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Delhi Metro

Introduction
Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd., abbreviated to DMRC, is a Centre-state
Public Sector company that operates the Delhi Metro. The DMRC is also involved
in the planning and implementation of metro rail, monorail, and high-speed rail
projects in India and abroad. The work of DMRC is broadly fragmented into various
parts namely Projects, Operation and Maintenance, Finance, Human Resources etc.
which are controlled by the respective Directors under the direction of Managing
Director.
History
The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. was created on 3 May 1995 with E.
Sreedharan serving as the first managing director. Sreedharan handed over charge
as MD of DMRC to Mangu Singh on 31 December 2011.
DMRC has made it compulsory to wear safety helmets on construction sites. It also
earns carbon credits with rainwater harvesting at metro stations and runs an
HIV/AIDS programme for workers.
DMRC received Outstanding PSU of the Year (2016) award conferred by All India
Management Association (AIMA). DMRC was awarded for its "Outstanding
Contribution" for promoting world class services in Urban Transportation and
adopting best practices of Project Management.

Work on other projects


Consultancy
The DMRC has a business development department which is in charge of the
consultancy services. DMRC has served as the project consultant and has prepared
detailed project reports (DPR) for every metro and monorail project in India, except
the Kolkata Metro and Chennai MRTS, which were constructed before the formation
of the DMRC. The DMRC also provides lighter consultancy operations, such as
preparation of DPRs and feasibility reports for proposed systems in places such as
Raipur, Amritsar and Nagpur. DMRC also serves as consultant and prepared the
DPR for the proposed. Thiruvananthapuram - Mangalore High-Speed Passenger
Corridor.
In September 2012, DMRC entered into a partnership with eight other international
companies for management consulting for the Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit system.
This was the DMRC's first project outside India. The DMRC stated that its main
responsibilities in the JV were the "finalisation of the organisational structure of the
Jakarta Metro, recruitment of personnel, development of training facilities and the
training of the employees for various categories required for commencing the
operations".
In February 2014, the DMRC was invited by the Government of Kuwait to act as a
consultant for the proposed metro system in Kuwait City.
Implementation
The DMRC is involved with the implementation and/or construction of Kochi
Metro, Jaipur Metro and Lucknow Metro.

An Overview of Delhi Metro


Due to ever increasing demand of urban commuting population in Delhi the existing
surface transport facilities have been found to be very inadequate. To overcome this
problem various options were suggested by various Government and concerned
agencies but none was found suitable to mitigate the sufferings of the commuting
population. After various careful studies of the problem Government approved the
Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited
was incorporated under the Companies Act, 1950 in order to pursue this project.

Delhi, the national capital with the population of about 12 million is, perhaps, the
only city of its size in the world, which depends almost entirely on buses on it sole
mode of mass transport. Bus services are inadequate and heavily over-crowded.
Delhi has more registered vehicle than the total number of vehicles in Mumbai,
Calcutta and Chennai put together.

Delhi has now become the fourth most populous city in the world, with automobiles
contributing more than two thirds of the total atmospheric pollution.
METRO MASTER PLAN

Metro- future prospects:

 Completion of the project -year 2021


 Entire city under its network
 Extend beyond the city-links to the NCR
 Integration of other transport systems –airways, railways
The Network is comprising of Six lines and 140 Metro Stations.

Importance of Metro System


 A metro system is often viewed as the backbone of large city’s public
transportation system as the volume of passengers a metro train can carry is
very high.
 A metro system makes transportation less difficult, reduce crowds on roads,
decrease buses and pollution.
 Metro system have often been used to showcase economical, social and
technological achievements of a nation, especially in the Soviet Union and
other socialist countries.
 During the cold war an important secondary fuction of some underground
systems was to provide shelter in case of a nuclear attack.

Need for Metro in Delhi


As cities grow in size, the number of vehicular trips on road system goes up. This
necessitates a pragmatic policy shift to discourage private modes and encourage
public transport once the level of traffic along any travel corridor in one direction
exceeds 20,000 persons per hour.

Advantage of Metro in Delhi


Delhi has all the ideal dress-up for an excellent Mass Rapid transit system to be
brought in.

Roads

Roads in Delhi are wide roads and cover 23% of the city area.

Land possession

Land Possession for construction is not difficult in Delhi (except in the old city area).
Most of the land required is under govt. control and hence can be easily acquired.

Implementation

Construction of metro doesn’t involve demolition of large scale private properties.


The citizens are enlightened and would support introduction of metro, though they
may initially face some difficulties during the implementation phase.
EFFECTS OF DELHI METRO ON THE CITY
 Reduction in air pollution
 Time saving to passengers
 Reduction in accidents
 Reduction in traffic congestion and
 Fuel savings.
 Reduction in the average travel time of the commuters
 Decongestion of traffic in the routes of Delhi metro.

ECONOMIC APPRAISAL
 Reduction of government investments on road developments and buses
 Reductions in motor vehicles’ operation and maintenance charges to both the
government and the private sector
 Cost savings to passenger car owners
 will be at the cost of the revenue, accruing earlier to private and the
government bus operators.
 Land and house property owners gain from the increased valuation of house
property prices due to the Metro provides employment benefits to the
unskilled labour.
Current Routes

The no. of people daily travel on an average in Delhi metro in December 2017 was
25.64 lakh and while in January 2018, the figure Increased to 26.85 lakh.
In February 2018, it reached the highest peak of 26.98 lakhs per day.