Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8

WKCE Test Practice 1

GRADE 10
Reading
Copyright © McDougal Littell
Name Date

WKCE Test Practice 1


The Reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England
Queen Elizabeth I, the unwanted daughter of advantage, feigning interest in one European
the English king Henry VIII and his second wife, prince after another. Convinced by advisers that
Anne Boleyn, proved to be one of the ablest the path to national prosperity lay in New World
monarchs in English history. During her long reign riches, she encouraged overseas ventures, includ-
(1558–1603), the English Renaissance reached its ing Sir Francis Drake’s circumnavigation of the
full flower, and England enjoyed a time of globe and Sir Walter Raleigh’s attempt to establish
unprecedented prosperity and international a colony in Virginia. In secret, she funded pirate
prestige. A practical and disciplined ruler, Elizabeth raids against the ships of Spain, while publicly
loved pomp and ceremony but was nevertheless denouncing such “unlawful acts” of plunder.
frugal and intent on balancing the national The quarrel with Catholic Spain intensified in
budget. She was also a consummate politician, 1587, when Elizabeth reluctantly executed her
exercising absolute authority while remaining cousin Mary Stuart, the Roman Catholic queen
sensitive to public opinion and respectful of of Scotland, for conspiracy. Catholics, who
Parliament, England’s highest lawmaking body. questioned the legitimacy of Elizabeth’s parents’
In religious matters, she steered a middle course. marriage, had believed Mary to be the rightful
Reestablishing the independent Church of heir to the English throne and had participated in
England, she made it a buffer between Roman a number of foreign-backed plots against
Catholics and radical Protestants, now often called Elizabeth. A year after Mary’s execution, Spain’s
Puritans because they sought to “purify” the Philip II sent a great armada, or fleet of warships,
church of all remaining Roman Catholic practices. to challenge the English navy. Aided by a violent
In foreign policy, Elizabeth was a shrewd storm, the smaller, more maneuverable English
strategist who kept England out of costly wars ships defeated the Spanish Armada, making
and ended her nation’s unpopular alliance with Elizabeth the undisputed ruler of a great military
Spain. Though she never married, for 20 years she power.
used the possibility of her marriage to utmost

Copyright © McDougal Littell

140 Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam


Name Date

WKCE Test Practice 1


1 From the information in the passage, it can 5 Mary Stuart, Scotland’s Catholic queen, was
be inferred that Elizabeth I ruled England by
A Henry VIII’s second wife.
A imposing her will through cruelty and B a member of the Spanish royal family.
aggression.
C a leader of English pirates.
B neglecting matters of religion.
D Elizabeth’s cousin.
C balancing competing interests.
D granting all of her power to trusted 6 According to the passage, regarding
advisers. England’s finances, Elizabeth
A was interested in maintaining a balanced
2 Whom did Elizabeth support in his attempt
budget.
to colonize Virginia?
B spent money recklessly on court
A Henry VIII ceremonies.
B Sir Francis Drake C drained the national treasury to support
C Philip II foreign wars.
D Sir Walter Raleigh D left all budgetary considerations up to her
advisers.
3 It can be inferred from the passage that the
Puritans 7 According to the passage, the great Spanish
Armada was defeated partly because
A supported Mary Stuart’s claim to the
English throne. A England maintained the most powerful
B disapproved of the Roman Catholic navy in Europe.
Church. B Elizabeth was a shrewd military strategist.
C wanted Elizabeth to head the Church of C foul weather helped the English ships.
England. D Spain’s naval commanders were poorly
D wanted the Church of England to serve trained.
as a buffer between them and Roman
Catholics. 8 What did Elizabeth accomplish for England
during her reign as queen? Use details and
4 Why does the passage mention that examples from the passage to explain your
Elizabeth faked an interest in marrying vari- answer.
ous European princes?
Copyright © McDougal Littell

A to demonstrate her inability to make


strong decisions
B to show her slyness and cleverness in
foreign policy
C to reveal her enjoyment of game-playing
D to indicate that she was often dishonest

Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam 141


Name Date

WKCE Test Practice 1


The Only-Syndrome by Mei-Yu Eng
My son Chin had run into the house that day, look the small picture—in this case the downward
bubbling with excitement. His grin told me that spiraling self-esteem of a single child who looks
this time it was a good “guess-what” I had to out into a sea of faces and finds no one in the
answer. He didn’t even give me a chance to class who looks like him. The school had not met
respond. As it turned out, he was so happy to our expectation for an environment in which Chin
have two other Chinese kids in his class that he could be comfortable with himself. The hardest
just couldn’t contain it long enough for me to question he kept asking all year long was “Why
start guessing why he was so thrilled. am I the only Chinese kid in my class?”
His news was a far cry from the “guess-what” The impact on Chin of what I like to call “the
of the previous school year. Last year, when we only-syndrome” was evident. Instead of celebrat-
moved the family here, we were excited about ing his difference, he sank in it. He felt self-con-
Chin attending a school with a diverse population. scious about every aspect of his personality that
Though the population was diverse, only about made him “different”—so much so that at year’s
twenty percent of the entire student population end it occasioned me to call the school’s principal
was of Chinese heritage. As my son put it, he was and request a Chinese classmate for Chin for the
“the only one” in his class. There were other upcoming school year.
Chinese kids at school, but they were not in Chin’s I can’t remember the details of the conversa-
class. They had been spread out in what I suspect tion, but as the principal listened, I tried to let her
was an effort to make sure that each class was know that the school’s diversity, so to speak, had
diversely populated with kids from varying cul- proven adverse to my son’s well-being. The result
tures. As a result, several students found them- of my impassioned plea I would not realize until
selves in the same predicament as Chin—“the months later when Chin shared his good news
only” in their class. with me on the first day of school. So far, this has
I applaud the school’s effort at diversity in an been his best school year ever, because when he
increasingly diverse world where parents want looks out at the sea of faces in his classroom, he
their children to be comfortable with those who sees two other Chinese faces…both smiling back
may differ from them. But sometimes in looking at at him.
the big picture, school administrators often over-

Copyright © McDougal Littell

142 Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam


Name Date

WKCE Test Practice 1


9 When does the first paragraph of the story 14 Why does Chin experience the “only-syn-
take place? drome”?
A the end of the previous school year A He is the only Chinese kid at his school.
B the beginning of the previous school year B The other Chinese kids are in other
C the beginning of the current school year classes.

D the middle of the current school year C He is an only child.


D It is his first year at a new school.
10 Based on the information in the story, how
does the author view diversity? 15 Why does the author say that when Chin
looks at the faces in his classroom, “he sees
A as the reason Chin has done so well in
two other Chinese faces . . . both smiling
school
back at him”?
B as something to be kept out of public
schools A to show that all the students are happy

C as a good idea that needs careful B to show the student’s response to the
consideration funny jokes Chin tells

D as a cause of public school problems C to show that these three students are
always smiling
11 What will most likely happen to Chin in the D to show that Chinese students enjoy
coming school year? being in the same class
A He will forget his old friends.
16 What is the advantage and disadvantage of
B He will do better in school. having diversity in Chin’s school? Use details
C He will move and change schools. and examples from the passage to explain
D He will graduate early. your answer.

12 How does the setting affect the story?


A The setting has no effect on the story.
B The setting is important because the story
is all about Chin’s home life.
C The setting is important because the story
is all about Chin in school and diversity.
Copyright © McDougal Littell

D The setting is unimportant because this


story is only about growing up.

13 How did Chin reveal his state of mind


during his first year of school?
A He celebrated his difference.
B He was self-conscious and failed to make
new friends.
C He asked his mother a very hard
question.
D He requested a Chinese classmate.

Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam 143


Name Date

WKCE Test Practice 1


The Tofu Revolution
Tofu, a soybean product, is one of the most American varieties have been introduced into Asia
interesting foods in the world. It is a great source and have also traveled to Africa and Latin
of protein. It is low in fats and carbohydrates. America.
Some have called it the perfect food. On its way Although hearty, soybeans do not survive frost
to becoming standard in many American kitchens, and are photoperiod-sensitive, meaning that flow-
tofu has a long and distinguished history. ering does not commence before the longer
The Wily Soybean nights of late summer or early fall. The seeds are
Tofu is made from soybean, or Glycine max, a hard, round, and usually yellow, and they need
crop cultivated throughout the world. The soybean quite a bit of water. Unlike many other members
is a remarkably versatile crop. Its oil is used in of the bean family, soybeans provide a complete
industry in paints, glues, and other modern prod- type of protein, missing only one of the eight
ucts from fertilizer to insect repellents. As a high- important amino acids. Soybeans are eaten as
protein meat substitute, it also feeds much of the dried beans, soy milk, curds, or cheese. Almost
world, both in the form of soybean paste and as half of the soybean oil produced in the United
tofu. Its versatility holds out promise for the even- States finds its way into margarine and shorten-
tual solution to world hunger. ing. Not only have soybean products served as
The soybean does not exist in the wild. It was meat substitutes for humans, but they have also
created by human beings somewhere in ancient become very useful as feed for livestock.
China. A vine still found in Asia, Glycine ussurien- Tofu Comes of Age
sis, is considered to be its wild ancestor. Other At first, Americans ate soybean products only
similar plants are found throughout Asia, Africa, in times of crisis, such as wartime, or as an eco-
and Australia. nomical alternative to meat. Soy products lacked
The development and cultivation of the soy- taste, texture, and visual appeal; certainly during
bean began in China before recorded history. the 1940s and 1950s, American diets resisted the
Considered in Chinese civilization to be one of the bland imitation meat called tofu.
five sacred grains (along with rice, barley, wheat, Interest in tofu began to grow during the
and millet) the soybean found its way into almost 1970s, when more Americans opted for healthier
all aspects of East Asian cooking, from soy sauce diets and more exotic dishes. However, even
to medicines to the versatile tofu, made from the though United States production of soybean had
coagulated curd of soy milk. soared, tofu was still rare. The soybean was an
The soybean traveled from China to the important source of oil and animal food, but few
United States in the hands of immigrants. First people believed that tofu could become an impor-
introduced in 1804, it wasn’t until the late nine- tant part of the American diet.
teenth century that the U.S. Department of All that changed with the lifestyles changes Copyright © McDougal Littell
Agriculture took notice of the soybean. The USDA that swept across the United States in the late
soon began to study the crop and encourage the 1980s and throughout the 1990s. Meat, especially
growth of different varieties of soybeans. Through beef, with its high cholesterol and fat content, lost
careful breeding in the 1930s, stronger and favor with American taste buds, and tofu jumped
healthier varieties of the soybean were created. to take its place. Now you can find the little bean
These new plants were completely different from in everything from tofu burgers to tofu stir fry, and
the ones that originated in Asia. Today, the United even in tofu ice cream.
States leads the world in production of soybeans.

144 Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam


Name Date

WKCE Test Practice 1


Abundant Future
Today soy products are promoted for their World Production of Soybeans
health benefits. They have blossomed out of Asian (a major oilseed) in millions of metric tons:
marketplaces and health food stores into the Year 93–94 94–95{1} 95–96{2}
U.S. 50.9 68.5 59.4
neighborhood grocery. Volumes of cookbooks
China 15.3 16.0 14.5
filled with soy product recipes are published annu- Argentina 12.3 12.2 12.5
ally, to the delight of amateur chefs watching their Brazil 24.7 25.5 23.3
waistlines. {1}Preliminary.
For many people, soybeans are a miracle food. {2}Forecast.
Indeed, some argue that the soybean might even Source: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service,
be capable of ending world hunger, given its nutri- November 1995. Cited in Encyclopedia Britannica
tional value and the relative ease with which it is Online, 1994–1999 Edition.
cultivated.

17 Based on the chart and the article, what 19 What is the main idea of the passage?
trend in soybean production and consump-
A There are many different types of tofu
tion has been evident in recent years?
grown in many different countries, and
A Soybean production and consumption in each type has a different use.
the United States has fallen steadily. B Originally, soybean products such as tofu
B Soybean production and consumption in had very little taste, but as cooking
China has risen steadily. methods improved, so has the taste.
C Soybean production and consumption in C Originating in Asia, soybean products
the United States has risen and fallen. such as tofu have taken a long time to
D Soybean production and consumption in become part of the American diet.
the United States has risen steadily. D The soybean was created by the ancient
Chinese to be one of the five sacred
18 The soybean is a remarkably versatile crop. grains before being introduced in the
Which of the following words means about United States.
the same as versatile?
20 Why did Americans resist eating tofu at first?
A multipurpose
B delicious A It was a foreign food.

C limited B It reminded them of war.


C It was very low in fat.
Copyright © McDougal Littell

D prosperous
D It lacked taste and texture.

Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam 145


Name Date

WKCE Test Practice 1


21 Why does the author compare tofu to beef? 24 Read the following sentence from the
passage.
A to show how much more healthful tofu is
Although hearty, soybeans do not sur-
B to show how much more expensive vive frost and are photoperiod-sensitive,
tofu is meaning that flowering does not com-
C to show that tofu is easy to find mence before the longer nights of late
D to show that beef is not used in desserts summer or early fall.
How does the author tell the reader what
22 How does the author present the informa- photoperiod-sensitive means?
tion on tofu? A The author defines the word directly after
A as problem and solution using it.

B as cause and effect B The author gives an example of the word.

C in chronological order C The author compares it to a word with


which the reader is familiar.
D in spatial order
D The author contrasts it to a word with
23 Based on the information and tone of the which the reader is familiar.
article, will tofu continue to gain popularity
in America? 25 Fill in the following timeline that displays the
history of the soybean in the United States.
A No, people will return to eating beef.
B Yes, people will continue to eat in a more
healthful way.
C No, people will find another substitute
for beef that tastes better.
D Yes, people no longer care if their food
tastes good.

1804 1930 1945 1985

Copyright © McDougal Littell

146 Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam