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AR200 PROPOSAL 2-C

Proponent Rice
Proposal Reference: AR200

Proposed Topic: PHILIPPINE AIRPORT CONGESTION DUE TO LACK OF AIRSIDE


AND TERMINAL CAPACITY.

Question How do we address the increase in passenger growth while promoting


tourism in the Philippines?

Background: The present problem being faced by most airports in the Philippines is
incapability to accommodate flights in time due to limited airfield
capacity. The passenger growth has doubled over the last decade with
only 11.5 million passengers in 2007 to 24.4 million passengers in
2017 according to the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines
(CAAP). This boom in the Philippine International Aviation Market calls
for improvement in the system of accommodating this increase in
arriving and departing passengers.
The top 3 busiest airports in the Philippines are the Ninoy Aquino
International Airport, Mactan Cebu International Airport, and the
Francisco Bangoy International Airport in Davao. The number of
aircraft movement (take-off and landing) they receive per day is at 730,
190, and 60 respectively. With 2 runways at NAIA and 1 for both Cebu
and Davao International airport they can’t seem to handle the influx of
daily arriving and departing passengers. Both runways and terminals
are packed while trying to accommodate these flights. There is trouble
in trying to sustain this increase due to limited airfield and terminal
capacity according to the CAAP-CAPA. This incapability to
accommodate flights causes passengers to remain inside the terminal
longer and one of the problems encountered by them is that there is
nothing to do in transits. Thus, the need to provide amenities to cater
to those people waiting to board their planes.

The airport plays a role in projecting a country’s national brand. It is


the first and last thing tourists see in a country thus the need to
improve service and facilities. The common approach is either adding
more terminals and renovating airport facilities or completely
transferring the entire airport. The researcher proposes another way
in looking into the problem on how to cope with passenger growth.
Studying the airside and terminal capacity and their need to be
addressed simultaneously to cater to present and future passengers.
AR200 PROPOSAL 2-C

Approach/Proposed This study will investigate the effects of the increase in passenger
Method: growth to the overall experience of international and local tourists
inside the airport. It will also tackle the deficiencies of amenities being
offered inside terminals.

A case study will be conducted on the top 5 busiest international


airports in the Philippines; namely—Naia International Airport,
Mactan-Cebu International Airport, Davao International Airport, Kalibo
International Airport, and Iloilo International Airport. The data
recovered will be used to study circulation of passengers inside the
airport and the facilities present for public and private use.
Theories formulated will be verified by case studies and oral
investigation. The research finding is intended to alleviate airport
conditions and to create a more efficient air transport terminal.

Hypothesis The principal aim of this paper is to find sufficient supporting data
(Optional)
which verifies the hypothesis if the airside and terminal capacities
are addressed simultaneously, thereby provides sufficient
accommodation to both passenger and aircraft
More precisely, it will attempt to respond to these queries:
a. What are the problems encountered by passengers inside the
airport in term of its facilities?
b. What are the causes of delay in accommodating aircrafts?
c. What are the requirements not met by international airports in
the Philippines, if there are any, that cause problems in the
airport?
AR200 PROPOSAL 2-C

Objectives: The study therefore aims to understand how to properly and efficiently
address the continuing increase in airport passengers while also
taking into consideration the role of an airport as a projection of the
country’s national brand.

In line with this it will attempt to accomplish the following


objectives:

1. To study the circulation of passengers inside the airport.

2. To study and analyze present and past issues of airports in the


Philippines.

3. To research about airplanes and airport runways and how


critical their size, distance, location is0020to a smooth flow of
aircraft movement.

References:
De Neufville, D., Odoni, A. R., & Belobaba, P. P. (2013). Detailed
Design of Passenger Buildings.

Pascual, Federico Jr. ( 2018, April 18) Retrieved from the


Philippine Star:
https://www.philstar.com/opinion/2018/04/08/1803840/end-
naia-capacity-efficiency-troubles

Mactan Cebu International Airport Official Website- Airport Profile


https://www.mactan-cebuairport.com.ph/airport-
profile/?cookie-state-change=1543410959825

CAAP-CAPA (2017) Philippines international aviation market:


passenger growth. Retrieved from:
https://centreforaviation.com/analysis/reports/philippines-
international-aviation-market-booming-passenger-growth-
410102

Manila Bulletin (2018, March 24) Retrieved from:


https://news.mb.com.ph/2018/03/24/solving-naias-long-
standing-problems/

Estremera, Stella ( 23 February 2017) Retrieved from:


https://www.pressreader.com/philippines/sunstar-
davao/20170223/281676844679936