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FORM TP 2005278

TEST CODE

02105013

MAY/JUNE 2005

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION

APPLIED MATHEMATICS

PAPER 01

-

OPTION C

(

2 hours

08

JUNE

2005

(p.m.))

Thi s examin ation paper consists of THREE sec tions:

a nd Pa rtic le

Mec hanics.

Each sec tion co nsis ts of 5

ques ti o ns.

The

The max imum mark for this examination is 120.

maxi mum mark for each secti on is 40.

This examination consists of8 printed pages.

Di screte Mathematics, Probability and Di stributions,

INSTRUCTIONS TO

CANDIDATES

 1. DO NOT open thi s examin ation paper unti l instructed to do so. 2. An swer ALL questions from the THREE sections. 3. Un less otherwi se s tated in the q uestion , a ll numeri cal answers MUST be

give n exactly

OR to three

signifi cant figures

as appropriate.

Examination Materials:

M athe matica l formul ae

Electronic

Rul er and graph paper

calculator

02105013/CAPE

2005

and tables

2004 Caribbean Examinations Co uncil

All

ri ghts rese rved.

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SECTION A

DISCRETE MATHEMATICS

 I. (a) In the context of graph theory, di stingui sh between a 'trail ' and a 'path ' . [2 marks] (b) D E Referring to the graph above, (i) name a path between vertices A and G [2 marks] (ii) state the degree of vertex G [1 mark] (iii) state the total number of vertices in the graph [1 m a rk] (iv) state th e total numbe r of edges in the gr aph. [1 mark] Total 7 marks

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2. The circuit shown below contains three gates:

 a NOT gate: an OR gate:

an AND gate:

a

b

c

==D-

=D-

Write down the Boolean expression for the logic c ircuit and construct the correspondin g truth table.

 Total 8 marks 3. p , q and r are the propositio ns p : yo u get a Grade 1 in M athematics q : you do all logic questions r : yo u revise yo ur work regularly (i) Using p , q and rand logical connectives, state the a) converse b) contrapositi ve c) inverse of the proposition p ~ q A r . [6 marks] (ii) Express p ~ q A r as an Eng li sh sentence. [2 marks] Total 8 marks

02 1050 13/CAPE

2005

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 4. For every desktop and laptop model sold by a computer store, a profit of \$400 and \$600 is made respectively. In any month, a maximum of90 desktops and 70 laptops are supplied to the store. Si nce it takes 3 hours per desktop and 4 hours per laptop to set up software, a maximum of 400 hours is set aside each month for software installations. Defining any variables used, formulate a linear programming model whic h could be used to determine the maximum monthly profit from the computers. [You are not required to solve the problem.] Total9 marks 5. A linear programming problem is defined by Maximise 7x + lly Subject to (a) Sketch a graph to show the straight lines: X + y = 20, X + 2y = 30, X = 0 and y = 0. Name the given lines. [3 marks]
 (b) Shade the region represented by x + y ~ 20, x + 2y ~ 30 , x 0, a nd y 0. [2 marks] (c) State the coordinates of the vertices of the shaded region. [3 marks] Total 8 marks

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SECTIONB

PROBABILITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS

6 .

Theevent s AandBare s u c htha t

P(AIB)

=

P(A')

=!

and

P(A uB)

=

w h e r e A'

i s th e

 event that A does not occur. (a) Find P(A). [1 mark] (b) S how that P(A n B ) = 36 [5 marks] (c) Hence, calculate P(B). [2 marks] Total 8 marks 7. (a) A team of 6 persons is to be c hosen from 5 men a nd 6 women to work on a special project. Calcul ate the number of ways the team can be c hosen so as to include more men tha n women. [4 marks] (b) A courier serv ice has 2 new trucks in a fl eet of 6 . On a particul ar day two truc ks are used to de liver parcels. Given that the trucks are chosen randomly for any particular delivery, determine the probability that exactly one new truck is used. [4 marks] Total 8 marks

8.

X

and

Var(X)

Yare

two independe nt random

=7

and Var(Y) =16.

Determine

vari ables

s uc h that E(X

2

)

=16, E(Y) =2,

E( Y

2

)

=20,

 (a) E(X) [3 marks] (b) E(5X + 3Y) [2 marks] (c) Var(2X- Y) [3 marks]

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2005

Total 8 marks

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9. A drink company is planning to market a new drink.

The financial department of the company made an

analys is of the new drink and predicted that it wo uld earn an a nnu al profit of\$3 mi ll ion if the sales are

high, \$ 1.1 million if the sales are average and lose \$2 million if the sales are low.

The financial department

gave the probabilities of these three situations as 0.29,

p,

and 0 . 15 respectively.

If

X

is the profit,

in millions of d o ll ars,

earned per a nnum by the company f rom the

new drink:

 (a) Construc t the probabili ty distributi o n tab le for X. [2 m a rks ] (b) Obtain the value of p. [2 marks] (c) Calculate the mean and s tandard dev ia tion of X. [5 marks] Total 9 marks

10. On average 6 identical independent trials of an experiment are needed to obtain a successful outcome.

Letp denote the probability of a successful outcome and

successful outcome.

X the number of attempts needed to obtain a

(a)

(b)

(c)

Name an appropriate distribution that may be used to model this situation, giving its paramete(s).

 [2 marks] Calculate the value of p. [2 marks]

Find the probability that it takes at most two attempts to obtain the fLrst successful o utcome.

[3

marks]

Total 7 marks

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2005

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11. Four conc urre nt forces

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SECTIONC

PARTICLE MECHANICS

acting o n a particle,

not

in equ ilibrium,

are

represented by

 whe re i a ndj are the unit vec tors in the directions of x (a) D e termine the res ultant, R , of these fo rces. (b) In order for the syste m to be in equilibrium,

a nd y axes respective ly.

a fifth

force

F

5

=p i +

qj

[3 marks]

Find the

 va lues of p a nd q. [4 marks] Total 7 marks

12. A block of weight

WN

lies o n a rou g h pl an e inclined a t

J.1.

th e horizontal.

A horizontal force of 10 N is required to make the block just s lide up

eoto

The coeffi c ie nt of friction

between the block and pla ne is

the plane.

Find the weig ht

W N

of the block whe n

J.1=+

and 8 =40°.

Total 9 marks

13.

A

train,

s tarting

from

rest, trave ls

9

to

a

speed

!

m s-

of 30

2

for the

km

f rom

1

It

s tati o n

the n

A

to

statio n

at

B.

The

trai n

for

takes

accelerate uniformly

ms-

travels

thi s speed

to rest.

t

seconds

dece le ratin g uniforml y at

last 0.6 km and comes

80

s

to

before

 (a) Sketch a velocity-time graph to represent this information. [3 marks] ( b ) Calcul a te the tota l t ime fo r the train to trave l f ro m station A to sta tio n B. [5 marks]

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Total 8

marks

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14. A particle of mass 3 kg rests on arough plane which is inclined at sin- 1 ~ to the horizontal . This particle

is connected by a light inelastic string passing over a light smooth pulley at the top of the plane, to another particle of mass 4 kg which is hanging freely. The coefficient of friction between the 3 kg

particle and the plane is !.

 (a) Draw a clear diagram showing the forces on each particle. [2 marks] (b) Frnd (i) the acceleration of the system when it is released from rest. [4 marks] (ii) the tension in the string. [2 marks] [Take g = 9.8 m s- 2 ] Total 8 marks (a) 15. A bullet of mass 0 .05 kg trave lling horizontally at 90 ms- 1 passes through a stationary block of wood of mass 10 kg, and emerges horizontally at 30 ms- 1 • Assuming that the block is free to move on the horizontal plane, find the speed of the block after the bullet passes through it. [4 marks]

(b) A vehicle of mass 60 tonne is travelling at a constant speed of 30 ms- 1 up a hill inclined

at sin- 1

power at which the engine is working.

~ to the horizontal. The resistance to motion of the vehicle is 600 N. Find the

3

[4 marks]

[Take g =9.8 ms- 2 ]

Total 8 marks

ENDOFTEST

02105013/CAPE 2005