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SAT Math Formulas

 Algebra Slope m = y 2 − y 1 x 2 − x 1 Slope - intercept form y = mx + b a 2 − b 2 = ( a ) ( − b a + b ) ( a ) 2 = + b a 2 + 2ab + b 2 Distance formula with Pythagorean Theorem c = a 2 + b 2 (Using a 2 + b 2 = c 2 )
 Quadratics Factored Form ( ) ( y = a x − p x − q ) x - interc epts x = p or x = q Vertex x = p + q 2 Vertex Form y ( = a x − h ) 2 + k Vertex ( h , k ) x - intercepts a x = h ± − k
 Standard Form y = ax 2 + bx + c Vertex x = −b 2a 1) 1) Try factoring x - intercepts 2) 2) x = −b ± b 2 − 4ac 2a When are there 2 real b 2 − 4ac > 0 x - intercepts? When is there 1 real b 2 − 4ac = 0 x - intercepts? When are there no real b 2 − 4ac < 0 x - intercepts?

Triangles / Trigonometry / Circles

 s in θ = Opp / Hyp co s θ = Adj / Hyp tan θ = Opp / Adj Pythagorean triples (2 sets) – – 3 – 4 – 5 – – 5 – 12 – 13 Equation for a circle ( x − h ) 2 + y − k ( ) 2 = r 2 Arc length = θ 0 2 π r 3 6 Sector area = θ 0 π r 2 3 6 30˚ to radians 3 0˚= π radians 6 45˚ to radians 4 5˚= π radians 4