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1.

TRIPPING FAILURES
1. IMPOSSIBLE TO CLOSE DJ (ICDJ)
ABNORMAL SIGN:
While trying to re-close DJ, LSDJ remains glowing.
CAUSES:
1.Less battery voltage.
2.Less air pressure.
3.Q118 not energised.
4.Q45 not energised.
5.Q44notenergised.
6.C118 not closed (in ARNO loco)
7.MTDJ coil not energized.

2.NO TENSION ONLINE


ABNORMAL SIGN
While reclosing DJ,LSDJ extinguishes,UA meter not deviate, no sound from
auxiliaries,LSCHBA remains glowing and DJ trips
A) Before releasing BLRDJ in ARNO locos
B) On releasing BLRDJ in SIV locos
CAUSES:
1. No supply in OHE.
2. OHE damaged due to derailment/infringement.
3. OHE wirecut.
4. Pantograph not touching the OHE properly.
5. Pantograph entanglement.
6. Roof bar cut.
7. Foreign body on loco roof.
8. VCB flexible shunt cut.
9. Abnormality in HT2 compartment.
10. Open circuit in transformer windings

3.OPERATION A ENDING(IN ARNO LOCO ONLY)

ABNORMALSIGN
While reclosing DJ,LSDJ extinguishes,UA meter deviates,LSCHBA not
extinguishesandDJtripsbeforereleasingBLRDJ.
CAUSES:
DefectiveARNOordefectiveQCVAR

4.OPERATIONB–PART-II
ABONRMALSIGN:
DJ tripping immediately on releasing BLRDJ
CAUSES:
1.Defective Q30.
2.Less OHE voltage (Below17.5KV)
5.OPERATION 'B' PART–I
ABONRMAL SIGN:
After extinguishing LSCHBA DJ trips(5.6seconds)
CAUSES:
1.MVSL-1 not working or defective QVSL-1
2.MVSL-2 not working or defective QVSL-2
3.MPH not working or defective QPH
4.Defective QCVAR N/O interlock(in ARNO locos only)

6.OPERATION-O
ABNORMAL SIGN:
After closing BLVMT DJ trips within 15.6 seconds
CAUSES:
1. MVRH not working or defective QVRH
2. MVMT-1not working or defective QVMT-1
3. MVMT-2 not working or defective QVMT-2

7.OPERATION-I
ABNORMAL SIGN:
DJ trips immediately after taking first notch.
CAUSES:
1.CCPT melting on first notch
2.Sluggish operation of SMGR
3.MVSI-1 not working or defective QVSI-1
4.MVSI-2 not working or defective QVSI-2

8.OPERATION-II
ABNORMAL SIGN:
After taking 6th notch DJ trips after 5.6 seconds.
CAUSES:
1. C107,C105 and C106 are not closed.
2. C107 or C105 or C106 is not closed.
3. Both C105 and C106 are not closed due to defective QTD105.
4. All EM contactors are not closed due to CCA melted or Q100 not energized.
5. C107,C105&C106 closed but their N/O interlocks are defective.

9.DJ TRIPPING WITH OUT ANY APPARENT CAUSE (TWAC)


ABNORMAL SIGN:
DJ tripping during coasting or progression/regression
CAUSES:
1.Action of safety relays with out target
2.Pantograph not making contact with OHE at times
3.Poor contact of fuses CCPT,CCDJ,CCA
4.Sluggish operation of SMGR
5.Chattering of relays Q118 and Q44
6.Loose contact of BL switch interlocks
2.TRACTIONFAILURES
1.TOTAL LOSS OF TRACTIVE EFFORT WITHOUT GR PROGRESSION
ABNORMAL SIGN
When MP is moved from N to +,or When BPP is pressed with MP in‘N’ position if
LSGR not extinguishing,Notchrepeaternotdeviating,Traction ammeters not deviating,
Loco not moving.
CAUSES:
1.Q50 not energized (LSB glows)
2.Q51energized
3.Q52 energized
4.Poor contact of MP conks
5.ZSMS not in proper position
6.ZSMGR not in 6 clock position
7.Less SMGR pressure.
8.GR struck up in 0.

2.TOTAL LOSS OF TRACTIVE EFFORT WITH GR PROGRESSION


ABONRMAL SIGN:
LSGR extinguished, GR progressing, NR deviating but traction ammeters not
Deviating and loco not moving.
CAUSE:Line contactors not closed

3.AUTO REGRESSION WITH LSP GLOWING


CAUSES:
1.Train brakes not released or wet rail/oil substance on the rails.
2.Line contactors L2 or L3or L4 or L5 is opened.
3.When ever any shunting contactor is welded or not closing while operating MPS.
4.Slipped pinion or locked axle.

4. 1ST NOTCH AUTO REGRESSION WITH OUT LSP


ABONRMAL SIGN:
GR progress to1notch and returns to 0 without LSP glowing
CAUSES:
1.Rear cab BL not locked properly or unlocked on run (other than FDCSlocos)
2.VCD acted or malfunctioning
3.BPR defective (in modified ZSMS)

5.PARTIAL LOSS OF TRACTIVE EFFORT (PLTE)


ABNORMAL SIGN
Poor engine hauling
CAUSES
1.L1 or L6 not closed
2.One bogie isolated
6.CCPT MELTING AFTER HOBA IN OFF.
ABONRMAL SIGN:
1.DJ trips.
2.Pantograph lowers.
3.GR will not come to 0 and LSGR will not glow GR in notches.
4.BP pressure drops to 0(in Non-modified locos).
5.In FDCS locos, in addition to above all pilot lamps will not glow, mainun it will
Not work.

3.PNEUMATIC FAILURES
1.MCPA NOT BUILDING UP PRESSURE IN PR (PANTOGRAPH RESERVOIR)
(If CPA is not building up pressure at the rate of 1kg/cm² per minute)
CAUSES:
1.MCPA not working.
2.RAL cut out cock not opened or drain cocks not closed properly.
3.R1cutout cock not closed (when NRV is defective).
4.Air leakage in pantograph and DJ pipe lines.
5.PR gauge defective.

2.MR PRESSURE NOT BUILDING UP.


CAUSES:
1.MCPs not working.
2.MCP working but MR pressure not building up.

3.SUDDEN DROP OF BP ON RUN


CAUSES:
1)Train parting
2)IP valve de-energized
3)Cattle run over
4)Alarm Chain Pulled
5)Air leaking through A9 exhaust port
6)Air leaking from C2 relay valve (BP charging)

4.AIR FLOW INDICATOR OVER SHOOTS ON RUN


CAUSES
1.Excess leakage in BP pipe line.
2.Defective AFI.
If AFI over shoots, switch on flasher light immediately and check for abnormality
Such as derailment etc.Switch off flasherlight if there is no abnormality.

5.FP PRESSURE (6KG/CM²) NOT CHARGING.


CAUSES
1.FP feed valve (6Kg/cm²) cutout cock is not opened.
2.FP angle cocks on bothends of the loco are not closed properly.
3.Air leakage in FP line

6.LOCO BRAKES NOT RELEASING.


Causes:’
1.A9/SA9 handles are not in release position.
2.BP Pressure not charged to 5.0kg/cm2.
3.C3W valve struckup

7.BP PRESSURE RISES BEYOND 5KG/CM2 AFTER A9 OPERATION


CAUSES
1.A9 valve not seated properly
2.Defective A9
3.C2Rv struck up

4.MISCELLANEOUSFAILURES
1.ALL PILOT LAMPS NOT GLOWING
CAUSES
1. CCLS blown out
2. ZLS OFF (if provided)
3. Poor contact of BL interlock
4. A conk slackened (DJ trips and Pantograph lowers)