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KNOWLEDGE

Faculty of Computer Science &

RESEARCH Engineering
INDUSTRY Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of
IMPACT Engineering Sciences and Technology

RESEARCH AT FCSE, GIKI

The Faculty of Computer Science & Engineering


(FCSE) at Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of
Engineering Sciences & Technology has set high
standards in providing its students with a strong
platform to develop their skills for meeting the
software and hardware requirements of the industry.
This is evident from the positions, which the alumni
of FCSE has gained over the years in several
multinational software giants like Microsoft, Google
etc. The faculty of FCSE along with providing its Research Projects @ FCSE
students with valuable knowledge has itself spend a
great deal of time carrying different funded research
projects that were of great benefit both to industry as
well as to the students and faculty at GIKI. This
brochure lists some of the research projects that
were successfully carried out by our faculty in recent
past.
Development of Super Computer
The aim of this project was to develop an advanced state of the art computing infrastructure to solve and F U N D I N G A G E N C Y A ND C O S T
super computing infrastructure at K.P.K with a state of store the data structures for current massively parallel technology
The project for the Development of Super
Computerc owas
n s ufunded
l t i n g by Directorate Of
the art High Performance Computing (HPC) cluster architectures. This project is being utilized for the training
Science And Technology (DOST)
system. The facility is now installed and in working at of undergraduate/graduate students and industry on Government Of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The
GIKI, Topi. The HPC cluster is being used to carry out Super Computer and its usage via total funding obtained from DOST was 10
Million PKR. All operational and
research work in data mining, computational biology, workshops/seminars/sources. It is also facilitating the
maintenance expenses are beard by GIKI.
computational mechanics, etc. It provides a huge faculty, graduate and Phd students for publication of

storage capacity in Tera bytes, fast processing power, research papers international conferences and journals.
Pro f. Dr . Mus hta q Ahmed
Professor at Faculty of Computer reliability, efficient and accurate resource for the The facility is available for providing high performance
Dr. Masr oor H ussain
Science & Engineering, Ghulam Ishaq problems involving millions of elements and thousands supercomputing 24/7 to all over Pakistan for both (Principal Investigator)
Khan Institute of Engineering P R O J E C T T I ME L I NE
of time steps including the data over several miles. academia and industry. . The project aims to train Assistant Professor at Faculty of
Sciences & Technology The project started on 27th January, 2012
Computer Science & Engineering,
These computational requirements need an advanced graduate students and professionals from the industry. and was completed in June, 2013.
Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of
Engineering Sciences & Technology
H P C C L US TE R HA R D WA R E H P C C L US TE R S O F T W A R E
S P E CI F IC ATI O N S S P E CI F IC ATI O N S

• Total RAM: 256-512 GB • Rocks-Cluster distribution C O R E T EAM M EM B E RS A T G IK I


Dr. Masroor Hussain, Principle Investigator (PI)
 16-24 GB RAM per node • Parallel programming languages: c/c++, Fortran
Prof. Dr. Mushtaq Ahmed, Adviser

• Parmetis: A parallel mesh partitioning library Dr. Muhammad Abid, Member


• Processors: 128-256 Cores
Prof. Dr. Ashfaq Khokhar, Honorary Consultant
 A multiprocessor System • Abaqus: A finite element analysis software

• Hard disk: 4 TB in master node • ANSYS: A finite element analysis software

 And 1-2 TB in slave node with raid option • MATLAB: Mathematical and statistical tool box

• External memory: 8-16 TB • Mahoot: Scalable machine learning and data mining library simplifying IT consulting
sales
• Plus many others arranged through the courtesy of research staffing
• Network: Hybrid hierarchical version of H PC Cl uster a t GIKI F U N D I N G AG E N C Y & CO S T
support
The project for upgrading the Software
infiniband/10GB Ethernet for high performance groups in Pakistan
Engineering lab at FCSE was funded
communication
Up-gradation of Software Engineering Lab entirely by Higher Education Commission
(HEC) of Pakistan. The total funding
• Electric surge devices/UPS to protect the hardware
obtained from HEC to execute this project

from the high voltage hazards was 1 Million PKR.


The Software Engineering Lab at Faculty of Computer Three laptops were bought along with an HP laser jet

Science and Engineering (FCSE), Ghulam Ishaq Khan printer 2820 equipped with the capability of both

Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology colored and black and white printing, scanning and

(GIKI) is equipped with high speed computers, multi- copying. Since then the MS and Phd students have

feature HP colour laser jet 2820 printer. In 2007, Dr. been using this facility for their research work such as

Muhstaq Ahmed supervised the project for upgrading research papers, thesis, presentations and printing

the equipment in Software Engineering lab. The aim of colored posters for their projects exhibition. Along with

the project was to facilitate the students during their this additional equipment for upgrading the Software

SE LAB at FCSE, GIKI research. Engineering lab was also bought.


Designing and Developing GPS Collars
A STUDY ON UNDERSTANDING TEMPORAL PATTERNS OF TRANSHUMANCE GRAZING IN
THE UPPER INDUS BASIN THROUGH GEO-SPATIAL TOOLS
B i S MI L P R OJ E C T S
1. tMobile
e c hphone
n obased
l o gepilepsy
y patient’s
Changes in agricultural practices, climatic changes quite different characteristics of climate change on a consulting
fall detection
and seasonal forage in grazing fields of upper Indus relatively small scale. In this context of changing 2. Wireless sensor nodes for agricultural
basin are affecting nomadic pastoralist anthropogenic practices and climate conditions in applications

(transhumance) system in the upper Indus basin Upper Indus Basin, it is important to analyze how

region. These land ranges, mostly found at high rangelands (pastoral communities) respond as a

altitude and in dry areas, are one of the most fragile function of climate variability and human management. Dr. Suleman Ma zhar
(Pr inci pal Inve sti gator)
and critical ecosystems in the context of the changing Thus, availability of accurate information about grazing
R an ge o f Ind us R iver do lph ins Assistant Professor at Faculty of
T he r an ge o f dolp hins in Ind us climate. In sensitive eco-regions such as glacial areas, resources and animal movements is crucial. In this Computer Science & Engineering,
Basi n i s sho wn in light b lue are more likely to be governed by local dynamics than context this project is going to be launched for Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of
Engineering Sciences & Technology
by regional or global trends. In Upper Indus Basin, developing GPS based tracking devices (GPS Collars)

high climate variability across the area is supposing to provide technical assistance for the project.
BiSMiL AT GIKI
P R O J E C T T I ME L I NE
The Bio-inspired Simulation and Modeling

of intelligent Life Laboratory of Ghulam


Pastoral Monitoring The initial study of the project started on July
30th, 2013 and the project is expected to eb

Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Smart data-loggers provide range of completed by January 2015

Sciences and Technology focuses on


information about pastoral practices in important
application of bio-inspired modeling and

machine learning algorithms of everyday


rangelands and ecological corridors
problems, structured in signal processing

framework. BiSMiL Lab is actively engaged


PROPOSED DEVICE DESCRIPTION S O F T W A R E R E Q UI R EME N T S simplifying IT consulting
sales
in developing sensors related to staffing
For reasonable coverage and long term monitoring, a A software system will be developed to support the
support
GPS and GSM module along with some basic hardware. The record of all the devices will be kept by a
environmental monitoring and disaster risk F U N D I N G A G E N C Y A ND C O S T
computing and storage equipment with light-weight website, thus real time monitoring of grazing patterns of
The project is funded entirely by
deduction. and good battery life support can be used. A similar the animals fitted with GPS collars can be observed.
International Centre for Integrated Mountain
system is proposed for this project. The proposed Also, an interface would be provided to observe the
Development (ICIMOD). The total fund
system will include long term and light weight battery device’s health data, indicating battery levels, memory
amounts to 13,500 USD.
powered GPS+GSM device with cellular connectivity. usage and many sensor errors. By using this method, a
In order to keep the battery budget minimum and user can acquire prompt notification of grazing itineraries
ensure long term monitoring (8 months or above), and could rely on automated data storage system based
cellular connectivity would only be used for once in a on web-portal and GSM-based GPS collar, without any
day, data relay or query based data transmission back field-based manual involvement on long term basis to
to server. Moreover, GPS logging intervals will be collect summaries of animal activity data.
followed by sleep intervals to minimize the battery
usage. The developed GPS collar would consist of
rechargeable batteries.

An In dus R iver D olp hin,


( Cour tesy : W WF)
S P E CI F IC RE Q U I R EM EN T S Automation of Gleason Grading System For
In order to develop an application that
Cancerous Tissues Using Wavelet
automates the Gleason grading system for Transformation For image data, IRNUM, Peshawar
was soliticized.
Histological images, the following requirements
Cancer is one of the most life taking diseases. Serious For example If infection of cancer disease was not
are necessary.
care is needed at the time of treatment planning and detected by non-invasive diagnostic techniques like
 Accept input image/s in various formats
 Classify tissues captured in the input prognosis. The existing systems for Cancer prognosis MRI, CT scan, and ultrasound, then a biopsy
images on the basis of severity are highly time consuming, complex and costly. The specimen of the tissue is tested. For prostate, the F U N D I N G A G E N C Y A ND C O S T
 Grade the image using Gleason grading
project was aimed at speeding up all these processes tissue is usually stained by H&E (Hematoxyline and The project was funded entirely by Directorate
system Mr. Sha habu ddi n Ansari
Of Science And Technology (DOST)
 No extra expertise should one need to and thereby eliminating the chances of errors caused Eosine) technique. Gleason grading system is used to (Project Supervisor)
Government Of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The total
operate the application from observer variations. The Cancer prognosis and grade the specimens on the basis of Cancer severity Research Associate at Faculty of
funding obtained from DOST was 0.48 Million
 Easy to use Computer Science & Engineering,
treatment planning is done on the basis of data i.e. less effected specimens are assigned lower PKR
 Quality and well organized interface Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of
 Platform independent derived through manual techniques. grades, while highly effected specimens are assigned
Engineering Sciences & Technology
 Precise higher grades, ranging from Grade 1 to Grade 5

METHODOLOGY

Digital image processing was a key area in


Platform independent and portable N O N - F U N C T I O N A L REQ U I R E M E NT S

this project. The automation process is

evolved from the actual manual systems,


Only requires a PC for implementation  No extra expertise should one need to
operate the application.
below given steps are the headings of the  Easy to use.
O U R S O L UT I O N S O F T W A R E I N TE R F A CE  Quality and well organized interface.
steps involved in the approach towards the
 Platform independent.
final results. After feeding the input
 Less time consuming.
Now a days the incidence of cancer infected tissue is MATLAB (2009a) from “MathWorks Inc” was used as the
histological image to the final software  User-help prompting at each input.
detected and analyzed by a Radiologist and Oncologist main software for analyzing and grading the image of the
application, following steps were carried out  Drop down menus for bounded input
by just looking at an X-Ray or an MRI scan which is not tissue and for image classification variables.
very reliable and often results in false diagnosis. Our

software will take a histological image of any tissue as PROJECT TIMELINE

input, analyze it and based on different patterns


The project spanned just over a year, starting from 6th
recognized in the image, it will deduce whether the June, 2011 and ending on 15th June, 2012

tissue is infected or not and if it is infected, it will further P E R F O R M A N C E R E QU I R E M E N TS


classify which grade cancer it is. Gleason grading F U N C T I O N A L RE Q U I RE M E N TS
 This application can process a single
system was used to grade the Cancer infected tissues
set of data at a time.
A software application that  It can be used by a single user at a
T R A I NI N G P H A SE CLASSIFICATION PHASE time.
 Takes a histological image to analyze the inner
 For higher accurate results the input
structure of the tissues.
Already graded images were obtained from the After training the system, it was ready to grade new data should be more exact and
 Validate the input measures. accurate.
doctors for training the system with each typ of cancer tissue in the classification phase
 Grade the whole image using the Gleason
Cancer
grading image.

 Precise results.

 Exceptions handling.

 Input errors prompting.


.