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GMRDepartment of Mechanical Rajam


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PRESENTATION BY :
I.VARUN KUMAR
M.R.DURGA PRASAD
3rd EEE,GMRIT,RAJAM
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Inverter:
• The Inverter is an electrical device which converts direct current
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(DC) to alternate current (AC).


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Multilevel Inverter:
• The multi-level inverter is to synthesize a near sinusoidal
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voltage from several levels of dc voltages


• The Multi level inverter is like an inverter and it is used for
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industrial applications as alternative in high power and medium


voltage situations.
• It has been introduced in 1975 as alternative in high power and
medium voltage situations by NABLE ELAL
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 The need of multilevel converter is to give a high output power


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from medium voltage source.


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Multilevel inverters have become more


popular over the years in electric high power applications with
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less disturbances in voltage and the possibility to function at


lower switching frequencies than ordinary two level inverter.

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ADVANTAGES:
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1. Reduced harmonic distortion: Multilevel converters not


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only can generate the output voltages with very low distortion,
but also can reduce the dv/dt stresses; therefore electromagnetic
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compatibility (EMC) problems can be reduced.


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2. Common-mode (CM) voltage: Multilevel converters produce


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smaller CM voltage; therefore, the stress in the bearings of a


motor connected to a multilevel motor drive can be reduced.

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3. Input current: Multilevel converters can draw input current with


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low distortion.
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4. Switching frequency: Multilevel converters can operate at both


fundamental switching frequency and high switching frequency
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PWM. It should be noted that lower switching frequency usually


means lower switching loss and higher efficiency

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TWO LEVEL INVERTER


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The two level inverter is the simplest


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type of three-phase voltage source


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inverter and can be thought of as a


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six pulse bridge in which the


thyristors have been replaced by
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IGBTs with inverse-parallel diodes,


and the DC smoothing reactors have
been replaced by DC smoothing
capacitors
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TYPES OF MODULAR MULTILEVEL INVERTERS


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Multilevel inverters are three types.


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1. Diode clamped or Neutral-Point Clamped type


2. Flying capacitors type
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3. Cascaded or H-bridge type

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DIODE CLAMPED MULTILEVEL INVERTER


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• This inverter uses diodes and


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provides the multiple voltage levels


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through the different phases to the


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capacitor banks which are in series.


• A diode transfers a limited amount of
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voltage, thereby reducing the stress


on other electrical devices. The
maximum output voltage is half of
the input DC voltage.
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FLYING CAPACITORS MULTILEVEL INVERTER


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• The main concept of this inverter is


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to use capacitors. It is of series


connection of capacitor clamped
switching cells.
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• In this inverter switching states are


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like in the diode clamped inverter.


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• Clamping diodes are not required in


this type of multilevel inverters.

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Institute
GMRDepartment of Mechanical Rajam
Engineering
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CASCADED H- BRIDGE MULTILEVEL INVERTER


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 Multilevel cascade inverters are used to eliminate the bulky


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transformer required in case of conventional multi phase


inverters, clamping diodes required in case of diode clamped
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inverters and flying capacitors required in case of flying


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capacitor inverters. But these require large number of isolated


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voltages to supply the each cell.


 The combination of capacitors and switches pair is called an H-
bridge and gives the separate input DC voltage for each H-
bridge.
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Institute
GMRDepartment of Mechanical Rajam
Engineering
of Technology, Humility Entrepreneurship Teamwork

Deliver The Promise Learning Social Responsibility Respect for Individual


Humility Entrepreneurship Teamwork

APPLICATIONS OF MULTILEVEL INVERTER


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 High-voltage and Medium-voltage motor drives


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 High voltage dc transmission


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 Flexible AC transmission system (FACTS)


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 Traction
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 Active filtering
 Utility interface for renewable energy systems

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THANK YOU…
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GMRDepartment of Mechanical

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