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NOTES ON

REVISED LEXICON OF PHILIPPINE TREES By Justo P. Rojo

According to the book authored by Justo P. Rojo, "Revised LEXICON OF PHILIPPINE


TREES", the following trees are "Introduced Species", which means that these trees were
brought to our country the Philippines.
In my opinion, these trees whether naturalized or localized in our country are still invasive
species. Because of this, our own native endemic and indigenous trees and plants are
being displaced. Likewise, if a fast growing species such as Gmelina/Melina (Gmelina
Arborea) or the known Mahogany (Swietenia Mahogani) are planted in a certain area, the
slower native trees such as the Kamagong (Diospyros Discolor) will not be able to compete.
Eventually, the much slower growing tree will die, which may later lead to species
extinction.
Local name (Scientific name)
*the yellow highlight means that I have encountered these trees myself in-situ (on site) or
have read about it from books.
Acacia Abuhin (Acacia holosericea)
Achuete (Bixa orellana)
Adelfa (Nerium oleander)
African Tulip (Spathodea campanulata)
Alcaparras (Capparis spinosa)
Alibangbang (Bauhinia malabarica)
Amapola (Hibiscus mutabilis)
Amherstia (Amherstia nobilis)
Anang-Baluga (Diospyros malayana)
Antsoan-Dilau (Senna spectabilis)
Aroma (Acacia farnesiana)
Asiatic Sau/Silktree (Albizia julibrissin)
Atemoya (Annona atemoya)
Ates (Annona squamosa)
Australian Anahau (Livistona australis)
Avocado (Persea americana)
Balatbat-Bilog (Licuala grandis)
Balimbing (Averrhoa carambola)
Bambu Hitam (Gigantochloa atroviolacea)
Bayabas (Psidium guajava)
Bayabas-Kitid (Psidium cujavillus)
Big-Leafed Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla)
Black wattle (Acacia mearnsii)
Bo Tree (Ficus religiosa)
Brandis Bamboo (Dendrocalamus brandisii)
Brazilian Firetree (Schizolobium parahybum)
Breadfruit - see rimas
Brownea (Brownea grandiceps)

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REVISED LEXICON OF PHILIPPINE TREES By Justo P. Rojo
Brown Salwood (Acacia aulacocarpa)
Buddha Bamboo (Bambusa tuldoides)
Burma Kanomoi (Diospyros ehretioides)
Burmann Cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanni)
Butong (Dendrocalamus asper)
Caballero (Caesalpinia pulcherrima)
Calabash (Crescentia cujete)
Camphor (Cinnamomum camphora)
Canalete (Cordia gerascanthus)
Cana-Fistula (Cassia fistula)
Champaca (Michelia champaca)
Cherimoya (Annona cherimolia)
Chico/Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota)
Chinese Anahau (Livistona chinensis)
Chinese Bamboo (Bambusa dolichoclada)
Chinese Rosewood (Dalbergia cochinchinensis)
Chittagong Balok (Milletia atropurpurea)
Consuelda (Euphorbia tirucalli)
Cutchtree (Acacia catechu)
Dapdap-Palong (Erythrina crista-galli)
Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera)
Divi-Divi (Caesalpinia coriaria)
Dudoang-Bulate (Hydnocarpus anthelminthicus)
Earpod (Enterolobium cyclocarpum)
Earpod Wattle/Auri (Acacia auriculiformis)
Fiddled Fig (Ficus pandurata)
Fireball (Calliandra haematocephala)
Firetree (Delonix regia)
Fishrod Bamboo (Phyllostachys aurea)
Floranjilla (Solanum wrightii)
Fringon (Bauhinia monandra)
Fringon-Morado (Bauhinia purpurea)
Gamboge-Tree (Garcinia morella)
Gatasan-Layugan (Garcinia polyantha)
Giant Bamboo (Dendrocalamus giganteus)
Giant Ipil-Ipil (Leucaena pulverulenta)
Granada (Punica granatum)
Graygum (Eucalyptus tereticornis)
Greenwattle (Acacia decurrens)
Guama (Inga laurina)
Gumamela (Hibiscus rosasinensis)
Gumamela De Arana (Hibiscus schizopetalus)
Guyabano (Annona muricata)
Handapara (Dillenia indica)
Hogplum (Spondias mombin)
Hojacruz (Crescentia alata)

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REVISED LEXICON OF PHILIPPINE TREES By Justo P. Rojo
Holarrhena (Hoarrhena antidysenterica)
Honshu-Chiku (Bambusa multiplex)
Huampit (Clausena lansium)
Hybrid-Quinine (Cinchona hybrida)
India Bamboo (Bambusa bambos)
India Lanutan (Polyalthia longifolia)
India Rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)
India Rubber (Ficus elastica)
Ipil-Ipil (Leucaena leucocephala)
Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)
Jacaranda (Jacaranda mimosifolia)
Jackfruit - see nangka
Japanese Alder (Alnus maritima)
Japanese Persimmon (Diospyros kaki)
Jatoba (Hymenaea courbaril)
Java Almon (Canarium Indicum)
Java Tanglin (Adenanthera microsperma)
Kabiki (Mimusops elengi)
Kahel (Citrus aurantium)
Kalachuche (Plumeria acuminata)
Kalachucheng-Pula (Plumeria rubra)
Kalachucheng-Puti (Plumeria alba)
Kalamunding (Citrus Microcarpa)
Kamachile (Pithecellobium dulce)
Kamansi - see rimas
Kamias (Averrhoa bilimbi)
Kanela (Cinnamomum zeylanicum)
Kapok (Ceiba pentandra)
Kasui/Cashew (Anacardium occidentale)
Katurai (Sesbania grandiflora)
Kauayan-Kiling (Bambusa vulgaris)
Kauayan-Tinik (Bambusa blumeana)
Kauayan-Tsina (Bambusa multiplex)
Kayali (Gigantochloa atter)
Kayam (Inocarpus fagifer)
Kuhl Abiki (Pinanga kuhlii)
Kusibeng (Sapindus saponarea)
Langil (Albizia lebbek)
Lemon-Scented Gum (Eucalyptus maculata)
Limon-Cito (Triphasia trifolia)
Logwood (Haematoxylum campechianum)
Loleba (Bambusa atra)
Loudon Banaba (Lagerstroemia loudoni)
Lukban (Citrus grandis)
Lumbang (Aleurites moluccana)
Machiku (Dendrocalamus latiflorus)
Madagascar Pandan (Pandanus utilis)
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REVISED LEXICON OF PHILIPPINE TREES By Justo P. Rojo
Madagascar Plum (Flacourtia jangomas)
Madake (Phyllostachys bambusoides)
Madre-Cacao (Gliricida sepium)
Mahogany (Swietenia mahogani)
Makopa (Syzygium samarangense)
Malabar Narra (Pterocarpus marsupium)
Malakaturai (Senna multijuga)
Malapascuas (Euphorbia cotinifolia)
Malarayap-Intsik (Atalantia citrioides)
Malatanglin (Adenanthera pavonina)
Malayan-Abiki (Pinanga malaiana)
Malayan Myrtle (Lagerstroemia floribunda)
Maluko (Pisonia grandis)
Mamon (Annona glabra)
Mangium (Acacia mangium)
Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)
Manzanitas (Ziziphus mauritiana)
Marcgrav Sweetsop (Annona marcgravii)
Melina (Gmelina arborea)
Melindres (Lagerstroemia indica)
Mexican Gumtree (Cochlospermum regium)
Mezquite (Prosopis juliflora)
Moluccan Sau (Paraserianthes falcataria)
Money Jak (Artocarpus rigidus)
Mottled-Leaf Dapdap (Erythrina variegata)
Mulberry (Morus macroura)
Nam-Nam (Cynometra cauliflora)
Nangka/Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
Naranjita (Citrus nobilis)
Narrow-Leafed Saraca (Saraca taipengensis)
Neem (Azadirachta indica)
Niog (Cocos nucifera)
Oldham Bamboo (Bambusa oldhamii)
Oliva (Cycas revoluta)
Palo-Santo (Triplaris cumingiana)
Panama Rubber (Castilla elastica)
Paper Mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera)
Papuang-Gilai (Polycias ornata)
Papuang-Laparan (Polycias guilfoylei)
Para Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis)
Pascuas (Euphorbia pulcherrima)
Perpon-Pula (Acalypha wilkesiana)
Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)
Peruvian-Bell (Thevetia peruviana)
Peruvian Parasol (Cavanillesia hylogeiton)
Pigeon-Berry (Duranta erecta)
Pinkball (Calliandra portoricensis)

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REVISED LEXICON OF PHILIPPINE TREES By Justo P. Rojo
Pinkshower (Cassia javanica)
Pointed Star-Apple (Chrysophyllum oliviforme)
Polynesian Ivory-Palm (Coelococcus amicarum)
Portugese Cypress (Cupressus lusitanica)
Pukinggang-Kahoi (Clitoria racemosa)
Purple-Red Fireball (Calliandra calothyrsus)
Quassia (Quassia amara)
Quinine (Cinchona calisaya)
Raintree/Acacia (Samanea saman)
Red-Bark Quinine (Cinchona succirubra)
Rimas/Kamansi/Breadfruit (Artocarpus communis)
River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis)
Sampaloc (Tamarindus indica)
Sandalwood (Santalum album)
San Francisco (Codiaeum variegatum)
Saraca (Saraca declinata)
Sawai (Manilkara kauki)
Sibukau (Caesalpinia sappan)
Sineguelas (Spondias purpurea)
Solid Bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus)
Southern Mahogany (Eucalyptus botryoides)
Spanish Cedar (Cedrela odorata)
Spineless India Bamboo (Bambusa tulda)
Spiny American Bamboo (Guadua angustifolia)
Spotted Iron Gum (Eucalyptus maculata)
Star-Apple (Chrysophyllum cainito)
Stemmed Durian (Durio testudinarum)
Strychnine-Tree (Strychnos nux-vomica)
Surinam Cherry (Eugenia uniflora)
Swamp-Mahogany (Eucalyptus robusta)
Taiwan Bamboo (Bambusa dolichomerithalla)
Taiwan Useful Bamboo (Bambusa utilis)
Talipot Palm (Corypha umbraculifera)
Tambis (Syzygium aqueum)
Tampui (Syzygium jambos)
Tangalo (Actinorhytis calapparia)
Tasmanian Bluegum (Eucalyptus globulus)
Teak (Tectona grandis)
Thailand Bamboo (Thyrsostachys siamensis)
Thailand Gamboge-Tree (Garcinia hanburyi)
Thailand Shower (Senna siamea)
Tiger/Spotted Bamboo (Bambusa maculata)
Toyokan (Cleidion megistrophyllum)
Traveler's/Traveller's Tree (Ravenala madagascariensis)
True Star-Anise (Illicium verum)
Trumpet Tree (Cecropia peltata)
Tsa (Camellia sinensis)

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REVISED LEXICON OF PHILIPPINE TREES By Justo P. Rojo
Tsampakang-Puti (Michelia x alba)
Tsempedak (Artocarpus interger)
Tsiampaka (Elmerillia tsiampacca)
Tuba (Croton tiglium)
Viapple (Spondias cytherea)
Waya (Dendrocalamus membranaceus)
Yambu (Syzygium malaccense)
Yellow-Bark Quinine (Cinchona ledgeriana)
Yellow-Brunsfelsia (Brunsfelsia americana)
Yellow-Elder (Tecoma stans)
Yellow Shower (Senna fruticosa)
Zapote (Diospyros digyna)
Zigzag-Rosewood (Dalbergia sissoo)
If you are familiar with most of the names of trees found in this list especially fruit bearing
trees, it just proves that we Filipinos have introduced a lot of foreign trees and plants to our
country.
I know that there are a lot of new plants and trees that are not included in this list, however,
this list is substancial in determining tree species which are NOT ORIGINALLY FROM OUR
COUNTRY, which is my main objective.
My advise to all, if we want to restore the natural beauty and original flora of the Philippines,
PLEASE STOP PLANTING TREES AND PLANTS THAT ARE NOT FROM THE
PHILIPPINES.

mga BABASAHIN

1. A Guide to Families of Common Flowering Plants in the Philippines by Irma Remo


Castro
2. A Photographic Guide to BIRDS of the PHILIPPINES by Tim Fisher and Nigel Hicks
3. A Pictorial Cyclopedia of Philippine Ornamental Plants (Second Edition) by Dr.
Domingo Madulid
4. A Pictorial Guide to the Noteworthy Plants of PALAWAN by Domingo A. Madulid
5. A Selection of NATIVE PHILIPPINE ORCHIDS (Times Editions) by Hans H. Fessel and
Peter Balzer
6. Aglaonemas in the Philippines by Benito S. Vergara
7. BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION HANDBOOK ON PHILIPPINE DIPTEROCARPS by Justo P.
Rojo and Eustaquio G. Aragones, Jr.
8. Diving the Philippines and Southeast Asia (Revised Third Edition) text by David
Espinosa, Heneage Mitchell, Kal Muller, Fiona Nichols and John Williams; edited by
Fiona Hichols and Michael Stachels
9. Philippine Erect Bamboos - A Field Identification Guide by Justo P. Rojo, Cristina
A. Roxas, Fernando C. Pitarque, Jr. and Cristina A. Brinas
10. Philippine Hoyas by Simeona V. Siar
11. Philippine Orchids by Reg S. Davis and Mona Lisa Steiner
12. Philippine Ornamental Plants by Dr. Mona Lisa Steiner
13. Philippine Plants - Endangered Plants by Domingo A. Madulid
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REVISED LEXICON OF PHILIPPINE TREES By Justo P. Rojo
14. Promising Fruits of the Philippines by Roberto E. Coronel
15. Revised LEXICON of Philippine Trees by Justo P. Rojo
16. Some Flowering Plants on the Southern Slope of Mount Isarog, Camarines Sur,
Philippines by Lourdes B. Cardenas, Mary Ann O. Cajano, Blas F. Hernaez and Norma
O. Aguilar
17. The Orchids of the Philippines by Jim Cootes
VCD - Rainforestation w/ Karen Davila by HARIBON Foundation

Read more: http://philippinenativeforesttrees.blogspot.com/p/mga-


babasahin.html#ixzz5YurWeJMy

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REVISED LEXICON OF PHILIPPINE TREES By Justo P. Rojo