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# VIGHNAHARTA TRUST’S

## SHIVAJIRAO S. JONDHLE COLLEGE OF

ENGINEERING
& TECHNOLOGY, ASANGAON
A project report on

ANALYSIS OF I BEAM

Submitted by,

• Birari M. Birari
• Borse N. Umesh
• Dawale S. Atharva

## Department Of Mechanical Engineering

Academic Year 2017-18
Declaration

## I declare that this written submission represents my ideas in my own

words and where others` ideas or words have been included, I have
adequately cited and referenced the original sources. I also declare that I
have adhered to all principles of academic honesty and integrity and have
not misrepresented or fabricated or falsified any idea/ data/ fact/source
in my submission. I understand that any violation of the above will be
cause for disciplinary action by the institute and can also evoke penal
action from the sources which have thus not been properly cited or from
whom proper permission has not been taken when needed.

(Name)
(Signature)

1. Amitkumar M. Pandey

2. Rajat D. Rane

3. Aniket R. Singh

Date:
INDEX

## Sr TITLE Page No.

No.
1. Introduction
2. Static Structural Analysis of Triangular
Plate
2.1 Problem description
2.2 Summary steps
3. Application
4. References
INTRODUCTION:-

## This Chapter presents an overview of finite element models for thin

plates using the Kirchhoff Plate Bending (KPB) model and the Total
Potential Energy (TPE) variational principle.The derivation of shape
functions for the triangle geometry is covered in the next Chapter.The
purpose of this Chapter is to explain the construction of displacement-
based triangular Kirchhoff plate bending elements through the
development of the necessary interpolation formulas. The resulting
element is complete but does not satisfy full normal-slope conformity.

## One of the simplest Kirchhoff plate bending elements was presented in

1966 by Bazeley, Cheung,Irons and Zienkiewicz . This is called the “BCIZ
element” after the authors’ initials.
This element can be derived from the cubic interpolation . The technique
appears a bit mysterious at first. Basically one can construct a 10 × 10
plate stiffness matrix. Freedom at the centroid can be statically
condensed out and the resulting 9 × 9 stiffness used in finite element
analysis. Unfortunately the static condensation destroys curvature
completeness and the solutions will not generally converge, as
emperically shown in Tocher’s thesis. The idea behing the BCIZ element is
that elimination of the centroidal DOF is done in such a way that
completeness is maintained, using a kinemtic constraint.

## A simple and efficient triangular finite element is introduced for plate

bending applications. The element is a three‐node triangular one with
three basic degrees of freedom per node and two internal rotation
degrees of freedom, using selective reduced integration. Numerical
examples indicate that, despite its simplicity, the element is not only
competitively accurate, but also useful as a thick‐thin triangular plate
bending element. It is also pointed out that this element using selective
reduced integration is in fact a mixed element.

## Static Structural Analysis Of Triangular

Beam
Problem description:
The objective of the problem is to demonstrate the basic ANSYS

## Pressure: -50 Mpa

SUMMARY OF STEPS:
1 »»Create an object in ansys workbench.

## 2 »»All the dimensions are in mm.

3 »»Select xy-plane.

4 »»Dimensions:

## Length X : 167.32 mm Length Y : 193.21 mm

5 »» Extrude method
6 »» Meshing process :-
7 »»Import this component in the ANSYS workbench
8 »»SOLUTION:

## 1. Apply Pressure: -50 Mpa

2. Applying loads :
֍RESULT :-
1. Effect of Total Deformation:

## 2. Effect of ⟿ Equivalent Stress :-

֍ Conclusion:-
The testing’s to be done as per methodology.The
tests have been conducted on the Triangular Plate of size and material as
per mentioned above. The same shall validated with the avalible data. All
the data is summarized and presented in the thesis report.

Applications:
1. The first application is the control of thermal deformations of a
spherical mirror segment, which is a segment of a multi-segmented
primary mirror used in a space telescope. The feasibility of controlling
the surface distortions of the mirror segment due to arbitrary thermal
fields, using discrete and distributed actuators, is studied. This kind of
study was required for the design of a multi-segmented primary mirror
of a next generation space telescope.
2. The second application is the analysis of an inflatable structure, being
considered for housing vehicles and personnel. The tent structure is
made up of membranes supported by arches stiffened by internal
pressure. The updated Lagrangian formulation of the flat shell element
has been developed primarily for the nonlinear analysis of the tent
structure,since such a structure is expected to undergo large
deformations and rotations under the action of environmental loads like
the wind and snow loads. The wind load is modeled as a nonuniform
pressure load and the snow load as lumped concentrated loads. Since the
direction of the pressure load is assumed to be normal to the current
configuration of the structure, it changes as the structure undergoes
deformation. This is called the follower action.

3. The element can be used to obtain the nonlinear response of the tent
structure under wind and snow loads.

4. It is also called as Kirchh'offs Bending plate and used for its analysis,
on the action of pressure and variable loads.

References :

https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"& HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"lr= HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"& HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"id=QDRDKGm6xPQC HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"& HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"oi=fnd HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"& HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"pg=PR15 HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"& HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"dq=applications+of+plate+analysis HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"& HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"ots=_aMpJIFTtF HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"& HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"sig=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepa
ge HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"& HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"q=applications%20of%20plate%20analysis
HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"& HYPERLINK
"https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QDRDKGm6xPQC&oi=
fnd&pg=PR15&dq=applications+of+plate+analysis&ots=_aMpJIFTtF&sig
=x4Se9vQPLSioA7L7pJh5ZbUNejY#v=onepage&q=applications%20of%20
plate%20analysis&f=false"f=false

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/nme.1620151205

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gusset_plate

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KmUpJeFi5-8 HYPERLINK
"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KmUpJeFi5-8&t=36s"& HYPERLINK
"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KmUpJeFi5-8&t=36s"t=36s

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQ2aeoh_m8A