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Problem 1

Consider a single sampling plan with a lot size of 1500, sample size of 150, and acceptance number of 3. Co
and the limiting quality level is 4.5% nonconforming, describe the protection offered by the plan at these qu

N= 1500
n= 150
c= 3
Proportion
np Pa
Nonconforming (p)
0.0 0.00 1.000
0.005 0.75 0.993
aql 0.010 1.50 0.934
0.015 2.25 0.809
0.020 3.00 0.647
0.025 3.75 0.484
0.030 4.50 0.342
0.035 5.25 0.232
0.040 6.00 0.151
0.045 6.75 0.096
0.050 7.50 0.059
0.055 8.25 0.036
0.060 9.00 0.021
0.065 9.75 0.012
0.070 10.50 0.007
0.075 11.25 0.004
0.080 12.00 0.002
0.085 12.75 0.001
0.090 13.50 0.001
0.095 14.25 0.000
0.100 15.00 0.000
0.105 15.75 0.000
0.110 16.50 0.000
0.115 17.25 0.000
0.120 18.00 0.000
0.125 18.75 0.000
0.130 19.50 0.000
0.135 20.25 0.000
0.140 21.00 0.000
0.145 21.75 0.000
0.150 22.50 0.000
0.155 23.25 0.000

Assessment rubric for Stastistical-Based Problems

Criteria 3 - Exemplary 2 - Good


An efficient strategy is A correct strategy is chosen
chosen and progress based on the statistical
towards a solution is situation in the
evaluated. task.

Evidence of analyzing the Evidence of solidifying


Problem-solving situation in mathematical prior knowledge and
terms and extending prior applying it to the
knowledge is present. problem-solving situation
is present.
Note: Exemplary level
must achieve a Note: Good level must
correct answer achieve a correct answer.

Deductive arguments are


Arguments are constructed
used to justify decisions
with adequate statistical
and may result in formal
basis.
proofs.
Reasoning & Proof A systematic approach
Evidence is used to justify
and/or justification of
and support decisions
correct reasoning is present.
made and conclusions
reached.
and acceptance number of 3. Construct the OC curve. If the acceptable quality level is 0.01 nonconforming
n offered by the plan at these quality levels

6.6%

9.6%

a) At 1%, the probability of type 1 is 6.6%


Is a series of batches, each of which is 1% nonco
Comes for insectionm then(using this plan) the pro
acceptance is 93.4%. It means that , on average, a
of 1000 such batches will be accepted by the sam
Using this sampling plan such batches will be rej
6.6%.

b On the other hand, if batches are 4.5& nonconform


96 out of 10000 batches will be accepted. Therefor
error is 9.6%

tistical-Based Problems

1 - Emerging 0 - Entry
A partially correct strategy
is chosen, or a correct
strategy No strategy is chosen, or a
for only solving part of strategy is chosen that will
the task is chosen. not lead to a solution.

Evidence of drawing on Little or no evidence of


some relevant previous engagement in the task is
knowledge is present, present.
showing some relevant
engagement in the task

Arguments are made with Arguments are made with


some statistical basis. no statistical basis.

Some correct reasoning or No correct reasoning nor


justification for reasoning is justification for reasoning is
present. present.
onforming

y of type 1 is 6.6%
s, each of which is 1% nonconforming.
hen(using this plan) the probability of lot
means that , on average, about 934 out
will be accepted by the sampling plan.
lan such batches will be rejected about
6.6%.

atches are 4.5& nonconforming, only abut


s will be accepted. Therefore, the type 2
error is 9.6%
Problem 2
Construct an OC curve for a single sampling plan where the lot size is 2000, the sample size is 50, and the a

N= 2000 2000
n= 50 200
c= 2 2
Proportion np
Pa (Binomial)
Nonconforming (p) n=50, c=2
0.0 0.00 1.000
0.005 0.25 0.998
0.010 0.50 0.986
0.020 1.00 0.922
0.030 1.50 0.811
0.040 2.00 0.677
0.050 2.50 0.541
0.060 3.00 0.416
0.070 3.50 0.311
0.080 4.00 0.226
0.090 4.50 0.161
0.100 5.00 0.112
0.110 5.50 0.076
0.120 6.00 0.051
0.130 6.50 0.034
0.140 7.00 0.022
0.150 7.50 0.014

Assessment rubric for Stastistical-Based Problems

Criteria 3 - Exemplary 2 - Good

An efficient strategy is A correct strategy is chosen


chosen and progress based on the statistical
towards a solution is situation in the
evaluated. task.

Evidence of analyzing the Evidence of solidifying


Problem-solving situation in mathematical prior knowledge and
terms and extending prior applying it to the
knowledge is present. problem-solving situation
is present.
Note: Exemplary level
must achieve a Note: Good level must
correct answer achieve a correct answer.
Deductive arguments are
Arguments are constructed
used to justify decisions
with adequate statistical
and may result in formal
basis.
proofs.
Reasoning & Proof A systematic approach
Evidence is used to justify
and/or justification of
and support decisions
correct reasoning is present.
made and conclusions
reached.
, the sample size is 50, and the acceptance number is 2.

2000 2000
50 50
1 0
Pa (Poisson) np Pa (Poisson)
n=50, c=2 n=200, c=2 n=200, c=2
1.000 0.00 1.000
0.998 1.00 0.920
0.986 2.00 0.677
0.920 4.00 0.238
0.809 6.00 0.062
0.677 8.00 0.014
0.544 10.00 0.003
0.423 12.00 0.001
0.321 14.00 0.000
0.238 16.00 0.000
0.174 18.00 0.000
0.125 20.00 0.000
0.088 22.00 0.000
0.062 24.00 0.000
0.043 26.00 0.000
0.030 28.00 0.000
0.020 30.00 0.000

stical-Based Problems

1 - Emerging 0 - Entry

A partially correct
strategy
is chosen, or a correct
No strategy is chosen, or a
strategy
strategy is chosen that will
for only solving part of
not lead to a solution.
the task is chosen.
Little or no evidence of
Evidence of drawing on
engagement in the task is
some relevant previous
present.
knowledge is present,
showing some relevant
engagement in the task
Arguments are made
with
Arguments are made with
some statistical basis.
no statistical basis.
Some correct reasoning
No correct reasoning nor
or
justification for reasoning is
justification for
present.
reasoning is
present.
np Pa (Poisson) np Pa (Poisson)
n=50, c=1 n=50, c=1 n=50, c=0 n=50, c=0
0.00 1.000 0.00 1.000
0.25 0.974 0.25 0.779
0.50 0.910 0.50 0.607
1.00 0.736 1.00 0.368
1.50 0.558 1.50 0.223
2.00 0.406 2.00 0.135
2.50 0.287 2.50 0.082
3.00 0.199 3.00 0.050
3.50 0.136 3.50 0.030
4.00 0.092 4.00 0.018
4.50 0.061 4.50 0.011
5.00 0.040 5.00 0.007
5.50 0.027 5.50 0.004
6.00 0.017 6.00 0.002
6.50 0.011 6.50 0.002
7.00 0.007 7.00 0.001
7.50 0.005 7.50 0.001
OCC with sampling plan n=50 & c=2
1.000
0.900
0.800 Higher discrimatory power
sampling plan or the greate
0.700 effectiveness of sampling p
0.600
0.500
0.400
0.300
0.200
0.100
0.000
0.00 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.11
AQL
Pa (Bi nomi al ) Pa (Poi s s on) n=50, c=2 n=200, c=2

Lot quality is poorer or worse

n=50 AQL 0.01 Pa

LQL 0.11 Pa
ng plan n=50 & c=2

Higher discrimatory power of


sampling plan or the greater the
effectiveness of sampling plan

0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.16
LQL
n) n=50, c=2 n=200, c=2 n=50, c=1 n=50, c=0

lity is poorer or worsens

0.986 Producer's Risk 1-Pa 0.014 n=200 AQL

0.088 Consumer's Risk Pa 0.088 LQL


0.01 Pa 0.677 Producer's Risk 1-Pa 0.323

0.11 Pa 0.000 Consumer's Risk Pa 0.000


c=1 AQL 0.01 Pa 0.910 Producer's Risk 1-Pa

LQL 0.11 Pa 0.027 Consumer's Risk Pa


0.090 c=0 AQL 0.01 Pa 0.607

0.027 LQL 0.11 Pa 0.004


Producer's Risk 1-Pa 0.393

Consumer's Risk Pa 0.004


Problem 3
Draw the type-B OC curve for the single-sampling plan n = 50, c = 1
Draw the type-B OC curve for the single-sampling plan n = 100, c = 2 

N=
n=
c=
Proportion
np Pa
Nonconforming (p)
0.0
0.005
0.010
0.015
0.020
0.025
0.030
0.035
0.040
0.045
0.050
0.055
0.060
0.065
0.070
0.075
0.080
0.085
0.090
0.095
0.100
0.105
0.110
0.115
0.120
0.125
0.130
0.135
0.140
0.145
0.150
0.155

Assessment rubric for Stastistical-Based Problems

Criteria 3 - Exemplary 2 - Good


An efficient strategy is A correct strategy is chosen
chosen and progress based on the statistical
towards a solution is situation in the
evaluated. task.

Evidence of analyzing the Evidence of solidifying


Problem-solving situation in mathematical prior knowledge and
terms and extending prior applying it to the
knowledge is present. problem-solving situation
is present.
Note: Exemplary level
must achieve a Note: Good level must
correct answer achieve a correct answer.

Deductive arguments are


Arguments are constructed
used to justify decisions
with adequate statistical
and may result in formal
basis.
proofs.
Reasoning & Proof A systematic approach
Evidence is used to justify
and/or justification of
and support decisions
correct reasoning is present.
made and conclusions
reached.
tistical-Based Problems

1 - Emerging 0 - Entry
A partially correct strategy
is chosen, or a correct
strategy No strategy is chosen, or a
for only solving part of strategy is chosen that will
the task is chosen. not lead to a solution.

Evidence of drawing on Little or no evidence of


some relevant previous engagement in the task is
knowledge is present, present.
showing some relevant
engagement in the task

Arguments are made with Arguments are made with


some statistical basis. no statistical basis.

Some correct reasoning or No correct reasoning nor


justification for reasoning is justification for reasoning is
present. present.
Problem 4
A company uses the following acceptance-sampling procedure. A sample equal to 10% of the lot is taken. If
it is rejected. If submitted lots vary in size from 5000 to 10,000 units, what can you say about the protection

N= 5000
n= 500
c= 10
Proportion
np Pa
Nonconforming (p)
0.0 0.00 1.000
0.005 2.50 1.000
0.010 5.00 0.986
0.015 7.50 0.862
0.020 10.00 0.583
0.025 12.50 0.297
0.030 15.00 0.118
0.035 17.50 0.039
0.040 20.00 0.011
0.045 22.50 0.003
0.050 25.00 0.001
0.055 27.50 0.000
0.060 30.00 0.000
0.065 32.50 0.000
0.070 35.00 0.000
0.075 37.50 0.000
0.080 40.00 0.000
0.085 42.50 0.000
0.090 45.00 0.000
0.095 47.50 0.000
0.100 50.00 0.000
0.105 52.50 0.000
0.110 55.00 0.000
0.115 57.50 0.000
0.120 60.00 0.000
0.125 62.50 0.000
0.130 65.00 0.000
0.135 67.50 0.000
0.140 70.00 0.000
0.145 72.50 0.000
0.150 75.00 0.000
0.155 77.50 0.000

Assessment rubric for Stastistical-Based Problems

Criteria 3 - Exemplary 2 - Good


An efficient strategy is A correct strategy is chosen
chosen and progress based on the statistical
towards a solution is situation in the
evaluated. task.

Evidence of analyzing the Evidence of solidifying


Problem-solving situation in mathematical prior knowledge and
terms and extending prior applying it to the
knowledge is present. problem-solving situation
is present.
Note: Exemplary level
must achieve a Note: Good level must
correct answer achieve a correct answer.

Deductive arguments are


Arguments are constructed
used to justify decisions
with adequate statistical
and may result in formal
basis.
proofs.
Reasoning & Proof A systematic approach
Evidence is used to justify
and/or justification of
and support decisions
correct reasoning is present.
made and conclusions
reached.
qual to 10% of the lot is taken. If 2% or less of the items in the sample are defective, the lot is accepted; otherwise,
can you say about the protection by this plan? If 0.05 is the desired LTPD, does this scheme offer reasonable protection to

10000
1000
20

np Pa

0.00 1.000
5.00 1.000
10.00 0.998
15.00 0.917 a)
20.00 0.559 Accepts from 55.9% to58.3%
25.00 0.185 Rejects from 41.7 to 44.1 % of the batches
30.00 0.035 For the producer
35.00 0.004
40.00 0.000
45.00 0.000 B)
50.00 0.000
55.00 0.000 If 0.05 is LTPD the consumer risks if from .1% to 0% so
it rejects practically all defective. Good plan for the
60.00 0.000 consumer
65.00 0.000
70.00 0.000
75.00 0.000 n=5000 AQL
80.00 0.000 c=10
85.00 0.000
90.00 0.000
95.00 0.000
100.00 0.000
105.00 0.000
110.00 0.000
115.00 0.000
120.00 0.000
125.00 0.000
130.00 0.000
135.00 0.000
140.00 0.000
145.00 0.000
150.00 0.000
155.00 0.000

tistical-Based Problems

1 - Emerging 0 - Entry
A partially correct strategy
is chosen, or a correct
strategy No strategy is chosen, or a
for only solving part of strategy is chosen that will
the task is chosen. not lead to a solution.

Evidence of drawing on Little or no evidence of


some relevant previous engagement in the task is
knowledge is present, present.
showing some relevant
engagement in the task

Arguments are made with Arguments are made with


some statistical basis. no statistical basis.

Some correct reasoning or No correct reasoning nor


justification for reasoning is justification for reasoning is
present. present.
epted; otherwise,
reasonable protection to the consumer?

% of the batches

mer risks if from .1% to 0% so


efective. Good plan for the
sumer
Problem 5
Suppose that a single-sampling plan with n = 150 and c = 2 is being used for receiving inspection where the
(a) Draw the OC curve for this plan.
(b) If 2% or less of the items in the sample are defective, the lot is accepted; otherwise, it is rejected. What c
(c) Draw the AOQ curve and find the AOQL. AOQL
(d) If lots come in as 1% nonconforming for inspection & assuming that rejected lots are screened, what's th
(e) Draw the ATI curve for this plan.
(f) What's the average number of items that should be inspected per lot given a lot quality of 1%. If the unit

N= 3000
n= 150 n>50, p<.1
c= 2 Poisson

Proportion
np Pa
Nonconforming (p)
0.0 0.00 1.000
0.005 0.75 0.959
AQL 0.010 1.50 0.809
0.015 2.25 0.609
0.020 3.00 0.423
0.025 3.75 0.277
0.030 4.50 0.174
LTPD 0.035 5.25 0.105
0.040 6.00 0.062
0.045 6.75 0.036
0.050 7.50 0.020
0.055 8.25 0.011
0.060 9.00 0.006
0.065 9.75 0.003
0.070 10.50 0.002
0.075 11.25 0.001
0.080 12.00 0.001
0.085 12.75 0.000
0.090 13.50 0.000
0.095 14.25 0.000
0.100 15.00 0.000
0.105 15.75 0.000
0.110 16.50 0.000
0.115 17.25 0.000
0.120 18.00 0.000
0.125 18.75 0.000
0.130 19.50 0.000
0.135 20.25 0.000
0.140 21.00 0.000
0.145 21.75 0.000
0.150 22.50 0.000
0.155 23.25 0.000

Assessment rubric for Stastistical-Based Problems


Criteria 3 - Exemplary 2 - Good

An efficient strategy is A correct strategy is chosen


chosen and progress based on the statistical
towards a solution is situation in the
evaluated. task.

Evidence of analyzing the Evidence of solidifying


Problem-solving situation in mathematical prior knowledge and
terms and extending prior applying it to the
knowledge is present. problem-solving situation
is present.
Note: Exemplary level
must achieve a Note: Good level must
correct answer achieve a correct answer.

Deductive arguments are


Arguments are constructed
used to justify decisions
with adequate statistical
and may result in formal
basis.
proofs.
Reasoning & Proof A systematic approach
Evidence is used to justify
and/or justification of
and support decisions
correct reasoning is present.
made and conclusions
reached.
or receiving inspection where the supplier ships the product in lots of size N = 3000.

d; otherwise, it is rejected. What can you say about the protection by this plan for the produc Reject 57.7% , bad plan for prod
0.0087
ected lots are screened, what's the average outgoing quality of these lots? AOQ

ven a lot quality of 1%. If the unit cost of inspection is $5 MXN, calculate the inspection cost.

Binomial

Rejected Pa AOQ ATI

0.000 1.000 0.0000 150


0.041 0.960 0.0046 265
0.191 0.809 0.0077 695
0.391 0.609 0.0087 1263
0.577 0.421 0.0080 1794
0.723 0.273 0.0066 2210
0.826 0.169 0.0049 2505
0.895 0.101 0.0035 2700
0.938 0.058 0.0024 2823
0.964 0.033 0.0015 2898
0.980 0.018 0.0010 2942
0.989 0.010 0.0006 2968
0.994 0.005 0.0004 2982
0.997 0.003 0.0002 2990
0.998 0.001 0.0001 2995
0.999 0.001 0.0001 2997
0.999 0.000 0.0000 2999
1.000 0.000 0.0000 2999
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000
1.000 0.000 0.0000 3000

tistical-Based Problems
1 - Emerging 0 - Entry

A partially correct strategy


is chosen, or a correct
strategy No strategy is chosen, or a
for only solving part of strategy is chosen that will
the task is chosen. not lead to a solution.

Evidence of drawing on Little or no evidence of


some relevant previous engagement in the task is
knowledge is present, present.
showing some relevant
engagement in the task

Arguments are made with Arguments are made with


some statistical basis. no statistical basis.

Some correct reasoning or No correct reasoning nor


justification for reasoning is justification for reasoning is
present. present.
ct 57.7% , bad plan for producer.

0.0077

ATI 695
Cost 3473.93

Poisson
1.200

1.000

0.800

0.600

0.400

0.200

0.000
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

Binomial
1.200

1.000

0.800

0.600

0.400

0.200

0.000
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
AOQ
0.0100
0.0090
0.0080
0.0070
0.0060
0.0050
0.0040
0.0030
0.0020
0.0010
0.0000
.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

ATI
3500

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Problem 6
a Find a single-sampling plan for which p1=0.01, α=0.05, p2=0.10 and β=0.10
b Find a single-sampling plan for which p1=0.05, α=0.05, p2=0.15 and β=0.10

Acceptance Pa = 0.95, Pa = 0.10,


np2/np2
Number, c np1 np2
0 0.051 2.303 45.16
1 0.355 3.89 10.96
2 0.818 5.322 6.51
3 1.366 6.681 4.89
4 1.97 7.994 4.06
5 2.613 9.274 3.55
6 3.286 10.532 3.21
7 3.981 11.771 2.96
8 4.695 12.995 2.77
9 5.426 14.206 2.62
10 6.169 15.407 2.50
11 6.924 16.598 2.40
12 7.69 17.782 2.31
13 8.464 18.958 2.24
14 9.246 20.128 2.18
15 10.035 21.292 2.12
Problem 7
For the sampling plan N = 1500, n = 150, c = 3, construct the average outgoing quality curve. What is the A

N= 1500
n= 150
c= 3
Proportion
np Pa
Nonconforming (p)
0.0 0.00 1.000
0.005 0.75 0.993
0.010 1.50 0.934
0.015 2.25 0.809
0.020 3.00 0.647
0.025 3.75 0.484
0.030 4.50 0.342
0.035 5.25 0.232
0.040 6.00 0.151
0.045 6.75 0.096
0.050 7.50 0.059
0.055 8.25 0.036
0.060 9.00 0.021
0.065 9.75 0.012
0.070 10.50 0.007
0.075 11.25 0.004
0.080 12.00 0.002
0.085 12.75 0.001
0.090 13.50 0.001
0.095 14.25 0.000
0.100 15.00 0.000
0.105 15.75 0.000
0.110 16.50 0.000
0.115 17.25 0.000
0.120 18.00 0.000
0.125 18.75 0.000
0.130 19.50 0.000
0.135 20.25 0.000
0.140 21.00 0.000
0.145 21.75 0.000
0.150 22.50 0.000
0.155 23.25 0.000
going quality curve. What is the AOQL? Interpret it.

AOQ 0.0117

0.0000 -
0.0045 -
0.0084 -
0.0109 -
0.0117 AOQL AOQ
0.0109 -
0.0140
0.0092 -
0.0073 - 0.0120
0.0054 -
0.0039 - 0.0100
0.0027 -
0.0080
0.0018 -
0.0011 - 0.0060
0.0007 -
0.0005 - 0.0040
0.0003 -
0.0020
0.0002 -
0.0001 - 0.0000
0.0001 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
0.0000 -
AOQ

0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2


Problem 8
Construct the ATI curve for the sampling plan N = 1200, n = 50, c = 1. Suppose that the process average no
level of nonconformance.

N= 1200
n= 50
c= 1
Proportion
np Pa
Nonconforming (p)
0.0 0.00 1.000
0.005 0.25 0.974
0.010 0.50 0.910
0.015 0.75 0.827
0.020 1.00 0.736
0.025 1.25 0.645
0.030 1.50 0.558
0.035 1.75 0.478
0.040 2.00 0.406
0.045 2.25 0.343
0.050 2.50 0.287
0.055 2.75 0.240
0.060 3.00 0.199
0.065 3.25 0.165
0.070 3.50 0.136
0.075 3.75 0.112
0.080 4.00 0.092
0.085 4.25 0.075
0.090 4.50 0.061
0.095 4.75 0.050
0.100 5.00 0.040
0.105 5.25 0.033
0.110 5.50 0.027
0.115 5.75 0.021
0.120 6.00 0.017
0.125 6.25 0.014
0.130 6.50 0.011
0.135 6.75 0.009
0.140 7.00 0.007
0.145 7.25 0.006
0.150 7.50 0.005
0.155 7.75 0.004
pose that the process average nonconforming rate is 3%. Explain the value of ATI for that

ATI

50
80
154 p= 1.5%
249 ATI=n+(1-Pa)(N-n) 593.95
354 ATI you can save time and money
459
559 If you have quaity of 3%, on average 559 items inspected per lot.
650
733
806
870
924
971
1010
1044
1072
1095
1114
1130
1143
1154
1162
1169
1175
1180
1184
1187
1190
1192
1193
1195
1196
1200
ed per lot.
Problem 9
Determine the single sampling plans that will reject lots that are 1.3% nonconforming 8% of the time. Use ac
point of view, which of these three plans would you choose?

np

Acceptance Pa = 0.92,
Aql 1.30%
Number, c np1

0 0.084 producers risk 92%


1 0.464
2 1.00
3 1.607 To obtain n
4 2.267 P=1.3
5 2.958 C NP= .464
6 3.663 1.00 n= 35.6923077
7 4.403 2.00 76.9230769
8 5.158 3.00 123.615385
9 5.933 4.00 174.384615
10 6.703 5.00 227.538462
6.00 281.769231
7.00 338.692308
8.00 396.769231
9.00 456.384615
10.00 515.615385

Answer: In a consumers point of view, there are more items inspected


therefore there will be less probability of recieving defective produc

Proportion
Nonconform np Pa np Pa np
ing (p)
0.0
0.005
0.010
0.015
0.020
0.025
0.030
0.035
0.040
0.045
0.050
0.055
0.060
0.065
0.070
0.075
0.080
0.085
0.090
0.095
0.100
0.105
0.110
0.115
0.120
0.125
0.130
0.135
0.140
0.145
0.150
0.155
nforming 8% of the time. Use acceptance numbers of 1,3, and 5. From a consumer's

36
77
124
175
228
282
339
397
457
516

ew, there are more items inspected and


ability of recieving defective products

Pa
Problem 10
Determine the single sampling plans that will accept lots that are 6% nonconforming 12% of the time. Use a
of view, which of these plans would you choose? To obtain n
LTPD 6.00% P=6%
producers risk 88% NP= 2.818

Acceptance N
Pa = 0.06, np2 n
Number, c roundup
0 2.818 46.9666666667 47
1 4.523 75.3833333333 76
2 6.052 100.867 101
3 7.478 124.633333333 125
4 8.889 148.15 149
5 10.298 171.633333333 172
6 11.667 194.45 195
7 13.034 217.233333333 218
8 14.100 235.000 235
9 15.484 258.066666667 259
10 16.723 278.716666667 279

Proportion
Nonconformin np Pa np Pa
g (p)
0.0 0.00 1.000 0.00 1.000
0.005 0.38 0.944 0.51 0.986
0.010 0.76 0.824 1.01 0.919
0.015 1.14 0.684 1.52 0.806
0.020 1.52 0.549 2.02 0.671
0.025 1.90 0.431 2.53 0.536
0.030 2.28 0.331 3.03 0.413
0.035 2.66 0.251 3.54 0.309
0.040 3.04 0.187 4.04 0.226
0.045 3.42 0.138 4.55 0.162
0.050 3.80 0.101 5.05 0.114
0.055 4.18 0.074 5.56 0.079
0.060 4.56 0.053 6.06 0.054
0.065 4.94 0.038 6.57 0.037
0.070 5.32 0.027 7.07 0.024
0.075 5.70 0.019 7.58 0.016
0.080 6.08 0.013 8.08 0.011
0.085 6.46 0.009 8.59 0.007
0.090 6.84 0.007 9.09 0.004
0.095 7.22 0.005 9.60 0.003
0.100 7.60 0.003 10.10 0.002
0.105 7.98 0.002 10.61 0.001
0.110 8.36 0.001 11.11 0.001
0.115 8.74 0.001 11.62 0.000
0.120 9.12 0.001 12.12 0.000
0.125 9.50 0.000 12.63 0.000
0.130 9.88 0.000 13.13 0.000
0.135 10.26 0.000 13.64 0.000
0.140 10.64 0.000 14.14 0.000
0.145 11.02 0.000 14.65 0.000
0.150 11.40 0.000 15.15 0.000
0.155 11.78 0.000 15.66 0.000
nforming 12% of the time. Use acceptance numbers of 1,2, and 4. From a producer's point

np Pa

0.00 1.000
0.75 0.999
1.49 0.982
2.24 0.925
2.98 0.820
Chart Title
3.73 0.683
4.47 0.536 1.200
5.22 0.400
1.000

0.800

0.600
Chart Title
1.200

1.000
5.96 0.285
6.71 0.195 0.800
7.45 0.129
8.20 0.083 0.600
8.94 0.052
9.69 0.032 0.400
10.43 0.019
0.200
11.18 0.011
11.92 0.006 0.000
12.67 0.004 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
13.41 0.002 Pa Pa Pa
14.16 0.001
14.90 0.001
15.65 0.000
16.39 0.000
17.14 0.000
17.88 0.000
18.63 0.000
19.37 0.000
20.12 0.000
20.86 0.000
21.61 0.000
22.35 0.000
23.10 0.000
0.1 0.2 0.2
Problem 11
A sampling plan is desired to have a producer's risk of 0.05 at AQL = 0.9% and a consumer's risk of 0.10 at L
plan that meets the consumer's stipulation and comes as close as possible to meeting the producer's stipula

Acceptance
Pa = 0.95, np1 Pa = 0.10, np2 np2/np2
Number, c

0 0.051 2.303 45.16


1 0.355 3.89 10.96
2 0.818 5.322 6.51
3 1.366 6.681 4.89
4 1.97 7.994 4.06
5 2.613 9.274 3.55
6 3.286 10.532 3.21
7 3.981 11.771 2.96
8 4.695 12.995 2.77
9 5.426 14.206 2.62
10 6.169 15.407 2.50
11 6.924 16.598 2.40
12 7.69 17.782 2.31
13 8.464 18.958 2.24
14 9.246 20.128 2.18
15 10.035 21.292 2.12
QL = 0.9% and a consumer's risk of 0.10 at LQL = 6.5% nonconforming. Find the single sampling
as possible to meeting the producer's stipulation.
Problem 12
A sampling plan is desired to have a producer's risk of 0.05 at AQL= 1.3% nonconforming and a consumer's
the single sampling plan that meets the producer's stipulation and comes as close as possible to meeting th

Acceptance
Pa = 0.95, np1 Pa = 0.10, np2 np2/np2
Number, c
0 0.051 2.303 45.16
1 0.355 3.89 10.96
2 0.818 5.322 6.51
3 1.366 6.681 4.89
4 1.97 7.994 4.06
5 2.613 9.274 3.55
6 3.286 10.532 3.21
7 3.981 11.771 2.96
8 4.695 12.995 2.77
9 5.426 14.206 2.62
10 6.169 15.407 2.50
11 6.924 16.598 2.40
12 7.69 17.782 2.31
13 8.464 18.958 2.24
14 9.246 20.128 2.18
15 10.035 21.292 2.12
QL= 1.3% nonconforming and a consumer's risk of 0.10 at LQL = 7.1% nonconforming. Find
nd comes as close as possible to meeting the consumer's stipulation.
Problem 1
Consider a single sampling plan with a lot size of 1500, sample size of 150, and acceptance number of 3. Co
and the limiting quality level is 4.5% nonconforming,
a) Calculate Type I/Producer's Risk & Type II/Consumer's Risk
b) Describe the protection offered by the plan at these quality levels

N= 1500
n= 150
c= 3
Proportion
np Pa
Nonconforming (p)
0.0 0.00 1.000
0.005 0.75 0.993
0.010 1.50 0.934
0.015 2.25 0.809
0.020 3.00 0.647
0.025 3.75 0.484
0.030 4.50 0.342
0.035 5.25 0.232
0.040 6.00 0.151
0.045 6.75 0.096
0.050 7.50 0.059
0.055 8.25 0.036
0.060 9.00 0.021
0.065 9.75 0.012
0.070 10.50 0.007
0.075 11.25 0.004
0.080 12.00 0.002
0.085 12.75 0.001
0.090 13.50 0.001
0.095 14.25 0.000
0.100 15.00 0.000
0.105 15.75 0.000
0.110 16.50 0.000
0.115 17.25 0.000
0.120 18.00 0.000
0.125 18.75 0.000
0.130 19.50 0.000
0.135 20.25 0.000
0.140 21.00 0.000
0.145 21.75 0.000
0.150 22.50 0.000
0.155 23.25 0.000

Assessment rubric for Stastistical-Based Problems


Criteria 3 - Exemplary 2 - Good

An efficient strategy is A correct strategy is chosen


chosen and progress based on the statistical
towards a solution is situation in the
evaluated. task.

Evidence of analyzing the Evidence of solidifying


Problem-solving situation in statistical prior knowledge and
terms and extending prior applying it to the
knowledge is present. problem-solving situation
is present.
Note: Exemplary level
must achieve a Note: Good level must
correct answer achieve a correct answer.

Deductive arguments are


Arguments are constructed
used to justify decisions
with adequate statistical
and may result in formal
basis.
proofs.
Reasoning & Proof A systematic approach
Evidence is used to justify
and/or justification of
and support decisions
correct reasoning is present.
made and conclusions
reached.
and acceptance number of 3. Construct the OC curve. If the acceptable quality level is 0.01 nonconforming

OC Curve
1.0
Probability of lot acceptance (Pa)

0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.

Proportion nonconforming (p)

a) If a series of batches, each of which is 1% non


It means that, on average, about 934 out of 10
Using this sampling plan, such batches will be

b On the other hand, if batches are 4.5% nonconform


Therefore, batches that are 4.5% nonconforming, o

tistical-Based Problems
1 - Emerging 0 - Entry

A partially correct strategy


is chosen, or a correct
strategy No strategy is chosen, or a
for only solving part of strategy is chosen that will
the task is chosen. not lead to a solution.

Evidence of drawing on Little or no evidence of


some relevant previous engagement in the task is
knowledge is present, present.
showing some relevant
engagement in the task

Arguments are made with Arguments are made with


some statistical basis. no statistical basis.

Some correct reasoning or No correct reasoning nor


justification for reasoning is justification for reasoning is
present. present.
onforming

urve

1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

nonconforming (p)

each of which is 1% nonconforming, comes in for inspection, then (using this plan) the probability of lot acceptance is 93.4
rage, about 934 out of 1000 such batches will be accepted by the sampling plan
lan, such batches will be rejected about 6.6% of the time

tches are 4.5% nonconforming, only about 96 out of 1000 batches will be accepted
are 4.5% nonconforming, on the other hand, will be accepted 9.6% of the time
lity of lot acceptance is 93.4%
Problem 2
Construct an OC curve for a single sampling plan where the lot size is 2000, the sample size is 50, and the a

N= 2000 2000
n= 50 200
c= 2 2
Proportion np
Pa (Binomial)
Nonconforming (p) n=50, c=2
0.0 0.00 1.000
0.005 0.25 0.998
0.010 0.50 0.986
0.020 1.00 0.922
0.030 1.50 0.811
0.040 2.00 0.677
0.050 2.50 0.541
0.060 3.00 0.416
0.070 3.50 0.311
0.080 4.00 0.226
0.090 4.50 0.161
0.100 5.00 0.112
0.110 5.50 0.076
0.120 6.00 0.051
0.130 6.50 0.034
0.140 7.00 0.022
0.150 7.50 0.014

Assessment rubric for Stastistical-Based Problems

Criteria 3 - Exemplary 2 - Good

An efficient strategy is A correct strategy is chosen


chosen and progress based on the statistical
towards a solution is situation in the
evaluated. task.

Evidence of analyzing the Evidence of solidifying


Problem-solving situation in mathematical prior knowledge and
terms and extending prior applying it to the
knowledge is present. problem-solving situation
is present.
Note: Exemplary level
must achieve a Note: Good level must
correct answer achieve a correct answer.
Deductive arguments are
Arguments are constructed
used to justify decisions
with adequate statistical
and may result in formal
basis.
proofs.
Reasoning & Proof A systematic approach
Evidence is used to justify
and/or justification of
and support decisions
correct reasoning is present.
made and conclusions
reached.
, the sample size is 50, and the acceptance number is 2.

2000 2000
50 50
1 0
Pa (Poisson) np Pa (Poisson)
n=50, c=2 n=200, c=2 n=200, c=2
1.000 0.00 1.000
0.998 1.00 0.920
0.986 2.00 0.677
0.920 4.00 0.238
0.809 6.00 0.062
0.677 8.00 0.014
0.544 10.00 0.003
0.423 12.00 0.001
0.321 14.00 0.000
0.238 16.00 0.000
0.174 18.00 0.000
0.125 20.00 0.000
0.088 22.00 0.000
0.062 24.00 0.000
0.043 26.00 0.000
0.030 28.00 0.000
0.020 30.00 0.000

stical-Based Problems

1 - Emerging 0 - Entry

A partially correct
strategy
is chosen, or a correct
No strategy is chosen, or a
strategy
strategy is chosen that will
for only solving part of
not lead to a solution.
the task is chosen.
Little or no evidence of
Evidence of drawing on
engagement in the task is
some relevant previous
present.
knowledge is present,
showing some relevant
engagement in the task
Arguments are made
with
Arguments are made with
some statistical basis.
no statistical basis.
Some correct reasoning
No correct reasoning nor
or
justification for reasoning is
justification for
present.
reasoning is
present.
np Pa (Poisson) np Pa (Poisson)
n=50, c=1 n=50, c=1 n=50, c=0 n=50, c=0
0.00 1.000 0.00 1.000
0.25 0.974 0.25 0.779
0.50 0.910 0.50 0.607
1.00 0.736 1.00 0.368
1.50 0.558 1.50 0.223
2.00 0.406 2.00 0.135
2.50 0.287 2.50 0.082
3.00 0.199 3.00 0.050
3.50 0.136 3.50 0.030
4.00 0.092 4.00 0.018
4.50 0.061 4.50 0.011
5.00 0.040 5.00 0.007
5.50 0.027 5.50 0.004
6.00 0.017 6.00 0.002
6.50 0.011 6.50 0.002
7.00 0.007 7.00 0.001
7.50 0.005 7.50 0.001
OCC with sampling plan n=50 &
AOQ 1.000
n=50, c=2
0.900
0.000
0.800
0.005
0.010 0.700
0.018 0.600
0.024
0.500
0.026
0.027
0.400
0.025 0.300
0.022 0.200
0.019
0.100
0.015
0.012 0.000
0.00 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09
0.009 AQL
Pa (Bi nomi a l ) Pa (Poi s s on) n=50, c=2 n
0.007
0.005
0.004
0.003 Lot quality is poorer

n=50 AQL 0.01

LQL 0.11

AOQ
0.030

0.025

0.020

0.015

0.010

0.005

0.000
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0
with sampling plan n=50 & c=2

Higher discrimatory power of


sampling plan or the greater the
effectiveness of sampling plan

0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.16
LQL
Pa (Poi s s on) n=50, c=2 n=200, c=2 n=50, c=1 n=50, c=0

Lot quality is poorer or worsens

Pa 0.986 Producer's Risk 1-Pa 0.014 n=200

Pa 0.088 Consumer's Risk Pa 0.088

AOQ

0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2


AQL 0.01 Pa 0.677 Producer's Risk 1-Pa 0.323

LQL 0.11 Pa 0.000 Consumer's Risk Pa 0.000


c=1 AQL 0.01 Pa 0.910 Producer's Risk

LQL 0.11 Pa 0.027 Consumer's Risk


1-Pa 0.090 c=0 AQL 0.01 Pa

Pa 0.027 LQL 0.11 Pa


0.607 Producer's Risk 1-Pa 0.393

0.004 Consumer's Risk Pa 0.004