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8.8.

3 Ellipsoidal ends
The minimum yield strength or 0,2% proof strength at
calculation temperature: Rp0,2T 355 [Mpa]

The nominal elastic limits for shell:


Ferritic material
𝜎 =𝑅 , /
Austenitic material
𝑅 , /
𝜎 =
1,25
Fer
σe 355 [Mpa]
The nominal thickness: en 10 [mm]
The corrosion allowance: c 2 [mm]
The absolute value of the possible negative tolerance
on the nominal thickness (EN 10029): quality C
de1 0 [mm]

Limit values of weld joint defects (EN ISO 5817): quality C


Linear offset between plates (EN 5817):
𝐵 → 𝛿 = 𝑚𝑖𝑛 0,2 + 0,1𝑒 ; 3
𝐶 → 𝛿 = 𝑚𝑖𝑛 0,2 + 0,15𝑒 ; 4
𝐷 → 𝛿 = 𝑚𝑖𝑛 0,2 + 0,25𝑒 ; 5
de2 1,7 [mm]
Defects of welds:
𝐵 → 𝛿 = 0,2𝑒 ∗ 0,04
𝐶 → 𝛿 = 0,3𝑒 ∗ 0,08
𝐷 → 𝛿 = 0,4𝑒 ∗ 0,16
de3 0,2 [mm]
The analysis thickness:
𝑒 =𝑒 −𝛿 −𝛿 −𝛿 −𝑐
ea 6,1 [mm]
The outside diameter of the cylindrical flange: De 400 [mm]
External height of dished end: h 120 [mm]
The maximum radius of the crown:
𝐷
𝑅=
4ℎ
R 333,3 [mm]
The elastic modulus: E 210000 [MPa]
The pressure at which mean circumferential stress in a
ellipsoidal ends, reaches yield point:
2𝜎 ∗ 𝑒
𝑃 =
𝑅
Py 12,9 [MPa]

The theoretical elastic instability pressure for collapse


of a perfect torispherical ends:
1,21𝐸 ∗ 𝑒
𝑃 =
𝑅
Pm 84,0 [MPa]
Pm/Py 6,5 [MPa]

Pr/Py 0,57 [MPa]

The calculated lower bound collapse pressure:


𝑃
𝑃 = ∗𝑃
𝑃
Pr 7,4 [MPa]
The calculation pressure: P 4 [Mpa]
The test pressure: Ptest 6 [Mpa]
𝑃 < 𝑃 /1.5 Pr/1.5 4,9 [Mpa]
𝑃 < 𝑃 /1.1 Pr/1.1 6,7 [Mpa]
The circularity tolerance:
𝑇𝑜𝑙𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 = 0,01𝑅
tolerance 3,3 [mm]
The length of the arc to which the nominal tolerance
may not exceed by more than 30%
𝑒
𝑎𝑟𝑐 𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ = 2,4 𝑒 ∗ 𝑅 +
2
the length of the arc 108,4 [mm]
30% tolerance 1,0 [mm]