Sie sind auf Seite 1von 68

German Phrases

Greetings in German
Hi! Hallo!
Good Morning! Guten Morgen!
Good Evening! Guten Abend!
Welcome! (to greet someone) Willkommen!
How Are You? Wie geht's dir/ Ihnen?
I'm Fine, Thanks! Danke, mir geht's gut!
And You? Und dir/ Ihnen?
Good/ So-So. Gut/ So la-la
Thank You (Very Much)! Danke (vielmals)!/ Vielen Dank!
You're Welcome! (answering "thank you") Gern gescheh'n!/ Keine Ursache!/ Kein Problem!
Hey! Friend! Hey! Kumpel! (only for male people)
I Missed You So Much! Du hast/ Sie haben mir so gefehlt!
What's New? Was gibt's Neues?
Nothing Much Nicht viel.
Good Night! Gute Nacht!
See You Later! Bis später!
Good Bye! Auf Wiedersehen!/ Tschüß!

Help & Directions in German


I'm Lost Ich habe mich verlaufen!
Can I Help You? Kann ich dir/ Ihnen helfen?
Can You Help Me? Kannst du/ Können Sie mir helfen?
Where is the (bathroom/ pharmacy)? Wo ist (das Badezimmer/ die Apotheke?)
Go Straight! Then Turn Left/ Right! Gehen Sie geradeaus! Dann links / rechts abbiegen!
I'm Looking For John. Ich suche John.
One Moment Please! Einen Augenblick, bitte!
Hold On Please! (phone) Bleiben Sie dran, bitte!
How Much Is This? Was kostet das?/ Wie teuer ist das?
Excuse Me ...! ( to ask for something) Entschuldigen Sie bitte...!
Excuse Me! ( to pass by) Darf ich mal vorbei?
Come With Me! Kommen Sie mit!
Personal Info in German
Do You Speak (English/ German)? Sprechen Sie (Englisch/ Deutsch)?
Just a Little. Nur ein bißchen.
What's Your Name? Wie heißen Sie?
My Name Is …. Ich heiße... / Mein Name ist...
Mr.../ Mrs.…/ Miss… Herr/ Frau/ Fräulein (not used anymore)
Nice To Meet You! Schön, Sie kennenzulernen!
You're Very Kind! Du bist/ Sie sind sehr freundlich!
Where Are You From? Woher kommst du/ kommen Sie?
I'm From (the U.S/ Germany) Ich komme (aus den U.S.A./ aus Amerika / aus Deutschland)
I’m (American) Ich bin (Amerikaner)
Where Do You Live? Wo wohnst du/ wohnen Sie?
I live in (the U.S/ Germany) Ich wohne (in den U.S.A./ in Amerika/ in Deutschland)
Did You Like It Here? Gefällt es dir/ Ihnen hier?
Germany Is a Wonderful Country Deutschland ist wunderschön.
What Do You Do For A Living? Was ist dein/ Ihr Beruf?
I Work As A (Translator/ Businessman) Ich bin (Übersetzer/Dolmetscher) / Geschäftsmann
I Like German Ich mag Deutsch
I've Been Learning German For 1 Month Ich lerne seit einem Monat Deutsch
Oh! That's Good! Oh! Das ist toll!
How Old Are You? Wie alt bist du/ sind Sie?
I'm (twenty, thirty…) Years Old. Ich bin (zwanzig, dreißig,...) Jahre (alt).
I Have To Go Ich muß gehen/ los!
I Will Be Right Back! Ich bin sofort wieder da!
Wishes in German
Good Luck! Viel Glück!
Happy Birthday! Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!
Happy New Year! Ein frohes neues Jahr!
Merry Christmas! Fröhliche Weihnachten!
Congratulations! (Herzlichen) Glückwunsch!
Enjoy! (For meals…) Guten Appetit!
I'd Like To Visit Germany One Day Ich möchte eines Tages (mal) nach Deutschland reisen
Say Hi To John For me. Grüß/ Grüßen Sie John von mir!
Bless you (when sneezing) Gesundheit!
Good Night & Sweet Dreams! Gute Nacht und träum was schönes!

Misunderstanding in German
I'm Sorry! (if you don't hear something) Entschuldigung, ich habe Sie nicht verstanden!
Sorry (for a mistake) Entschuldigung!/ Es tut mir leid!
No Problem! Kein Problem!/ Keine Ursache!
Can You Say It Again? Kannst du/ Können Sie das nochmal wiederholen?
Can You Speak Slowly? Kannst du/ Können Sie (etwas) langsamer sprechen?
Write It Down Please! Schreib/ Schreiben Sie es bitte auf!
I Don't Understand! Ich verstehe das/ dich/ Sie nicht! (das:that, dich:you, Sie:you polite)
I Don't Know! Ich weiß (es) nicht!
I Have No Idea. Ich habe keine Ahnung.
What's That Called In German? Wie heißt das auf deutsch?
What Does " gato" Mean In English? Was bedeutet "nacht" auf englisch?
How Do You Say "Please" In German? Wie sagt man "please" auf deutsch?
What Is This? Was ist das (hier)?
My German Is Bad. Mein Deutsch ist schlecht.
I need to practice my German Ich muß (mein) Deutsch üben.
Don't Worry! (Nur) Keine Sorge!
Expressions & Words in German
Good/ Bad/ So-So. gut/ schlecht/ so la-la
Big/ Small groß/ klein.
Today/ Now heute/ jetzt
Tomorrow/ Yesterday morgen/ gestern
Yes/ No ja/ nein
Here You Go! (when giving something) Bitte sehr!/ Bitte schön!
Do You Like It? Gefällt's dir/ Ihnen?
I Really Like It! Mir gefällt es sehr gut!
I'm Hungry/ Thirsty. Ich habe Hunger/ Durst.
In The Morning/ Evening/ At Night. am Morgen/ morgens/ am Abend/ abends/ in der Nacht
This/ That. Here/There dies(es/er/e)/ das. hier/ dort.
Me/ You. Him/ Her. Ich/ Du. Er/ sie
Really! Wirklich?!/ Echt?!
Look! Guck (mal)/ Schau (mal)!
Hurry Up! Beeil dich!/ beeilen Sie sich!
What? Where? was?/ wo?
What Time Is It? Wieviel Uhr ist es?/ Wie spät ist es?
It's 10 o'clock. 07:30pm. Es ist zehn Uhr. Sieben Uhr dreißig/ halb acht.
Give Me This! Gib mir das!
I Love You! Ich liebe dich/ Sie!
I Feel Sick. Ich fühle mich nicht wohl.
I Need A Doctor Ich brauche einen Arzt.
One, Two, Three eins, zwei, drei
Four, Five, Six vier, fünf, sechs
Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten sieben, acht, neun, zehn

Wie heißen Sie? (What's your name?),


Ich heiße Speak7 , Mein Name ist Speak7 (my name is Speak7 ),
Wie bitte? (I'm sorry, literally: how please?),
Wie geht„s? (How is it going? how are things going with you?),
Es geht, und Ihnen? (things are going okay, how about you? It's the answer to "Wie geht's")
Danke, gut! Good, thanks (literally: Thanks, good)
Tschüß (bye)
Woher kommen Sie? (Where are you from?)
Ich komme aus Marokko. (I'm from Morocco)
Wo wohnen Sie? (Where do you live?)
Wo ist das? (Where is that?)
Ich verstehe nicht (I don't understand)
Oh, Entschuldigung! (Oh sorry)
Macht nichts (don't worry about it, .or., it's okay)
Danke schön (Thanks a lot)
Es tut mir leid (I'm sorry)
Was machen Sie? (What do you do?)
Was sind Sie von Beruf? (What do you do for a living?)
Ich bin ... (I'm a "your job")
Ich meine. (I mean.)
Wirklich? (Really?)
Ich bin in Frankfurt geboren (I was born in Frankfurt)
Ich bin verheiratet (I.m married)
Ich bin solo (I'm single)
Ja, richtig (yes that's true, or that's correct)
Das stimmt! (exactly!)
Das stimmt nicht (that's not true)
Ich spreche mit einem Akzent (I speak with an accent)
Was ist das? (What is that?)
Sie sprechen zu schnell für mich (you.re speaking too fast for me)
Was ist los? (What is going on?)
Gar nichts (nothing at all)
Warum nicht? (Why not?)
Wie spät ist es? (What time is it?)
Zehn vor sieben (6:50), zwanzig nach fünf (5:20), viertel vor zehn (9:45)
Kommst du mit? (Are you coming along?)
Kann ich Sie duzen? (Can I use the informal form used in German with you?)
Hier kann man viel Geld ausgeben (you can spend a lot of money here; note that "man" here
means "people, you, one...")
Ich schlage vor, wir gehen ins Kino (I suggest, we go to the movies/ cinema)
Wie lange leben Sie schon hier? (How long have you been living here?)
Wie finden Sie Amerika? (How do you like the U.S?)
Ich habe in Amerika Deutsch gelernt (I learned German in the U.S)
Er hat Sie verstanden (he understood you).
Wie groß ist es? (How big is it?)
Wie viel kostet das? (How much is it?)
Das ist sehr wichtig (it's very important)
Haben Sie Geschwister/ Kinder? (Do you have sisters/ kids?)
Können Sie mir helfen? (Can you help me?)
Haben Sie eine Nachricht? (Do you have a message for me?)
Legen Sie nicht auf (don't hang up! "On the phone")
Was kann ich für Sie tun? (What can I do for you?)
Sag mal! (Tell me!)
Jeden Tag studiere ich Deutsch (every day I study German)
Um wie viel Uhr...? (At what time ...?)
Bis wann? (Till what time?)
Morgen, Nachmittag, Abend (morning, afternoon, evening)
Wann kommen Sie heute? (When are you coming today?)
Von neun bis sechs (from nine to six)
Das weiß ich nicht (I don't know about that)
Noch nicht (not yet)
Also, bis dann! (So, see you!)
Toll! (Wow, "or" Awesome!)
Mach schnell! (Hurry up!)
Was haben Sie heute Abend vor? (Do you have any plans for this evening?)
Ich kann Deutsch nur lesen und schreiben, aber nicht sprechen (I can only read and write
German, but cannot speak it)
Darf ich hereinkommen? (Can I come in?)
Ja, natürlich, kommen Sie bitte! (Of course, come in please!)
Nehmen Sie doch bitte Platz! Mögen Sie etwas trinken? (Have a seat, would you like to drink
something?)
Nein, danke, ich will nicht lange bleiben (no, thanks, I will not stay for long)
Darf ich etwas fragen? (Can I ask you something?)
Morgen habe ich wieder Freizeit (tomorrow I have free time again)
Was fehlt Ihnen? (What's wrong? are you okay?)
Auf keinen Fall (by no means)
Auf jeden Fall (by all means)
Viel Erfolg (good luck!)

German Alphabet
Aa as in the word “ask” and never as in the word “able”
Bb same as in English
Cc usually in “sch” “ch” or “ck” rarely out of these letters.
Dd same as in English
Ee as in “elevated”
Ff same as in English
Gg like in the word "God", never pronounced as in the word “gym”.
Hh same as in English.
Ii as in the word “ink” never as in the word “island”
Jj similar to the letter “y” in “yacht”
Kk same as in English
Ll same as in English
Mm same as in English
Nn same as in English, most of the German letters are just like English.
Oo same as in English “Old” never as in “Hot” which is pronounced somehow like {hat}
Pp same as in English
Qq same as in English but rare.
Rr same as in English but slightly like as in “gh” as in the French “Merci”
Ss sounds like “z”.
Tt same as in English but not as sharp.
Uu sounds like “oo” or “uu”, never as in the word “up” or “university”
Vv sounds like “f”
Ww sounds like “v”
Xx same as in English although rare.
Yy same as in English although rare.
Zz sounds like “ts”

Additional German letters:

Ä /ä, Ö/ ö, Ü / ü. ß (called scharfes s)

Ä /ä sounds more like “e”

Ö/ ö sounds more like “oe”

Ü / ü sounds more like “ue”

ß sounds like “ss”

Compound letters:

Sch: sounds like “sh”

Ch: sounds sometimes like “sh” or like “kh”.

St: sounds like “sht” at the beginning, and like “st” at the end of a word.

German Definite Article


Masculine der Mann (the man)
Feminine die Frau (the woman)
Neuter das Brot (the bread)
Plural die Männer (the men), die Frauen (the women), die Brote (the breads)
Well, that‟s not all; the form we went through above is only for the nominative case. Now let‟s
have a look at all the rest:

German Definite Articles


Masculin feminin neuter plural
e e
Nominative case Der die das die the
Accusative case Den die das die the
Dative case Dem der dem den to the
Genitive cases Des der des der of the

Here are some examples:

Nominative: der Mann ist hier (the man is here)

Accusative: Ich grüße den Mann (I greet the man)

Dative: Ich gebe dem Mann ein Buch (I give the book to the man)

Genitive: Ich habe das Buch des Mannes (I have the book of the man)

You may have noticed how the definite article changes each time the case changes. So try to
memorize the table above by heart, I‟m sure it‟s not that hard.

German cases are four: the nominative case (subject of the sentence); the accusative case (the
direct object); the dative case (the indirect object), and the genitive case (possessive). Cases are
not something strange to English, pronouns for example use a certain kind of cases, for example
we say “he speaks”, and “give him” and not “give he”, did you see how “he” became “him” in
the second example, well the same thing happens in German, the only difference is that in
German it‟s much more widely used, not only in pronouns, even nouns/ adjectives/ articles …
use the same thing. The German case indicates the role of an element in a sentence.

German Nominative
The nominative is the easiest case in German and also the one dictionaries use as the standard
form of nouns, adjectives, articles…and refers to the subject of the sentence. The teacher went to
school, “The teacher” is the subject of the sentence, and therefore “The teacher” is nominative.

So it will take the nominative form in German, which is “Der Lehrer”.

Below is a table of some forms of Nominative, you will only know the difference when you will
go through the 3 other cases (accusative, Dative, Genitive).

German Nominative Case


Definite Articles Indefinite Articles Personal Pronouns Adjectives (masc., fem, neuter,
plural)
Der, die, das, die Ein, Eine, Ein Ich, du, er, sie, Weißer, weiße, weißes, weiße

(they all means (they all mean a, wir, ihr, sie. (all these forms mean white)
the) an)
(I, you, he, she...)

These are just some examples to show the nominative form of some elements such as articles,
pronouns, adjectives. Note that the nominative case can be used in a much wider scope such as in
Nouns, interrogative pronouns…what comes next will help you notice the difference between
Nominative and what the other 3 German cases.

German Accusative

Now we will learn the second case in German which is the accusative, the good news is that
apart from the masculine, the other 2 genders + the plural (feminine, neuter and plural) look just
like the Nominative. Now let‟s learn what the accusative really is. The accusative case is
considered the direct object. I see the teacher, “the teacher” is the direct object of the sentence,
and therefore would take the accusative form, and since “the teacher” is masculine it will become
in German “den Lehrer” and not “der Lehrer” as in the nominative case. I see the teacher = Ich
sehe den Lehrer.

German Accusative Case


Definite Articles Indefinite Articles Personal Pronouns Adjectives (masc., fem, neuter,
plural)
Den, die, das, die Einen, Eine, Ein mich, dich, ihn, Weißen, weiße, weißes, weiße
(they all means (they all mean a, sie, (all these forms mean white)
the) an)
uns, euch, sie.

(me, you, him,


her...)

Let‟s get adjectives involved as well. I see the young teacher = ich sehe den jungen Lehrer.
Young in German is jung, but since we‟re using the accusative case, then the adjective should
copy the article it follows, which is “den/ the” = masculine, so “den jungen”. If you look at the
table above you will understand why we added “en” after the adjective “jung”. Now let‟s get
personal pronouns involved. I see him = ich sehe ihn. Easy, isn‟t it!

A pronoun in German as well as in English is like a shortcut to refer to a noun, a word that
stands for or represents a noun or noun phrase, a pronoun is identified only in the context of the
sentence in which it is used. So you must have a prior idea about who "he or she" "er or sie" is.
In English we find "I, her, what, that, his", In German pronouns use is governed by cases
(nominative, accusative, dative, genitive), number and gender. All these three factors can affect
the pronoun.

Types of pronouns include personal pronouns (refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken
to, or the persons or things spoken about), indefinite pronouns, relative (connect parts of
sentences), reciprocal or reflexive pronouns (in which the object of a verb is being acted on by
verb's subject), demonstrative, and interrogative pronouns.

German Personal Pronouns

The personal (subject) pronouns in German are (ich, du, er, sie, es, wir, ihr, Sie, sie.), and make
the equivalent of (I, you, he, she, it, we, you people, you all, they) in English, usually they take
the nominative form, since they‟re the subject of the sentence. They‟re very important and
therefore they must be memorized by heart.

I have a pen = Ich habe einen Kugelschreiber.

Personal Pronouns in German


Singular
I Ich
you (familiar) Du
you (formal) Sie
he, she, it er, sie, es
Plural
we Wir
you (familiar) Ihr
you (formal) Sie
they Sie

German Object Pronouns

Object pronouns replace the object of a sentence; direct object pronouns take the place of the
direct object nouns, let‟s take this example “I see a man”, “a man” can be replaced in English by
the direct object pronoun “him” and not “he”, so it would be “I see him”, the same thing
happens in German:

Ich sehe einen Mann becomes Ich sehe ihn.

Note that the direct object pronoun in German is associated with the accusative case:

Direct Object Pronouns in German


Singular
me Mich
you (familiar) Dich
you (formal) Sie
him, her, it ihn, sie, es
Plural
us Uns
you (familiar) Euch
you (formal) Sie
them Sie

The indirect object pronouns (IOP) are used to replace nouns (people or things) in a sentence to
which the action of the verb occurs. In English usually it is preceded by a preposition, “I give the
book to Katja”, the name “Katja” is an indirect object noun, to replace it with a pronoun we
would say in English “her”, in German we would say “ihr”, note that since the IOP is associated
with the dative, the preposition “to” that we would usually use in English is not used in German,
or rather we would say that it‟s mixed with the pronoun (look at the table below to understand
the concept better), for example “to her” in German will become one word “ihr”.
Indirect Object Pronouns in German
Singular
to me Mir
to you (familiar) Dir
to you (familiar) Ihnen
to him, to her, to it ihm, ihr, ihm
Plural
to us Uns
to you (familiar) Euch
to you (formal) Ihnen
to them Ihnen

German Possessive Pronouns

The possessive is another aspect that you need to master in German, the possessive pronouns
indicate ownership and they replace a noun just like in English, example: “it is my house”
becomes “it is mine”. but while in English you can use “mine” to the singular and feminine, in
German you have to add an “e” to for the feminine,

Possessive Pronouns in German


Singular
mine mein/e
yours mein/e
yours (formal) Ihr/e
his, hers, its sein/e
Plural
our unser/e
yours (familiar) eur/e
yours (formal) Ihr/e
theirs ihr/e

Now we will look at possessive adjectives, which are used more than the pronouns we‟ve seen
above. And since we‟re talking about “adjectives” it means that they will take different forms in
different cases. For example let‟s have a look at “my” and “our” in German:

Possessive Adjectives in German


Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive
Masculine mein Meinen meinem meines
Feminine meine Meine meiner meiner
Neuter mein Mein meinem meines
Plural meine Meine meinen meiner

Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive


Masculine unser uns(e)ren uns(e)rem uns(e)res
Feminine uns(e)re uns(e)re uns(e)rer uns(e)rer
Neuter unser Unser uns(e)rem uns(e)res
Plural uns(e)re uns(e)re uns(e)ren uns(e)rer

Note that we add an “e” when we deal with the feminine, either in the singular or the plural; I put
it between parentheses above.

As we have learned in the verbs section, reflexive verbs express an action that acts upon the
subject, and with the reflexive verbs you will find reflexive pronouns, which are placed after of
the conjugated verb, for example: Ich washe mich (I wash myself). Ich stelle mir vor (I imagine
“myself”). Note that these pronouns have two forms, one with the accusative and another with
the dative. When to use each one of them will depend on the verb, some reflexive verbs are
associated with the accusative, and some others are associated with the dative, you can check the
verbs page to learn more.

German Reflexive Pronouns


Accusative
myself Mich
yourself (familiar) Dich
yourself (formal) Sich
himself, herself, itself Sich
ourselves Uns
yourselves (familiar) Euch
yourselves (formal) Sich
themselves Sich

Dative
myself Mir
yourself (familiar) Dir
yourself (formal) Sich
himself, herself, itself Sich
ourselves Uns
yourselves (familiar) Euch
yourselves (formal) Sich
themselves Sich

A brief summery of the pronouns we‟ve learned so far:

German Pronouns
nominative accusative dative genitive
1st singular ich mich mir mein-
2nd singular du dich dir dein-
3rd singular feminine sie sie ihr ihr-
3rd singular masculine er ihn ihm sein-
3rd singular neuter es es ihm sein-
1st plural wir uns uns unser-
2nd plural ihr euch euch eur-
3rd plural sie sie ihnen ihr-
formal (singular and plural) Sie Sie Ihnen Ihr-

German Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstratives usually refer to a previously mentioned noun in a sentence, just like adjectives
they must agree with the gender and number of the noun. The equivalent to them in English
would be “this/these”.

German Demonstratives
Masculine feminine neuter plural
Nominative case Dieser diese dieses diese this/ these
Accusative case Diesen diese dieses diese this/ these
Dative case Diesem dieser diesem diesen to this/ these
Genitive cases Dieses dieser dieses dieser of this/ these
Other Pronouns:

Relative Pronouns: in German they are der, die, das (who, that, which), wer, was (who, that)
and welcher (who, that). The gender, number, and case of the relative pronoun should agree with
its antecedent.

Interrogative Pronouns: the most important in German are: wer (who), wen (whom), wem (to
whom), wessen (whose), was (what), welcher (which).

Indefinite pronouns are: all- (all), ander- (other), einig- (one), etwas (some), jed- (each),
kein- (no), nichts (nothing), man (we, one), niemand (no one).

Gender in German

Nouns in German are quite different than in English; the gender is not an issue in English
because all nouns have the same gender, well except humans and some animals... for example “a
spoon” and “a fork” have the same gender, but in German it‟s a little bit more diverse, for some
reason the spoon is masculine (der Löffel), the fork is feminine (die Gabel), and the knife is
neuter (das Messer). This may sound weird but well even in English in some rare cases we do the
same thing, for example you may hear in rare occasions “she is a nice car”, as if a car is
feminine, or when talking about a baby we use “it” instead of „he/she”. In German this happens
all the time with all nouns, so the best thing to do is: when you memorize new words try to
memorize them with their definite article, for example the word “book” in German is “das
Buch”, note that I added the definite articles “das” to it, which tells me that the book is “neuter”
in German. If you get used to doing that way you would know if nouns are masculine, feminine
or neuter, the good news is that in may occasions you can guess the gender of nouns given some
hints, either thanks to a suffix or to a rule:

German Gender: Masuline


Suffix: Most nouns ending in -en, -el, -ling, -ner, -ismus, -ig, -ich, or -er are masculine:

der Boden (ground), der Vogel (bird), der Frühling (spring), der Vater (father).
Rules: Days, months, and seasons, weather (rain, snow…) are usually masculine in German.

der Sonntag (Sunday), der Winter (winter), der Februar (February, der Regen (rain), der Schnee
(snow), but das Wetter (the weather).

Note that these suffixes and rules can only assist you in increasing your chance of guessing what
the gender would be, but it‟s still guessing, because there are some exceptions that can be found
time to time.
German Gender: Feminine
Suffix: Nouns ending in -heit, -ie, -ik, -age, -ei ,-ion, -itis, -keit, -ur, -schaft, -tät, and -ung
are feminine:

die Freiheit (freedom), die Garage (garage), die Operation (operation), die Möglichkeit
(possibility), die Natur (nature), die Freundschaft (friendship), die Qualität (quality), die
Ehrung, (honor).
Rules: Trees, flowers, fruit, and cardinal numbers are most of the time feminine:

die Föhre (pine tree), die Rose (rose), die Orange (Orange), die Sieben (the seven).

German Gender: Neuter


Suffix: Nouns ending in -ett, -chen, -lein, -il, -ium, -ma, -ment, -nis, -tel, -tum, -um and -o
are neuter:

das Bett (bed), das Kaninchen (Rabbit), das Stadium (stage), das Klima (climat), das Geheimnis
(secret), das Viertel (quarter), das Album (album), das Fräulein (young lady).
Rules: Names of towns, countries, colors, infinitives used as nouns, and the diminutives that
we‟ve seen above ending in -chen or -lein, they‟re all usually neuter: das Berlin (Berlin), das
Deutschland (Germany), das Rot (Red), das Schwimmen (swimming), das Hündchen (little dog),
das Kindlein (little child).

Note that you should check the other pages of German Cases and Articles to have a better idea
on how nouns can change depending on the case, and what articles they take in each case.

The Plural in German

German is more diverse in its plural than in English, to express the plural in English we simply
add “s” or “es” to the end of the noun, well in German it‟s not the case. Some nouns add “e” to
their end: der Freund (friend) becomes die Freunde (friends), der Schuh (a shoe) becomes die
Schuhe (shoes).

Other nouns add “en” to their end: der Student (student) becomes die Studenten (students), die
Zeit (time) becomes die Zeiten (times).

The other forms of plural in German are:

(-n) for example: die Schule becomes die Schulen (schools).

(no diffrence) for example: das Fenster (window) stays die Fenster (windows).
(-¨) for example: der Bruder becomes die Brüder (brothers).

(-¨er or -er) for example: das Haus becomes die Häuser (houses), or das Kind becomes die
Kinder (childen).

(-s) for example: das Radio becomes die Radios (this form can be used usually with foreign
words) das Baby becomes die Babys

Tips: Note that most nouns ending in the suffixes (-heit, -ie, -ik, -age, -ei ,-ion, -itis, -keit, -ur, -
schaft, -tät, and -ung) add -en in the plural.

Feminine nouns ending in (-in) add -nen to form their plural.

Note that most German plurals add an extra -n or -en to the plural form in the dative case.

Finally note that while English takes capital letter only in countries names or days… in German
all nouns take a capital letter as you may have noticed in this lesson.

Verbs in German are more diverse than in English; in this page we will learn their categories,
and the most used tenses in German, note that this page is including only the important
information you should know about in German verbs, and it doesn‟t include details about each
category or each tense.

German Verbs
In German verbs are categorized into three categories: weak verbs, strong, and mixed verbs.

Weak verbs (schwache Verben) do not change the stem vowel in the past tense and the past
participle and they‟re considered like regular verbs in English, examples: arbeiten (to work),
spielen (to play).

Strong verbs (starke Verben) do change the stem vowel in both the past tense and the past
participle, examples: sprechen (to speak), fahren (to drive, go)

Mixed verbs contain parts of both weak and strong verbs. They‟re used very often and therefore
they should not be overlooked, examples: bringen (to bring), senden (to send)

Some verbs in the 3 categories above may contain separable (trennbar) or inseparable
(untrennbar) prefixes. The point of using these prefixes is to create new meanings from the
original verb. This concept is not strange to English, let‟s look at the verb “to stand” if we add
the prefix “under” it will give us a whole new verb “to understand”, the same thing in German,
“stehen” means “to stand”, “verstehen” means “to understand”. Easy, right! Well not exactly,
because German uses these prefixes more often. And some prefixes can be detached from the
original verb and take a specific spot in the sentences, sometimes even far from the verb.

Separable prefixes (trennbar) are (ab, bei, ein, vor, an, auf, mit, weg, etc.) can stand
independently as words, or can stay connected to the verb, Kann ich mitkommen? (Can I come
with “you”?), kommen Sie mit ans Meer? (are you coming with to the sea), here the verb is
“mitkommen”, see how in the first example it was connected, and in the second example the
prefix “mit” was placed after Sie. The meaning of “mitkommen” is “to accompany” or “come
with”.

The inseparable prefixes (untrennbar) are (be-, emp-, ent-, er-, ver-, zer-). These kind of
prefixes cannot be removed from their verbs, The most common inseparable prefix verbs are:
verkaufen (to sell), bekommen (to get), empfangen (to receive), empfehlen (to recommend),
entdecken (to discover), verstehen (to understand), versagen (to fail), zerstören (to destroy).

German Tenses

Below you will find the most used tenses in German, with the verb endings in each tense, as well
as some examples, try to master them if you can, that would help you a lot and makes you feel
comfortable expressing yourself in German, we will start with the present tense, which is a very
important and a must to learn tense:

Present Tense in German


It‟s the first tense we will learn, weak German verbs take the following endings Weak verb Stro
to form the present tense:
spielen (to play) neh
ich -e, du -st, er (sie, es) -t, wir -en, ihr -t, Sie -en, sie -en.
ich spiele ich n
These endings can help you a lot, because with them you can conjugate most of
weak verbs into the present tense, you only need the stem of the verb, for du spielst (familiar) du n
example the stem of spielen (to play) is “spiel”.
er, sie, es spielt er, s

wir spielen wir


Strong verbs change in the singular second person familiar and third person
forms, for example the verb nehmen “to take”, look at the side of the table. ihr spielt (familiar) ihr n
Usually strong verbs changes are regular and predictable: a becomes ä, e
becomes ie or i, au becomes äu, o becomes ö. Note that the plural form is
regular. Sie spielen (formal) Sie

sie spielen sie n

Mixed verbs are irregular and are best learnt by heart, because they‟re
unpredictable. The good news is that te most common conjugation is the one for
the weak verb. But like any other language there are some exceptions for all three
types of verbs.

Now we will have a look at the past tense, also called the imperfect, another very important fact
in knowing how to conjugate verbs in German:

German Past Tense (Imperfect)


In German as well as in English the simple past tense (imperfect) is used to Strong verb Irre
describe past events, more literal than conversational, regularly used when
writing about the past. The endings for the weak verb are: kommen (to come) wiss

ich -te, du -test, Sie -ten, er (sie, es, man) -te, wir -ten, ihr -tet, Sie -ten, sie - ich kam ich w
ten.
du kamst (familiar) du w
So just take any weak verb stem and add it to the endings above, for example our
previous verb spielen (to play), its stem is “spiel”, plus the endings above we will Sie kamen (formal) Sie
get: ich spielte, du spieltest, er spielte, wir spielten, ihr spieltet, Sie, sie spielten
er, sie, es kam er, s

wir kamen wir


To form the past tense with strong verbs, the trickiest part is knowing the stem,
for example in English, you don‟t say “I comed”, but you say “I came” to refer to ihr kamt (familiar) ihr w
the past of the verb “to come”, strong verbs in German change their stem vowels
and add the following endings: Sie kamen (formal) Sie

ich (-nothing added to the stem), du -st, Sie -en, er, sie, es (-nothing added to sie kamen sie w
the stem), wir -en, ihr -t, Sie -en, sie -en. (look at the example on the side)

For the irregular verbs, they‟re tricky too in forming their stem, sometimes the
stem doesn‟t look like the original verb at all, just like “I go” and “I went”, but
these German irregular verbs change the vowel in the stem and, in addition, they
take weak verb endings in the past tense.
Now we will learn the future tense, which is considered the easiest, because you only need to
learn the conjugated form of “werden” plus the infinitive of the verbs you want to conjugate:

Future Tense in German


There are two ways to express the German future. The easiest and most common method is to use the ich w
present tense with an appropriate time marker; Wir gehen morgen nach Berlin (we‟re going to Berlin
tomorrow). The other method is to use the appropriate present tense form of werden with the infinitive du w
of the main verb, note that the main verb in this method comes at the end of the sentence, relatively far
from the future verb “werden”. Wir werden Schach und Kreuzworträtsel spielen (we will play chess and er, s
cross puzzels). Did you see how the verb spielen was kicked to the end of the sentence, it‟s like you‟re
saying in English: we will chess and cross puzzles play. Remember this structure, because this is how you wir
will be forming verbs in the future if you use the verb “werden” with it.
ihr w
Note that if you choose to use the first method, which is “present tense” you have to mention the time
marker such as “morgen/ tomorrow”, “nächstes Jahr/ next year”…not using them will make people think sie w
that you‟re talking about the present and not the future tense.
Sie

Adjectives in German as well as in English describe or modify nouns, but in German they
should agree in gender and number with the noun they modify. Adjectives forms vary
depending on the case (nominative, accusative, dative and genitive).

Note how adjectives take an extra “e” when they‟re placed before nouns and a definite article is
placed before them in the nominative:

German Adjectives
Masculine: (schnell/ fast): der schnelle Tiger (the fast tiger).

Feminine: (jung/ young): die junge Dame (the young lady).

Neuter: (klug/ smart): das kluge Kind (the smart child).

Plural: (gut/ good): sie sind gute Bücher (they‟re good books).

For all the rest of the cases (accusative, dative and genitive) adjectives ending take “en” in the
masculine, and “e” in the feminine and neuter.
Accusative: Ich habe den schnellen Tiger gesehen (I have seen the fast tiger), Ich habe die junge
Dame gesehen. (I have seen the young lady).

The same thing happens with dative and genitive where the adjective take “en” in the masculine,
and “e” in the feminine/ neuter/plural.

Remember that this happens only when we add a definite article der, die, das (the) or the
pronouns dieser (this), jener (that), solcher (such), jeder (each), welcher (which).

The plural ending for these weak adjectives is “en” in ALL cases (nominative, accusative,
dative, and genitive), which is good news.

Ich habe die schnellen Katzen gesehen (I have seen the fast cats).

Ich habe die jungen Damen gesehen (I have seen the young ladies).

Adjectives proceeded by the indefinite articles (ein/ eine/ ein) or the pronouns such as mein
(my, mine), sein (his)… kein (no) have an irregular declension:

Adjetives in German
singular Masculine feminine neuter
nominative ein guter Mann eine schöne Rose ein altes Buch
accusative einen guten Mann eine schöne Rose ein altes Buch
dative einem guten Mann einer schönen Rose einem alten Buch
genitive eines guten Mannes einer schönen Rose eines alten Buches

The plural endings for strong adjectives are the same for all three genders:

Plural adjectives
nominative keine guten Männer
accusative keine guten Männer
dative keinen guten Männern
genitive keiner guten Männer

YES! I want to claim my free instant access to the Rocket German 6 day Learn German course ($27
value).
Below is a list of some common adjectives in German, they‟re in their original form, so they‟re
not yet influenced by any other cases like (accusative, dative, and genitive), so take that into
consideration when you put these adjectives in a non nominative case.

For example: Er ist schnell (he is fast). (but) Er ist ein schneller Mann.(note how in the first
setences the adjective schnell wasn‟t influenced by anything and therefore stayed in its original
form, but in the second example “ein” made it take “er” at the end). The same thing may occur
to the adjectives below:

List of German Adjectives


ambitious ehrgeizig
American Amerikaner
annoying ärgerlich
bad schlecht
beautiful schön
big, large groß
blonde blondine
boring langweilig
brave tapfer
careless unbesonnen
cautious vorsichtig
certain bestimmt
charming charmant
cheerful fröhlich
Chinese Chinesisch
conceited eingebildet
conventional herkömmlich
coward feigling
crazy, nuts verrückt, Nüsse
cruel grausam
difficult schwierig
disagreeable unangenehm
dull, boring dumm, langweilig
easy leicht
English Englisch
fake unecht
fat Fett
few, a little wenige, ein wenig
French Französisch
frequent häufig
friendly freundlich
fun, amusing lustig, amüsant
funny komisch, komisch
general General
generous großzügig
German Deutsch
good gut
handsome hübsch
hard-working fleißig
high, tall hoch, hoch
honest ehrlich
intelligent intelligent
interesting interessant
kind Art
laid-back entspannend
lazy faul
little, small wenig, klein
low, short niedrig, kurz
mean niedrig
modest bescheiden
moody launisch
naive naiv
narrow-minded engstirnig
new neu
nice (person) nett
old alt
perfect vollkommen
personal Persönlicher
pious fromm
polite höflich
poor schlecht
possible möglich
pretty ziemlich
proud stolz
rapid, fast schnell, schnell
realistic realistisch
recent neu
reliable zuverlässig
rich reich
sad jämmerlich
selfish egoistisch
sensitive empfindlich
shy schüchtern
silly, dumb dumm, stumm
skinny dünn
slender, slim schlank
slow langsam
small klein
Spanish Spanisch
strict streng
strong stark
stubborn störrisch
talkative gesprächig
trustworthy vertrauenswürdig
ugly hässlich
various verschieden
weak schwach
weird unheimlich
white weiß
young jung

German Vocabulary
a (indefinite article) eine (for feminine)
a (indefinite article) ein (for masculine & neuter)
ability Fähigkeit, f
able, capable fähig
about (circa) etwa
about (concerning) über
above über, darüber
abroad im Ausland
absent abwesend
accept annehmen
accident Unfall, m
account Konto, n
achieve erreichen
across (through) durch
act (verb) handeln
action Handlung, f
activity Tätigkeit, f
actor Schauspieler, m
actress Schauspielerin, f
actual tatsächlich
actually eigentlich
add hinzufügen
added zusätzlich
additional beigefügt
address Adresse, f
adequate angemessen
administration Verwaltung, f
adult erwachsen
advanced fortgeschritten
advantage Vorteil, m
advertising Werbung, f
advice Rat, m
affairs (plural) Geschäfte, pl
afraid besorgt
after nach
after that darnach
afternoon Nachmittag, m
afterwards nachher
again wieder
against gegen
age Alter, n
ago vor
agree zustimmen
agreement Vereinbarung, f
aid (help) Hilfe, f
aim Ziel, n
air Luft, f
airplane Flugzeug, n
airport Flughafen, m
alarm clock Wecker, m
alcohol Alkohol, m
alive lebendig
all alle
allow erlauben
almost fast
alone allein
along entlang
already schon
also (too) auch
although obwohl
always immer
among unter, zwischen
amount Betrag, m
amuse vergnügen
ancient alt
and und
and so on und so weiter (or simply usw.)
angle Winkel, m
angry wütend
animal Tier, n
ankle Fessel, f
announce ankündigen
annual jährlich
another ein anderer,-e,-es
answer Antwort, f
ant Ameise, f
any jeder, e, -es
anyone irgend jemand
anything irgend etwas
anywhere irgendwo
apartment Wohnung, f
appear erscheinen
appetite Appetit, m
apple Apfel, m
apply anwenden
approach sich nähern
appropriate passend
approval Billigung, f
approximately ungefähr
apricot Aprikose, f
April April, m
area Gebiet, n
argument Beweis, m
arm Arm, m
armchair Sessel, m
arms (plural) Waffen, pl
army Armee, f
around herum
arrival Ankunft, f
arrive ankommen
art Kunst, f
article Artikel, m
artist (feminine) Künstlerin, f
artist (masculine) Künstler, m,
as (like) wie
as (when) als
ask (beg) bitten
ask (question) fragen
aspect Anblick, m
assembly Versammlung, f
assignment Zuweisung, f
assistance Beistand, m, Assistenz, f
association Verband, m
assume annehmen
at (hour) um
at (place) an
at last endlich
at least wenigstens
at most höchstens
at the same time zur gleichen Zeit
attack angreifen
attempt Versuch, m
attention Achtung, f
attitude Haltung, f
attorney Anwalt, m
August August, m
aunt Tante, f
author (feminine) Schriftstellerin, f
author (masculine) Schriftsteller, m,
autumn Herbst, m
available käuflich
avoid vermeiden
awake erwachen
aware aufgeweckt
away weg

More German Words


baby Baby, n
back zurück
back (body) Rücken, m
background Hintergrund, m
bacon Speck, m
bad schlechter,-e,-es
badly schlecht
bag Tasche, f
baggage Gepäck, n
bake backen
baker Bäcker, m
bakery Bäckerei, f
balcony Balkon, m
ball Ball, m
banana Banane, f
band Band, n
bank Bank, f
bank note Banknote, f
bar Bar, f
base Grundlage, f
based beruhen auf
basement Keller, m
basic grundlegend
basket Korb, m
bath Bad, n
bathroom Badezimmer, n
battle Schlacht, f
bay Bucht, f
be sein
be called heissen
be valid gültig sein
beach Strand, m
bean Bohne, f
bear Bär, m
beard Bart, m
beat schlagen
beautiful schön
beauty Schönheit, f
because weil
become werden
bed Bett, n
bedroom Schlafzimmer, n
bee Biene, f
beef Rindfleisch, n
beefsteak Steak, n
beer Bier, n
before vor
begin beginnen
beginning Anfang, m
behavior Benehmen, n
behind hinter
belief Glauben, m
believe glauben
bell (door) Klingel, f
below unter
belt Gurt, m
beneath unter
benefit Nutzen, m
beside neben
besides ausserdem
best bester,-e,-es
bet Wette, f
better besser
between zwischen
beverage Getränk, n
beyond jenseits
bible Bibel, f
bicycle Fahrrad, n
big gross
bill Rechnung, f
bird Vogel, m
birth Geburt, f
birthday Geburtstag, m
biscuit Biscuit, n
bit Stück, f
bitter bitter
black schwarz
black schwarz
blanket Decke, f
blind blind
block Block, m
blood Blut, n
blouse Bluse, f
blue blau
board Brett, f
boat Boot, n
body Körper, m
boil kochen
bone Knochen, m
book Buch, n
bookshop Buchhandlung, f
boring langweilg
both beide
bottle Flasche, f
bottom Boden, m
bowl Schale, f
box Schachtel, f
boy Junge, m
brain Gehirn, n
brake Bremse, f
bread Brot, n
break brechen
breakfast Frühstück, n
breast Brust, f
breath Atem, m
bridge Brücke, f
brief kurz
bright hell
brilliant strahlend
bring bringen
broad breit
broke pleite
broom Besen, m
brother Bruder, m
brown braun
brush Bürste, f
budget Budget, f
build bauen
building Gebäude, n
burn brennen
burning Verbrennung, f
bus Bus, m
business Geschäft, n
busy beschäftigt
but aber
butcher Metzger, m
butter Butter, f
butterfly Schmetterling, m
button Knopf, m
buy kaufen
buy kaufen
by (a person) durch, von
by chance zufällig
by heart auswendig
by the way übrigens

YES! I want to claim my free instant access to the Rocket German 6 day Learn German course ($27
value).

Your Name:

Your Email Address:

(This is a private and fully protected mailing list. You can unsubscribe at any time).

Some more German words


cabbage Kohl, m
café Café, n
cake Kuchen, m
calf Kalb, n
call rufen, anrufen
camp Lager, n
can können
candle Kerze, f
capacity Aufnahmefähigkeit, f
capital Kapital, n
captain Kapitän, m
car Wagen, m, Auto, n
card Karte, f
care sorgen
career Karriere, f
careful vorsichtig
carpet Teppich, m
carrot Rübe, f, Karrotte, f
carry tragen
case, instance Fall, m
cashier Kassierer, m,
cat Katze
catch fangen
cathedral Kathedrale, f
cattle Vieh, n
cauliflower Blumenkohl, m
cause Grund, m
cell Zelle, f
cellar Keller, m
center Zentrum, n
central zentral
century Jahrhundert, n
certain gewiss
certainly gewiss
chain Kette, f
chair Stuhl, m
chairman Vordsitzender, m
chance Chance, f
changable veränderlich
change (noun) Wechsel
change (verb) wechseln
chapter Kapitel, f
character Charakter, m
characteristics Merkmal
charge beladen
cheap billig
check (verb) prüfen
cheek Wange, f
cheese Käse, m
chemical chemisch
cherry Kirsche, f
chest Brust, f
chicken Hühnchen, n
chief Leiter, m
child Kind, n
childhood Kindheit, f
chill kühlen
chin Kinn, n
china Porzellan, n
chinese chinesisch
chocolate Schokolade, f
choice Wahl, f
choose wählen, auswählen
christian christlich
christmas Weihnachten
church Kirche, f
cigarette Zigarette, f
circle Kreis, m
circumstances Umstände, pl
citizen Bürger, m
city Stadt, f
civil bürgerlich
claim Anspruch, m
class Klasse, f
clay Lehm, m
clean sauber
clear klar, hell
client Kunde, m
clock(tower) Uhr, f
clock,watch Armbanduhr, f
close nahe, bei
closely eng
clothes Kleider, pl
cloud Wolke, f
club Club, m
coast Küste, f
coat Mantel, m
coffee Kaffee, m
cold kalt
collar Kragen, m
collection Sammlung, f
college College, n
color Farbe, f
column Säule, f
comb Kamm, m
combination Verbindung, f
come kommen
come back zurückkommen
command befehlen
commerce Handel, m
commercial Werbespot, m
commission Kommission, f
committee Komittee, n
common gewöhnlich
communication Verbindung, f
company Gesellschaft, f
compare vergleichen
competition Wettbewerb, m
complete vollständig
complexion Hautfarbe, f
comrade Kamarad, m
concept Planung, f
concern betreffen
conclusion Ergebnis, n
condition Bedingung, f
conduct Verhalten, n
conference Besprechung, f
confess bekennen
confidence Zutrauen, n
conflict Konflikt, m
congress Kongress, m
connection Verbindung, f
consider erwägen, überlegen
considerable beträchtlich
construction Bauwerk, n
contact kontaktieren
contain enthalten
contemporary zeitgenössisch
content Inhalt, m
continue fortsetzen
contract Vertrag, m
contrary Gegenteil, n
contrast Gegensatz, m
control Kontrolle, f
conversation Gespräch, n
conviction Ueberzeugung, f
convince überzeugen
cook kochen
cook Koch, m, Köchin, f
cool kühl
cord Seil, n
corner Ecke, f
corporation Gesellschaft, f
correct richtig
cost kosten
council Ratsversammlung, f
count zählen, berechnen
country Land, n
county Grafschaft, f
couple Paar, n
course Lauf, m, Verlauf, m
court Gericht, n
cousin Cousin, m, Cousine, f
cover bedecken
cow Kuh, f
cream Sahne, f
create erschaffen
credit Kredit, m
crime Verbrechen, n
crisis Krise, f
critical kritisch
cross Kreuz, n
crowd Menge, f
crown Krone, f
cry, weep weinen
cucumber Gurke, f
cultural kulturell
culture Kultur, f
cup Tasse, f
cupboard Schrank, m
current laufend
curtain Vorhang, m
customs Zoll, m
cut schneiden

daddy Papa, m
daily täglich
dance tanzen
danger Gefahr, f
dangerous gefährlich
dark dunkel
data Daten, pl
date Datum, n
daughter Tochter, f
day Tag, m
dead tot
deaf taub
deal Abmachung, f
dear teuer, lieb
December Dezember
decide entscheiden
decision Entscheidung, f
declare bekanntgeben
deep tief
defense Verteidigung, f
degree Grad, m
demand Anfrage, f
demand verlangen
democratic demokratisch
dentist Zahnarzt, m
depart, leave abreisen
department Abteilung, f
departure Abfahrt, f
depth Tiefe, f
describe beschreiben
desert Wüste, f
design entwerfen
desire begehren
desk Schreibtisch, m
despite trotz
dessert Dessert, n
detail Detail, f
detective Detektiv, m
determine bestimmen
determined entschlossen
develop entwickeln
development Entwicklung, f
device Gerät, n
devoted ergeben
dictionary Wörterbuch, n
die sterben
difference Unterschied, m
different verschieden
difficult schwierig
dining room Esszimmer, n
dinner Abendessen, n
direct lenken
direction Richtung, f
directly direkt
director Direktor, m
dirty schmutzig
disappointed enttäuscht
discover entdecken
discuss besprechen
discussion Besprechung
disease Krankheit, f
distance Distanz, f
distribute verteilen
district Distrikt, m
divided geteilt
division Abteilung, f
do tun, machen
doctor Arzt, m, Aerztin, f
dog Hund, m
domestic häuslich
dominant herrschend
donkey Esel, m
door Türe, f
double doppelt
doubt Zweifel, m
down unten, hinunter
dozen Dutzend, n
dramatic dramatisch
draw zeichnen
drawer Schublade, f
dream Traum, m
dress Kleid, n
drink trinken
drive Auto fahren
drunk betrunken
dry trocken
duck Ente, f
due Gebühr, f
during während
dust Staub, m
duty Pflicht, f
dwelling Wohnung, f
each jeder, -e, -es
ear Ohr, n
early früh
earn verdienen
earth Erde, f
east Osten
easy leicht
eat essen
economy Wirtschaft, f
edge Kante, f
editor Herausgeber, m
education Erziehung, f, Bildung, f
effect Wirkung, f
effective wirksam
effort Anstrengung, f
egg Ei, n
eight acht
either beide
elbow Ellbogen, m
election Wahl, f
electric elektrisch
electronic elektronisch
element Element, n
elephant Elefant, m
elevator Fahrstuhl, m, Lift, m
eleven elf
else sonst
emotional gefühlsmässig
employee Angestellter, m
empty leer
end Ende, n
enemy Feind, m
energy Energie, f
engine Motor, m
enjoy geniessen
enough genug
enter eintreten
entire ganzer
entrance Eingang, m
envelope Briefumschlag, m
equal gleich
equipment Ausrüstung, f
escape entkommen
especially besonders
essential wesentlich
establish einrichten
estate Liegenschaft, f
estimated geschätzt
even A622 sogar
evening Abend, m
event Ereignis, n
eventually schliesslich
ever jemals, immer
every jeden,-e,-es
everybody jeder
everyone jeder
everything alles
everywhere überall
evidence Beweis, m
evil Übel, n
exactly genau
example Beispiel, f
excellent ausgezeichnet
except ausser
exchange Wechsel, m
executive Geschäftsführer, m
exercise Uebung, f
exist existieren
existence Dasein, n
exit Ausgang, m
expect erwarten
expenses Auslagen, pl
expensive teuer
experience Erfahrung, f
experiment Experiment, n
explain erklären
express ausdrücken
expression Ausdruck, m
extended erweitert
extent Ausdehnung, f
extra zusätzlich
extreme äusserst
eye Auge, n
German Vocabulary
face Gesicht, n
facilities Möglichkeiten
fact Tatsache, f
factor Faktor, m
factory Fabrik, f
fail fehlschlagen
failure Versagen, n
fair ehrlich
fairly eher
fairy tale Märchen, n
faith Glauben, m
fall fallen
false, falsch
familiar gewohnt, vertraut
family Familie, f
far weit
farm Bauernhof, m
fashion Mode, f
fast schnell
fat fett
father Vater, m
fault Fehler, m
favor Gefallen, m
fear Angst, f
features Eigenschaften
February Februar, m
feed ernähren, füttern
feel (good) sich fühlen
feeling Gefühl, n
felicitate beglückwünschen
female weiblich
fetch holen
few wenig
field Feld, n
fifteen fünfzehn
fifty fünfzig
fig Feige, f
fight Kampf, m
figure out herausfinden
file Akte, f
fill füllen
film Film, m
finally endlich
find finden
fine fein, schön
finger Finger, m
finish (verb) beenden
fire Feuer, n
first erster,-e,-es
fish Fisch, m
five fünf
flat Wohnung
flat (adj.) flach
flesh (body) Fleisch
floor Boden, m
flour Mehl, n
flow fliessen
flower Blume, f
fly (insect) Fliege, f
fly (verb) fliegen
follow folgen
food Nahrung, f, Essen, n
foot Fuss, m
for für
forbidden verboten
force Kraft, f
foreign fremd, ausländisch
forest Wald, m
forget vergessen
forgive vergeben
fork Gabel, f
form Form, f
former früherer
forty vierzig
fountain Brunnen, m
four vier
fourteen vierzehn
fox Fuchs, m
frame Rahmen, m
free gratis
free (not occupied) frei
frequently häufig
fresh frisch
Friday Freitag, m
friend Freund, m, freundin, f
friendly freundlich
frighten erschrecken
from von
front Vorderseite, f
full voll
fundamental grundlegend
funny lustig
furniture Möbel, pl
further weiterer, -e, -es
future Zukunft, f

YES! I want to claim my free instant access to the Rocket German 6 day Learn German course ($27
value).

Your Name:

Your Email Address:

(This is a private and fully protected mailing list. You can unsubscribe at any time).

gain Gewinn, m
game Spiel, n
garden Garten, m
gas Gas, n
gasoline Benzin, n
general allgemein
get bekommen
girl Mädchen, n
give geben
glad fröhlich, froh
gladly gerne
glass Glas, n
glasses Brille, f
go gehen
goal Ziel, n
God Gott, n
gold Gold, n
goldfish Goldfisch, m
good gut
good-bye auf Wiedersehen
goods Waren, pl
goose Gans, f
government Regierung, f
gradually allmählich
grandfather Grossvater, m
grandmother Grossmutter, f
grass Gras, n
gray grau
green grün
green grün
greetings Wünsche, pl
grey grau
ground Boden, m
group Gruppe, f
grow wachsen
guess vermuten
guest Gast, m
gun Gewehr, n
guy Kerl, m
hair Haare, pl
half halb
hall Halle, f
ham Schinken, m
hammer Hammer, m
hamster Hamster, m
hand Hand, f
handbag Handtasche, f
handkerchief Taschentuch, n
handle umgehen mit
hang hängen
happen geschehen
happy glücklich
hard hard
hardly kaum
harvest Ernte, f
hat Hut, m
hate hassen
have haben
he er
head Kopf, m
health Gesundheit, f
healthy gesund
hear hören
heart Herz, n
heat Hitze, f
heavy schwer
hell Hölle, f
help (noun) Hilfe
help (verb) helfen
hen Huhn, n
here hier
hero Held, m
high hoch
highway Landstrasse, f
hill Hügel, m
him,her, it ihn, sie, es
his sein
history Geschichte, f
hit schlagen
hold halten
hole Loch, n
holiday Ferien, pl
home, at home zuhause
honor Ehre, f
hope Hoffnung, f
horrible schrecklich
horse Pferd, n
hospital Spital, n
hot heiss
hotel, inn Hotel, n
hour Stunde, f
house Haus, n
how wie
however wie auch immer
huge riesig
human menschlich
hundred hundert
hungry hungrig
hurry sich beeilen
hurt, injure verletzen
husband Ehemann, m
I ich
ice Eis, n
ice cream Eiskrem, Eis
idea Idee, f
ideal ideal
if wenn
image Bild, n
imagine sich vorstellen
immediately sofort
impact Einfluss, m
important wichtig
impossible unmöglich
improve verbessern
in in
in front of vor
in spite of trotz
inch Zoll, m
include beinhalten
increase zunehmen
indeed tatsächlich
independent unabhängig
index Inhaltsverzeichnis
index finger Zeigefinger
influence Einfluss, m
initial anfänglich
inner innerer, -e, -es
insect Insekt, n
inside drinnen
instead anstatt
interest Interesse
interesting interessant
interior Innere, f
into in.....hinein
invite einladen
involve verwickeln
iron Eisen, n
island Insel, f
issue Problem, n
it es
it's cold es ist kalt
it's foggy es ist neblig
it's freezing es friert Kälte ein
it's hot es ist heiß
it's nice es ist nett
it's rainy es ist regnerisch
it's snowy es ist schneebedeckt
it's sunny es ist sonnig
it's windy es ist windig

jacket Jacke, f
jam Marmelade, f
January Januar, m
job Job, m
join sich anschliessen
judge Richter, m
juice Saft, m
July Juli, m
jump springen
June Juni, m
just (only) nur
justice Gerechtigkeit, f
keep halten
key Schlüssel, m
kill töten
kind Art, f
king König, m
kiss Kuss, m
kitchen Küche, f
kitten Kätzchen, n
knee Knie, n
knife Messer, n
know (person) kennen
know to können
knowledge Wissen, n
labor Arbeit, f
lack mangeln
ladder Leiter, f
lady Dame, f
lake See, m
lamp Lampe, f
land Land, n
language Sprache, d
large breit
last letzter,-e,-es
last (previous) letzte
late spät
laugh lachen
law Recht, n
lay legen
lead führen
leader Anführer, d
learn lernen
leave weggehen
left links
leg Bein, n
legal gesetzlich
lemon Zitrone, f
length Länge, f
less weniger
let (allow) lassen
letter Brief, m
library Bibliothek, f
lie liegen
lie lügen
life Leben, f
lift (verb) heben
light (adjective) leicht
light (electr) Licht
lightning Blitz, m
like (as) wie
like (verb) mögen
likely wahrscheinlich
line Linie, f
lip Lippe, f
liquid flüssig
list Liste, f
listen hören, zuhören
literature Literatur, f
little (amount) wenig
little (size) klein
live leben
live, dwell wohnen
local lokal
located gelegen
location Standort, m
lock (noun) Schloss, n
long (object) lang
long (time) lange
look schauen
lose verlieren
loss Verlust, m
lot Haufen, m
loud laut
love (noun) Liebe, f
love (verb) lieben
low leise
luck Glück, n
lunch Mittagessen, n

machine Maschine, f
magazine Magazin, n
mail Post, f
maintain instandhalten
majority Mehrheit, f
make machen
man Mann, m, Mensch, m
manner Art, f
many viele
map Landkarte, f
March März, m
march marschieren
mark kennzeichnen
market Markt, m
marriage Hochzeit, f
married verheiratet
mass Messe, f
material Material, n
matter Gegenstand, m
maximum Maximum, n
May Mai, m
may dürfen
maybe vielleicht
me mich (accusative), mir (dative)
meadow Wiese, f
meal Mahlzeit, f
mean meinen, denken
meaning Bedeutung, f
means Mittel, n
meanwhile unterdessen
measure Mass, n
meat Fleisch, n
meet treffen
member Mitglied, n
memory Gedächtnis, n
mention erwähnen
merely kaum
message Botschaft, f
metal Metall, n
method Methode, f
midday, noon Mittag
middle mittlerer,-e,-es
midnight Mitternacht
mile Meile, f
milk Milch, f
million Million, f
mind Sinn, m, Geist, m
minimum Minimum, n
minister Minister, m
minute Minute, f
mirror Spiegel, m
Miss Fräulein
miss (verb) vermissen
mistake Fehler, m
modern modern
moment Augenblick, m, Moment, m
Monday Montag, m
money Geld, n
month Monat, m
moon Mond, m
more mehr
more... than mehr...als
morning Morgen, m
most die meisten
mother Mutter, f
motion Bewegung, f
motor Motor, m
mountain Berg, m
mouse Maus, f
mouth Mund, m
move bewegen
movement Bewegung, f
Mr. Herr
Mrs. Frau
much viel
murder Mord, m
music Musik, f
must müssen
my mein,-e
myself mich
nail Nagel, m
name Name, m
napkin Serviette, f
narrow eng
nasty böse, schlimm
natural natürlich
nature Natur, f
near nahe
necessary notwendig
neck Hals, m
need brauchen
needle Nadel, f
neighbor Nachbar, m
neighborhood Nachbarschaft, f
neither...nor weder...noch
never nie
nevertheless trotzdem
new neu
news Nachrichten, pl
newspaper Zeitung, f
next nächster,-e,-es
nice nett
night Nacht, f
nine neun
nineteen neunzehn
ninety neunzig
no nein
nobody niemand
nod nicken
noise Lärm, m
none niemand
nor weder
normal normal
north Norden
nose Nase, f
not nicht
note Notiz, f
nothing nichts
notice bemerken
novel Roman, m
November November, m
now jetzt
nowhere nirgendwo
number Zahl, f
nurse Krankenschwester, f
nut Nuss, f
oak Eiche, f
observe beobachten
obtain erhalten
obvious offensichtlich
occasion Gelegenheit, f
occur vorfallen
October Oktober, m
of von
of course natürlich, gewiss
off weg
offer anbieten
office Büro, n
officer Offizier, Beamter
official offiziell
often oft
oil Oel, n
old alt
on auf
on time,in time pünktlich
once ein mal
one ein, eine
one(impers.) man
oneself sich
onion Zwiebel, f
only nur
open öffnen
opinion Meinung, f
opportunity Gelegenheit, f
opposite gegenüberstehend
or oder
orange Orange, f
orange (color) orangegelb
orchestra Orchester, n
order bestellen
ordinary gewöhnlich
organization Organisation, f
original original
orning Morgen, m
other anderer,-e,-es
otherwise sonst
our unser, -e
outside draussen
oven Ofen
over über
overcoat Mantel, m
own eigener,-e,-es

German Vocabulary
page Seite, f
pain Schmerz, m
painting Gemälde, n
pair Paar, n
pale Bleich
paper Papier, n
parents Eltern, pl
park Park, m
parking Parkieren
part Teil, m
particular Besonders
partly teilweise
party Party, f
passport Pass, m
past Vergangenheit, f
patient geduldig
pattern Muster, n
pay zahlen
payment Zahlung, f
pea Erbe, f
peace Frieden, m
pear Birne, f
pen Kugelschreiber, m
people Leute, pl
performance Leistung,Vorstellung, f
perhaps vielleicht
period Punkt(Zeichen), m
permit erlauben
person Person, f
personal persönlich
pick pflücken
picture Bild, n
piece Stück, n
pig Schwein, n
pink blaßrot
place, spot Ort, m, Stelle, f
plan Plan, m
plant Pflanze, f
plate Teller, m
play spielen
pleasant angenehm
please bitte
pleasure Vergnügen, n
plenty sehr viel
point Punkt, m
police Polizei, f
pool Schwimmbecken, n
poor arm
popular beliebt
population Bevölkerung, f
pork Schweinefleisch, n
portion Teil, m
position Lage, f
possible möglich
post office Postbüro, n
postcard Postkarte, f
pot Topf, m
potato Kartoffel, f
power Macht, f,Kraft, f
powerful mächtig
practice Uebung, f
pray beten, bitten
prepare vorbereiten
present Geschenk, n
president Präsident, m
pressure Druck, m
pretty hübsch
prevent vorbeugen
previous vorheriger,-e,-es
price Preis, m
probably wahrscheinlich
problem Problem, n
product Produkt, n
program Programm, n
progress Fortschritt, m
promise versprechen
property Eigentum, n
proposal Vorschlag
propose vorschlagen
protection Schutz, m
proud stolz
prove beweisen
provide liefern
prune Zwetschge, f

some more German words


public öffentlich
publish veröffentlichen
pull ziehen
pure rein
purple purpurfarbig
purpose Zweck, m
push stossen
put legen, stellen
quality Qualität, f
queen Königin, f
question Frage, f
quickly schnell
quiet ruhig
quite ganz
rabbit Kaninchen, n
race Rasse, f
radio Radio, n
railroad Eisenbahn, f
rain Regen, m
rain (verb) regnen
raise aufziehen
range Bereich, m
rapidly schnell
rare selten
rate Kurs, m,Preis, m
rather eher
raw roh
reach, manage erreichen
read lesen
ready bereit
real wirklich
reality Wirklichkeit, f
realize erkennen,ausführen
really wirklich
rear Hinterseite, f
reason Grund, m
reasonable vernünftig
receive erhalten, bekommen
recently kürzlich
recognize erkennen
record Schallplatte, f
recover sich erholen
red rot
reduce verringern
refrigerator Kühlschrank, m
refuse ablehnen
regard Hinblick, m
region Gegend
regular regelmässig, üblich
relation Verhältnis, n
relatively verhältnismässig
relief Erleichterung, f
religion Religion, f
remain zurückbleiben
remark Bemerkung, f
remember sich erinnern
remove entfernen
repeat wiedeerholen
reply antworten
report berichten
represent darstellen
require erfordern
research (do ~) Forschen
research (noun) Forschung, f
responsible verantwortlich
rest sich ausruhen
restaurant Restaurant, n
result Ergebnis, n
return zurückkehren
rice Reis, m
rich reich
right (direction) rechts
right (fair) rechtig
right (noun) Recht, n
ring läuten
rise aufstehen
risk Risiko, n
river Fluss
road Landstrasse, f
rock Fels, m
role Rolle, f
roof Dach, n
room Zimmer, n
round rund
rule Regel, f
run laufen, rennen

sad traurig
safe sicher
salad Salat, m
salt Salz, n
same gleicher,-e,-es
sample Probe, f
satisfied zufrieden
Saturday Samstag, m
sausage Wurst, f
save retten, sichern
say sagen
scarcely kaum
scene Szene
school Schule, f
science Wissenschaft, f
scissors Schere, f
screw Schraube, f
sea Meer, n
search suchen
season Jahreszeit, f
seat Sitz, m
second zweiter,-e,-es
secret Geheimnis, n
secretary Sekretärin, f
see sehen
seek suchen
seem scheinen
seldom selten
select auswählen
sell verkaufen
send senden, schicken
sense Sinn, m, Gefühl, n
September September, m
serious ernsthaft
serve as dienen als
service Dienst, m
settled abgemacht
seven sieben
seventeen siebzehn
seventy siebzig
several mehrere
sex Geschlecht, n
sexual sexuell
shadow Schatten, m
shall sollen
shape Form, f
share teilen
sharp scharf
shave sich rasieren
she sie
sheep Schaf, n
shelter Obdach, n
ship Schiff, n
shirt Hemd, n
shoes Schuhe, pl
shoot schiessen
shop Laden, m
shore Strand, m
short kurz
shot Schuss
shoulder Schulter, f
show zeigen
sick, ill krank
side Seite, f
sign (noun) Zeichen, n
sign (verb) unterschreiben
signal Signal, n
signify bedeuten
silence Ruhe, f
silver Silber, n
similar gleich
simple einfach
sin Sünde, f
since seit
sing singen
sister Schwester, f
sit sich setzen
situation Lage, f
six sechs
sixteen sechzehn
sixty sechzig
size Grösse, f
skin Haut, f
skirt Rock, m
sky Himmel, m
sleep schlafen
slight geringfügig
slow langsam
small klein
smell riechen
smile lächeln
smith Schmied, m
smoke rauchen
smooth weich, glatt
snail Schnecke, f
snake Schlange, f
snow Schnee, m
so so
soap Seife, f
society Gesellschaft, f
soft weich
soil Boden(Erde), m
soldier Soldat, m
solid fest
solution Lösung, f
some (object) einige
somebody jemand
someone jemand
sometimes manchmal
somewhere irgendwo
son Sohn, m
song Lied, n
soon bald
sound Klang, m
soup Suppe, f
sour sauer
source Quelle, f
south Süden
space Raum, m
speak sprechen
speed Geschwindigkeit, f
spend ausgeben
spider Stall, m
spirit Geist, m
splendid prächtig
spoon Löffel, m
spot Stelle, f, Ort, m
spread ausbreiten
spring Frühling, m
square Platz, m
staff Personal, n
stage Bühne, f
stairs Treppe, f
stamp Briefmarke, f
stand stehen
star Stern, m
stare starren, blicken
start beginnen
state Staat, m
station Bahnhof, m
stay bleiben
steel Stahl, m
step Schritt, m
still immer noch
stir rühren
stock Aktie, f
stomach Magen, m
stone Stein, m
stop Haltestelle, f
stop (verb) anhalten
store Laden, m
storm Sturm, m
story Geschichte, f
stove Ofen, m
straight geradeaus
strange fremd, seltsam
strawberry Erdbeere, f
stream Strom, m, Fluss, m
street Strasse
strength Kraft, f , Stärke, f
strong stark
struggle streiten,kämpfen
student Student, m,-in, f
study studieren
success Erfolg, m
successful erfolgreich
such solcher,-e,-es
suddenly plötzlich
sufficient genügend
sugar Zucker, m
suggest empfehlen
suit Anzug, m
suit (verb) passen
suitable passend
summer Sommer, m
sun Sonne, f
Sunday Sonntag, m
supper Abendessen, n
supply liefern
support unterstützen
suppose annehmen
supreme höchster,-e,-es
sure sicher
surface Oberfläche, f
surprise Ueberraschung, f
sweet süss
swim schwimmen

table Tisch, f
take nehmen
talk reden
tall gross
task Aufgabe, f
taste (noun) Geschmack, m
taste (verb) abschmecken
taxes Steuern, pl
tea Tee, m
teach lehren
teacher Lehrer, m, Lehrerin, f
tear (verb) reissen
tears Tränen, pl
technique Technik, f
telephone Telefon, n
television Fernsehen, n
tell erzählen
temperature Temperatur, f
ten zehn
tension Spannung, f
term Semester, n
test testen
than als
thank danken
thank you danke
that das
that (which) welcher,-e,-es
the der, die, das
the( plural) die
theater Theater, n
their ihre
then dann
there dort
therefore deswegen
these diese
they sie
thick dick
thin dünn
thing Sache, f, Ding, n
think denken
thirst Durst, m
thirteen dreizehn
thirty dreissig
this dieser,-e,-es
this morning heute morgen
though obwohl
thought Gedanke, m
thousand tausend
thread Faden, m
three drei
throat Hals, m
through durch
throw werfen
thumb Daumen, m
thunder Donner, m
Thursday Donnerstag, m
thus so, darum
ticket Fahrkarte, f
tie Kravatte, f
tiger Tiger, m
till bis
time Zeit, f
times (many) mal
tiny winzig
tire Reifen, m
tired müde
title Titel, m
to zu
to you dir
today heute
toe Zehe, f
together zusammen
toilet Toilette, f
tomato Tomate, f
tomorrow morgen
tone Ton, m,Klang, m
tongs Zange, f
tongue Zunge, f
too auch
too much zu viel
tooth Zahn, m
toothbrush Zahnbürste, f
tortoise Schildkröte, f
total total
touch berühren
tower Turm, m
town Stadt, f
trade Handel, m
traffic Verkehr, m
train Zug, m
translate übersetzen
travel (verb) reisen
treatment Behandlung, f
tree Baum, m
trip Reise, f
trouble Schwierigkeiten
trousers Hose, f
truck Lastwagen, m
true, wahr
trust Vertrauen, n, Trust, m
truth Wahrheit, f
try versuchen
Tuesday Dienstag, m
turn Kurve, f, Reihe, f
twelve zwölf
twenty zwanzig
twice zwei mal
two zwei
ugly hässlich
umbrella Schirm, m
uncle Onkel, m
under unter
underground U-Bahn
understand verstehen
unique einmalig
universe Weltall, n
university Universität, f
unless falls nicht
until bis
unusual unüblich
up auf, nach oben
up to now bis jetzt
us uns
use gebrauchen
vacuum cleaner Staubsauger, m
valley Tal, n
value Wert, m
various verschieden
vast weit, ausgedehnt
veal Kalbfleisch, n
vegetable Gemüse, n
very sehr
victory Sieg, m
view Sicht, f , Ansicht, f
village Dorf, n
visit besuchen
voice Stimme, f
volume Lautstärke, f
vote wählen, abstimmen
wage Lohn, m
wagon Lastwagen, m
wait warten
waiter Kellner, m
walk (go) gehen
wall Mauer, f
want wollen
war Krieg, m
warm warm
wash waschen
watch (noun) Uhr, f
watch (verb) betrachten
water Wasser, n
way Weg, m
we wir
weapons Waffen, pl
wear (clothes) tragen
weather Wetter, n
Wednesday Mittwoch, m
week Woche, f
weight Gewicht, n
welcome willkommen
welfare Fürsorge, f
well gut
west Westen
wet nass
what was
wheel Rad, n
when wann
where wo
whether ob
which welcher,-e,-es
while während
white weiß
who wer, welcher
whole ganz
whom welchen,-e,-es
whose wessen
why warum
wide weit
wife Ehefrau, f
wild wild
win gewinnen
wind Wind, m
window Fenster, n
wine Wein, m
winter Winter, m
wish (verb) wünschen
with mit
with that damit
within darin
without ohne
woman Frau, f
wonder (verb) sich fragen
wonderful wunderbar
wood Holz, n
wool Wolle, f
word Wort, n
work (noun) Arbeit, f
work (verb) arbeiten
worker Arbeiter
world Welt, f
worse schlimmer
worthless wertlos
write schreiben
wrong falsch
yard Hof, m,Yard, m
year Jahr, n
yellow gelb
yellow gelb
yes ja
yesterday gestern
yet noch
you dich, dir
you (plural) ihr
you(singular) du, Sie
young jung
your (plural) euer, Ihr
your (singular) dein, Ihr
youth Jugend, f
zero null
Basic phrases
« Previous page Next page »

Phrases – main page Emergencies

Here are some basic German phrases which you can use in everyday conversation, as well as
some common words you will see on signs.

ja yes

nein no

vielleicht maybe

bitte please

danke thanks

danke schön thanks very much

vielen Dank thanks very much

The following are some polite ways you can reply to someone who thanks you:

bitte schön you're welcome

gern geschehen you're welcome

keine Ursache don’t mention it

nicht der Rede wert not at all


Hallo und Auf Wiedersehen sagen – Saying hello and goodbye

Here are some different ways to greet people:

hi hi (informal)

hallo hello

guten Morgen good morning (used before noon)

guten Tag good afternoon (used between noon and 6pm)

guten Abend good evening (used after 6pm)

The following expressions, on the other hand, are some different things you can say when saying
goodbye:

tschüß bye

machs gut! take care! (informal)

auf Wiedersehen goodbye

gute Nacht goodnight

bis dann! see you!

bis gleich! see you soon!

bis bald! see you soon!

bis später! see you later!

einen schönen Tag noch! have a nice day!


schönes Wochenende! have a good weekend!

Jemanden auf sich aufmerksam machen und sich entschuldigen – Getting


someone's attention and apologising
entschuldigen Sie excuse me (can be used to get someone’s attention, to get past someone, or to
bitte apologise)

Entschuldigung sorry

If someone apologises to you, you can reply using one of the following expressions:

kein Problem no problem

das macht nichts or


that's OK
macht nichts

machen Sie sich keine


don't worry about it
Sorgen

Sound is available for all the German phrases on this page — simply
click on any phrase to hear it.

Sich verständlich machen – Making yourself understood


sprechen Sie Deutsch? do you speak German?

ich spreche kein Deutsch I don't speak German

mein Deutsch ist nicht sehr gut my German isn't very good

ich spreche nur ein kleines bisschen Deutsch I only speak very little German

ich spreche ein bisschen Deutsch I speak a little German

können Sie bitte etwas langsamer sprechen? could you please speak more slowly?
können Sie das bitte aufschreiben? could you please write it down?

könnten Sie das bitte wiederholen? could you please repeat that?

ich verstehe I understand

ich verstehe nicht I don't understand

Andere einfache Ausdrücke – Other basic phrases


ich weiß I know

ich weiß nicht I don't know

entschuldigen Sie bitte, wo ist die Toilette? excuse me, where's the toilet?

Schilder, die man häufig sieht – Things you might see


Eingang Entrance

Ausgang Exit

Notausgang Emergency exit

Drücken Push

Ziehen Pull

Toiletten Toilets

WC WC

Herren Gentlemen

Damen Ladies
Frei Vacant

Besetzt Engaged

Außer Betrieb Out of order

Rauchen verboten No smoking

Privat Private

Kein Zutritt No entry

Making friends
« Previous page Next page »

General conversation Family and relationships

wie heisst du? what's your name?

ich heisse ... my name's ...

ich bin ... I'm ...

dies ist ... this is ...

schön, dich kennenzulernen nice to meet you

freut mich sehr, dich kennenzulernen pleased to meet you

wie alt bist du? how old are you?

ich bin ... (Jahre alt) I'm ... (years old)

22 22
wann hast du Geburtstag? when is your birthday?

am ... it's ...

16 May 16. Mai

woher kommst du? where are you from?

wo wohnst du? where do you live?

ich wohne in ... I live in ...

Berlin Berlin

ich komme ursprünglich aus ..., aber jetzt lebe ich in I'm originally from ... but now live in
... ...

ich bin in ... geboren, aber in ... aufgewachsen I was born in ... but grew up in ...

Family and relationships


« Previous page Next page »

Making friends Times and dates

do you have any brothers or


hast du Geschwister?
sisters?

ja, ich habe ... Brüder und ... Schwestern yes, I have ... brothers and ... sisters

nein, ich bin Einzelkind no, I'm an only child

hast du einen Freund? do you have a boyfriend?

hast du eine Freundin? do you have a girlfriend?


bist du verheiratet? are you married?

bist du Single? are you single?

bist du mit jemandem zusammen? are you seeing anyone?

ich bin ... I'm ...

Single single

verlobt engaged

verheiratet married

geschieden divorced

verwitwet / Witwe a widow

verwitwet / Witwer a widower

ich bin mit jemandem


I'm seeing someone
zusammen

ich lebe getrennt I'm separated

do you have any


hast du Kinder?
children?

yes, I've got ... ja, ich habe ...

einen Jungen und ein Mädchen a boy and a girl

ein kleines Baby a young baby


drei Kinder three kids

ich habe keine Kinder I don't have any children