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Upper Beginners and Intermediate learners

2018/September/29

Kookai(公開)

open, release, exhibition, disclosure


Noun

to open, release, exhibit, disclose


[subject] wa [people] ni [something] o kookai suru
[something] wa [people] ni kookai sareru
sareru is the passive form of suru "be done".
Verb Kookai sareru means "be open", "be released", "be disclosed".
The object people such as "the public" or "journalists" is indicated
by the particle ni "to".
"to the public" is ippan ni. This literally means "to ordinary people".
ippan ni "to the public" is often omitted.

Example sentences

1. A-shi wa shimin no tame ni iroiro na kookai-kooza o hiraite iru.


A-shi (ee-shi) City A, shimin citizens, people, -no tame ni for, in
order to
iroiro [na] various, many, kookai-kooza open lecture, extention
course, kooza course (of lectures), class
hiraite te form of hiraku; open, hold (an event), -te iru expressing
progressive, state or habitual action

2. Chikyuu ondanka ni tsuite kookai-tooron ga okonawareta.


Chikyuu ondan-ka global warming, Chikyuu (the) Earth, ondan-
ka (global) warming, -ni tsuite about
kookai-tooron open discussion, open forum, tooron [sv] debate,
discussion
okonawareta passive ta form of okonau; be held

3. Kono tatemono wa kuni no Juuyoo Bunka-zai.


Fudan wa hi-kookai da kedo, ashita to asatte ippan ni kookai sareru.
tatemono building, kuni country, state, nation
juuyoo bunka-zai important cultural property, juuyoo [na] important
bunka culture, -zai comes from Zaisan "fortune, property"
fudan wa usually, normally, hi-kookai not open to the public, closed to
the public, hi- in-, un-, non-
da root form of desu, -kedo but
ashita tomorrow, asatte the day after tomorrow, ippan ni to the public
sareru passive form of suru

4. Atarashii kuukoo ga kansei shita.


Kuukoo wa kyoo kisha-dan ni kookai sareta.
atarashii new, kuukoo airport, kansei [sv] be completed, be finished
kyoo today, kisha-dan press corps, a group of reporters,
kisha journalist, reporter
sareta passive ta form of suru

5. "Shinkai Choosa-sen Ippan-Kookai no o-shirase"


Kaiyoo Kenkyuu-jo wa Shinkai Choosa-sen o Ippan-Kookai shimasu.
Ippan-Kookai no nichiji wa 7-gatsu 21-nichi 10-ji kara desu.
shinkai choosa-sen deep ocean research vehicle (DORV), deep
submergence research vehicle
shinkai deep sea, choosa [sv] investigation, research, survey, -
sen ship, boat
ippan-kookai [sv] general release, open to the public, o-
shirase information, notice, announcement
Kaiyoo Kenkyuu-jo Marine Research Institute, kenkyuu [sv] study,
research, -jo place, facility, institution
nichiji date and time, shichi-gatsu July, nijuuichi-nichi 21st. of the
month, -kara from

6. Seifu wa Genpatsu jiko no shoosai o (ippan ni) kookai shinakatta.


seifu government, genpatsu nuclear power plant, jiko accident
shoosai details, detailed, shinakatta nakatta form of suru

7. Kono o-tera ni kokuhoo no butsuzoo ga aru.


Sono butsuzoo wa 1-nen ni 1-kai (ippan ni) kookai sareru.
o-tera Buddhist temple, kokuhoo national treasure, butsuzoo statue
of Buddha
aru to exist, there is, have, ichi-nen ni ikkai once a year, ippan ni to
the public

8. Amerika de wadai ni natta eiga ga Nihon de kookai sareta.


Amerika America, USA, -de place marker; in, at
wadai topic, subject (of conversation), issue, natta ta form of naru;
become, come to, eiga movie, film, cinema
wadai ni naru become a popular topic of conversation, become a hot
topic, come to an issue

9. Satsujin jiken ga okita.


Keisatsu wa yoogi-sha no shashin o kookai shita.
satsujin-jiken murder case, satsujin murder, jiken case, event,
incident, affair
okita ta form of okiru; happen, occur
keisatsu police, yoogi-sha suspect, yoogi suspicion, -sha person,
people
shashin photo, picture

10. Joyuu no A-san ga onna no ko o shussan shita.


A-san wa akachan no shashin o netto de kookai shita.
joyuu actress, (woman's) actor, A-san (ee-san) Mr./Ms. A
onna no ko girl, little girl, baby girl, shussan [sv] delivery, give birth
akachan baby, shashin photo, picture, netto de on the Internet

Practice the following words


1. kookai 31. choosa[sv] investigation,
[sv] open (to the public), research, survey
release, exhibition, disclosure
2. ippan-kookai 32. o-shiraseinformation, notice,
[sv] general release, open to the announcement
public 33. kaiyooocean
3. hi-kookai
34. kenkyuu[sv] study, research
not open to the public, closed to
the public
35. nichijidate and time
4. koozacourse (of lectures), class
36. seifugovernment
5. tooron[sv] debate, discussion
37. genpatsunuclear power plant
6. ippan nito the public
38. jikoaccident
7. ippangeneral, ordinary, common
39. shoosaidetails, detailed
8. kisha-danpress corps, a group of
reporters 40. o-teraBuddhist temple
9. kishajournalist, reporter
41. kokuhoonational treasure
10. shimincitizens, people
42. butsuzoostatue of Buddha
11. iroiro[na] various, many
43. AmerikaAmerica, USA
12. hirakimasu / hirakuto open,
hold (event) 44. wadaitopic, subject (of
13. Chikyuu ondankaglobal conversation), issue
warming 45. narimasu / naruto become,
14. chikyuu(the) Earth come to
46. eigamovie, film
15. okonawaremasu /
okonawareru 47. satsujinmurder
passive form of okonaimasu
48. jikencase, event, incident,
16. okonaimasu / okonauto do, affair
hold, perform, carry out
49. okimasu / okiruto happen,
17. tatemonobuilding occur
50. keisatsupolice
18. kunicountry, state, nation
51. yoogi-shasuspect
19. juuyoo[na] important 52. yoogisuspicion

20. bunka-zaicultural property 53. shashinphoto, picture

21. bunkaculture 54. joyuuactress, (woman's)


actor
22. zaisanproperty, fortune 55. onna no kogirl, little girl,
baby girl
23. fudan wausually, normally 56. onnawoman, female

24. ashitatomorrow 57. kodomochild, children

25. asattethe day after tomorrow 58. shussan[sv] delivery, give


birth
26. kyootoday 59. akachanbaby
27. atarashiinew 60. netto deon the Internet,
online
28. kuukooairport

29. kansei[sv] be completed, be


finished, newly open
30. shinkaideep sea

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up
Conversation)
kookai sareru / kookai-tooron ga okonawareta
verb passive form:passive form and structures
Level 3 Chapter 14
kookai-kooza o hiraite iru
verb te form + -te imasu:expressing the progressive, a state of being or a
habitual action
Level 2 Chapter 4
wadai ni naru
-ku narimasu / -ni narimasu:become, come to
Level 2 Chapter 9
Amerika de wadai ni natta eiga
phrase + noun:Noun Modifier