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Effective Teaching

A student spends most of her productive waking hours in school. Thus, teachers play a
pivotal role in her life. It is very important for a teacher to assess the needs of her students. A
comfortable and congenial environment is very important for effective teaching and learning.

Students will feel motivated to learn only if they understand the significance of what they
are learning. A teacher knows that all the knowledge imparted in school, according to the
prescribed syllabus, may not directly fulfill the needs of each of her students. However, through
her teaching, she can create the need, the urge to learn by connecting the theoretical with the
practical i.e. interlinking the knowledge that she wants to impart with the day-to-day relevance of
such knowledge.

It is very important for a teacher to plan her lessons in advance. However, sticking to the
plan to the core is not advisable. There should be enough scope in her lesson plan to
incorporate changes that make teaching and learning more effective. A teacher, who is
prepared, is confident. She comes across as someone who is sure of what she is doing and this
creates a degree of trust between the students and the teacher.

If I am interested in the topic that I am teaching, students will also be interested. People
naturally feel drawn towards people who are sprightly. Stress is a part of everyone’s life these
days including students. Thus, it is important for the teacher to be happy, lively and enthusiastic
so that learning becomes interesting.

As a human being, I know that it is very difficult for me to pay attention to something that
I am naturally not interested in. The same applies to students. Lessons can be made interesting
by involving the students in the learning process. They shouldn't be passive listeners. Regular
questioning and inviting suggestions and opinions from them, forces them to concentrate. The
teacher can quote famous personalities, use examples from popular T.V. programmes, movies, Commented [G1]: Inserted: ,
books etc. Creative association between the lesson and popular media captivates the attention
of students and helps in retention. The students should know that the teacher has put in a lot of
effort to make her lesson interesting. Students respect teachers who do that and try their best to
please them by being more efficient themselves.

Students don’t like it if they are expected to acquire a whole lot of new skills to
understand what is being taught. While delivering her lesson, a teacher should be able to utilize
the existing skills of her students to the optimum. She should understand that new skills can be
acquired only gradually with a lot of hand holding. Also, children shouldn’t be insulted if they
don’t know the things that the teacher thought they knew.

Everyone deserves to be treated with respect. Just because a teacher is older than her
students does not authorize her to be rude and insensitive towards her students. So a teacher
should try her best to be likable and approachable. It is only when you give the respect that you
get respect. And If I as a teacher get respect, then, I will also feel motivated to be a good
teacher. Commented [G2]: Inserted: e th
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I know it is not possible to be a perfect human being. Also, it is very difficult to be around
perfectionists. When a teacher acknowledges some of her shortcomings, mistakes and choices
she made in life and shares her own school life experiences, children feel more comfortable with
her. They feel less pressurized. So the aim of a teacher should not to be to become perfect but
be someone who is human, humane and wants to make a positive difference in the lives of her
Is Homework Outdated in Today’s Educational System?

Gone are the days when school children across America had to trudge through several
inches of snow to make their way to one-room schoolhouses. Likewise, fallen by the wayside is
the use of the three R's as the primary curriculum for this nation's schools. A rap across the
hand with a ruler is no longer used as a method of classroom discipline. Many of the traditions
and standards of education have become antiquated and outdated. Perhaps the next casualty
of societal change should be the widespread use of homework as a learning tool for today's
children. Commented [G4]: Deleted:-

Education and society as a whole have grown increasingly more complex. Society bears
little resemblance to what it was just a few short years ago. Children today face an entirely
different school day than that of their parents and grandparents and the children of decades
ago. National and state standards require a much more rigorous program of study for today's
student. As a result, the curriculum is greatly expanded with many concepts being introduced at
a much earlier grade level. In order to accommodate the expanded curriculum and mandated
standards of accountability, there has been a major decrease in the amount of recess, play and
non-structured time for the average schoolchild. Commented [G5]: Inserted: ,
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The average student now participates in a variety of after-school activities. Football,
basketball, choir, band, and cheer have been joined by soccer, dance, volleyball, softball,
baseball, golf, quiz bowl, cross-country, academic decathlon, and a variety of other activities
that place tremendous demands on the student’s time. Activities not related to school but also
demands student time include little league baseball, softball, football, and basketball as well as
dance, cheer, motocross, and church activities. Factor in students who also work part time and Commented [G8]: Deleted:r
you have a group of children who usually have their evenings filled with extracurricular activities.
In today's society, we have students who spend their day in school and their evenings occupied
with extra-curricular activities. Often the student doesn't even arrive at home until nine or ten
o'clock in the evening. Commented [G7]: Inserted: ,

The student that arrives home late after a long day at school, followed by an evening
spent in an extra-curricular activity is faced with few options in regards to homework. He/she
could spend a considerable amount of time completing the homework assignments and end up
going to bed exhausted in the early morning hours. The end result is an exhausted student who
is not likely to be in the best condition for learning in class. The child may or may not do the
assignment or at best only give a half-hearted effort to do the work. This student would likely
suffer the consequences in the form of a lower grade or in some cases, punishment in the form
of detention, added assignments, or other similar negative consequences.

Even very young children are not immune from the effects of homework. It is not
uncommon for first and second-grade students to have a large amount of homework. The drive
for accountability has created a school environment that places a premium on instructional time.
Recess has been gradually eroded to the point the average elementary child has only ten to
fifteen minutes of unstructured play time per day. In many school districts recess has been
eliminated altogether. Add a large homework assignment each evening and it raises a
significant question; when do kids get the chance to be kids? Commented [G9]: Inserted: -

Another significant question is what do kids do when they reach a point that they don’t
understand how to do an assignment? Politicians, school administrators, and teachers say that
parents need to get involved and help the child. That answer assumes the parent knows how to
do the math problems, algebra, etc. How many parents have worked through a math problem
with their child, found the right answer only to have the problem counted wrong because it was
not worked in the process the teacher and the text required? Parents may not have been
exposed to certain scientific principles or even have a background in how to diagram a
sentence, among other current classroom skills. Too often, parents helping their child results in
a process where they are using information and skills they learned over a quarter of a century

An example of how homework has lost its usefulness in today's schools is a recent Commented [G10]: Deleted:'
orientation at a junior high school during the first week of school. The Principal, who had more
than twenty years of experience, was beginning his first year as Principal of that particular
school. He spoke to an overflow crowd of parents and children who had filled the gymnasium to
hear what the new Principal had to say. He spoke of the high goals he had set for the school
and was greeted with applause for his ideas. He then spoke of homework as a great learning
tool and said that his teachers had been instructed to make sure every child in the school had
two to three hours of homework every night since this was an outstanding way to build
character. There was no applause on this point, only loud murmurs of disbelief and anger. This
illustrates the clash of an outdated approach coming face-to-face with the reality of today's
lifestyle. Commented [G11]: Deleted:-
Other options should be available to allow the students to rehearse their skills rather
than continuing on with this dinosaur of the past. Since the great majority of the school day is
now devoted to instructional activities this is where the great majority of rehearsal activities
should take place. Having this work done at school rather than at home provides a great benefit.
First, it allows the child who has spent the entire day engaged in academics to have time to be a
kid, to explore other interests such as extracurricular activities, interests and hobbies which
have an educational effect in that it broadens the child's horizons. Another benefit of having the
homework done in class is that it allows the teacher to be the person that shows the child how
to solve the math problem, or discuss the real meaning of the history or literature question. This
allows the person trained to teach these concepts to do the actual teaching; not a parent who
may not know the exact process the teacher is looking for. Additionally, this approach should
greatly reduce the stress the child suffers from spending the great majority of their time after
school on homework. If the child goes to school more rested and relaxed the next day the more
likely he/she will be able to grasp the concepts being taught much more quickly. Commented [G12]: Deleted:many
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Without a doubt, it is time to rescue today’s children from yesterday’s educational
practices. Let’s take schoolwork from the home and put it back into the school so that trained
professionals can fine tune these skills in an educational setting. Let’s give the students in
today’s schools the opportunity to be children. It’s time to put homework to rest with the other
educational dinosaurs of the past.

Supriya Prathapan. (2015). Effective Teaching. Retrieved from

Jackie Paxton. (2015). Effective Teaching. Retrieved from