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GSN1224 : Linear Algebra and Differential Equations

Knowledge Area: Natural / General Science


Spring - 2019

Department: MECHANICAL ENGINERING DEPARTMENT (FOE)

Instructor Details
Course Instructor: Dr. Muhammad Rafiq
Office/Room No.: F-302, Cabin No. 10

Course Details
Core/ Elective: Core Credit Hours: 4 Contact Hours: 4.5
Prerequisites: Applied Calculus
1. Main Topics Covered in the Course:

a) Algebra on matrices
b) Echelon and reduced Echelon forms
c) Solution of system of linear equations
d) Inverse finding and determinants
e) Vector Space
f) Linear Transformation
g) Formation of differential equations
h) Solution of 1st order differential equations
i) Solution of higher order differential equations

2. Course Objective:

To learn and apply the basic concepts of matrices and their properties which can be
helpful in solving a system of equations in different engineering problems and how
one can formulate differential equation also find out the solution of 1st and higher
order differential equation to solve the real world problems.
3. Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs), their Mapping and Assessment:

CLO Taxonomy
CLO STATEMENT PLO LEVEL
NO
Students will be able to give a solution of system
1 of linear equations with all constraints using an 1 C2
appropriate method.
Student will be able to apply an appropriate
2 method for solution of a mathematical model of an 1 C3
engineering problem.
3 Students will be able to solve first order or higher C3
2
order differential equation of a real world problem.
* C – Cognitive ; A – Affective ; P – Psychomotor

4. Student Assessment Tools and their Percentage Division:


a) Sessional (Assignments 10% & Quizzes 10% ) 20%
b) Mid-Term Exam 30%
c) Final Term Exam 50%

5. Practical Applications of the Course:


a) Network flow problems
b) Mass - spring systems
c) Damped Motion

6. Course Books:

Text Books:
a) Howard Anton “Elementary Linear Algebra” 9th Edition
b) Denis G.Zill “ Differential Equations with boundary value problems.” 7th
Edition
Reference Books:
1) Gilbert Strang “Introduction to linear Algebra”
2) Sheply L.Ross “Differential Equations” 3rd Edition
3) Gerald L Bradly “Calculus and Analytic Geometry”
4) S.M.Yousaf “Mathematical Methods”
7. Weekly Plan:
Lecture
Week # Contents covered Reference
#
Introduction Ch. 3,
Preliminaries Ref.4
1
Introduction to matrices

Symmetric and Hermitian matrices Ch. 3,


1 2 Skew symmetric and Skew Hermitian matrices Ref.4
Properties
Introduction to elementary row operations Ch. 1,
Multiplication of a row by non-zero scalar Text. a
3
Interchange of any two rows
Addition of a scalar multiple of a row into another
Echelon Form Ch. 1,
4 Reducing a matrix into echelon form by using elementary row Text. a
operations
Reduced Echelon Form
Reducing a matrix into reduced echelon form by using elementary Ch. 1,
2 5
Row operations Text. a
Examples
Finding inverse of a matrix using elementary row operations Ch. 1,
6 Condition for the non-Existence of inverse Text. a
Examples
Discussion on the last topics and problems regarding these topics Ch. 3, (1)
7 Ref.4,Txt.a
System of Linear Equations
Ch. 1,
3 8 Homogeneous System
Text. a
Non-Homogeneous System
Methods for solving system of equations
Ch. 1,
9 Gaussian Elimination method
Text. a
Examples
Methods for solving system of equations Ch. 1,
10 Gauss-Jordan method Text. a
Examples
Methods for solving system of equations
Uniqueness of the solution Ch. 1,
11
4 Infinite number of solutions Text. a
Non-Existence of the solution
Methods for solving system of equations Ch. 1,
Consistency Criteria Text. a
12
Examples
Applications of system of linear equations in Engineering Ch. 1,
13 Examples Text. a

5 Introduction to the determinants Ch. 2,


14
Properties of determinants Text. a
Problems of the determinants Ch. 2,
15
Identities of determinants Text. a
Vector Space Ch. 5,
16
Axioms of a Vector Space Text. a
Vector Spaces Ch. 5,
17
6 Subspace and examples Text. a
Subspaces Ch. 5,
18 Linear combination Text. a
Linear transformation
Spanning Sets Ch. 5,
19 Linearly independent vectors Text. a
Related examples
7 Linearly dependent vector Ch. 5,
20 Bases Text. a
Related Examples
Eigen values and Eigen vectors Ch. 7,
21
Examples Text. a
Procedure for Finding Eigen values and eigen vectors Ch.7,
22
Examples Text. a
8 Linear Transformation Ch.7,
23
Text. a
24 Revision

MID TERM EXAM

25 Differential equations Ch. 1,


Introduction Text. b
Formation of differential equation
26 Ordinary differential equations (ODEs)of first order Ch. 1,
9
Basic Concepts Text. b
Initial and boundary conditions
27 Solution of 1st Order ODES Ch. 2,
Variable Separable Text. b
28 Solution of 1st Order ODES Ch. 2,
Homogeneous differential equation Text. b
29 Solution of 1st Order ODES Ch. 2,
10
Equation reducible to Homogeneous form Text. b
30 Solution of 1st Order ODES Ch. 2,
Exact differential equation Text. b
11 31 Solution of 1st Order ODES Ch. 2,
Inexact differential equation Text. b
32 Solution of 1st Order ODES Ch. 2,
Rule 1 and 2 for finding Integrating factor Text. b
33 Solution of 1st Order ODES Ch. 2,
Rule 3 and 4 for finding Integrating factor Text. b
34 Solution of 1st Order ODES Ch. 2,
Linear differential Equations Text. b
I2 35 Solution of 1st Order ODES Ch. 2,
Bernoullie differential Equations Text. b
36 Applications of 1st Order ODES Ch. 3
Txt. b
37 Discussion on the last topics and Problems related to 1st Order ODES Ch. 1, 2,3
Txt. b
38 Higher order ODES Ch. 4
13 Examples Txt. b
39 Solution of higher order ODES Ch. 4
Homogeneous linear differential equations of any order with constant Txt. b
coefficients
40 Solution of higher order ODES Ch. 4
Non-Homogeneous linear differential equations of any order with Txt. b
constant coefficient , Working rules for finding Particular Integrals
14 41 Higher Order ODEs Ch. 4
Principle of superposition, exponential shift Txt. b
42 Higher Order ODES Ch. 10,
Series expansion of operators Ref.4
43 Higher Order ODES Ch. 10
Cauchy -Euler Equation Ref. 4
44 Applications of 2nd Order ODES Ch. 5,
15
Txt. b
45 Applications of 2nd Order ODES Ch. 5,
Txt. b
46 System Of Linear First-Order ODEs Ch.8
Introduction to linear systems Text. b
16 47 System Of Linear First-Order ODEs Ch.8
Homogenous linear systems Text. b
48 Revision

FINAL EXAM