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CONTROL

Control is the elimination or inactivation of a hazard in a manner such that the hazard does
not pose a risk to workers who have to enter into an area or work on equipment in the course of
scheduled work.

Based on the observation from the risk analysis, there are some processes to prevent the
identified hazards. These processes can be referred to the hierarchy of control. The hierarchy of
control can be divided into six types which are:

a. Elimination
– Getting rid of a hazardous job, tool, process, machine or substance is perhaps the best way
of protecting workers. For example, the workers should stop loading the pipes by their own
and use mechanical lifter instead to prevent muscular strain or back pain.

b. Substitution
– Sometimes doing the same work in a less hazardous way is possible. For example, a
hazardous chemical can be replaced with a less hazardous one. Controls must protect workers
from any new hazards that are created.

c. Engineering control
- Redesign of equipment, work process or work environment through modification to isolate
or enclose the hazards. For instance, modifying exhaust system to reduce noise.

d. Isolation
- Isolating or also known as separating the hazard from the person, or the person from the
hazard. If a hazard cannot be eliminated or replaced, it can sometimes be isolated, contained
or otherwise kept it away from workers. For an example, placing guards on moving parts of
machinery, placing barriers around a spill until cleaned up and also using remote-controlled
handling equipment for hazardous processes.
e. Administration control
– It is a reduction of exposure to risk through use of procedures or instruction. For instance,
workers can be rotated through jobs requiring repetitive tendon and muscle movements to
prevent cumulative trauma injuries. Noisy processes can be scheduled when no one is in the
workplace.
f. Personal protective equipment
- Personal protective equipment (PPE) and clothing is used when other controls measures
are not feasible and where additional protection is needed. Workers must be trained to use
and maintain equipment properly. The employer and workers must understand the limitations
of the personal protective equipment. The employer is expected to require workers to use
their equipment whenever it is needed. Care must be taken to ensure that equipment is
working properly. Otherwise, PPE may endanger a workers health by providing an illusion of
protection.

CASE 1: PROCESS CONTROL FOR HEAVY OBJECTS


NO HIERARCHY OF CONTROL PROCESS CONTROL
1 Elimination None
2 Substitution Using hoisting equipment instead of manual handling
3 Engineering Control -Use mechanical lifter instead of hoisting equipment in carrying the
load
- Tie the load tightly
-Use scissor lift instead of hoisting equipment in carrying the load
4 Isolation Using remote-control handling equipment for lifting heavy loads
5 Administration Control -Warning sign
-Manual lifting procedure
-Implement safe work practices
6 Personal protective equipment Wear hard hats
CASE 2: PROCESS CONTROL FOR SHARP TOOLS

NO HIERARCHY OF CONTROL PROCESS CONTROL


1 Elimination None
2 Substitution Using less hazardous machine
3 Engineering Control Build control rooms for cutting pipes or anything
that using sharp tools
4 Isolation None
5 Administration Control Implement Safe work practices
6 Personal protective equipment Use leather hand glove

CASE 3: PROCESS CONTROL FOR FYING FRAGMENTS

NO HIERARCHY OF CONTROL PROCESS CONTROL


1 Elimination None
2 Substitution None
3 Engineering Control None
4 Isolation Use local ventilation
5 Administration Control Implement safe work practices
6 Personal protective equipment -Wear safety goggles
-Wear eyes and face protector

CASE 4: PROCESS CONTROL FOR SLIPPERY FLOOR


NO HIERARCHY OF CONTROL PROCESS CONTROL
1 Elimination None
2 Substitution None
3 Engineering Control None
4 Isolation Placing a barrier around slippery floor until dry up
5 Administration Control Implement safe work practice
6 Personal protective equipment Wear work’s shoes or boots
CASE 5: PROCESS CONTROL FOR NOISE MACHINERY
NO HIERARCHY OF CONTROL PROCESS CONTROL
1 Elimination Discontinuing noisy machine
2 Substitution None
3 Engineering Control Modify exhaust system to reduce noise
4 Isolation None
5 Administration Control None
6 Personal protective equipment Use earplug or earmuff

CASE 6: PROCESS CONTROL FOR UNSAFE WORK PRACTICE


NO HIERARCHY OF CONTROL PROCESS CONTROL
1 Elimination Prohibition of some operated being in the work area
2 Substitution None
3 Engineering Control -Cover ‘on button’ safe work practice
-Make delay start button
4 Isolation None
5 Administration Control Training, refresher training and enforcement
6 Personal protective equipment Wear ear muffs and ear plugs, respirators, goggles,
masks and hard hats