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PHYA 531 – Clinical Medicine

Specific Objectives

Following the required reading and lecture, the student should be able to
understand and be able to compare/contrast the following topics.

Lung Cancer
 Define: Epigenetics, oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, paraneoplastic
syndrome, solitary pulmonary nodule, pancoast tumor, Horner’s syndrome
 Recognize general epidemiology associated with lung cancer in the U.S
 Identify the percentage of lung cancer that is directly related to cigarette smoking
 Recognize the common clinical presentation & manifestations of lung cancer
 Recognize characteristics associated with a malignant vs. likely nonmalignant
(benign) solitary pulmonary nodule
 Differentiate between the special tests used to help diagnose lung cancer
 Differentiate between the types of bronchogenic lung cancer (NSCLC
adenocarcinoma, NSCLC large cell carcinoma, NSCLC squamous cell carcinoma,
small cell carcinoma) based on distinguishing characteristics
 Recognize the staging systems used for lung cancer
 Identify the 4 most common areas where lung cancer metastasizes
 Identify general treatment(s) used and outcome associated with lung cancer at
different stages
 Identify the “5A” approach to smoking cessation