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VISION TRB PRACTICE CENTRE FOR GOBICHETTIPALAYAM


EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY

PERSONALITY AND ASSESMENT-KEY CONCEPTS

Meaning and defenition of personality

‘persona’ – latin word

meaning –“ the mask worn by the actor’ Kf%b mzpe;jpUg;gth; - TRB Q

gphPnkd;:-

Xh; caphpay; caphpf;Fk;> mjd; r%f kw;Wk; gpw cyFf;Fk; ,ilapy;


elf;Fk; Clhlj;jpd; (epfo;Tfs;)tpisthf cUthfpa jdpj;jd;ikiaf;
Fwpf;fpwJ.

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[p.lgps;A+My;Nghh;l;:-

‘jdpkdpjdplk; fhzg;gLk; cly; kdg; gz;Gfspd; xUq;fikg;G


jdpkdpjid jd;Dila #o;epiyapy; nray;gl itf;Fk;.

cl;nthh;j;:-

xU kdpjd; jd; ghuk;ghpaj;jhYk;> #o;epiyahYk; ngw;Ws;s


cs;shh;e;j kdg;Nghf;Ffs; csj;Jbg;Gfs;> nray;Kiwfs;>
cly;Ntl;iffs;> kw;Wk; ,ay;G+f;fq;fs; Mfpatw;wpd; njhFg;Ng
MSikahFk;.

fpy;Nghh;l;: ‘MSikahdJ xUtdJ gz;Gfspd; jdpj;jd;ik tha;e;j


mikg;G” ( unique pattern of behavior)

MSikapd; Kd;Ndhb `pg;ghfpul;]; (5 Mk; E}w;whz;L)

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tifg;ghL :

,uj;jk; -ek;gpf;ifAilath;

fUg;G ePh; -tUj;jk; Njha;e;jth;

gpj;j ePh; -vspjpy; Nfhgg;gLgth;

rsp -ke;jkhdth;

MSik tifg;gLj;jy; mZFKiwfs;

1. clyikg;G tifg;ghL (Type approach)


2. csg;gz;G tifg;ghL (Trait approach)
3.,uz;Lk; fye;j mZFKiw (Type-Trait approach)

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tpy;ypak; N[k;];

tifg;ghL : 1. ,sfpa kdKilath; 2. Kul;Lj;jdkhdth;

tpsf;fk;:

1. ,sfpa kdKilath;:
nfhs;iffs;> rkaek;gpf;if ,yl;rpaNehf;fk;> cWjp
2.Kul;Lj;jdkhdth;fs;:-
cz;ikapd;gbelg;gth;>rkaek;gpf;ifaw;wth;>re;Njff;fz;Nzh
l;lk;.

rp.[p.A+q;:-

tifg;ghL : 1. GwKfh; (Extrovert)

2. ,UKfj;jpdh;(Ambinert)

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3.mfKfh; (introvert)

tpsf;fk;
k

1. GwKfh;: ed;whfg;goFgth;> tplhKaw;rp> gpwhpd;fUj;Jfis


Vw;gth;.
2. mfKfh;: jk;ikg;gw;wpa rpe;jidAilath;> Nfhio> epjhdkhf
KbntLg;gth;
3. ,UKfj;jpdh;: mfKfk; + GwKfj;jpd; fyit
fpnu\
fpnu\;kh; tifg;ghL (cly; mikg;
mikgG ) :-

Kretchmer classification )

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1. igf;dpf; (Pyknic)

2. M];jdpf; (Asthenic)

3. mj;nybf;(Athletic)

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tpsf;fk;

1. igf;dpf; : cUz;ilahd clYk;> tl;lKfKk; cilNahh;


2. M];jdpf; : xy;ypahf xl;ba khh;Gk;> FWfpa
FWfpa NjhSk; cilNahh;.
3. mj;nybf; : jpuz;l gUj;j jirfSk;
jirfSk;> vYk;GfSk; cilNahh;

4. fpnul;\;kh; tifg;ghL (MSik tif)

1. \pN]hijk;
pN]hijk;> 2. i]f;Nshijk;

tpsf;fk;

1.\pN]hijk;
pN]hijk; : gpwUld; neUq;fpg;gofkhl;lhh;fs; > jd;ikg;gw;wpNa

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rpe;jpg;gth;> fw;gidj;jpwd; czh;

2.i\f;
czh;r;rp tpz;lepiy cilNahh;.

f;Nshijk; : eifr;Rit> kdntOr;rp kpf;fth; >fpsh;r;rp Nrhh;T


khwpkhwpj;Njhd;Wk;

5. n\
n\y;ld; tifg;ghL (Shelton’s
( classification))

(clyikg;G)

1. vz;Nlhkhh;gp

2. kPNrhkhh;gpf;

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3. vf;Nlhkhh;gpf;

tpsf;fk;

1. vz;Nlhkhh;gp : gUj;j mbtapW> nrhpkhd cWg;G ntspj;js;spf;


fhzg;gLth;
2. kPNrhkhh;gp : fl;lhd clyikg;Gld; vYk;Gk; jirAk; cWg;ngw;W
fhzg;gLgth;.
3. vf;Nlhkhh;gp : gytPdkhd> eype;j> xy;ypahd clyikg;G

tpsf;fk;

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1. RftpUg;g MSik : midj;J ,d;gq;fspy; Mir nfhz;lth;> Xa;T
czT> cwf;fj;jpy; mjpf <LghL.
2. rpe;jid rhh; MSik: fl;Lg;ghL kpf;fth;> typiaj;jhq;fhjth;
3. nray; rhh; MSik : kdtypik> Jzpr;ry;> ijhpak;> cilNahh;
typiag; nghUl;gLj;j khl;lhh;fs;.
7. ,jaNeha; ty;Yeh; tifg;ghL

0gphPl;nkd; (Freedman)

Nuhrd;nkd;(Rosen men)

tifghL : (1) A tif (2) B tif

(1) A tif : - Nghl;b kdg;ghd;ik Nehf;fj;jpd; mbg;gilapy;


,aq;Fgth;> mOj;jk; kpFe;j tho;f;ifAilath;

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(2) B tif :- Fiwe;j ,yl;rpak; > mjpfnghWg;G cilath;>


epjhzj;Jld; nray;gLgth;.

8. ypg;gpl;
pl;bd; tifg;ghL - jiyikg;gz;G (leadership types) nthapl;

(Lippit and white’s Leandership traits):-

tiffs; : (1) VNjr;rpfhu MSik (Authoritarian)

(2) [dehafg;Nghf;F (Democratic)

(3) mtuth; tpUk;gk; Nghy ,aq;Fjy; (Laissez faire)

(1) VNjr;rpfhu MSik :- mjpfhuk;> KbTfisj; jpzpg;gth;

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(2) [dehafg;Nghf;F:- fye;jhNyhrpj;J gpwuJ fUj;JfSf;F
,lkspg;gth;

(3) Leissez faire : fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; jd;ik ,y;yhj MSikAilNahh;;(trb-q)

9. Mf;gh;d; tifg;ghL: -

1. jd;dyf;fhud;(selfish)

2. Gul;rpahsd; (Revolutionist)

3. jiytd;(Leader)

4. jw;ngUikf;fhud;(Proud)

5. #jhb(Gambler)

6. gpwh; jd;id nkr;r tpiogtd; (Exhibitionist)

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10. Nfl;ly;(R.B.Cattell) tifg;ghL:-


hL: 16- PF (12- Kjd;ikg;gz;G + 4-
Jizg;gz;G)

1. Ez;zwpthsd; - Kl;lhs; (intelligent


( - stupid)

2. kdntOr;
ntOr;rp Kjph;r;rp - Kjph;r;rpapd;ik (Emotionally
Emotionally stable - changable)

3. Mjpf;fk; - gzpT (Dominant


Dominant- Submissive)

4. cw;rhfkpf;f – kfpo;r;rpapd;ik (Cheerful - unhappy)

5. czh;r;rpNahl;l kpFjp – myl;rpak; (Sensitive – Hardboiled)

6. rpe;jid moFzh;r;rpAila - gz;ghlw;w


(Thoughtful and Aesthetic – Boorish and Coarse)

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7. ghpT - vjph;g;G (Genial – Hostile)

8. xj;Jiog;G - xJq;Fjy; (Co-operative – Reserved)

9.cw;rhfk; - Nrhk;gy;(Vigorous - slack)

10.czh;T kpFjp-vjpYk;
vjpYk; Mh;tkpd;ik (Hypersensitive-
( phlegmatic)
phlegmatic

11. el;G- re;Njfk;(Friendly - Suspicious)

12 KOikahf ,aq;Fjy; - Kiwapd;wp ,aq;Fjy; (Conscientious


Conscientious - slipshod)

11. Nfyd; tifg;ghL

1. rphpKfd;(sanguine)

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2. rpL%Q;rp (Choleric)
(

3. mO%Q;rp(Malancholic)
p(

4. J}q;F%Q;rp(p(Phleglmatic)

12) ];nguhd;rh;]; tifg;ghL: ((Spranger’s clanification))

1. Theoritical
tical man 2. Political man 3. Social man

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4. Religiones man 5. Aestnetic man

f nghUshjhu>moF>murpay;>nfhs;if
keyword-r%f

MSikf;Nfhl;ghl;Lfs;

csg;gFg;gha;T Nfhl;ghL (Psychoanalytic


( theory)

fdTfspd; Ma;T- ‘Dream Analysis”” vOjpath; rpf;kz;l; g;uha;L((Sigmand


Dream Analysis
Freud) %d;W tif: -

1. mikg;G epiy(
epiy(structural stages)
2. kdtpiwg;G epiy (topographical
( stages)
3. ghYzh;r;rp epiy ((Sexual stages)

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Psychoanalytic theory – csg;gFg;gha;Tf; Nfhl;ghL

mikg;Gepiyf; nfhs;if kdtpiwg;G epiy ghYzh;r;rp


epiy

(Struteural model ) (Topographical model) (Psycho-sexual


stages)

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1. ID

2.Ego
3. Super Ego
1. concous mind (edT epiy)

2. subconcous (,ilepiy)
1. oral stage ehh;rp] epiy(jd;Nkhfpepiy)

2. Anal stage (khj&Nkhfp epiy)


3.unconcious mind(Mo;epiy kdk;)!!!!!!3. Phalic (1.Electra complex and Odipus complex)
4.Latency

5.Genetal

Id- kdpjdpd; J}z;ly; czHTfs; (tpyq;Fzh;r;rp)-cldb kfpo;r;rp


nfhs;Sjiy kl;LNk Nehf;fkhff; nfhz!lJ-Pleasure principle

jd;id mwpahkNyNa czh;r;rp MNtrk; nfhs;Sjy; epiy

Ego - jhd; vd;w mfe;ij czh;r;rp (gz;ghl;Lzh;r;rp)-cz;ik epiyia


mbg;gilahff;nfhz;lJ-Reality priciple

rKjhaj;jpw;Fk; #o;epiyf;Fk; Vw;g jhd; fl;Lg;gl;L ele;J nfhs;s


Ntz;Lk; vd;w czh;r;rp

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Super Ego – kdrhl;rp – tpyq;Fzh;r;rp cah;epiyg;gLj;Jtjw;F


fhuzkhdJ –xOf;f tsHr;rp epiyia mbg;gilahff;nfhz!lJ-
Morality Principle kw;Wk; gz;ghl;Lzh;r;rp tsh;r;rpaile;j ghfk;.

 A+q; (Carl jung) kw;Wk; Ml;yh;(Alfred Adler) - ,th;fSila


Nfhl;ghLfs; csg;gFg;gha;tpw;F vjpuhdJ kw;Wk; ‘Gjpa g;uha;bd;
nfhs;iffs; vdg;gl;ld.
 jho;T kdg;ghd;ik (inferiority complex) fUj;ijf; nfhz;L te;jth; -
Ml;yh;
fhuy; A+q; - kdpj kdj;jpd; ehd;F nray;fshff; Fwpg;gpLgit

1. rpe;jpj;jy;(thinking)
2. czh;jy;(Sensing)

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3. czh;r;rpnfhs;Sjy;(feeling)
4. cs;Szh;T(intution)
 kdpjHfis mfKfd;> GwKfd;> ,UKfd; vd tifg;gLj;jpatH-fhuy;
Aq;
 xUikg;ghLila MSik – tpsf;fpath;fs;
(1) ];fpd;dh; (Integrated personality )

(2) My;Nghh;l;

MSikia mstpLk; Kiwfs;

Gwj;Njw;W Ez;Kiwfs;:

1 NuhH\
NuhH\hf;fpd; ikj;jlr; Nrhjid

1. fz;lwpe;jth; - n`h;kd; Nuhh;\hf;

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2. 1921-y; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;lJ
3. 10 ml;ilfs;
fUg;G tz;zk; :5
fUg;G rptg;G :2 10

gy tz;zq;fs; :3

2.Kh;Nu-
u-khh;fd; nghUs; ,izj;jwp Nrhjid (Thematic
( Apperception Test
(TAT)))

1. Nrhjid nkhj;jk; 30 glq;fisf; nfhz;lJ


2. xUthpd; MSikia mstpl 20 glq;fs; Njit

3. ngz;fs; : 10 glq;fs;

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Mz;fs;

nghJthdJ
: 10 glq;fs;

: 10 glq;fs;
30

3.Foe;ijfSf;fhd Nrhjid-Children Apperception Test(CAT)

,r;Nrhjidia tbtikj;jtH Dr.Leopold Bellak-ypNahgHL ngy;yhf;

,jpy; nkhj;jk; 10 ml;ilfs; cs;sJ.Foe;ijfspy; ,UghyUf;Fk;


nfhLf;fg;gLfpwJ.TAT-y; kdpj Kfk; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ Mdhy; ,q;F
tpyq;fpdq;fSk; mit thOk; #oy;fSk; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.---TET Q-
2017

3.fl;Lg;ghlw;w (m) jilapy;yh ,izj;jwp Nrhjid (Free


( association test ):- xU
nrhy; $wg;gl;lTld; cldbahf Nrhjpf;fg;gLNthh; mJ njhlh;ghd NtW
nrhy;iyf; $w Ntz;Lk;.

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mftaKiwfs;

1. tpdhthpir - cl;nthh;j;
2. Mjpf;f gzpT - My;Nghh;l; ( Assendance-submission)
3. nghUj;jg;ghl;L gl;bay; - ngy; (Bell adjustment Inventory )
4. gy MSikg;gl;bay; - kpd;dN]hl;lh (The minnasota mutiphasic )
5. FiwawpNrhjid – Nenkd; - Nfhy;];nll; (Neymann – Golstead
Diagnostic Test)
Aptitude (ehl;lk;)

xU Fwpg;gpl;l Jiwapy; caHe;jgl;r ntw;wpapidg; ngwf;$Lk;


vd;gijj; jPHkhdpf;Fk; gz;Gfs; midj;Jk; ehl;lkhFk;.

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ehl;lk; (jpwd;+MHtk;)+gapw;rp=NjHr;rp (m) milT

Aptitude ( capacity + Interest) + Practice = Achievement

gpd;`hk; tiuaiw(Binham)
tiuaiw : xU Fwpg;gpl;l Jiwapy; ftHr;rpAk;
mj;Jiwapy;

jpwikAld; nrayhw;Wk; Mu;tKk; mjpy; NjHr;rp ngwf;$ba jFjpAk;


xUtdplk; cs;sijf; Fwpg;gjhFk;.

buhf;]yH: xUtdpd; cs;shHe;j ,aw;ifj;jpwd;.

tiffs; :

1. ,irapy; ehl;lk; cUthf;fpatH (She-shore)


2. nghwpapay; Jiwapy; ehl;lk; (Wiggley block Test)
3. rpw;gk; Xtpak; rhHe;j ehl;lk;
4. gzprhHe;j ehl;lk; (MrpupaH> kUj;JtH.......)
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gy;ehl;lr; Nrhjid (Differential Aptitude Test) (1947)

,jpy; mlq;Fk; Nrhjidfs;

1. nrhy; Ma;T - verbal reasoning


2. vz;zhw;wy; - Numerical Ability
3. fUj;jpay; Ma;T - Abstract Reasoning
4. ,lj;njhlHGfs; - Spatial relations
5. nghwpapay; Muha;e;jwpjy; - Mechanical reasoning
6. nkhopiaf; ifahSjy; (vOJjy;) - Language fluency (writing)
7. nkhopiaf; ifahSjy; (gbj;jy;) - Language fluency
8. vOj;jH njhopypw;fhd NtfKk; Jy;ypaKk;-Clerical speed and
accuracy)

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ftHr;rp (Interest)
( )

xU nraypy; xd;wpg;Nghjy; ftHr;rp vdg;gLk;.

ftHr;rpAk; ftdKk; xd;Nwhnlhd;W ,ize;jit.

jdpahspd; njhopy; MHtk;> fy;tp MHtk; elj;ijapy; ntspg;gLk; MHtk;>


fz;lwpAk; MHtq;fs;> jpwd; MHtq;fs;Mfpatw;iwf; fz;lwpa MHtr;
Nrhjidfs; gad;gLfpd;wd.

 $lH Kd;Dupikg; gjpNtL (Kuder Preference Record)


 ];l;uhq; njhopy; MHtg;gl;bay; (Strong’s vocational Interest Blank)(SVIB)
 gpnu];N] MHt kdg;ghd;ik msTNfhy; (Pressey’s Interest Attitude
scale)
 `hg;dH]; njhopy; MHt <T (Hapner’s vocational Interest Quotient)

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kdg;ghd;ikia mse;jwpAk; El;gq;fs;:-

1. kdg;ghd;ik msTNfhy;fs; - jH];Nlhd; Kiw (Attitude scales)


2. gpio njupT El;gk; (Error choice Technique)
3. ,ay;ghd Jyq;fy; El;gk; (Free-response Technique)
4. ,iz xg;gPl;L El;gk; (Paired comparision)
5. fUj;Jf;Nfl;ly; my;yJ Ma;twpf;if Kiw (Opinion polling or
swelling)

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