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Basic Processor - CPU


I - The function of the CPU

 CPU stands for Central Processing Unit words (in English), translates a unit
process center. CPU can be viewed as the brain, one of the core elements of the
computer. The main task of the CPU is processing computer programs and data.
CPU many design different. In the simplest form, the CPU is a chip with a few
dozen feet. More complex, the CPU is available in the circuit assembly with
hundreds of other chips. CPU is a data processing circuit according to the
program set forth. It is a complex integrated circuits include millions of transistors

II - Anatomy of the CPU

CPU has three main blocks are:

1. Controller (Control Unit)Processors have the task of interpreting the program's


command and control process activities, be more accurate clock by clock system
system. Circuit clock clock synchronization system for operations inside and
outside the CPU to process according to the time doi.Khoang no waiting time
between two pulses is called pulse nhip.Toc cycle of the clock by system
generating pulse signals time called clock speed - clock speed equals million units
per second-Mhz. Registers are elements in the cache processor for data and
addresses in the computer memory when tasks are done with them.

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2. Ministry of arithmetic-logic (ALU-Arithmetic Logic Unit)Perform the function


of the unit's command and control signal processing. As the name implies, this
unit used to perform arithmetic (+,-,*,/) or the calculation logic (compare greater
than, less than ...)
3. Register (Register)Registers have the duty to write code before processing and
recording results after treatment

III - The specifications of the CPU

1. CPU speed: Processing speed of the computer depends on your CPU speed, but it
also depends on other parts (such as memory, RAM, or graphics). There are many
technologies to speed up the process CPU. Example Core 2 Duo technology.

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CPU speed associated with clock frequencies of its work (in units such as MHz,
GHz, ...). For the same CPU frequency is higher
the processing speed is increasing. For other types of CPU, then this doubt was
right; for example, CPU Core 2 Duo 2.6 GHz frequency can process data faster
than a CPU 3.4 GHz. CPU speed depends on its memory buffer, such as Intel
Core 2 Duo L2 cache using common (shared cache) helps speed the processing of
two new systems faster than the system's two us 1 (Intel Core Duo and Intel
Pentium D) L2 cache for each core each individual. (Cache used to store or use
the commands, making data entry faster processor). Current production
technology 65nm CPU technology.

We have Quad-Core CPU (4 people). AMD airline has the technology to include
two processors, each of 2-4 people.

2. CPU Bus speed (FSB - Front Side Bus)

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FSB - Front Side Bus What?

o FSB - The speed of data


transfer to the CPU or the speed
of data
data run through the foot of the
CPU.
o In a system, the speed of
the CPU Bus speed must be
equal
Chipset north of the bus, but the
CPU Bus speed is unique but
Chipset north can support two
to three FSB speed
o The current chip Pen2
and Pen3 the FSB speeds are
66MHz, 100MHz and
133MHz
o In line with the chip
Pen4 FSB speed of 400MHz,
533MHz,
800MHz, 1066MHz, 1333MHz
and 1600MHz

3. Cache.

Cache: CPU memory areas used to store parts of programs and materials are going to
use. When needed, the CPU will find information on the cache before finding the main
memory.

L1 Cache: Integrated cache (cache integrated) - cache was incorporated right on the
CPU. Cache CPU speed up the integration of information transmitted to and transfer from
cache is faster to run the bus system. Manufacturers often call this cache on-die cache.
L1 cache - the cache of the CPU. CPU first find the necessary information in this cache.

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L2 Cache: Secondary cache. Continue to find information on the L2 cache if not found in
the L1 cache. L2 cache is slower than L1 cache and higher speed of the memory chip
(memory chip). In some cases (such as Pentium Pro), cache L2 cache is also integrated.

4. Pentium and Celeron

-- Pentium Chip is designed to run powerful applications such as graphics


processing, video, 3D game chips etc. ... Pentium memory Cache larger
increases so its performance

-- Celeron:
As the line shortened the Pentium chip to lower cost, less number of transistors in
the Pentium and smaller cache, Celeron is designed to run applications such as
light office applications, Web browsing, etc. ...

Compared with Celeron Pentium chip

- When running applications such as office light, the speed of browsing


Pentium and Celeron almost equivalent (if two chips have the same MHz), but
when running in power applications such as graphics processors, games, video
director of the Pentium is faster than 1.5 to 2 times.

5. Explain the specifications of the CPU on the price of the computer company

sSpec Number SLA94 Products


CPU Speed 2.40 GHz Processing speed of CPU *
PCG 06 System radiator, fan
Bus Speed 800 MHz BUS speed of the CPU or FSB speed *
Ratio between CPU speed and BUS system
Bus / Core Ratio 12
System
L2 Cache Size 2 MB L2 Cache memory *
L2 Cache Speed 2.4 GHz Speed access to L2 cache
Package Type 775 Package Type 775 feet - 775 Soket *
Manufacturing
65 nm Chip production technology
Technology
Core Stepping M0 The landmark development of

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CPU
String code name the Hexa
CPUID String 06FDh
computer CPU
Thermal Design Power 65W Design capacity heat
Temperature allows, excessive heat
the CPUs
Thermal Specification 73.3 ° C
can
deactivated
In the specifications on the parameters CPU speed /
Bus FSB Speed /

L2 cache size / and type of packaging (section sign


* ) Is the most important that you

should pay attention when purchasing chips

6. Add the following to help you refer to the specifications of all


CPU - Intel

http://processorfinder.intel.com/Default.aspx

 History of Intel
4-bit CPU

4004 is the first Intel processors introduced in November 1971, using the
computer (calculator) of Busicom. 4004 speed 740KHz, capable of handling 0.06
million commands per second (milion instructions per second - MIPS) is
produced on 10 μm technology, with 2300 transistors (transistors), memory
expansion to 640 bytes.

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Processor Intel first produced in 1971

4040, improved version of 4004 was introduced in 1974, has


3000 transistors, the speed from 500 KHz to 740KHz.

Processor produced by Intel in 1974

8bit CPUs

8008 (1972) used the endpoints of the Datapoint 2200


Computer Terminal Corporation (CTC). 8008 speed 200KHz, produced on
10 μm technology, with 3500 transistors, memory expansion up to 16KB.

Processor 8008 SX 1972

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8080 (1974) using the Altair 8800 computer, speeds 10-fold


at 8008 (2MHz), produced on 6 μm technology, capable of handling 0.64 MIPS
the transistor 6000, with 8 bit data bus and 16 bit address bus, memory
expandable to 64KB.

Processor 8080 SX 1974

8085 (1976) using the Toledo scale and control equipment


peripherals. 8085 speed 2MHz, producing over 3 μm technology, with 6500
transistor, with 8 bit data bus and 16 bit address bus, memory expansion
64KB.

Processor 8080 SX 1976

BXL
16bit

8086 appeared in June 1978, the equipment used in calculations


mobile. 8086 was produced on 3 μm technology, with 29,000 transistors, with
16 bit data bus and 20 bit address bus, 1MB of memory expansion. Sessions
8086 copies of which 5, 8 and 10 MHz.

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Processor 8086 SX 1978

8088 released in June 1979, the IBM chips are selected into
computer (PC) his first; this also helps Intel to become
manufacturer's largest computer chips in the world. 8088 identical 8086
but management capabilities address the command line. 8088 also uses
technology 3
μm, 29,000 transistors, 16 bit architecture inside and 8 bit data bus
out, 20 bit address bus, memory expandable to 1MB. The 8088 version
of 5 MHz and 8 MHz.

Processor 8088 SX 1979

80,186 (1982) also called iAPX 186. Mainly used in applications


use embedded controllers terminals. Versions of 80,186 of
10 and 12 MHz.

80,186 processors and 80,286 x 1982

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80,286 (1982) known as 286, the first Intel chips can run all applications written
for previous processors used in IBM PC and PC compatible. 286 has two
operating modes: real mode (real mode) DOS program by 8086 mode simulation
and can not use more than 1 MB RAM; protection mode (protect mode)
increasing feature of the micro - processing, can access up to 16 MB of memory.

NetBurst micro-architecture 32-bit CPUs


(NetBurst Micro-Architecture)
Intel 386 they include the 386DX, 386SX and 386SL. Intel386DX the first 32 bit
CPU Intel introduced in 1985, used in IBM PC and PC compatible. Intel386 is a
leap forward compared to previous CPUs. This is a 32 bit CPU capable of
multitasking, it can run many different programs the same time. 386 use 32-bit
registers, can transfer 32 bit data bus at the data and used to determine the 32 bit
address. Well as chips 80,286, 80,386 work in two modes: real mode and protect
mode.

Intel 386 SX 1985

486DX 1 μm using technology, 1.2 million transistors, 4GB expandable memory;


including versions of 25 MHz, 35 MHz and 50 MHz (0.8 μm). 486SX (1991)
used
the current low-level computer, like system design but not 486DX integrates the
mathematical treatment. 486DX uses a technology μm (1.2 million transistors)
and 0.8 μm (0.9 million transistors), 4GB of expandable memory; including
versions 16, 20, 25, 33 MHz.

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Intel 486 SX 1991

Pentium MMX (1996), improved version of the Pentium with MMX technology
Intel is developing to meet the demand of multimedia applications and
communications. With MMX SIMD (Single Instruction Multiple Data) processors
allow more data in the same instruction, increase ability to handle tasks in
graphics, multimedia.

Intel MMX SX 1996

Pentium II CPUs

The first Pentium II chips, code-named Klamath, produced on 0.35 μm


technology, with 7.5 million transistor, 66 MHz system bus, including versions
233.266, 300MHz.

Pentium II, code-named Deschutes, using 0.25 μm technology, 7.5 million


transistors, including versions of 333MHz (66MHz system bus), 350, 400, 450
MHz (100MHz system bus). Celeron (1998) was "shortened" from the Pentium II
CPU architecture, for low-level line machine. The first version, codenamed
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Covington has no L2 cache should slow processing speed, not impressed with the
user. Later version, code-named Mendocino, was overcome shortcomings with L2
cache 128KB.

- Appear in 1997

- Package type: Type add on slot Slot1 or Slot2, chip soldered on a blister is fixed
tilt

- Processor speed: 233MHz versions of, 266, 300, 333, 350, 400 and 450MHz

- Speed FSB: 66MHz, 100MHz

- Cache from 512KB down

Pentium II CPU soldered on the blister and then plugged into the slot Slot1

Pentium III CPUs

Pentium III (1999) of the code-named Katmai, Coppermine and Tualatin.

Coppermine
have L2 cache - 256 KB integrated in order to speed up the process. De plug
socket 370 FC-PGA (Flip-chip pin grid array), with the speed as 500, 550, 600,
650, 700, 750, 800, 850 MHz (100MHz bus), 533, 600, 667, 733, 800, 866, 933,
1000, 1100 and 1133 MHz (133MHz bus).

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Tualatin L1 cache is 32KB, L2 256 KB or 512 KB integrated within the CPU,


socket 370 FC-PGA (Flip-Chip Pin Grid Array), 133 MHz system bus. Have
speed as 1133.1200, 1266, 1333, 2900 MHz.

Celeron Coppermine (2000) was "shortened" from the Pentium III Coppermine
CPU architecture, with L1 cache 32KB, L2 256 KB integrated within the CPU,
socket 370 FC-PGA, can the speed as 533, 566, 600, 633, 667, 700, 733, 766, 800
MHz (66 MHz bus), 850, 900, 950, 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300 MHz (1000 MHz
bus).

Celeron Tualatin (2000) was "shortened" from the Pentium III Tualatin CPU
architecture, with L1 cache 32KB, L2 256 KB integrated, socket 370 FC-PGA,
100 MHz system bus, including the rate of 1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 GHz.

- Appear in 1999

- Package Type: 370 Soket

- Processing speed: the speed is like 500, 550, 600, 650, 700, 750, 800, 850 MHz
(100MHz bus), 533, 600, 667, 733, 800, 866, 933, 1000, 1100 and 1133 MHz
(133MHz bus).

- FSB bus speed: 100MHz, 133MHz

- Cache from 512KB down

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CPU Pentium 3 Soket 370

Pentium IV CPUs

Intel Pentium 4 (P4) CPUs are introduced in November 2000. P4 uses NetBurst
microarchitecture design completely new compared to older chips (PII, PIII and
Celeron P6 microarchitecture used).

The first Pentium 4 (codenamed Willamette) Appeared in late 2000, a system bus
(system bus) 400 MHz, integrated L2 cache-256 KB, socket 423 and 478. P4
Willamette has some speed as 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1,7,1,8, 1.9, 2.0 GHz.

o Socket 423 appear only in a very short period of time, from thang11 2000
to August 2001 and was replaced by Socket 478.
o Around the (FSB) of the Pentium 4 is 100 MHz but with Quad Data Rate
enables transfer 4-bit chips in one data cycle, so the CPU system bus is

400 MHz. CPU Pentium 4 Willamette


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P4 Northwood. Appeared in January 2002, with 512 KB of L2 cache, socket 478.


Northwood Northwood has three lines of A (400 MHz system bus) speed of 1.6,
1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6 and 2.8 GHz. Northwood B (533 MHz system bus),
speed 2.26, 2.4, 2.53, 2.66, 2.8 and 3.06 GHz (3.06 GHz own support Hyper-
Threading Technology Hyper Threading - HT). Northwood C (800 MHz system
bus, all supporting HT), including 2.4, 2.6, 2.8, 3.0, 3.2, 3.4 GHz.

P4 Prescott (2004). Is the first Intel processors manufactured using 90 nm


technology, with integrated L2 cache of the P4 Prescott twice the P4 Northwood
(1MB than 512 KB). External script MMX, SSE, SSE2, Prescott SSE3 added
script to help handle video applications and games run faster. This is the stage
"delivery time" between socket 478 - 775LGA, system bus 533 MHz - 800 MHz

CPU P4 Northwood Manufacturing in 2002 and

CPU P4 Prescott SX 2004

A Prescott (FSB 533 MHz) speeds are 2.26, 2.4, 2.66, 2.8 (socket 478), Prescott
505 (2.66 GHz), 505J (2.66 GHz), 506 (2, 66 GHz), 511 (2.8 GHz), 515 (2.93
GHz), 515J (2.93 GHz), 516 (2.93 GHz), 519J (3.06 GHz), 519K (3.06 GHz) use
socket 775LGA.

Prescott E, F (2004) have L2 cache 1 MB (later expanded 2 MB), 800 MHz


system bus. External scripts MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3 integrated, Prescott E, F
also supports Hyper-Threading technology, a later version that supports 64-bit
computing.

Use socket 478 series of Pentium 4 HT 2.8E (2.8 GHz), 3.0E (3.0 GHz), 3.2E (3.2
GHz), 3.4E (3.4 GHz). Line use of 775LGA socket Pentium 4 HT 3.2F, 3.4F,

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3.6F, 3.8F with the corresponding speed from 3.2 GHz to 3.8 GHz, Pentium 4 HT
517, 520, 520J, 521, 524, 530, 530J, 531, 540, 540J, 541, 550, 550J, 551, 560,
560J, 561, 570J, 571 with speed from 2.8 GHz to 3.8 GHz.

Celeron CPUs

Celeron CPUs are designed with the goal of compromise between technology and
price, to meet requirements such as universal access to Internet, email, chat and
handle office applications. The difference between the Celeron and Petium
technology manufacturing and the number of transistors per unit.

Celeron Willamette 128 (2002), the "shortened" from P4 Willamette, with 128
kb L2 cache, 400 MHz system bus, socket 478. Willamette Celeron 128 to
support MMX, SSE, SSE2. Some of the line CPUs like Celeron 1.7 (1.7 GHz)
and Celeron 1.8 (1.8 GHz).

Celeron Northwood 128, "shortened" from P4 Northwood, with integrated L2


cache 128 KB, 400 MHz system bus, socket 478. Northwood Celeron 128 also
supports scripts MMX, SSE, SSE2, including Celeron 1.8A, 2.0, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4,
2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8 correspond to the speed from 1.8 GHz to 2 , 8 GHz.

Celeron D (Presscott 256), Built from Prescott P4 platform, has integrated L2


cache 256 KB (Celeron Northwood double line), 533 MHz system bus, socket
478 and 775LGA. Addition to the script MMX, SSE, SSE2, Celeron D support
script SSE3, a later version that supports 64-bit computing. Celeron D including
310, 315, 320, 325, 325J, 326, 330, 330J, 331, 335, 335J, 336, 340, 340J, 341,
345, 345J, 346, 350, 351, 355 with the corresponding speed from 2.13 GHz to
3.33 GHz

Pentium 4 Extreme Edition

Pentium 4 Extreme Edition (P4EE) appears to September 2003, the Intel CPUs
are "in favor" for gamers and advanced users. P4EE, built Xeon CPUs for servers
and workstations. Besides HT Technology "Hack Gmail" time now, the highlights
of the P4EE additional L3 cache-2 MB. The first version of the P4 EE (Gallatin's)
produced on 0.13 μm technology, L2 cache 512 KB, L3-2 MB, 800 MHz system
bus, using socket 478 and 775LGA, including P4 EE March 2 (3.2 GHz), P4 EE
March 4 (3.4 GHz).

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CPU Pentium 4 Extreme Edition

64 Bit CPUs, microarchitecture NETBURST


P4 Prescott (2004)

NetBurst micro-architecture 64-bit (Extended Memory 64 Technology - EM64T)


was first used in Intel P4 Prescott CPU (code-named Prescott 2M).
Prescott 2M also use 90 nm technology, L2 cache 2 MB, 800 MHz system bus,
socket 775LGA. In addition to the script MX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, HT Technology
and the ability to calculate 64-bit, Prescott 2M (except CPU 620) that supports
Enhanced SpeedStep technology to optimize speed of work in order to save
energy
function. The 6 × 2 chips more virtualization technology (Virtualization
Technology). Prescott 2M has some speed as the P4 HT 620 (2.8 GHz), 630 (3.0
GHz), 640
(3.2 GHz), 650 (3.4 GHz), 660, 662 (3.6 GHz) and 670, 672 (3.8 GHz).

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Pentium Prescott 2M

Pentium D (2005)

Pentium D (code-named Smithfield, 8xx) is a dual-core CPUs (dual core) Intel's


first, was improved from P4 Prescott should also see some limitations as
phenomenon because the bandwidth bottleneck at CPU 800 MHz (400 MHz per
core), high power consumption, put more heat. Smithfield produced
90nm technology, with 230 million transistors, L2 cache 2 MB (2 × 1 MB, non-
shared), 533 MHz system bus (805) or 800 MHz, socket 775LGA.
Addition to the script MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, Smithfield equipped script
extension EMT64 support 64-bit memory addressing, Enhanced SpeedStep
technology
(830, 840). Some of the line CPUs like Pentium D 805 (2.66 GHz), 820 (2.8
GHz), 830 (3.0 GHz), 840 (3.2 GHz).

CPU Pentium D 805 (Dual Core)

Use the same NetBurst microarchitecture, the Pentium D (Presler code, 9xx) are
new design on Intel 65nm technology, 376 million transistors, cache
L2 4 MB (2 × 2 MB), high-performance, more features and less power consuming
than Smithfield. Pentium D 915 and 920 speed 2.8 GHz, 925 and 930
(3.0 GHz), 935 and 940 (3.2 GHz), 945 and 950 (3.4 GHz), 960 (3.6 GHz).
Presler line 9 × 0 support Virtualization Technology.

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CPU Pentium D 915

Pentium Extreme Edition (2005)

Dual-core CPUs for gamers and advanced users. Pentium EE use of Smithfield,
Presler Pentium D Smithfield that use
90nm technology, L2 cache is expanded to 2 MB (2 × 1 MB), to support MMX,
SSE, SSE2, SSE3, HT Technology, Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology
(EIST) and EM64T. Pentium EE 840 (3.20 GHz, 800 MHz system bus, socket
775LGA) is one of the CPUs in this line.

Presler Pentium EE using 65 nm technology, L2 cache is expanded to 4 MB (2 ×


2 MB), to support MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, HT Technology,
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology (EIST), and EM64T Virtualization
Technology. Some chips in the Pentium EE 955 line (3.46 GHz) and
Pentium EE 965 (3.73 GHz) with 1066 MHz system bus, socket 775.

Pentium EE 955

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64bit CPUs, Core architecture


IDF forum in early 2006, Intel introduced the Intel Core architecture is important
in improving the ability to implement the extended (Wide Dynamic Execution),
feature intelligent power management (Intelligent Power Capability) shared cache
flexibility (Advanced Smart Cache), Memory Recall Smart (Smart Memory
Access) and speed of advanced digital media (Advanced Digital Media Boost).
These improvements will create more powerful chips, the ability to calculate
faster and lower power consumption, less heat than the NetBurst architecture.

Intel Pentium Dual-Core Processor- Type pins: 775 Soket

- Processor speed from 1.6 GHz to> = 2.4 GHz

- Speed FSB: 800MHz

- Cache 1MB

- Compatible with Memory is DDR2

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Intel Pentium Dual-Core Processor 2006 SX 775

Intel Core 2 Duo

Dual-core chips produced on 65 nm technology, supporting SIMD instructions,


Technology Virtualization technology allows multiple operating system run,
enhance protection system before the virus attack (Execute Disable Bit), the
optimal speed CPUs to save power (Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology),
managing a remote computer (Intel Active Management Technology). In addition,
the script supports MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3.

Core 2 Duo (code-named Conroe) has 291 million transistors, 4 MB L2 cache,


1066 MHz system bus, socket 775LGA. Some chips in this line:
E6600 (2.4 GHz), E6700 (2.66 GHz). Core 2 Duo (code-named Allendale) E6300
(1.86 GHz), E6400 (2.13 GHz) with 167 million transistors, 2MB cache L2, 1066
MHz system bus, socket 775LGA. E4300 (1.8 GHz) appeared in 2007 with 2 MB
cache L2, 800 MHz bus, do not support Virtualization Technology.

Intel ® Core ™ 2 Duo Processor- Type pins: 775 Soket

- Processor speed from 1.8 GHz to> = 3.16 GHz

- Speed FSB: 800MHz, 1066MHz and 1333MHz


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- Cache from 2MB to 6MB

- Compatible with Memory is DDR2

- Chipset supports the Intel 945GC, 945GT, 946PL, 946GZ, Q963, Q965, P965,
G965

CPU
Intel ® Core ™ 2 Duo SX 2007

Core 2 Extreme

Dual-core CPUs for gamers using the Core architecture, has many characteristics
similar to the Core 2 CPUs as 65 nm manufacturing technology, supporting the
new technology Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology, Intel x86-64, Execute
Disable Bit, Intel Active Management, Virtualization Technology, Intel Trusted
Execution Technology ... the script MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3.

Intel ® Core ™ 2 Extreme Processor- Type pins: 775 Soket

- Processor speed from 2.66 GHz to> = 3.2 GHz

- Speed FSB: 1066MHz, 1333MHz, 1600MHz

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- Cache from 4MB to 12MB

- Compatible with Memory is DDR2 and DDR3

- Chipset supporting the Intel 925, 955, 975X

CPU Core 2 Extreme (4 people) SX tháng 7 / 2006

Core 2 Extreme (code-named Conroe XE) (July 2006) with representatives


X6800 2.93 Ghz, L2 cache to 4 MB, 1066 MHz system bus, socket 775LGA. End
of 2006, way ahead of the chips continue to open while Intel's chips 4 (Quad
Core) as Core 2 Extreme QX6700, Core 2 Quad Q6300, Q6400, Q6600 and 8's
BXL in the next few years. Make sure that chips will meet the needs of
technology and passion for speed.

Intel ® Core ™ 2 Quad Processor-style pins: Soket 775

- Processor speed from 2.4 GHz to> = 2.83 GHz

- Speed FSB: 1066MHz, 1333MHz

- Cache from 6MB to 12MB

- Compatible with Memory is DDR2

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www.intersoftelectronics.com
www.laptoponlinetraining.com
Intersoft Institute
www.intersoftelectronics.com
www.laptoponlinetraining.com

CPU Core 2 Quad (8 people) Ltd in 2007

Questions

1. Question 1: When choosing the CPU for your computer to note anything?

If you have you have to buy Main CPU with the appropriate parameters as
voiMainboard

- Soket 478 or 775

- FSB speed (CPU bus) but Main is much support. For items duMain Support
FSB 533, 800, 1066, you can choose a range of CPUs on the Bus

- With a Mainboard cheap it can still run the CPU expensive as long as the same
socket type and the type Bus, but it will not exploit all the power of the CPU, just
like you buy a good car but it is not run fast on a bad road.

2. Question 2:- Between the CPU and RAM do not have relationships when
selecting equipment?

Like the CPU, when you buy RAM, there must be the extent Mainboard Bus
support, in addition you should select the RAM Bus speed by half of the CPU Bus
and up a step.

For instance, when CPU FSB is 533 times the recommended RAM is Bus 333, as
533/2 = 266 up to a step 333.

Intersoft Institute
www.intersoftelectronics.com
www.laptoponlinetraining.com
Intersoft Institute
www.intersoftelectronics.com
www.laptoponlinetraining.com

The ladder of Bus speed as follows: (it is a multiple of speed of 66MHz)

Bus RAM include:

SDRAM is Bus 66, 100, 133MHz

DDR with Bus 200, 266, 333, 400 MHz

DDR2 is Bus 400, 533, 667, 800 MHz

DDR3 is Buss 800, 1066, 1333, 1600 MHz

CPU bus (FSB) composed of

Bus Pentium CPU typically 400, 533, 800 MHz

Bus Dual core CPU, Core 2 Duo, Core 2 quad include: 800, 1066. 1333 and 1600
MHz

3. Question 3:I want to upgrade CPU possible?


4. - Fully if the CPU you want to upgrade just plug in the foot (ie the Soket) and it
speeds the extent Mainboard Bus support, for your Mainboard supports what FSB
CPU while you lose the document attached, you can look up the name of the IC
Chipset Chipset in the north or in the IC of this website lookup.

- But you note, high-speed CPU can still run on your Main but it will work out
performance.

Intersoft Institute
www.intersoftelectronics.com
www.laptoponlinetraining.com