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Dialog : Asking For Help

Adrian : Hi, Ilham. Are you in your house?

Ilham : Yes, I am. What’s going on?

Adrian : I have a little problem.

Ilham : What is that?

Adrian : I have to do my Mathematics homework. But, my book left in the


school. So, it makes me cannot see the questions that I have to answer.

Ilham : So what I have to do?

Adrian : May I borrow your book?

Ilham : Sure.

Adrian : I will take the book right now. Can I go to your home now?

Ilham : Of course you can.

Adrian : Thank you Ilham.

Ilham : You’re welcome Adrian.

Vocabulary
1. Mathematics
2. Little
3. Problem
4. Homework
5. Borrow
6. Sure
7. Take
8. Of course
Content : PRONOUN
What is a Pronoun?
In grammar, a pronoun is defined as a word or phrase that may be
substituted for a noun or noun phrase, which once replaced, is known as the
pronoun’s antecedent. How is this possible? In a nutshell, it’s because
pronouns can do everything that nouns can do. A pronoun can act as a
subject, direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition, and more.
Without pronouns, we’d have to keep on repeating nouns, and that would
make our speech and writing repetitive, not to mention cumbersome. Most
pronouns are very short words. Examples include:

Subject Object Possessive Reflexive


Pronouns Pronouns Pronouns Pronouns
I Me My Myself
We Us Our Ourselves
They Them Their Themselves
You You Your Yourself
You You Your Yourselves
She Her Her Herself
He Him His Himself

As mentioned, pronouns are usually used to replace nouns, however they


can also stand in for certain adverbs, adjectives, and other pronouns.
Anytime you want to talk about a person, animal, place or thing, you can
use pronouns to make your speech or writing flow better.
Types of Pronouns
Pronouns can be divided into numerous categories including:

 Personal pronouns – those associated with a certain person, thing, or


group; all except you have distinct forms that indicate singular or plural
number.
1. Object
2. Subject

 Reflexive pronouns – those preceded by the adverb, adjective, pronoun,


or noun to which they refer, and ending in –self or –selves

 Possessive pronouns – those designating possession or ownership

Pronoun Rules
There are a few important rules for using pronouns. As you read
through these rules and the examples in the next section, notice how the
pronoun rules are followed. Soon you’ll see that pronouns are easy to work
with.

 Subject pronouns may be used to begin sentences. For example: We did


a great job.

 Subject pronouns may also be used to rename the subject. For example:
It was she who decided we should go to Hawaii.

 Indefinite pronouns don’t have antecedents. They are capable of


standing on their own. For example: No one likes the sound of
fingernails on a chalkboard.

 Object pronouns are used as direct objects, indirect objects, and objects
of prepositions. These include: you, me, him, her, us, them, and it. For
example: David talked to her about the mistake.

 Possessive pronouns show ownership. They do not need apostrophes.


For example: The cat washed its whiskers.
Examples of Pronouns
In the following examples, the pronouns are italicized.

1. We are going on vacation.

2. Don’t tell me that you can’t go with us.

3. Anybody who says it won’t be fun has no clue what they are talking
about.

4. These are terribly steep stairs.

5. We ran into each other at the mall.

6. I’m not sure which is worse: rain or snow.

7. It is one of the nicest Italian restaurants in town.

8. Richard stared at himself in the mirror.

9. The laundry isn’t going to do itself.

10. Someone spilled orange juice all over the countertop!


Pronoun Exercises

1. Does.......let........go?
a. (her, me)
b. (she, I)
c. (he, me)
d. (they, She)
2. Please tell ........ that ........ will be late.
a. (her, i)
b. (them, him)
c. (we, i)
d. (him, her)
3. ......... love Monday, Does ........ love it too?
a. (I, You)
b. (She, he)
c. (They, You)
d. (I, She)
4. Danny is my best friend, i know ......... so well.
a. Him
b. Her
c. Us
d. You
5. Thw mechanic is my sister. So don’t disturb ........
a. Him
b. Hers
c. Her
d. He
6. I meet raisa last night and ....... signed ....... t-shirt.
a. (she, my)
b. (he, my)
c. (her, my)
d. (his, mine)
7. I can’t find ......... does ........ steal it?
a. (my, she)
b. (she, you)
c. (it, they)
d. (mine, he)
8. My father has a dog ......... likes play with .......
a. (him, it)
b. (he, it)
c. (he, him)
d. (he, her)
9. When my boss promoted me, ........ wa so proud and ........ gave me so
many advices.
a. (he, him)
b. (he, she)
c. (he, he)
d. (them, he)
10. My brother works in a big factory ,,,,,,,,,, says that ....... in a nice place.
a. (she, it)
b. (he, it)
c. (it, it)
d. (he, there)
11. This is ............ speaking.
a. John
b. He
c. He john
d. Am
12. Greg is as smart as ............ is.
a. That
b. These
c. Those
d. Such

13. The dog chewed on ............. favorite toy.


a. it’s
b. it is
c. its’
d. its
14. It could have been ............
a. Jerry
b. anyone
c. better
d. more difficult
15. Terry is taller than .............. am
a. I
b. me
c. she
d. we