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Read the text and answer question 01 at 05. Read the text and answer question 01 at 05.

Diabetes affects millions of people in North America, almost half of whom do not Diabetes affects millions of people in North America, almost half of whom do not
realize they have the disease. At risk are people who have a family history of diabetes, realize they have the disease. At risk are people who have a family history of diabetes,
are obese, have a history of large birth weight and are over age forty. People with are obese, have a history of large birth weight and are over age forty. People with
diabetes do not convert food into energy the same way most people do. If a person diabetes do not convert food into energy the same way most people do. If a person
without diabetes eats a peace of candy, for example, the pancreas will produce insulin without diabetes eats a peace of candy, for example, the pancreas will produce insulin
which then converts those carbohydrates into glucose or sugar. That glucose is then which then converts those carbohydrates into glucose or sugar. That glucose is then
used by the cells for energy. However, glucose is not automatically accepted into the used by the cells for energy. However, glucose is not automatically accepted into the
cells. It requires a specific key – insulin – to be converted into energy. Without insulin, cells. It requires a specific key – insulin – to be converted into energy. Without insulin,
glucose is locked out of the cells, causing the body to build up extra supplies of it. In glucose is locked out of the cells, causing the body to build up extra supplies of it. In
people with diabetes, who do not produce insulin, this can eventually lead to people with diabetes, who do not produce insulin, this can eventually lead to
hyperglycemia or diabetic coma, also known as high blood sugar. hyperglycemia or diabetic coma, also known as high blood sugar.

01. De acordo com o texto, fazem parte do grupo de risco em relação ao diabetes: 01. De acordo com o texto, fazem parte do grupo de risco em relação ao diabetes:

A) Young people A) Young people


B) Old people B) Old people
C) people who have a Family history of diabetes, are obese and are over age forty C) people who have a Family history of diabetes, are obese and are over age forty
D) people who do exercises D) people who do exercises
E) people who don’t pratice exercises E) people who don’t pratice exercises
02. Para transformar os alimentos em energia, o corpo requer uma substância chamada:

A) insulin B) glucose C) hyperglycemia D) diabetes E) sugar 02. Para transformar os alimentos em energia, o corpo requer uma substância chamada:
03. The communicative purpose of this text is: A) insulin B) glucose C) hyperglycemia D) diabetes E) sugar
A) criticize the habit of eating sweets.

B) publish the results of recent research.


03. The communicative purpose of this text is:
C) explain the causes and consequences of diabetes.
A) criticize the habit of eating sweets.
D) guide about exercise
B) publish the results of recent research.
E) promote research on obesity.
C) explain the causes and consequences of diabetes.

D) guide about exercise


04. Qual é a tipologia e o gênero textual empregado neste texto?
E) promote research on obesity.
05. Passe o texto para o português.
04. Qual é a tipologia e o gênero textual empregado neste texto?
05. Passe o texto para o português.