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Moments
Question Paper

Level International A Level


Subject Physics
Exam Board CIE
Topic Forces, Density & Pressure
Sub Topic Moments
Paper Type Multiple Choice
Booklet Question Paper

Time Allowed: 52 minutes

Score: /43

Percentage: /100

Grade Boundaries:

A* A B C D E U

>85% 77.5% 70% 62.5% 57.5% 45% <45%


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1 A uniform metre rule is pivoted at the 34.0 cm mark, as shown.

metre rule
4.0 cm
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

34.0 cm

64 g

The rule balances when a 64 g mass is hung from the 4.0 cm mark.

What is the mass of the metre rule?

A 38 g B 44 g C 120 g D 136 g

2 A uniform ladder rests against a vertical wall where there is negligible friction. The bottom of the
ladder rests on rough ground where there is friction. The top of the ladder is at a height h above
the ground and the foot of the ladder is at a distance 2a from the wall.

The diagram shows the forces that act on the ladder.

ladder

h
W

W
F

a a

Which equation is formed by taking moments?

A Wa + Fh = 2W a
B Fa + Wa = Fh
C W a + 2W a = F h
D W a – 2W a = 2F h
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3 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a pivot at the 40 cm mark and a string at the
100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as shown in
the diagram.

0 20 40 60 80 100

20 g

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?

A 4 cm B 36 cm C 44 cm D 64 cm

4 A man holds a 100 N load stationary in his hand. The combined weight of the forearm and hand is
20 N. The forearm is held horizontal, as shown.

biceps

forearm

4 cm

10 cm
20 N

32 cm
100 N

What is the vertical force F needed in the biceps?

A 750 N B 800 N C 850 N D 900 N


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5 A spindle is attached at one end to the centre of a lever of length 1.20 m and at its other end to
the centre of a disc of radius 0.20 m. A string is wrapped round the disc, passes over a pulley and
is attached to a 900 N weight.

1.20 m F

F spindle
0.20 m
lever
disc

pulley

string

900 N

What is the minimum force F, applied to each end of the lever, that could lift the weight?

A 75 N B 150 N C 300 N D 950 N

6 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

45 N

30 N

30 N

45 N

Which of the following describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

resultant force resultant torque

A non-zero
on-zero non-zero
B non-zero zero

C zero
ero non-zero
D zero zero
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7 A uniform beam is pivoted at P as shown. Weights of 10 N and 20 N are attached to its ends.

The length of the beam is marked at 0.1 m intervals. The weight of the beam is 100 N.

At which point should a further weight of 20 N be attached to achieve equilibrium?

0.6 m 0.4 m

0.1 m
A B C D

P
10 N 20 N

8 A uniform metre rule of weight 2.0 N is pivoted at the 60 cm mark. A 4.0 N weight is suspended
from one end, causing the rule to rotate about the pivot.

uniform metre rule


10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

pivot

weight

4.0 N

At the instant when the rule is horizontal, what is the resultant turning moment about the pivot?

A zero B 1.4 N m C 1.6 N m D 1.8 N m


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9 A uniform beam of mass 1.4 kg is pivoted at P as shown. The beam has a length of 0.60 m and P
is 0.20 m from one end. Loads of 3.0 kg and 6.0 kg are suspended 0.35 m and 0.15 m from the
pivot as shown.

0.40 m 0.20 m

0.35 m 0.15 m

3.0 kg P 6.0 kg
centre of beam
of mass 1.4 kg

What torque must be applied to the beam in order to maintain it in equilibrium?

A 0.010 N m B 0.10 N m C 0.29 N m D 2.8 N m

10 A student balances a 30 cm ruler on a fulcrum set at the 15 cm mark. She then places a 50 g
mass on the 23 cm mark and a 20 g mass on the 11 cm mark, as shown.

20 g 50 g

0 7 11 23 30

Which mass should she place on the 7 cm mark to restore the balance?

A 30 g B 40 g C 47 g D 133 g
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11 A rigid uniform beam is pivoted horizontally at its midpoint.


Different vertical forces are applied to different positions on the beam.

In which diagram is the beam in equilibrium?

A B
10 N

5 cm 5 cm 4 cm 5 cm

10 N 10 N
15 N

C D

2 cm 2 cm 5 cm 2.5 cm 2.5 cm 5 cm

5N 5N
10 N
15 N 14 N 15 N
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12 Four beams of the same length each have three forces acting on them.

Which beam has both zero resultant force and zero resultant torque acting?

A B
30 N 50 N 36 N 70 N

50 cm 30 cm 50 cm 30 cm

90 N 106 N

C D
28 N 35 N 42 N 70 N

50 cm 30 cm 50 cm 30 cm

63 N 112 N
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13 The diagram shows a solid cube with weight W and sides of length L. It is supported by a
frictionless spindle that passes through the centres of two opposite vertical faces. One of these
faces is shaded.

L
The spindle is now removed and replaced at a distance to the right of its original position.
4

L
4

When viewing the shaded face, what is the torque of the couple that will now be needed to stop
the cube from toppling?

WL
A anticlockwise
2

WL
B clockwise
2

WL
C anticlockwise
4

WL
D clockwise
4
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14 A ruler of length 0.30 m is pivoted at its centre. Equal and opposite forces of magnitude 2.0 N are

applied to the ends of the ruler, creating a couple as shown.

2.0 N

50°

ruler

pivot

50°
2.0 N

What is the magnitude of the torque of the couple on the ruler when it is in the position shown?

A 0.23 N m B 0.39 N m C 0.46 N m D 0.60 N m

15 The diagram shows a child’s balancing game.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
peg
12 13 14
15

one ring

pivot two rings

The wooden rod is uniform and all the rings are of equal mass. Two rings are hung on peg
13 and one on peg 1.

On which hook must a fourth ring be hung in order to balance the rod?

A 2 B 3 C 5 D 6
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16 Two co-planar forces act on the rim of a wheel. The forces are equal in magnitude.

Which arrangement of forces provides only a couple?

A B C D

17 A trailer of weight 30 kN is hitched to a cab at X, as shown in the diagram.

cab

trailer X

30 kN
10 m 10 m

What is the upward force exerted by the cab on the trailer at X?

A 3 kN B 15 kN C 30 kN D 60 kN
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18 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

30 N

20 N

20 N

30 N

Which row describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

resultant force resultant torque

A zero
ero zero
ero
B zero
ero non-zero
on-z

C non-zero
on-z zero
ero
D non-zero
on-zero non-zero
on-zero

19 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a pivot at the 40 cm mark and a string at the
100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as shown in
the diagram.

0 20 40 60 80 100

20 g

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?

A 4 cm B 36 cm C 44 cm D 64 cm
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20 The diagrams all show a pair of equal forces acting on a metre rule.

Which diagram shows forces that provide a couple and zero resultant force?

A B C D

21 A rigid L-shaped lever arm is pivoted at point P.

5N
2m

2m
10 N

3m 1m

15 N

Three forces act on the lever arm, as shown in the diagram.

What is the magnitude of the resultant moment of these forces about point P?

A 15 N m B 20 N m C 35 N m D 75 N m
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22 Two parallel forces, each of magnitude F, act on a body as shown.

d
s

What is the magnitude of the torque on the body produced by these forces?

A Fd B Fs C 2F d D 2F s

23 A spanner is used to tighten a nut as shown.

0.04 m

0.25 m
F = 200 N

A force F is applied at right-angles to the spanner at a distance of 0.25 m from the centre of the
nut. When the nut is fully tightened, the applied force is 200 N.

What is the resistive torque, in an anticlockwise direction, preventing further tightening?

A 8Nm B 42 N m C 50 N m D 1250 N m
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24 The diagram shows two pulley wheels connected by a belt.

P
Q

Wheel Q is driven by a motor and rotates clockwise at a constant rate. Wheel Q puts tension in
the top portion of the belt, which in turn drives the wheel P. The lower portion of the belt is slack
and has no tension. The weight of the belt and frictional forces are negligible.

The diameter of P is 150 mm. The diameter of Q is 100 mm. The torque applied to Q is 3.0 N m.

What is the tension in the belt and the torque on wheel P?

tension in top of belt torque on wheel P


/N /Nm

A 20
0 2
B 30
0 4
C 40
0 2
D 60
0 4
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25 A spindle is attached at one end to the centre of a lever 1.20 m long and at its other end to the
centre of a disc of radius 0.20 m. A cord is wrapped round the disc, passes over a pulley and is
attached to a 900 N weight.

1.20 m
F F
spindle
0.20 m lever
disc

pulley

cord

900 N

What is the minimum force F, applied to each end of the lever, that could lift the weight?

A 75 N B 150 N C 300 N D 950 N

26 Which pair of forces acts as a couple on the circular object?

A B C D

F F 2F
F F

2F
F F
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27 The diagram shows a plan view of a door which requires a moment of 12 N m to open it.

door
wall wall

hinge 0.80 m

What is the minimum force that must be applied at the door’s midpoint to ensure it opens?

A 4.8 N B 9.6 N C 15 N D 30 N

28 Two 8.0 N forces act at each end of a beam of length 0.60 m. The forces are parallel and act in
opposite directions. The angle between the forces and the beam is 60 °.

8.0 N
60° 0.60 m
60°
8.0 N

What is the torque of the couple exerted on the beam?

A 2.4 N m B 4.2 N m C 4.8 N m D 9.6 N m


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29 A rigid circular disc of radius r has its centre at X. A number of forces of equal magnitude F act at
the edge of the disc. All the forces are in the plane of the disc.

Which arrangement of forces provides a moment of magnitude 2Fr about X?

A B
F

X X
F

C D
F

X X

F F
F F

30 A force F is applied to a beam at a distance d from a pivot. The force acts at an angle θ to a line
perpendicular to the beam.

θ
pivot

Which combination will cause the largest turning effect about the pivot?

F d θ

A large
arge large
arge large

B large
arge large
arge small
C small
mall small
mall large
arge

D small
mall large
arge small
mall
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31 A rigid uniform bar of length 2.4 m is pivoted horizontally at its mid-point.

0.8 m 0.8 m

200 N 300 N

Weights are hung from two points of the bar as shown in the diagram. To maintain horizontal
equilibrium, a couple is applied to the bar.

What is the torque and direction of this couple?

A 40 N m clockwise
B 40 N m anticlockwise
C 80 N m clockwise
D 80 N m anticlockwise

32 A uniform beam of weight 100 N is pivoted at P as shown. Weights of 10 N and 20 N are attached
to its ends.

The length of the beam is marked off at 0.1 m intervals.

At which point should a further weight of 20 N be attached to achieve equilibrium?

0.6 m 0.4 m

0.1 m
A B C D

P
10 N 20 N
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33 An L-shaped rigid lever arm is pivoted at point P.

5N
2m

2m
10 N

3m 1m

20 N

Three forces act on the lever arm, as shown in the diagram.

What is the magnitude of the resultant moment of these forces about point P?

A 30 N m B 35 N m C 50 N m D 90 N m

34 A uniform beam of weight 50 N is 3.0 m long and is supported on a pivot situated 1.0 m from one
end. When a load of weight W is hung from that end, the beam is in equilibrium, as shown in the
diagram.

3.0 m
1.0 m

W pivot

What is the value of W ?

A 25 N B 50 N C 75 N D 100 N
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35 A spanner is used to tighten a nut as shown.

0.04 m

0.25 m
F = 200 N

A force F is applied at right-angles to the spanner at a distance of 0.25 m from the centre of the
nut. When the nut is fully tightened, the applied force is 200 N.

What is the resistive torque, in an anticlockwise direction, preventing further tightening?

A 8Nm
B 25 N m
C 50 N m
D 800 N m

36 Two parallel forces, each of magnitude F, act on a body as shown.

d
s

What is the magnitude of the torque on the body produced by these forces?

A Fd B Fs C 2Fd D 2Fs
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37 Which of the following pairs of forces, acting on a circular object, constitutes a couple?

A B C D

F 2F
F F F

2F
F
F

38 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a knife-edge at the 40 cm mark and a string at
the 100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as
shown in the diagram.

0 20 40 60 80 100

20 g

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?

A 4 cm B 36 cm C 44 cm D 96 cm
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39 A cylinder of weight W is placed on a smooth slope. The contact force of the slope on the cylinder
is R. A thread is attached to the surface of the cylinder. The other end of the thread is fixed.
Which diagram shows the cylinder in equilibrium?

A B

fixed thread
fixed thread
point
point R R

smooth smooth
slope slope
W W

C D

fixed thread
point R thread R
fixed
point

smooth smooth
slope slope
W W
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40 A horizontal bar is supported on a pivot at its centre of gravity. A fixed load is attached to one end
of the bar. To keep the bar in equilibrium, a force F is applied at a distance x from the pivot.

fixed
load F

How does F vary with x?

A B C D

F F F F

0 0 0 0
0 x 0 x 0 x 0 x

41 The diagram shows an insulating rod with equal and opposite point charges at each end.
An electric field of strength E acts on the rod in a downwards direction.

+Q –Q

Which row is correct?

resultant force resultant torque

A zero clockwise
B downwards clockwise
C zero anti-clockwise
D downwards anti-clockwise
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42 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

45 N

30 N

30 N

45 N

Which of the following describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

resultant force resultant torque

A non-zero
on-zero non-zero
on-zero
zero
ero
B non-zero
on-z
C zero
ero non-zero
on-z
D zero
ero zero
ero

43 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

30 N

20 N

20 N

30 N

Which of the following describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

resultant force resultant torque


A zero zero
B zero non-zero
C non-zero zero
D non-zero non-zero