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3G:

 Type of interference in WCDMA, difference between MAI , ISI & NFI?


 What is PCH channel and what are major RNC and node b level changes (pre requisite) for
implementing PCH channels. (addition spcch channel).
 DC activation pre requisites? Tcell alignment and RNC and cell level switch and grouping of both
carriers in one group.
 What is blind handover and how it will be used in traffic balancing and how it can degraded the
PS RAB.
 Difference between Fast dormancy and fast dormancy?
 What type of handovers those are related to HSUPA to improve RTWP and code congestion
together. Soft handovers.
 To improve code congestion what kind of changes related to AGCH channel are
necessary. Reduction
 During RACH procedure how RTWP can be controlled. (Open loop power control)
 Which timer can be modified to increase 2ms usage. (RNC Para)
 IRAT failures analysis explain prep phase and execution phase and congestion on 2g side will
impact execution phase or prep phase. Execution phase.
 How high RTWP can be identified in field not using OSS kpis (measurement repot in tems)
 Difference between CE overbooking and dynamic CE features, (dynamic CE is based on each user
but CE overbooking is better to calculated real time CE used by RNC for proper Admission
control).
 Soft handover success rate improvement feature and trail. How SRB over HSDPA will impact the
soft handover success rate. (degrade)
 Difference between inter-symbol interference and multiple access interference and which
interference cancellation feature will improve it. (turbo IC 2)
 Difference between uplink power congestion and RTWP (No diff)
 How to solve uplink code congestion (there is no code cong in UL)
 Causes of RAB fauilres, which one will impact first, 2nd , third? (Power,code,CE and IUB)
 Balancing traffic between 2100 and 900 layers? Idle mode q1sn & q2sn…ded mode LDR and
DRD.
 What is typically the requirements (criteria) for a cell to be added/removed/replaced
to/from/in the active set?
 What is compressed mode, what is it's function, and what impact does it have on the network?
 If a UE is on a data call (CELL-DCH state) and there is in no activity for awhile what would you
expect to see occur?
 Depending on the RF conditions, what can the network do to manage call quality?
 In HSDPA, how does the network manage the throughput on the Radio Interface for a user/
connection?
 Explain Inner and Outer loop power control and who controls them.
 What is a typical handover window size in your network?
 During a handover, if one cell sends a power down request and two cells send a power up
request, shall the UE power up or power down?
4G
 Difference between Cell barred and Cell reserved. HO is allowed even for barred cell.

 Access Class: There are a total of 15 Access classes defined in LTE . Access class (AC) information for
a UE is stored in the USIM(your UE SIM card).
o Barring Factor : It can have a value from 0 to 0.95 in steps of 0.05. This factor determines if
a UE needs to treat a cell as barred or not.
o Barring Time: It decides how long of a duration the cell will be treated as barred by a UE. It
can have a value such as 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 and 512 seconds
o Barring for Special AC : This is a Boolean parameter. It has a value either TRUE or FALSE. If
cell barring is applied for special Access classes then Barring for Special Access Class will
have a value TRUE and vice versa.
 What is PCI Mode-30 Just like in downlink, every 3rd or 6th PCI collides on the reference signals,
every 30th PCI has the same pattern of uplink reference signals. In case, two adjacent cells have
same PCI mod30, then the cell can have difficulty in decoding which can result in higher block error
rate in uplink. However, this is not a critical issue and very rarely observed in the commercial
networks.
 PCFICH COLLISIONS, In LTE, the PCFICH is one of the channels that gets its location determined
based on the PCI. This also means that every PCFICH will repeat its position for some PCIs. Basic rule
is that every 50th PCI will have same location of PCFICH for 20MHz channel while every 25th PCI will
have same location of PCFICH for 10MHz channels. Such a scenario can cause decoding failures or
higher block error rate on PCFICH and since PCFICH is required to decode PDCCH so it can cause DTX
(decoding failure of grants on PDCCH).But once again it is difficult to observe in FDD systems and
another fact that most of the documents overlook is that PCFICH consists of 4REGs. Each REG has 4
REs but we have reference signals in a LTE system after every 2 REs. So, each PCFICH REG will have
Reference Signals embedded inside and that means that 2 PCFICHs usually do not overlap each
other completely.
 What is FGI-Feature group indicator.
 Difference between normal and Flash CSFB( CSFB time reduction by 450 ms).
 Define Overall Accessibility (Session Setup Success Rate) KPI in LTE ?
o RRC Setup Success Rate
o S1 Setup Success Rate
o ERAB Setup Success Rate
 Difference between power control vs rate control.
 What is PSD ( Power spectral density) and its function.
 RS Power : what will be the impact of setting Pb value = 2 and 3.Rural area coverage gain but
throughput will reduce.
 X2SonDeleteSwitch = BASED_ON_X2FAULT,Peer Request Based X2 Delete Switch ,
X2SonDeleteTimer The recommended value is 0 if the X2 automatic removal function is not
required. The recommended value is 10080 if the X2 automatic removal function is required.
 UL / DL Scheduler tuning. PDCCH expansion , RB Priority MCS Select Strategy
=MULTIUSR_LOWMCSLIMIT, CQIADJINITIALSTEP=100, DL UE-AMBR Judge Period
,AMBRCTRLTCYCLE=AMBR_1000_MS; RB Priority MCS Select Ratio Threshold = 10 -> 100,
HOSTATICMCSTIMER = 60 -> 10, Delta Offset CQI Index=12 -> 8
 UL Cell throughput enhancement. Smart pre allocation duration impact if it is reduce from 50 -> 5
 MSG-3 power tuning.
 Top UE Erab / RRC troubleshooting. RRC Connection Punish Threshold, ABN UE SCH Switch and its
THD.
 Congestion handling – Active Queue Managemen feature
 P0nominal PUCCH & PUSCH and their impact. High RSSI cells and drop rate
 PHICH power control – Innloop power control, it carried Ack/Nack information.
 How can we reduce PRB utilization.
 MME Pooling and its impact on KPI.
 Difference between IRC( Types of IRC) & ICIC
 Any trials for DCR improvement TA Timer allignemnt, UEPollRetransmitTimer &
ENodeBPollRetransmitTimer, UE inactivity timer,SRB DRB GAP opt switch
 Harq Retransmission and its values in UL & DL.
 RS power and link with DBCHPWR, PBCHPWR, PCFICHPWR, PCHPWR, PRSPWR, RARSPPWR,
SCHPWR
 CA throughput enhancement : Downlink CA Schedule Strategy = basic or differential, CA Scheduling
Weight Factor =0-> 4. CA threshold for Data and time.
 What is UL Comp.
 Steps for 4*4 MIMO configuration. Tm3Tm4Max4LayerCtrlSwitch@COMPATIBILITYCTRLSWITCH,
MAXMIMORANKPARA
 What are main Event require for Coverage-Triggered WCDMA IRAT Handover ?
 What is the process of Call Flow of CSFB in LTE ?
 Please explain what are the Two different form of Random access process?
 What are the details of CSI (Channel State Information) ?
 Use of Different Types of MIMO modes depending upon the radio conditions?
 What is FSS Feature
 Mobility load balancing Feature characteristics and usage.
 CQI reporting mechanism during intra-freq handover.
 What is the purpose of CFICH ?