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0 FOUNDATION RECOMMENDATIONS

Proposed building should be supported on bored piles socketed in weathered rock. Piles

should be socketed in weathered rock encountered at depths of 8.0m to 10.5m below

ground surface.

Capacities of representative pile sizes are given in Table A below.

TABLE A
Safe Vertical Downward & Lateral Capacity of Piles

Pile Pile rock socket Safe Vertical


Safe Lateral Safe Uplift
Diameter in weathered Downward
Capacity (tons) Capacity (tons)
(mm) rock Capacity (tons)
600 165 10 40
700 230 11 60
5D
800 310 13 85
1000 500 15 145

Maximum total settlement of piles installed as described above will be less than 12mm.

Depth of fixity for lateral loads will be 7.8D below pile cap.

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SAMPLE CALCULATION OF ALLOWABLE VERTICAL CAPACITY OF 600mm DIA.
PILES SOCKETED 5D IN WEATHERED ROCK:

A) SKIN FRICTION CAPACITY IN CWR FROM -8.0m TO -10.5m:

As per Cole and Stroud Method (Reference No. 3) for soft rock, the zero strength bedrock
is assumed to be a hard cohesive soil.
Using a minimum SPT N value of 50 in the bedrock.

Allowable Skin End Bearing Capacity = qall = aC / F.S. (Reference No. 3)

Where,
c = cohesion = N/1.5 = 50/1.5 = 33.33 t/m2
a = adhesion factor
F.S. = Factor of Safety; (a/FS) = 0.3, L=2.5m
Therefore, Allowable Skin Friction Capacity = 0.3 x 33.33 = 10 t/m2
Allowable End Bearing Capacity of 600mm dia piles = πDL (10) = 3.142 x 0.6 x 2.5m x 10
t/m2 = 47 tons

B) SKIN FRICTION CAPACITYIN HARD ROCK BELOW -10.5m:

Safe Skin Friction Capacity = Qsf= Qc x α x β x (πxDxLs) [From Reference 6]


Where ,
Qc = Average uniaxial compressive strength of rock = 660 t/m 2
α = Rock socket side resistance reduction factor = 0.135 for Qc of 660 t/m 2
β = Rock socket correction factor = 0.2
D = Diameter of pile = 0.6m
Ls= Socket length into the rock = 5D-2.5 = 5x0.6-2.5 = 0.5m
Qsf = 660 x 0.135 x 0.2 x (3.14 x 0.6 x 0.5) = 17 tons

C) END BEARING CAPACITY IN HARD ROCK:

Safe load carrying capacity = Qeb= Q cxNØxNj x Ap [Reference 6]


Where,
Qc = Average uniaxial compressive strength of rock = 660 t/m 2
NØ= Depth factor = 0.8+0.2(ls/d) = 1.8 for 5D rock socket
Nj = 0.1 to 0.4 (assumed as 0.3 for weathered bedrock at pile tip)
Ap= Area of pile toe = 0.283 m 2
Qeb = 660 x 1.8 x 0.3 x 0.283 = 101 tons

THEREFORE, TOTAL PILE CAPACITY = 47 + 17 + 101 = 165 tons

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CALCULATION OF LATERAL CAPACITY OF PILE

Reference: Appendix-B (Revised) of IS 2911 (Part 1/Sec. 2) - 2010.

Strata near top of pile consists mostly of clay with minimum N = 12


Corresponding average Cu = N/15 = 12/15 = 0.8 kg/cm2.
Unconfined compressive strength, qu = 2 Cu =1.6 kg/cm2
As per Table 2 of Reference mentioned above,
Corresponding Constant k1 = 28.8 x 103 KN/m3 = 28.8 MN/m3
Now,
k1 0 .3 28 .8 0 .3
K      9 .6 MN / m 3
1 .5 D 1 .5 0 .6
(Value of K in kg/cm3 for calculation of R : 1MN/m3 = 0.1 kg/cm3)
For long and flexible pile, depth of fixity,
EI
R4
KD
Where,
E = Modulus of Elasticity of pile material = 2.7 x 10 5 kg/cm2 for concrete
I = Moment of Inertia = π D4/64 cm2 (D is pile diameter in cm)
Therefore,
2.70 x105 xD 4
R 4
64 x0.96 x60
R = 3.9D (D is pile diameter in cm)
Unsupported length of pile, L1 = 0.0cm
Therefore, L1/R = 0.0

FOR FIXED HEAD PILES


As per Figure 3 of Reference mentioned above,
For L1/R = 0.0, Lf/R = 2.0
Therefore, length of fixity,
Lf = 2.0 x R = 7.8D (where D is pile diameter in cm)

For a lateral deflection of 0.5cm at the top of the pile,


For fixed head pile, allowable lateral load, Q a corresponding to a deflection Y = 0.5 cm,
12EIY 12  2.7  10 5    D 4  0.5
Qa = =
L1  L2 3 64  0  7.8D 
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Qa = 167×D kg = 0.167D tons (where D is pile diameter in cm)