013

CHAPTER 2. SUBSTITUTE AND SPECIAL PARENTAL AUTHORITY


(Arts. 216 – 219)
68. Bagtas vs. Hon. Santos, et. al., G.R. 166682, November 27, 2009
69. Vancil vs. Belmes, G.R. 132223, June 19, 2001
70. St. Joseph’s College, et. al. vs. Miranda, G.R. 182353, June 29, 2010
71. St. Mary’s Academy vs. Carpitanos, GR 143363, February 2, 2002

TITLE XI. SUMMARY JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS IN THE FAMILY LAW


(Arts. 238 – 253)
72. Republic vs. Granada, G.R. 187512, June 13, 2012

TITLE XII. RETROACTIVITY OF THE FAMILY CODE (Art. 256)


73. Jarillo vs. People, G.R. 164435, June 29, 2010

CIVIL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES

TITLE XII. USE OF SURNAMES (Arts. 364-380)


R.A. 9048. Clerical Error Law (approved March 22, 2001)
R.A. 9255. An Act Allowing Illegitimate Children To Use The Surname Of Their
Father (effective Mar. 19, 2004)

74. Silverio vs. Republic, G.R. No. 174689, October 22, 2007
75. Republic vs. Cagandahan, G.R. No. 166676, September 12, 2008
76. Remo vs. Hon. Sec. of Foreign Affairs, G.R. No. 169202,

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March 5, 2010

PROPERTY
BOOK II. PROPERTY, OWNERSHIP AND ITS MODIFICATIONS
(ARTS. 414-711)
TITLE I. CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY (ARTS. 414-426)
CHAPTER 1. IMMOVABLE PROPERTY (ART. 415)
1. Soriano vs. Spouses Galit, GR 156295, September 23, 2003

CHAPTER 2. MOVABLE PROPERTY (ARTS. 416-418)


1. Tests to determine whether property is immovable or movable

CHAPTER 3. PROPERTY IN RELATION TO THE PERSON TO WHOM IT


BELONGS (ARTS. 419-426)
I. Property of Public Dominion (Arts 420, 424)
2. Dacanay vs. Asistio, Jr., G.R. 93654, May 6, 1992
3. Domalsin vs. Spouses Valenciano, G.R. 158687,
January 25, 2006

II. Patrimonial/Private Property (Arts. 421-422; 424-425)

TITLE II. OWNERSHIP (ARTS. 427-440)


CHAPTER 1. OWNERSHIP IN GENERAL (ARTS. 427-439)
I. Concept/Attributes of Ownership (Arts. 427-428)
II. Limitations on the Right of Ownership
III. Rights of a Person as a Consequence of Ownership (Arts. 427-440)
4. Dept. of Education vs. Tuliao, G.R. 205644, June 9,
2014
5. Dept. of Education vs. Casibang, G.R. 192268,
January 27, 2016

CHAPTER 2. RIGHT OF ACCESSION (ARTS. 440-475)


A. Basic Principles in Accession
I. Accession Industrial (Arts. 445-456)
A. Land owner in GF, Builder in GF (Art. 448)
B. Land owner in GF, Builder in BF (Art. 449-452)
6. Sps. Benitez vs. CA, G.R. 104828, January 16, 1997
7. Sps. Nuguid vs. CA, G.R. 151815, February 23, 2006
8. Josefa vs. San Buenaventura, G.R. 163429, March 3, 2006
9. Heirs of Sarili vs. Lagrosa, G.R. 193517, January 15, 2014

II. Accession Natural (Arts. 457-465)


A. Alluvium: Definition; Requisites: Effect (Art. 457)
10. Bagaipo vs. CA, G.R. 116290, December 8, 2000
11. Reynante vs. CA, G.R. 95905, April 8, 1992
12. Vda de Nazareno vs. CA, G.R. 98045, June 26, 1996
13. Republic vs. Santos, G.R. 160453, November 12, 2012
14. Daclison vs. Baytion G.R. 219811, April 6, 2016
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B. Avulsion; Standing or Uprooted Trees (Arts. 459-460)
C. Abandoned River Bed (Art. 461)
D. Formation of Islands (Arts. 464-465)
15. Jagualing vs. CA, G.R. 94283, March 4, 1991

SECTION 3. RIGHT OF ACCESSION WITH RESPECT TO MOVABLE


PROPERTY (ARTS. 466-475)
I. Tests to determine which is the Principal and which is the Accessory
(Arts. 467-468)

II. Adjunction (Arts. 466; 469-471);


Mixture (Arts. 472-473);
Specification (Arts. 474-475);

CHAPTER 3. QUIETING OF TITLE (ARTS. 476-481)


16. Residents of Lower Atab & Teachers Villages, Sto. Tomas Proper
Barangay, Baguio City, et. al. vs. Sta. Monica Industrial & Dev.
Corp., G.R. 198878, October 15, 2014
17. Syjuco vs. Bonifacio, G.R. 148748, January 14, 2015

TITLE III. CO-OWNERSHIP (ARTS. 484-501)


18. Victoria, et. al. vs. Normita Pidlaoan, et. al., G.R. 196470,
April 20, 2016
19. Tabasondra, et. al. vs. Sps. Constantino, G .R. 196403,
December 7, 2016
20. Arambulo, et. al. vs. Nolasco, et. al., G.R. 189420,
March 26, 2014
21. Quintos, et. al. vs. Nicolas, et. al., G.R. 210252, June 25, 2014
22. Dela Cruz vs. Dela Cruz, G.R. 192383, December 4, 2013
23. Rural Bank of Cabadbaran, Inc. (RCBI) vs. Melecio-Yap,
G.R. 178451, July 30, 2014
24. Spouses Marcos vs. Heirs of Bangi, G.R.
185745,
October 15, 2014
25. Cabrera vs. Ysaac, G.R. 166790, November 19, 2014
26. Torres, Jr. vs. Lapinid, G.R. 187987, November 26, 2014
27. Pamplona vs. Moreto, G.R. L-33187, March 31, 1980

TITLE V. POSSESSION (ARTS. 523-561)


I. Classes of Possession (Arts. 524-530)
II. Presumptions Regarding Possession
A. Good Faith (Art. 527)
B. Continuity of Character of Possession (Art. 529)
C. Non-interruption of possession of hereditary property (Art. 533)
D. Non-interruption of possession of property unjustly lost but legally recovered
(Art. 561)
E. Just Title (Art. 541)
F. Possession during intervening period (Art. 554)
G. Possession of movables with real property (Art. 542)
H. Exclusive possession of common property (Art. 543)
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III. Rules as to Conflict of Possession As A Fact (Art. 538)

IV. Possession of Movables (Art. 559)

TITLE VI. USUFRUCT (ARTS. 562-612)


I. Obligations of the Usufructuary (Arts. 583-602)

TITLE VII. EASEMENTS OR SERVITUDES (ARTS. 613-693)


I. Characteristics of Easements
II. Kinds of Easements (Arts. 615-616; 619)
III. Modes of Acquiring Easements (Arts. 620-626)
IV. Modes of Extinguishment of Easements (Arts. 631-633)

SECTION 3. EASEMENT OF RIGHT WAY (ARTS. 649-657)


28. Cristobal vs. CA, G.R. 125339, June 22, 1998
29. Reyes vs. Ramos, G.R. 194488, February 11, 2015
30. Calimoso vs. Roullo, G.R. 198594, Janauary 25, 2016
31. Dichoso, Jr., et. al. vs. Marcos, G.R. No. 180282, April 11, 2011
32. Chan vs CA, G.R. 105294, February 26, 1997
33. Unisource Commercial & Dev. Corp. vs. Chung, G.R. 173252,
July 17, 2009
34. Spouses Salimbagon vs. Spouses Tan, G.R. 185240, January 21, 2010
35. Castro vs. Monsod, G.R. 183719, February 2, 2011
36. Mercader, Jr. vs. Bardilas, G.R. 163157, June 27, 2016

TITLE VIII. NUISANCE (ARTS. 694-707)


37. Cruz, et. al. vs. Pandacan Hikers’ Club, Inc., G.R. 188213,
January 11, 2016
38. Perez vs. Spouses Madrona, G.R. 184478, March 21, 2012
39. Aquino vs. Mun. of Malay, Aklan, G.R. 211356, September 29, 2014

TITLE IX. REGISTRY OF PROPERTY (ARTS. 708-711)

BOOK III. DIFFERENT MODES OF ACQUIRING OWNERSHIP


(ARTS. 712-724)

TITLE I. OCCUPATION (ARTS. 713-720)

TITLE II. INTELLECTUAL CREATION (ARTS. 721-724)

TITLE III. DONATION (ARTS. 725-773)


I. Nature/Characteristics/Requisites of a Valid Donation (Arts. 725-747)
40. Reyes vs. Asuncion, G.R. 196083, Nov. 11, 2015

II. Donation Intervivos vs. Donation Mortis Causa (Arts. 728-732)


41. Villanueva vs. Spouses Branoco, G.R. 172804, January 24, 2011
42. Del Rosario vs. Ferrer, G.R. 187056, September 20, 2010
43. Gestopa vs. CA, G.R. 111904, October 5, 2002
44. Spouses Sicad vs. CA, G.R. 125888, August 13, 1998

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III. Formalities of a Valid Donation (Arts. 748-749)
45. Carinan vs. Spouses Cueto, G.R. 198636, Oct. 8, 2014
46. Lagazo vs. CA, G.R. 112796, March 5, 1998
47. Quilala vs. Alacantara, G.R. 132681, December 3, 2001
48. Homeowners Association of Talayan Village vs. J. M. Tuason & Co.
G.R. 203883, November 10, 2015

CHAPTER 4. REVOCATION AND REDUCTION OF DONATIONS


(ARTS. 760-773)
49. De Luna vs. Abrigo, G.R. 57455, January 18, 1990
50. CJ Yulo and Sons Inc. vs. Roman Catholic Archbishop of San Pablo,
G.R. 133705, March 31, 2005
51. Sec. of Education vs. Heirs of Dulay, et. al., G.R. 164748, January 27,
2006
52. Tamayo, et. al. vs. Tamayo, et. al., G.R. No. 148482, August 12, 2012
53. Santos vs. Santos-Alana, G.R. 15492, August 16, 2005
54. Arcaba vs. Vda. de Batocael, et. al., G.R. 146683, November 22, 2001
55. Calanasan vs. Dolorito, G.R. 171937, November 25, 2013

WILLS AND SUCCESSION

BOOK III. TITLE IV. SUCCESSION

CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS (ARTS. 774-782)


1. Uson vs. del Rosario, G.R. L-4963, January 29, 1953
2. Ledesma vs. McLachlin, G.R. 44837, November 23, 1938
3. Atty. Ferrer vs. Spouses Diaz, G.R. 165300, April 23, 2010
4. In Re Petition For Probate of the Last Will & Testament of Basilio
Santiago, G.R. 179859, August 9, 2010
5. Coja vs. CA, G.R. 151153, December 10, 2007

CHAPTER 2. TESTAMENTARY SUCCESSION (ARTS. 783-959)


SECTION 1. WILLS (ARTS. 783-795)
6. Reyes, et. al. vs. CA, G.R. 124099, October 30, 1997
7. Nepomuceno vs. CA, G.R. L-62952, October 9, 1985
8. Enriquez vs. Abadia, G.R. L-7188, August 9, 1954
9. Jimenez vs. Fernandez, G.R. L-463644, April 6, 1990
10. Aznar vs. Garcia, G.R. L-16759, January 31, 1963
11. Miciano vs. Brimo, G.R. 22595, November 1, 1924
12. Llorente vs. CA, G.R. 124371, November 23, 2000
13. Dorotheo vs. CA, G.R. 108581, December 8, 1999

SUBSECTION 2. TESTAMENTARY CAPACITY (ARTS. 796-803)


14. Baltazar vs. Laxa, G.R. 174489, April 11, 2012

SUBSECTION 3. FORMS OF WILLS (ARTS. 804-819)


A. Notarial Wills (Arts. 804-809)
15. Azuela vs. CA, G.R. 122880, April 12, 2006
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16. Ortega vs. Valmonte, G.R. 157451 December 16, 2005
17. Jaboneta vs. Gustilo, G.R. 1641, January 19, 1906
18. Caneda vs. CA, G.R. L-103554, May 28, 1993
19. Echavez vs. Dozen Construction, et. al., G.R. 192916, October 11,
2010
20. Cruz vs. Villasor, G.R. L-32213, November 26, 1973
21. Alvarado vs. Gaviola, G.R. 74695, September 14, 1993
22. Dela Cerna vs. Rebaca-Potot, G.R.-L-20234, December 23, 1964

B. Holographic Wills (Arts. 810-814)


23. Ajero vs. CA, 236 SCRA 488; G.R. 106720, September 15, 1994
24. Kalaw vs. Relova, 132 SCRA 237; G.R. L-40207, September 28, 1984
25. Uy Kiao Eng vs. Nixon Lee, G.R. 176831, January 15, 2010
26. Codoy vs. Calugay, 312 SCRA 333; G.R. 123486, August 12, 1999

SUBSECTION 6. REVOCATION OF WILLS AND TESTAMENTARY


DISPOSITIONS (ARTS. 828-834)
27. Testate Estate of Maloto vs. CA, G.R. 76464, February 29, 1988
28. Molo vs. Molo, G.R. L-2538, September 21, 1951

SUBSECTION 8. ALLOWANCE AND DISALLOWANCE OF WILLS


(ARTS. 838-839)
29. Mercado vs. Santos, G.R. 45629, September 22, 1938
30. Ortega vs. Valmonte, G.R. 157451, December 16, 2005
31. Seangio vs. Judge Reyes, G.R. 140371-72, November 27, 2006
32. In Re: In The Matter of the Petition To Approve The Will of Ruperta
Palaganas, G.R. 169144, January 26, 2011

SECTION 2. INSTITUTION OF HEIR (ARTS. 840-856)


33. Parish Priest of Victoria, Tarlac vs. Rigor, G.R. L-22036, April 30, 1979
34. Nuguid vs. Nuguid, G.R. L-23445, June 23 1966
35. Acain vs. IAC, 155 SCRA 101; G.R. L-72706, October 27, 1987
36. Viado Non vs. CA, G.R. 137287, Feb. 15, 2000; 325 SCRA 652
37. Morales vs. Olondriz, et. al., G.R. 198994, February 3, 2016

SECTION 3. SUBSTITUTION OF HEIRS (ARTS. 857-870)


Fideicommissary Substitution (Arts. 863-870)
38. Ramirez vs. Ramirez, G.R. L-27952, February 15, 1982
39. Kilayko, et. al. vs. Tengco, G.R. L-45425/45965, March 27, 1992

* Relate with RESERVA TRONCAL (Art. 891)


40. Nieva vs. Alcala, 41 Phil 915; G.R. 13386, October 17, 1920
41. Sumaya vs. IAC, 201 SCRA 178; G.R. 68843/44, September 21, 1991
42. Mendoza et. al. vs. delos Santos, et. al., G.R. 176422, March 20, 2013

SECTION 4. CONDITIONAL TESTAMENTARY DISPOSITIONS


(ARTS. 871-885)
43. Morente vs. dela Santa, G.R. L-3891, Dec. 19, 1907

SECTION 5. LEGITIME (ARTS. 886-914)


44. Noble vs. Noble, G.R. L-17742, December 17, 1966
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45. Vizconde vs. CA, G.R. 118449, February 11, 1998
46. Arellano vs. Pascual, G.R. 189776, December 15, 2010

SECTION 6. DISINHERITANCE (ARTS. 915-923)


47. Pecson vs. Mediavillo, G.R. 7890, September 29, 1914
48. Seangio vs. Judge Reyes, G.R. 140371-72, November 27, 2006

SECTION 7. LEGACIES AND DEVISES (ARTS. 924-959)

CHAPTER 3. LEGAL OR INTESTATE SUCCESSION (ARTS. 960-1014)


49. Sayson vs. CA, G.R. 89224-25, 205 SCRA 321, January 23, 1992
50. Spouses Zaragosa vs. CA , G.R. 106401, September 29, 2000
51. De Jesus vs. Estate of Dizon, G.R. 142877, October 2, 2001
52. Adlawan vs. Adlawan, G.R. 161916, January 20, 2006
53. Santos vs. Santos- Alana, G.R. 154942, August 16, 2005
54. Pilapil vs. Heirs of Briones, G.R. 150175, March 10, 2006;
February 5, 2007

SUBSECTION 3. ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN (ARTS. 988-994)


A. The Iron Barrier (Art. 992)
55. Diaz vs. IAC, G.R. L-66574, June 17, 1987; February 21, 1990
56. Cacho vs. Udan, G.R. L-19996, April 30, 1965
57. In Re: Intestate Estates of Josefa Delgado and Guillermo Rustia,
G.R. 155733, January 27, 2006

SUBSECTION 4. SURVIVING SPOUSE (ARTS. 995-1002)


58. Santillon vs. Miranda, G.R. L-19281, June 30, l965
59. Armas vs. Calisterio, G.R. 136467, April 6, 2000

SUBSECTION 6. THE STATE (ART. 1011-1014)


60. Republic vs. Guzman, G.R. 132964, February 18, 2000

CHAPTER 4. PROVISIONS COMMON TO TESTATE AND INTESTATE


SUCCESSION (ARTS. 1015-1105)
SECTION 1. RIGHT OF ACCRETION (ARTS. 1015-1023)

SECTION 2. CAPACITY TO SUCCEED BY WILL OR BY INTESTACY


(ARTS. 1024-1040)
A. Persons Incapable of Succeeding Due to:
a). Undue/Improper Influence (Art. 1027)
b). Public Policy/Morality (Art. 1028)
c). Unworthiness (Art. 1032)

SECTION 3. ACCEPTANCE AND REPUDIATION OF INHERITANCE


(ARTS. 1041-1057)

SECTION 5. PARTITION AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE ESTATE


(ARTS. 1078-1105)
61. Mang-oy vs. CA, G.R.-L27421, September 12, 1986,
62. JLT Agro Inc. vs. Balansag, G.R. 141882, March 11, 2005

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