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CORPUS OF OTTOMAN INSCRIPTIONS FROM ALBANIA

AND MONTENEGRO

by Mehmet Tütüncü

2017
SOTA PUBLICATIONS / SOTA YAYINLARI
Series editor: Mehmet Tütüncü
CORPUS OF TURKISH ISLAMIC INSCRIPTIONS /
<m:3ʈ;4)53ʈ<)*-4-:ʈ,ʈBʈ;ʈ

1. Mehmet Tütüncü, Turkish Jerusalem (1516-1917), Ottoman Inscriptions


from Jerusalem and Other Palestinian Cities, Haarlem, 2006.
2. Mehmet Tütüncü, Turkish Palestine (1069-1917) Inscriptions from al-
Khalil (Hebron), Nebi Musa and Other Palestinian Cities under Turkish Rule
, Haarlem, 2008.
3. 4MaTIAÜTUIbAntalya’da Türk Dönemi Kitabeleri, Haarlem 2009
4. 6]ZKIV*W̫L]ZUIb*W[VI0MZ[MS5MbIZ\I̫TIZÜ, Haarlem 2011
5. Mehmet Tütüncü, +MbIaQZ¼LM7[UIVTÜʈbTMZQaÜTTÜS<†ZS
Hakimiyetinde Cezayirden Kitabeler. Eserler, Portreler,ʈ[\IVJ]T0IIZTMU
2013.
6. -UQVM3IZX]b5MPUM\<†\†VK†/INMZaIL<IZQPQ3IZIUIV¼ÜV
3IbÜUSIZIJMSQZʈTtM[QVLM<IZQPQM[MZTMZ3†T\†Z^M3Q\IJMTMZ, Haarlem 2015
7. Mehmet Tütüncü, Corpus of Ottoman Inscriptions from Albania and
Montenegro, Haarlem 2017

Forthcoming:

8. 5MPUM\BMSQʈJZIPQUOQT)UUIZʈ*:)0ʈ5/ʈ4RODOS
),);1¼6,)7;5)6415ʈ:);15QUIZQ-[MZTMZ·3Q\IJMTMZ·
5MbIZ\I̫TIZÜ, Haarlem 2018
9. Mehmet Tütüncü, 5IT\I¼LI<†ZSʈbTMZQ5IT\I*†a†Sm[\IL;IZIaÜ^M
5IT\I<†ZS̪MPQ\TQɦQ, Haarlem 2018
10. 3MZQU<†ZSUMV3IZIUIVWɦ]TTIZÜ,M^ZQ3Q\IJMTMZQ, Haarlem 2019
11. Fathi Jarray, Inscriptions des Momuments de la Regence Tunis a l’époque
Ottomane, Haarlem 2019
12. Fathi Jarray, Cadrans solaires de Tunesie, Haarlem 2012
13. 3ZWVWTWRQS<†ZS1[TIU3Q\IJMTMZQ0QKZQ!\IZQPTMZQIZI[Ü
Haarlem 2019
CORPUS OF OTTOMAN INSCRIPTIONS
FROM ALBANIA AND MONTENEGRO

by Mehmet Tütüncü

<†ZS^M)ZIX,†VaI[Ü)ZI̫\ÜZUI5MZSMbQ
:M[MIZKP+MV\ZMNWZ<]SQ[PIVL)ZIJQK?WZTL
CORPUS OF OTTOMAN INSCRIPTIONS FROM ALBANIA
AND MONTENEGRO

MEHMET TÜTÜNCÜ

ISBN 978-90-6921-010-0

CORPUS OF TURKISH ISLAMIC INSCRIPTIONS nr.7


<m:3ʈ;4)53ʈ<)*-4-:ʈ,ʈBʈ;ʈVW"
+W^MZ,M[QOV"<MZMV[)TTQ][
*WWS,M[QOV"7UMZ-ZLMU

+WXaZQOP\5MPUM\<†\†VK†

)TT ZQOP\[ ZM[MZ^ML 6W XIZ\ WN  \PQ[ JWWS IVL UIa JM ZMXZWL]KML
\ZIV[TI\ML[\WZMLQVIZM\ZQM^IT[a[\MUWZ\ZIV[UQ\\MLQVIVaNWZUWZ
Ja IVa UMIV[ MTMK\ZWVQK UMKPIVQKIT XPW\WKWXaQVO IVL ZMKWZLQVO
or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher and
KWXaZQOP\PWTLMZ

<PMQV[KZQX\QWV[NZWU\PM6I\QWVIT)ZKPIMWTWOa5][M]UÅO[!
_MZMXPW\WOZIXPMLJa)]ZWV<IZM\PMLQZMK\WZWN 6I\QWVIT+WI[\TQVM
)OMVKa <W PQU Q[ IT[W OQ^MV \PM ZQOP\[ NWZ X]JTQKI\QWV ?Q\P PQ[
XMZUQ[[QWV_MZMXZWL]KM\PQ[XPW\W[PMZMITT\PMKWXaZQOP\[JMTWVO\W
him.

<PM 5IZ]JQ +WTTMK\QWV 8QK\]ZM[ ÅO  _MZM ZMXZWL]KML PMZM


with permission of Ministry of Culture of Albania.

Publisher:
;7<):M[MIZKP+MV\ZMNWZ<]SQ[PIVL)ZIJQK?WZTL
Haarlem / Netherlands

Tel: + 31 23 5292883
Email: sotapublishing@gmail.com
?MJ"www.turkistan.org
Ottoman Inscriptions from Albania and Montenegro 5

Contents
Introduction 7

Inscriptions from Albania


First Part
.QZ[\8MZQWLWN 7\\WUIV:]TM·1V[KZQX\QWV[ 
1V[KZQX\QWVNZWU)StIPQ[IZ3Z]RI->:-6-;7ɥ4=.W]V\IQV 
)StIPQ[IZ3Z]RI.M\PVIUMWN .I\QP;]T\IV5MPUMLNZWU  
1V[KZQX\QWVIVL5W[Y]MWN .I\QPQV1[\MXIV>QTTIOM 
4W[\1V[KZQX\QWVWN .I\QP;]T\IV5MPUMLÜV-TJI[IV 
Second Inscription of Fatih Sultan Mehmed from Elbasan 38
1V[KZQX\QWVWN ;]T\IV;†TMaUIVNZWU4MbPM.WZ\ZM[[ 
Lost Tombstones from Kruja 44
1V[KZQX\QWV=TIUIJMO0IUIUNZWUʈ̫SWLZI 
1V[KZQX\QWV[NZWU)^TWVaI>TWZx>ITWVI !
Inscription of Sultan Süleyman 51
4W[\1V[KZQX\QWV.W]V\IQVWN 1TaI[8I̫I 
Lost Inscription of Sultan Suleyman from Kanina fortress 55
4W[\1V[KZQX\QWVNZWU*MZI\3]Z̫]VT]5W[Y]M 
<WUJ[\WVMWN 0I\QKMJQV\)TQJMONZWU*MZI\*MaIbQL115W[Y]M 
,M[\ZWaML1V[KZQX\QWV-TJI[IV0I[IV*ITQbILM5W[Y]M 
1V[KZQX\QWV[NZWU;MaIPI\VIUMWN -^TQaIiMTMJQVZ[I 
Inscription of Hüseyin Pasa Mosque in Berat 83

Second Part
Inscriptions of the cities 1732 – 1913 86
/aZWSI[\ZW-ZOQZQSI[ZÜ 
3I^IRI 
,MT^QVM 
8MbMM>WOMT 
)StIPQ[IZ3Z]RI 
Berat 135
Tirana 157
<WUJ[\WVM[NZWU6I\QWVIT)ZKPIMTWOa5][M]UQV<QZIVI 
ʈ̫SWLZI 
3WZtM/ZQKM 
8ZMbI 
4QJWPW^I 
Tepedelen 232
,]ZM[,ZIt 
1V[KZQX\QWVWN -TJI[IV+TWKS<W_MZ 
Mehmet Tütüncü 6

<WUJ[\WVMWN MT0pK5]PIUUML)ɦINZWU<ZIORI[ 


1V[KZQX\QWVNZWU*IKSI<MSSM 
1V[KZQX\QWVNZWU*I[\IZ>QTTIOMVMIZ<QZIVI 
<PM\WUJ[\WVM[WN )TQ8I̫IIVLPQ[;WV[QV1[\IVJ]T 
Yafta of Ali pasha 254

Third Part
1V[KZQX\QWV[NZWU5WV\MVMOZW·! 
1V[KZQX\QWV[NZWU;\IZQ*IZ 
1V[KZQX\QWVNZWU\PM.WZ\ZM[[WN mTO†V 
1V[KZQX\QWV[NZWU8WLOWZQKI 
-`IUXTM[WN <WU[J[\WVMNZWU5WVM\MVMOZW !
Tombstones from Marubi Collection 291

*QJTQWOZIXPa 
+PZWVWTWOa)TJIVQI 
+PZWVWTWOa5WV\MVMOZW 
)J[\ZIK\QV*W[VQIV;MZJW+ZWI\QIV 
Abstract in Albanian 307
)J[\ZIK\QV<]ZSQ[P 
5IXQVLQKI\QVO1V[KZQX\QWV[ZMOQWVITLQ[\ZQJ]\QWV !
Ottoman Inscriptions from Albania and Montenegro 7

INTRODUCTION

<PQ[ aMIZ  Q[  \P IVVQ^MZ[IZa WN  LMTQJMZI\M LM[\Z]K\QWV WN 


7\\WUIVPMZQ\IOMWN )TJIVQI1V!\PMI]\PWZQ\QM[KWVL]K\MLI^QWTMV\
KIUXIQOV\WM`\QVO]Q[PZMTQOQW][TQNMQV)TJIVQIKTIQUQVO\PI\ZMTQOQWV
PIL LQ^QLML \PM )TJIVQIV VI\QWV IVL SMX\ Q\ UQZML QV JIKS_IZLVM[[
;\]LMV\WN IOQ\I\WZ[KWUJML\PMKW]V\Za[QLMNWZKQVO)TJIVQIV[\WY]Q\
XZIK\QKQVO \PMQZ NIQ\P )TT KP]ZKPM[ UW[Y]M[ UWVI[\MZQM[ IVL W\PMZ
ZMTQOQW][ QV[\Q\]\QWV[ PIL JMMV LMUWTQ[PML KTW[ML WZ KWV^MZ\ML QV\W
_IZMPW][M[OaUVI[Q]U[IVL_WZS[PWX[JaaMIZ[MVL<PMKIUXIQOV
K]TUQVI\MLQVIVIVVW]VKMUMV\\PI\)TJIVQIPILJMKWUM\PM_WZTL[
ÅZ[\ I\PMQ[\QK [\I\M I NMI\ \W]\ML I[ WVM WN  -V^MZ 0W`PI[ OZMI\M[\
IKPQM^MUMV\[ 7VTa  KQ\QM[ _MZM UWZM WZ TM[[ M`MUX\ML NZWU \PQ[
PWZZQÅK K]T\QKQLM" \PM[M _MZM /aZWSI[\MZ PWUM\W_V WN  -V^MZ *MZI\
_Q\PQ\[LQ[\QVO]Q[PMLIZKPQ\MK\]ZMIVLXIZ\TaIT[W3Z]RIPWUM\W_VWN 
/MWZOM[ +I[\ZQW\\Q WZ 1[SMVLMZJMO 7\PMZ PQ[\WZQKIT KQ\QM[ _Q\P \PMQZ
]ZJIV [\Z]K\]ZM  J]QTLQVO[ IVL M^MV OZI^MaIZL[ _MZM I\\IKSML \PM
PQ[\WZQKIT UMUWZa QV[KZQX\QWV[ _MZM MZI[ML  <PM \WUJ[\WVM[ _MZM
LMUWTQ[PMLKZ][PMLQV\WL][\IVL[WUMNWZ\]VI\MWVM[_MZMZMUW^ML
\W\PMLMXW\[WN U][M]U[<PQ[JWWSQ[IVI\\MUX\IN\MZaMIZ[WN \PQ[
\MZZQJTM IVL ]OTa M^MV\[ \W KWTTMK\ IVL X]JTQ[P \PM 7\\WUIV UI\MZQIT
\PI\PI[[]Z^Q^ML

<PQ[ JWWS KWUXQTM[ QV[KZQX\QWV[ WN  7\\WUIV )TJIVQI <PM KWTTMK\QWV


KWV[Q[\ WN   QV[KZQX\QWV[ W^MZ_PMTUQVOTa _ZQ\\MV WV [\WVM I NM_
_WWLMVQV[KZQX\QWV[IVLI[UITTV]UJMZWN OZI‫\ٻ‬Q

7N KW]Z[M\PQ[Q[VW\ITT\PMQV[KZQX\QWV[M^MZaLIaVM_QV[KZQX\QWV[IZM
LQ[KW^MZMLQV[WUMNWZOW\\MVXTIKM[WZLMXWZ\[WN U][M]U[*]\\PQ[Q[
IVI\\MUX\\WUISMIXZW^Q[QWVITQV^MV\WZa#?PI\PI^M[]Z^Q^MLNZWU
aMIZ[WN 7\\WUIV<]ZSQ[PPMZQ\IOMIVLZ]TMQV)TJIVQI<PMZMIZM
IT[W ^MZa LIUIOML IVL MZI[ML QV[KZQX\QWV[  _PQKP KIV¼\ JM ZMIL _Q\P
VISMLMaM;W_MPI^MTMN\\PQ[]VZMILJ]\X]JTQ[PML\PMXPW\WOZIXP[
QV \PM PWXM \PI\ W]Z )TJIVQIV KWTTMIO]M[ _QTT _WZS WV \PMU _Q\P
UWZMLM^MTWXMLUM\PWL[WN TQOP\VQVO)T[W[WUMQV[KZQX\QWV[_MZMTMN\
]V\ZIV[TI\MLQV\W-VOTQ[PJMKI][MWN \PMQZXWM\Za7]ZUIQVIQU_I[\W
UISM\PMXZQUIZaUI\MZQITI^IQTIJTM[W\PI\\PM[XMKQITQ[\[KW]TL_WZS
on them.

<PM [\WVM QV[KZQX\QWV[ KIV JM LQ^QLML QV\W \_W KI\MOWZQM["  <PM
Mehmet Tütüncü 8

J]QTLQVOWZZMVM_ITQV[KZQX\QWV[WVKMZ\IQVIZKPQ\MK\]ZIT_WZS[IVL#
\WUJ[\WVMQV[KZQX\QWV[?MKW^MZIXMZQWLWN aMIZ[JM\_MMV
IVL!<PMTIVO]IOM[WN \PMQV[KZQX\QWV[IZMUIQVTa<]ZSQ[PIVLQV
\PMJMOQVVQVOXMZQWLIT[W)ZIJQK_I[][ML<PMZMQ[IT[WWVMQV[KZQX\QWV
QV\PM/ZMMSIVLWVMQV8MZ[QIV4IVO]IOM?MLQLVW\KWUMIKZW[[IVa
inscriptions in Albanian.

<PMJWWSQ[[\Z]K\]ZMLI[NWTTW_[<PMÅZ[\XIZ\KWV[Q[\[WN \_MV\aNW]Z
QV[KZQX\QWV[QV)TJIVQI<PQ[XIZ\PI[JMMVWZLMZMLKPZWVWTWOQKITTa
<PMÅZ[\\_MT^MQV[KZQX\QWV[ [\QTTM`Q[\IVLIZMUWZMWZTM[[
traceable. The second 12 inscriptions are from the years 1608 until
  _PQKP IZM WVTa ZMKWZLML Ja -^TQaI iMTMJQ 6W \ZIKM WN 
these inscriptions can be found.

<PMÅZ[\QV[KZQX\QWV[IZM\PMWTLM[\QV[KZQX\QWV[OZW]XML\WOM\PMZ1\Q[
ZMUIZSIJTM\PI\WVTa[M^MVWN \PM\_MV\aNW]ZQV[KZQX\QWV[IZMXZM[MZ^ML
?MSVW_WN \PMW\PMZ[WVTa\PZW]OP\PMTQ\MZI\]ZMIVL-^TQaIiMTMJQ
_PW_ZW\MLW_VQV[KZQX\QWV[WN _PQKPWVMQ[[\QTTM`\IV\<PM[IQL
QV[KZQX\QWVJMTWVO[\W;]T\IV;]TMaUIV1IVLQ[NZWU)^TWVaI>TWZx
7VMW\PMZQV[KZQX\QWVNZWU0I[IV*ITQbILM5W[Y]MQV-TJI[IVQ[
LM[\ZWaMLJ]\_MPI^MIVM`KMTTMV\XPW\WIVLKIVKWUXIZM\PM\M`\_Q\P
-^TQaIiMTMJQ¼[*W\PWN \PM[MQV[KZQX\QWV[IZMKWZZMK\TaKWXQMLJa-^TQaI
iMTMJQ?M\PMZMNWZMLQLVW\PM[Q\I\M\WQVKT]LM-^TQaIiMTMJQ¼[ZMKWZL[
in our corpus.

<PM[MKWVLXIZ\WN \PMJWWSQ[KT][\MZMLZMOQWVITTaIN\MZNWTTW_QVO
IXI\\MZVWN KQ\QM[1V[KZQX\QWV[IZMOZW]XML\WOM\PMZIKKWZLQVO\WKQ\a
TQUQ\[IVLKQ\aVMQOPJW]ZPWWL[

<PMPQMZIZKPaIUWVO\PMKQ\QM[Q[WZOIVQbML_Q\P\PMWTLM[\QV[KZQX\QWV
NW]VLQV\PMKQ\aZIVS[\PMKQ\aI[ÅZ[\[W\PMWTLM[\QV[KZQX\QWVIN\MZ 
Q[NZWU-ZOQZQSI[ZQ-ZOQZQSI[ZÜ<PQ[Q[\PMÅZ[\KQ\aQV\PM[MKWVLXIZ\IVL
ITTSVW_VQV[KZQX\QWV[NZWU-ZOQZQSI[ZÜ_QTTNWTTW_PMZMKPZWVWTWOQKITTa
MIKPW\PMZ<PM[MKWVLWTLM[\QV[KZQX\QWVQ[NZWU3I^IRIM\K
<PQ[ UM\PWL WN  \PM PQMZIZKPa WN  \PM KQ\QM[ OQ^M[ ][ VM`\ TQ[\ WN  KQ\QM[
/aZWSI[\ZW -ZOQZQSI[ZÜ 3I^IRI ,MT^QVx 8MbM M >WOMT 3Z]RI
)StIPQ[IZ<QZIVIʈ̫SWLZI3WZtx8ZMbI4QJWPW^I<MXMTMVM,]ZZM[
,ZIt-TJI[IVIVL>TWZx)^TWVaI<PQ[UM\PWLOQ^M[\PMWXXWZ\]VQ\a
\WNWTTW_KPZWVWTWOQKITTaLM^MTWXUMV\WN QV[KZQX\QWV[I[_MTTI[KQ\QM[
Ottoman Inscriptions from Albania and Montenegro 9

1V[KZQX\QWV[KIVJMOZW]XMLIT[WIJW]\\PMQZN]VK\QWVITQ\a1V[KZQX\QWV[
NZWU)TJIVQIKIVJMLQ^QLMLQVKI\MOWZQM[*]QTLQVO1V[KZQX\QWV[IVL
Tombstones.

Building inscriptions
<PM QV[KZQX\QWV[ WV J]QTLQVO[ PI^M OZMI\ PQ[\WZQKIT QUXWZ\IVKM <PMa
IZM ÅZ[\PIVL LWK]UMV\[ )VL \PMa OQ^M ]VSVW_V QVNWZUI\QWV WZ I
ZQKPMZ^QM_WN \PMIK\QWV[WN KMZ\IQVXMZ[WV[1VW\PMZKI[M[\PMaUISM
PQ[\WZaKWUMITQ^MNWZ\PMOMVMZI\QWV[WN W]ZIOMIVLOQ^M][I\I[\MWN 
\PM^IVQ[PML7\\WUIVK]T\]ZM<PMQV[KZQX\QWV[IZM[WUM\QUM[\PMWVTa
M^QLMVKMWN LM[\ZWaMLJ]QTLQVO[IVLIZMIT[W[WUM\QUM[IUIVQNM[\I\QWV
WN \PMZ]TQVO;]T\IV\WUISMPQ[XZM[MVKMNMT\WV\PMNIZMLOM[WN \PM
empire. The inscriptions of the Elbasan of Fatih Sultan Mehmed, for
QV[\IVKMIZM\PMWVTaUI\MZQITM^QLMVKMWN .I\QP¼[+WVY]M[\IVL\PMa
IZMNW]VLQVOKPIZ\MZ+Q\aIVL)TJIVQI¼[7\\WUIVZ]TM

<PM \WUJ[\WVM[ IT[W OQ^M QVNWZUI\QWV IJW]\ \PM NIUQTQM[ IVL


XMZ[WVITQ\QM[7N KW]Z[MWVMU][\JMKIZMN]T_PMVLZI_QVOKWVKT][QWV[
IJW]\\WUJ[\WVM[IVLQV[KZQX\QWV[<PMaU][\JMIT_Ia[JM^MZQÅMLJa
KWUXIZQVO QVNWZUI\QWV NZWU W\PMZ [W]ZKM[ *]\ [WUM\QUM[ \PM W\PMZ
[W]ZKM[W‫ٺ‬MZVWQVNWZUI\QWVIVL\PMQV[KZQX\QWV[IZMWVTa[W]ZKMNWZ
\PMPQ[\WZQKITM^MV\[

START OF THE OTTOMAN RULE AND INSCRIPTIONS

<PMZM IZM \_MV\aNW]Z QV[KZQX\QWV[ LI\QVO NZWU \PM XMZQWL JM\_MMV


1447 and 1670, a period of more than 220 years. From this collection
[M^MV\MMVIZMTW[\WZLM[\ZWaML.W]Z\MMVIZMVW\MLJa-^TQaIiMTMJQW]\
WN _PQKP\_MT^MIZM]VQY]MZMKWZL[[QVKM-^TQaIQ[\PMWVTa[W]ZKMWN 
the texts.

*4)+3074-*-<?--6!)6,
.ZWU\PMXMZQWLJM\_MMV!IVLVWQV[KZQX\QWVPI[[]Z^Q^ML
<PMZMI[WVNWZ\PMXPa[QKITIJ[MVKMWN \PM[MQV[KZQX\QWV[Q[]VSVW_V

Sultanic Inscriptions
There are six inscriptions that are directly ordered by Ottoman sultans.
IVLIZMQV[KZQX\QWV[NZWUMIZTaKWVY]M[\[IVLWZLMZ[NWZ\PMJ]QTLQVO
WN \PM.WZ\WN -TJI[IVJa;]T\IV5MPUML11IVL!IZMZM[XMK\Q^MTa
Mehmet Tütüncü 10

;]T\IV ;]TMaUIV¼[ QV[KZQX\QWV[ NZWU .WZ\ZM[[ WN  4M[P I 5W[Y]M QV


)^TWVaI>TWZxIVL.WZ\WN 3IVQVI<PMÅVIT[]T\IVQKQV[KZQX\QWV
is from the last period of Ottoman rule where Sultan Abdulhamid II
WZLMZML\PMJ]QTLQVOWN IKW]Z\WN R][\QKMQV,]ZZM[<PQ[QVLQKI\M[\PI\
)TJIVQI_I[WN U]KPQV\MZM[\NWZ\PM[]T\IV[L]ZQVO\PMMIZTaIVL\PM
TI\MXMZQWL[_PQTMJM\_MMV\PMUVW\U]KPJ]QTLQVOIK\Q^Q\a\WWSXTIKM
ordered by the sultans.

Tombstones
<PMZMIZMQV\W\IT\WUJ[\WVM[ !
!! !  IVLIZMLM[\ZWaMLJ]\SVW_VNZWU\PM
TQ\MZI\]ZM\PMZM[\Q[[\QTTXPa[QKITTaXZM[MV\<PMZMIZM\WUJ[\WVM[
_Q\P\PM<]ZJMQV[KZQX\QWV[\PQ[UISM[UWZMI[\PMPITN WN \PMKWZX][
<PMWTLM[\<WUJ[\WVMQ[LI\ML!1V[KZQX\QWVIVLQ[NZWU*MZI\
! +PZWVWTWOQKITTa \PMZM Q[ I OIX WN   aMIZ[ JM\_MMV \PM
WTLM[\IVL\PM[MKWVLWTLM[\\WUJ[\WVM\PI\[]Z^Q^ML)LMU<WX\IVQ
LI\ML!   NZWU3Z]RI1V[KZQX\QWV

Tombstones from National Museum of Archaeology in


Tirana
-TM^MV _MTTXZM[MZ^ML QV[KZQX\QWV[ NZWU !\P KMV\]Za QV \PM 6I\QWVIT
5][M]U WN  )ZKPIMWTWOa <QZIVI OQ^M[ I XIVWZIUQK W^MZ^QM_ WN 
the sorts of tombstones. From rich to poor, from intricate to basic
KITTQOZIXPaNZWU.IZ[Q\W<]ZSQ[PIVL)ZIJQKXWMU[#Q\OQ^M[I[MV[MWN 
\PMU]T\QTQVO]ITI\UW[XPMZMWN \PM7\\WUIV<QZIVI

ÿTLFOEFSJZFMJ.VTUBGB1BāB[BEF.FINFE
64 Tiran 1217 1802/03 NBSCMF *OTJUV
1BāB
65 Tiran 1235 1819/20 .PMMB5BIJS NBSCMF *OTJUV

66 Tiran 1240 1824/25 .PMMBCFþL‘[‘.FSZFN NBSCMF *OTJUV

67 Tiran 1244 1828/29 3BCJIBO NBSCMF *OTJUV

68 Tiran 1225 1839/40 4FMÔNCJO.BINßE NBSCMF *OTJUV

69 Tiran 1268 1851/52 )ÉDÔ4FMNÉOPþMV)ÉDÔ"MJ NBSCMF *OTJUV

70 Tiran 1283 1866/67 )BUÎFLBEJO NBSCMF *OTJUV

71 Tiran 1294 1877/78 .POMB#FLJS±PMBLÔ .BSCMF *OTJUV

72 Tiran 1297 1879/80 )ÉDÔ)BTBO#FāÔS"þB NBSCMF *OTJUV

73 Tiran 1300 1882/83 )BDJ)àTFZJO"þB NBSCMF *OTJUV

74 Tiran 1322 1904/05 .PMMB5BIJSCJO&M)ÉDÔ"MJ NBSCMF *OTJUV


Ottoman Inscriptions from Albania and Montenegro 11

ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM[
.QN\MMV \WUJ[\WVM[ NZWU ʈ̫SWLZI IZM QVKT]LML QV \PQ[ _WZS <PM[M
\WUJ[\WVM[ IZM UW[\Ta LIUIOML JZWSMV IVL JILTa XZM[MZ^ML W]Z
collection mainly contains tombstones from the 19th century. The
\WUJ[\WVM WN ;]TMaUIVQJVBMaVMT)OINZWU*IZQ[\PMJM[\XZM[MZ^ML
IVLUW[\JMI]\QN]TTa_ZQ\\MV<PMPMILOMIZQ[IT[WQV\IK\

They are listed as follows:


 ÿāLPESB 1204  )àTFZJOJCOJ3BNFEBO NBSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB 1212  "MJ*CO5BGB NBSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB 1219  ,BSBOmM NBSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB2BGB$BNJ 1219  .VSUF[BTPOPG"TQFO NBSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB 1227  :Bþ‘[ JCOJ.BINßE NBSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB2BGB$BNÓ 1241  5BIJS%BOJ NBSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB2BGB$BNJ 1241  4VMFZNBOJCO;FZOFM"HB NBSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB 1243  ,BZB)BOJN NBSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB 1254 1838/39 "[J["HIB NBSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB 1255 1839/40 5JSOPWBMJ.FINFE .BSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB .BSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB 1276  )BN[B"HIB .BSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB *CSBIJNJCO)B[[ .BSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB  ÃNNV)BOJN .BSCMF *OTJUV
 ÿāLPESB *ESJT .BSCMF *OTJUV

Earlier Literature
There is not much literature about Ottoman Inscriptions in Albania.
There are four main sources.

 -^TQaI iMTMJQ QV PQ[ ;MaIPI\VIUM ÅZ[\ \QUM ZMKWZLML QV[KZQX\QWV[
NZWU7\\WUIV)TJIVQI-^TQaI>Q[Q\ML)TJIVQIQVIVLPI[_ZQ\\MV
PQ[;MaIPI\VIUMQV-OaX\:WJMZ\,IVSW‫ٺ‬IVL:WJMZ\-T[QMX]JTQ[PML
I \ZIV[TI\QWV WN  \PM )TJIVQIV \ZI^MT[ WN  PQ[ *WWS WN  <ZI^MT[ QV 
7VTaWVMWN -^TQaI¼[ZMKWZLML1V[KZQX\QWV[PI[[]Z^Q^ML\PM]VNWZ\]VI\M
\QUM[<PQ[Q[VZQV)^TWVaI)VW\PMZWVMNZWU-TJI[IVPI^MJMMV
TW[\J]\\PMZMQ[IXPW\W\PI\_MKIVKWUXIZM_Q\P-^TQaI¼[\M`\VZ
ITTW\PMZQV[KZQX\QWV[ZMKWZLMLJa-^TQaIPI^MJMMVTW[\
2. Another author who has published Inscriptions from Albania was
.ZIVb*IJQVOMZ1VPQ[:]UMTQ[KPM;\ZMQNMVQV! PMPI[X]JTQ[PML
two inscriptions of Fatih Sultan Mehmet from Elbasan.
3. Another indispensable source for the study of Ottoman Inscriptions
Mehmet Tütüncü 12

Q[)TJIVQIV[KPWTIZ>M`PQ*]PIZIRI0MPI[ZMKWZLMLUIVaQV[KZQX\QWV[
L]ZQVO WZ JMNWZM \PM K]T\]ZIT ZM^WT]\QWV WN  ! 0Q[ UIV][KZQX\ QV
6I\QWVIT 0Q[\WZa 1V[\Q\]\M ZMUIQVML ]VX]JTQ[PML  1 PI^M ][ML PQ[
UIV][KZQX\NWZ\PMTW[\QV[KZQX\QWV[IVLZMXZWL]KML[WUMXIOM[NZWUPQ[
UIV][KZQX\I[QTT][\ZI\QWV1\Q[[\QTTIXQ\a\PI\W]Z)TJIVQIVKWTTMIO]M[
PI^MVW\X]JTQ[PML\PQ[^MZaQUXWZ\IV\XZQUIZa[W]ZKMNWZ\PMPQ[\WZa
of Albania.

4. The last person who has published inscriptions from Albania is


,]\KP ;KPWTIZ 5IKPQMT 3QMT _PW QV PQ[ *WWS 7\\WUIV )ZKPQ\MK\]ZM
in Albania from 1990 has recorded and translated many Inscriptions.
<PQ[ M`KMTTMV\ JWWS Q[ IV W]\[\IVLQVO KWV\ZQJ]\QWV \W \PM 7\\WUIV
IZKPQ\MK\]ZITPMZQ\IOMQV)TJIVQI1PI^MY]W\MLIVL\ISMVW^MZ5IKPQMT
3QMT¼[ X]JTQKI\QWV IVL \ZIV[TI\QWV[ WN  QV[KZQX\QWV[ IVL KWZZMK\ML
WKKI[QWVITTa[WUMWN PQ[UQ[ZMILQVO

?MPI^MKPW[MV\WNWTTW_\PM7\\WUIV^MZ[QWVWN \PMXTIKMVIUM[.WZQV[\IVKM

-ZOQZQSI[ZÜ
WZ
-ZOQZQ
NWZ\PMUWLMZV
/aZWSI[\ZW
IVL
)^TWVaI
NWZ\PM
UWLMZV )TJIVQIV
>TWZx
 WZ _M[\MZV
 >ITWVI
  *]\ 1 PI^M IT[W ][ML _PMV
ZMNMZZQVO \W \PM K]ZZMV\ [Q\]I\QWV IT[W \PM UWLMZV )TJIVQIV WZ 5WV\MVMOZQV
[XMTTQVO)[TWVOI[\PMZMQ[\PMZMQ[ILIVOMZWN KWVN][QWV1PI^MX]\IT[WUWLMZV
^IZQIV\WN VIUM[QVJZIKSM\[<P][)StIPQ[IZ3Z]RI7\\WUIVIVLK]ZZMV\
)TJIVQIV[XMTTQVO[WN XTIKMVIUM[IZMOQ^MVPMZM]VLMZ

ʈ̫SWLZIIT[Wʈ[SMVLMZQaM ;PSWLxZ
,ZIt ,]ZZx[
)StIPQ[IZ 3Z]RI3Z]Rx
-ZOQZQSI[ZÜ /aZWSI[\ZW
,MT^QVM ,MT^QVx
<MXMLMTMV <MXMTMVM
3WZtM/ZQtM 3WZtx
)^TWVaI >TWZx>ITWVI
mTO†V =TKQVRIT[W,]TKQOVWQV1\ITQIV
7\\WUIV1V[KZQX\QWV[NZWU)TJIVQIIVL5WV\MVMOZW 

)KSVW_TMLOMUMV\[
<PQ[JWWSQ[I_WZSWN KWWXMZI\QWV_Q\PV]UMZW][QVLQ^QL]IT[IVLQ\Q[
NWZUMIOZMI\XTMI[]ZM\W[\IZ\_Q\PIVIKSVW_TMLOMUMV\WN \PMUIVa
LMJ\[1W_M?Q\P\PMNMIZWN TMI^QVO[WUMWVMW]\1_W]TLNWZMUW[\TQSM
to start with two persons: Gianclaudio Macchiarella and Auron Tare. I would
TQSM\W\PIVS\PMUNWZ\PMQZKWWXMZI\QWVIVLI[[Q[\IVKMQVUaQV[KZQX\QWV
hunt in Albania and its periphery. I met Gianclaudio Macchiarella for
\PMÅZ[\\QUMQVL]ZQVOI[aUXW[Q]UWV*MS\I[PQ[UQV)TJIVQI
0M_I[ZM[MIZKPQVO\PMWTL7\\WUIVKQ\aWN ,MT^QVx_PMZMPMNW]VL
I NM_ JZWSMV \WUJ[\WVM[ ?M [XWSM IJW]\ \PM OZI‫\ٻ‬Q \PI\ PM KIUM
IKZW[[QV/RQV)TM`Q¼[5W[Y]M0MQV^Q\MLUM\WOW\W,MT^QVxIVL\W
PI^MITWWSI\\PMQV[KZQX\QWV[PM[\]UJTML]XWV<PQ[_I[\PM[\IZ\WN 
our cooperation which lasted until March 2015 when he passed away
]VM`XMK\MLTa <PQ[ JWWS Q[ LMLQKI\ML \W PQ[ UMUWZa 1\ _I[ \PZW]OP
Gianclaudio that I met Auron Tare who sent me inscriptions from
<MXMTMVM-ZOQZQSI[ZÜIVLW\PMZKQ\QM[\WZMIL)]ZWV¼[MV\P][QI[U_I[
QV[XQZQVO\W[Ia\PMTMI[\

1_Q[P\W\PIVSUa)TJIVQIVNZQMVL[Ardian Muhaj, Olshi Jazexhi, Apollon


Bace, Edlira Caushi who accompanied me in my research for inscriptions
QVLQ‫ٺ‬MZMV\XIZ\[WN )TJIVQI<MZMV[)TTQ]5†ÅLA†S[MT/MV\Q3Z]RI who
[MVLMLUMVM_LQ[KW^MZMLQV[KZQX\QWV[NZWUXTIKM[1KW]TLVW\^Q[Q\
.ZWU 5WV\MVMOZW Ali Bardhi and Ilir Capuni NZWU mTO†V _MZM ^MZa
helpful.

Further, tM̫MSS†Z\WA][]N AÜTLÜZÜUA][]N ;IɦÜZIVL/†TO†VAIbÜKÜ0I\QKM)aV]Z


and Tufan Gündüz _PW_MZMSQVLMVW]OP\WXZWUX\TaTWWSI\WZ\WZMIL
\PM^IZQW][QV[KZQX\QWV[\PI\1[MV\\PMUIVLZMXWZ\JIKS\WUM1PI^M
QVLQKI\ML \PMQZ KWV\ZQJ]\QWV[ I\ \PM IXXZWXZQI\M XTIKM[ <PIVS[ IT[W
to 3IIV 8MSMZ BMaVMX ,WɦIV and BMaVMX lb\†ZS 5]PIUUML >ITRM^IK who
I[[Q[\MLUMQV^IZQW][XPI[M[QV\PMXZWL]K\QWVWN \PQ[JWWS

)VLTI[\TaIUW[\[XMKQITOZI\Q\]LM\WKamile, my partner in the journey


WN  TQNM _PW PI[ ]VKMI[QVOTa [\WWL JMPQVL UM L]ZQVO Ua TWVO \ZI^MT[
\W \PM ZWKS[ IVL Z]QV[ WN  \PQ[ _WZTL ?Q\PW]\ PMZ ]VLMZ[\IVLQVO IVL
[]XXWZ\\PQ[JWWSWZUaW\PMZ_WZS[_W]TLVW\JMXW[[QJTM
5MPUM\<†\†VK† 

Fig. 1 Tombstones in National Archaeology Museum in Tirana (photo: Auron Tare)


Ottoman Inscriptions from Albania and Montenegro 15

METHODOLOGY: EXAMPLE:

16;+:18<176)3i)0ʈ;):3:=2)->:-6-;7ɥ4=

$BU $JUZ :FBS)JKSJ :FBS"% /BNF .BUFSJBM 4JUVBUJPO -BOHVBHF

1 (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 


 (8)

*QJT"1XXMV!XX5IKPQMT3QMT)TJIVQIXX !

1V[KZQX\QWVNZWU@.W]VLI\QWV1V[KZQX\QWV

<PMWZLMZWN \PMX]JTQKI\QWVWN M^MZaQV[KZQX\QWVQ[I[NWTTW_["

<PMWZLMZWN \PMX]JTQKI\QWVWN M^MZaQV[KZQX\QWVQ[I[NWTTW_["

,M[KZQX\QWV<PMÅZ[\TQVMis a short description of the location of


the inscription. The current state is also indicated if its lost or destroyed.

1LMV\QÅKI\QWV<IJTM
After the description there is a table of 5/6 columns where the
characteristics of the inscription are summarised and the inscription is
QLMV\QÅML

1st Column+I\ITWO]MV]UJMZ

2nd column+Q\a_PMZM\PMQV[KZQX\QWVQ[KWUQVONZWU

3th Column Date<PMLI\MWN \PMQV[KZQX\QWVQV1[TIUQKaMIZ[)0

4th Column Date <PM LI\M WN  \PM QV[KZQX\QWV QV /ZMOWZQIV AMIZ
),0

5th Column 1VNWZUI\QWV IJW]\ \PM QUXWZ\IV\ VIUM XI\ZWV


mentioned in the inscription.

6th Column Material on which the inscription is written. Mainly


UIZJTM[\WVMUIZJTMJ]\INM__WWLMVWZ_ITTXIQV\QVO[M`Q[\

7th Column Status of the inscription such as currant location and


condition.
Mehmet Tütüncü 16

8th Column1VLQKI\M[\PMTIVO]IOMWN \PMQV[KZQX\QWV<%<]ZSQ[P


)%)ZIJQK

3. Bibliography: .WTTW_QVO \PM QLMV\QÅKI\QWV I JQJTQWOZIXPa Q[


XZM[MV\ML# VW\QVO _PMZM \PM QV[KZQX\QWV _I[ XZM^QW][Ta LM[KZQJML WZ
published.

4. Fig. Each inscription, where possible, is accompanied by a


XPW\WOZIXPQKZMXZWL]K\QWV1N \PMQV[KZQX\QWVKW]TLVW\JMZMIKPMLWZ
_I[Q[TW[\IVLLQ[IXXMIZML1PI^MZMXZWL]KMLIVWTLMZXPW\W1N \PM
QV[KZQX\QWV_I[UMV\QWVMLJa-^TQaIiMTMJQ1PI^MOQ^MVIXQK\]ZMWN 
\PMZMTM^IV\XIOM[NZWU;MaIPI\VIUM

5. Text. After the tables, the reproduction of the texts of the inscriptions
NWTTW_ <PM )ZIJQK WZ <]ZSQ[P \M`\ WN  QV[KZQX\QWV[ IZM OQ^MV QV )ZIJ
TM\\MZ[<]ZSQ[P\M`\[IZM\ZIV[KZQJMLQV\PM<]ZSQ[P^MZ[QWVWN \PM4I\QV
ITXPIJM\*MKI][MWN \PM^IZQI\QWVWN KWV[WVIV\IVL^W_MT[QOV[QV\PM
QV[KZQX\QWV[VW\M^MZa[QOVWZLW\\PI\IZM][MLQV\PMQV[KZQX\QWV[IZM
OQ^MVJ]\IUM\PWLQ[][ML_PMZMQVITT\PMTM\\MZ[_Q\P[WUMVMKM[[IZa
^W_MT IVL KWV[WVIV\ [QOV[ W^MZ \PMU IZM OQ^MV .WZ \PM NMI\]ZM[ WN 
\PMKITTQOZIXPaIVL^W_MTWZKWV[WVIV\UIZSMZ[WVMKIVTWWSI\\PM
reproduction of the inscriptions.

6. English translation. )V-VOTQ[P\ZIV[TI\QWVWN \PM\M`\Q[XZW^QLML


)NM_QV[KZQX\QWV[UW[\TaXWMU[IVLIT[WI_IYÅaMIZML]M\W\PMQZ
[XMKQÅKIVLLQ‫ٻ‬K]T\KPIZIK\MZVW\\ZIV[TI\MLIVLWVTaIZW]OPVMKM[[IZa
\ZIV[TI\QWVQ[OQ^MV\W[]UUIZQ[M\PMKWV\MV\

7. Commentary. The description is closed with comments and


ZMUIZS[WV\PMKWV\MV\WN \PMQV[KZQX\QWV
Ottoman Inscriptions from Albania and Montenegro 17

First Period of Ottoman Rule


1447 - 1670

(Inscriptions 1-24)
Mehmet Tütüncü 18

INSCRIPTION AKÇAHİSAR (KRUJA) EVRENESOĞLU FOUNTAIN


$BU $JUZ :FBS)JKSJ :FBS"% /BNF .BUFSJBM 4JUVBUJPO -BOHVBHF

1 ,SVKB 851 1447/48 &WSFOPT(B[J 4UPOF *OTJUV "

*QJT"1XXMV!XX5IKPQMT3QMT)TJIVQIXX !

.QO.W]V\IQVWN -^ZMVW[*MOQV3Z]RI)StIPQ[IZ

.QO1V[KZQX\QWVJa-^ZMVW[*MOWTLM[\7\\WUIV\ZIKMQV)TJIVQI
Ottoman Inscriptions from Albania and Montenegro 19

Text:
sahibü’l-hayrat
^Mb{Z¼†TI¼bQUOIbQ
-^ZMVW[[MVM 

<pZQPQ\I¼UQZQKML{L
Fi sene 1125

Translation:
<PMW_VMZWN OWWLLMML[
IVL\PM/ZMI\>QbQMZ
-^ZMVW[QV\PMaMIZ  
The date of repair 1125

1XXMVIVL_Q\PPQU3QMTZMIL[J]\Q\Q[KTMIZTa^Q[QJTM\PI\JM\_MMV
IVL\PMZMQ[VWÅO]ZM;W\PMQV[KZQX\QWVKIVWVTaJMNZWU\PMaMIZ


This oldest dated inscription from Albania is on a fountain near the


ZIUXTMILQVO\W\PMUIQVOI\MWN \PMKI[\TM<PMQV[KZQX\QWVZMKWZL[\PM
VIUMWN /IbQ-^ZMVW[\PMTMOMVLIZa_IZZQWZWN \PM7\\WUIV-UXQZM
_PWKWVY]MZMLUIVaXTIKM[QV\PM*ITSIV[=VLMZ\PQ[\PMZMQ[IVW\PMZ
QV[KZQX\QWVIJW]\\PMZMXIZI\QWVWZZMVM_ITNZWU\PMaMIZ
1V\PI\aMIZ\PMNW]V\IQV_I[ZMVM_ML<PMKPZWVWTWOaQ[XZWJTMUI\QK
JMKI][M-^ZMVW[*MaQ[KITTMLOZIVL^QbQMZ^MbQZQIbIU*]\PM_I[
VM^MZ OQ^MV \PQ[ \Q\TM 0M XI[[ML I_Ia QV   [WUM  aMIZ[ MIZTQMZ
than the date of our inscription. So this inscription must be erected by
WVMWN PQ[[WV[1[I*MOWZ)PUML*MOI[5IKPQMT3QMT[]OOM[\[<PM
QV[KZQX\QWV[_MZMÅZ[\ZMXWZ\MLJa1XXMVQV!_PWX]JTQ[PML\PM\M`\
with the photos. They are still in the fountain. The fountain and the
QV[KZQX\QWVIZMÆIVSMLJa\_W[\WVM[_Q\PKIZ^MLTQWV[IVLI[]VÅO]ZM
_Q\PTQOP\[

1V \PM 7\\WUIV IZKPQ^M[ .I\PVIUM WN  .I\QP ;]T\IV 5MPUM\ _I[


LQ[KW^MZML<PQ[LWK]UMV\[OQ^M[QV[QOP\QV\W\PM+WVY]M[\WN 3Z]RI
NZWU\PM>MVM\QIV[
Mehmet Tütüncü 20

AKCAHISAR (Kruja) FETHNAME of FATIH SULTAN MEHMED


from 1478

,WK]UMV\-!!.ZWU<WXSIXQ8ITIKMQ[ITWVOTIZOMIVLMTMOIV\Ta
written document of 22 lines. The upper section, which probably
KWV\IQVML\PM\]OPZIIVLILLZM[[MMWN \PMLWK]UMV\Q[UQ[[QVO

General Info
Document is written on the occasion of the Conquest of Kruja in 1478.
1\Q[LI\MLI\\PMMVLQV\PM)ZIJQK[a[\MU:MJQ]T[IVQ_Q\PW]\OQ^QVO
an explicit year. But from the content we can deduct that this year is
Hijri 883 or 1478. Therefore, the document is dated 5 July 1478.

 "%
$ISJTUJBO$BMFOEBS ")
.VTMJN$BMFOEBS
%BZ  
.POUI +VMZ 5VFTEBZ
3BCJVMBIJS
:FBS  

0W_Q\_I[LQ[KW^MZMLIVLLMKQXPMZML

<PMLWK]UMV\_I[NWZ\PMÅZ[\\QUMUMV\QWVMLJa<IP[QVlb<WXSIXÜ
;IZIaÜ5†bM[Q)Z̫Q^QVLM.I\ÜP11;]T\IV5MPUMLM)Q\JMTOMTMZ*MTTM\MV
!XX!XIOM
He notes that it is a document about the conquest of Kruja Castle and
\PI\\PM]XXMZXIZ\Q[UQ[[QVO

1\ _I[ N]Z\PMZ VM^MZ UMV\QWVML QV \PM TQ\MZI\]ZM 1V I LQ[K][[QWV _Q\P
Auron Tare I mentioned this document and indicated that this could
PI^MLM\IQT[IJW]\\PMKWVY]M[\)N\MZWJ\IQVQVOIKWXaWN \PMLWK]UMV\
LMKQXPMZQVOZMUIQVMLIOZMI\\I[S1\_I[_ZQ\\MVQVI[\aTMIVLTIVO]IOM
that was not easily decipherable by most experts. Ultimately Professor
<PIKS[\WV?PMMTMZNZWU\PM0IZ^IZL=VQ^MZ[Q\a_I[IJTM\WLMKQXPMZ
\PMLWK]UMV\IVLXZW^QLM][_Q\PI\ZIV[TI\QWVWN \PMKWV\MV\

Content
Mehmet Tütüncü 296

Tombstones from Marubi Collection 3


$BU $JUZ :FBS)JKSJ :FBS"% /BNF .BUFSJBM 4JUVBUJPO -BOHVBHF

135 6OLOPXO 6OLOPXO 6OLOPXO )BOJGF)BO‘N TUPOF VOLOPXO T

.QO8PW\WNZWU5IZ]JQ+WTTMK\QWV
Ottoman Inscriptions from Albania and Montenegro 297

Text:
<p-bMTLMV
4M^PQSILMZLMJ]aIbÜTUÜ̫JI̫ÜUI
-KMT[M^SMaTMUQ̫JMVQLIɦTIZJI̫ÜVI
*QZV…ZIMZQ[QXIUIV[ÜbSITLÜU
<IPIUU†TMLMUMaQXVQPpaM\LVL†U
*]NIVQL†VaILIVtÜS]XS]Z\]TL]U
0MV†bSILMUJI[UÜ̫QLQU[MSQbaI̫ÜVI
)VVMUJIJIUISZIJITIZIɦTI̫\ÜTIZJI̫ÜUI
3IZLM̫TMZ]V]\UIa]JaIb[ÜVUMbIZ
\I̫ÜUI

;MZ\†NMVSQPIbZM\Q̫MPZQaIZQLMV
U†̫QZLM^TM\T†\IPQZXI̫I^M
\†NMVST†PIbZM\Q̫MPZQaIZQLMV
5QZITIa1bbM\T†A][]N JMɦ
MNMVLQVQVPMU̫QZMTMZQ0IVQNMPIVÜUÜV
ruhuna fatiha sene

Translation:
<PQ[_I[UaLM[\QVa_ZQ\\MVQV\PMJWWSWN LMKQ[QWV[
1_I[[MVL\W\PMPQOPUW]V\IQV[\WLQM\PMZM
1_I[KI]OP\JaITQOP\_PQKPNI[KQVI\MLUM
I could not endure and therefore returned
1TMN\\PQ[]V\PIVSN]T?WZTLIVL[I^MLUa[MTN
I was only 8 years old when I died,
5aNI\PMZIVLUW\PMZPI^MUW]ZVMLNWZUM
5aJZW\PMZPI^M_ZQ\\MV\PQ[
Stone
0IVQNM0IVÜU[Q[\MZWN 
+WTWVMTA][]N *MɦNZWU\PM1UXMZQITZQÆM\ZWWX[
IVL5IZ[PITTLM^TM\T†<IPQZ8I̫IPMILWN \PM1UXMZQITZQÆM\ZWWX[
Read a fatiha for her soul

<Py[Q[IT[WI^MZaZMUIZSIJTM\WUJ[\WVM1\Q[NWZI_WUIVOQZT_PW
XI[[ML^MZaMIZTaI\IVIOMWN  ;PM_I[[Q[\MZWN \_WNIUW][7\\WUIV
7‫ٻ‬KMZ[5IZ[PITT<IPQZ8I̫IIVL5QZITIaKWTWVMTA][]N JMɦ<PMa
PI^MPWVW]ZMLPMZ_Q\PI^MZaZM^WT]\QWVIZa\WUJ[\WVM?PQKPKWV[Q[\[
WN XIZ\[7VMXIZ\]XXMZXIZ\KWV[Q[\[WN IVMTMOa[XMKQIT_ZQ\\MVNWZ
Mehmet Tütüncü 298

her, the second part is written inside the form of a portrait of a womens
JWLa _PQKP [aUJWTQbM[ 0IVQNM PIVQU <PM \ZIV[Q\QWV JM\_MMV \PM 
XIZ\[KWV[Q[\[WN I[QUXTM?WZL
Ua[\WVM
_PQKPQ[\PMTI[\?WZLWN 
\PMMTMOa

Tombstones from Marubi Collection 4


$BU $JUZ :FBS)JKSJ :FBS"% /BNF .BUFSJBM 4JUVBUJPO -BOHVBHF

136 6OLOPXO 6OLOPXO 6OLOPXO "INFE&NJOCFþ TUPOF VOLOPXO T

.QO8PW\WNZWU5IZ]JQ+WTTMK\QWV
Ottoman Inscriptions from Albania and Montenegro 299

Text:
̪MPQL5IɦN]Z
iI^]̫<WXt]
°
)PUML-UQVJMɦ
Ruhuna Fatiha
;MVM°

Translation:
5IZ\aZIVLZMKMQ^MZWN OWL[UMZKa
+PI^][WN IZ\QTTMZa)PUM\MUQV*Mɦ
Read a fatiha for his soul
AMIZ°
5MPUM\<†\†VK† 

6. Bibliography:

Ayverdi ,-SZMU0ISSÜ1981 II, )^Z]XI¼LI7[UIVTÜ5QUpZ{-[MZTMZQ11A]OW[TI^aIʈ[\IVJ]TNM\QP


KMUQaM\QAIaÜVTIZÜ*I[SÜʈ[\IVJ]T[

Babinger, Franz, 1938,:]UMTQ[KPM;\ZMQNMV*MZTQV:MQKP[LZ]KSMZMQ

Baysun 5+I^QL 1955,¹-^TQapiMTMJQ¼aMLpÜZVW\TIZ11º<†ZSQaI\5MKU]I[Ü@11![


264

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,IVSW‫ٺ‬:WJMZ\,IVSW‫)ٺ‬V7\\WUIV5MV\ITQ\a<PM?WZTLWN -^TQapiMTMJQ, Leiden 2006.

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:WJMZ\,IVSW‫ٺ‬AIXÜ3ZMLQAIaÜVTIZÜ1@+QT\ʈ[\IVJ]T!! 

Stari Bar 2008, /=ì<165*131ȍ>514-=;61ȍB7\\WUIV\QUM["\PM[\WZaWN 


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5MLQ\MZZIVMIBITWïJI)VVITM[ 

Hammer-Purgstall József 1857,5IOaIZ)KILMUQIQjZ\M[y\˟ "·

0ÜLÜZWOTW]!8I]T0ÜLÜZWOTW],I[:MTQOQ[M4MJMVI]N 3ZM\IVIKP-_TQRIiMTMJQ, Bonn 1967,


[1VI]O]ZIT,Q[[MZ\I\QWVAIaÜVTIVUIUÜ̫

Kiel, Machiel 1990a,7\\WUIVIZKPQ\MK\]ZMQV)TJIVQI !1[\IVJ]T

Kiel, Machiel 1990b,;\]LQM[WV\PM7\\WUIV)ZKPQ\MK\]ZMWN \PM*ITSIV["<PM4MOIKa


QV;\WVM>WT+[)TLMZ[PW\0IUX[PQZM

Macchiarella Gianclaudio 2012,¹,MT^QVx)TJIVQI);]ÅIZKPQ\MK\]ZITMVKTI^Mº5]T\I


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Macchiarella-Tütüncü 2012, /QIVKTI]LQW5IKKPQIZMTTI¹,MT^QVxI5a[\QK


)ZKPQ\MK\]ZIT-VKTI^Mº"<†ZS,VMUQ3IbÜTIZÜ^M;IVI\<IZQPQ)ZI̫\ÜZUITIZÜ;MUXWba]U]
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8ZWKMMLQVO[-[SQ̫MPQZXX! 

MacKay Pierre 1968,¹)KZWKWZQV\PQV )<]ZSQ[P)KKW]V\ºHesperia XXXVII, 1968, pp.


!!
7\\WUIV1V[KZQX\QWV[NZWU)TJIVQIIVL5WV\MVMOZW 

MacKay Pierre 1967,¹<PMNW]V\IQVI\0ILRQ5][\IXPIºHesperia XXXVI, !XX!


195.

Mijatev Petar 1959,¹4M[5WV]UMV\[7[UIVTQMV*]TOIZQMºRocznik Orientalistyczny XXIII/1


>IZ̫W^I!![^L:M[QU@4>111

Kreutel R.F. 1971,¹6M]M[b]Z-^TQapiMTMJQ.WZ[KP]VOº,MZQ[TIU "![!!

8ZWSW[KP-ZQKP! ! !¹,QM/MLMVSQV[KPZQN\MVLM[-^TQapiMTMJQºJahrbuch des


Österreichischen St. Georgkollegs Istanbul! ! ![

Teply Karl 1975,¹-^TQapiMTMJQQV?QMVºDer Islam

Tezcan Nuran 2007,¹-^TQapiMTMJQVQV*MTOM[MTʈbQ8IXQV\I3IɦÜbºToplumsal Tarih5IaÜ[


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Tü\†VK†5MPUM\ Corpus of Ottoman Inscriptions in Southern Albania, In:


-]ZI[QI\QKI9]ILMZVQLQ[\]LQ[]*ITKIVQ)VI\WTQI1ZIV+I]KI[WM)[QI+MV\ZITM+I¼.W[KIZQ>MVMbQIMQ
BalcaniIK]ZILQ/QIUXQMZW*MTQVOMZQM/Q][MXXQVI<]ZIVWXX 

Wolfahrt Ulrich 1966, ,QM:MQ[MVLM[-^TQapL]ZKPLQM5WZMI1VI]O]ZIT,Q[[MZ\I\QWV5†VKPMV


!aIaÜVTIVUIUÜ̫

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A3A!! 1@-^TQapiMTMJQ;MaIPI\VIUM0IbÜZTIaIVTIZ;MaQ\)TQ3IPZIUIV
A†KMT,IɦTÜ:WJMZ\,IVSW‫ٺ‬AIXÜ3ZMLQAIaÜVTIZÜ1@+QT\ʈ[\IVJ]T!! 

BIZbaKSQ !5^BIZbaKSQ-)ZVL\^M/^;\ZI\QUQZW^QK¹,QM)TILïI5W[KPMMQV
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5MPUM\<†\†VK† 

Chronology - Albania
Chronology number Inscription number Year
1. )SKIPQ[IZ3Z]RI-^ZMVM[WOT].W]V\IQV VZ 
2. -TJI[IV.WZ\ZM[[;]T\IV5MPUML VZ 
3. -TJI[IV.WZ\ZM[[;]T\IV5MPUML VZ 
4. 4M[P.WZ\ZM[[;]T\IV;]TMaUIV VZ ! 
5. )SKIPQ[IZ6I[]PJMO VZ
6. ʈ̫SWLZI5][M]U=TIUI*Ma0IUIUQ VZ !!
7. )^TWVaI;]T\IV;]TMaUIV5W[Y]M VZ !!
8. )^TWVaI1TaI[8I[I.W]V\IQV VZ  ! !
9. Kanina Fortress nr. 9
10. *MZI\=bO]Z5W[Y]M VZ !
11. *MZI\<WUJ[\WVM VZ !!
12. -TJI[IV0I[IV*ITQbILM5W[Y]M VZ 
13. -TJI[IV+MTMJÜMNMVLÜ5MbIZ\I[Ü VZ 
14. *MZI\3I[ÜU)OI.W]V\IQV VZ 
15. -TJI[IV5QUIZUMPUML)OI.W]V\IQV VZ 
16. Berat Saat Mosque Huseyin pasa nr. 16 1071 1660/61
17. -TJI[IV;QVIV8I̫I5W[Y]M VZ 
18. -TJI[IVAIPaIJMObILM<]ZJM[Q VZ  
19. Elbasan taríhi Taun nr. 19 ***
20. -TJI[IV>ISÜbILM\]ZJM[Ü VZ 
21. 8MSQVPIZQ[bILM5W[Y]MH VZ 
22. 8MSQV)JL]ZZIPUIV8I̫I5W[Y]M VZ 
23. -ZOQZQSI[ZÜ;]T\IV*IaMbQL5W[Y]M VZ 3IVLQaMSIbI[Ü
24. *MZI\0][MaQVXI[I5W[Y]M VZ  
25. -ZOQZQSI[ZÜ<MSSM5W[Y]M VZ '''
26. 3I^IRI3]JJMTQ5W[Y]M VZ  
27. ,MT^QVI*IJI)bQb<MSSM VZ !
28. -ZOQZQSI[ZÜ8IbIZ5W[Y]M VZ 
29. 8MbMM>WOMT5W[Y]M VZ  
30. -ZOQZQSI[ZÜ0I[IV0IT^M\Q<MSSM VZ   
31. )SKIPQ[IZ5][\INI*IJI,WTTUI<]ZJM VZ !! 
32. *MZI\0IT^M\Q<MSSM VZ !  
33. )SKIPQ[IZ)LMU)OI<WX\IVQ<WUJ[\WVM VZ !   
34. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ   !!
35. <QZIVI-\PMU*Ma5W[Y]M VZ   !!
36. *MZI\<WUJ[\WVM VZ !!!
37. ,MT^QVI<WUJ[\WVM VZ !!
38. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ! !!
39. <QZIVIUMbIZSQ\IJM[Q VZ!  
40. <QZIVI<WUJ[\WVM VZ  
41. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ  ! 
42. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ  ! 
43. )SKIPQ[IZ5][\INI*IJI,WTTUI<]ZJM VZ  
44. ʈ̫SWLZI0IKQ0IUbI<]ZJM VZ  
45. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ   
46. 3I^IKI+TWKS<W_MZ VZ  
47. Tepelene Castle nr. 104 1819
48. <QZIV3IXTIV8I[I<]ZJM[Q VZ  !
49. <QZIV<WUJ[\WVM VZ  !
50. <QZIV-\PMU*Ma5W[Y]M VZ  
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51. <QZIV-\PMU*Ma5W[Y]M VZ   


52. )SKIPQ[IZ,WTTUI*IJI<WUJ[\WVM VZ ! 
53. ,MT^QVI<WUJ[\WVM VZ  
54. <QZIV<WUJ[\WVM VZ  
55. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ   
56. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ   
57. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ   
58. *MZI\*MSIZ5W[Y]M VZ  
59. *MZI\+WUUMUWZ\IQ^M1V[KZQX\QWV VZ   !
60. <QZIV<WUJ[\WVM VZ   !
61. *MZI\11*MaIbQ\5W[Y]M VZ   
62. )SKIPQ[IZ5]ZILJMa5W[Y]M VZ  
63. )SKIPQ[IZ.I\QP5W[Y]M VZ  
64. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ    !
65. <QZIV<WUJ[\WVM VZ   !
66. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ   !
67. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ   !
68. *MZI\+WUUUWZ\IQ^M1V[KZQX\QWV VZ  
69. <ÜZIV-\PMU*Ma<WUJ[\WVM VZ  !
70. -ZOQZQSI[ZQ;MaP;]TMaUIV0IT^M\Q<MSSM VZ    
71. <QZIV<WUJ[\WVM VZ!   
72. *I[\IZ^QTTIOM VZ!  
73. -ZOQZQSI[ZQ)^T]5WVTI\ VZ!  
74. 8ZMbI+TWKS<W_MZ VZ!   !
75. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ !  !
76. )StIPQ[IZ<WUJ[\WVM VZ  
77. )StIPQ[IZ<WUJ[\WVM VZ
78. 4QJWPW^I<WUJ[\WVM VZ!   
79. ʈ̫SWLZI3]Z[]VT]5W[Y]M VZ   
80. 4QJWPW^I<WUJ[\WVM VZ!    
81. 3WZKM<ÜZIV<MSSM[Ü.W]V\IQV VZ!   
82. <QZIV<WUJ[\WVM VZ   
83. -ZOQZQSI[ZÜ0IKQ5]ZIL.W]V\IQV VZ   
84. )StIPQ[IZ<WUJ[\WVM VZ!   !
85. 4QJWPW^I<WUJ[\WVM VZ!!   
86. 3WZKM1UZIPWZ1TaI[JMO5W[Y]M VZ!  ! 
87. 3WZKM<]ZIV<MSSM VZ! ! 
88. <QZIV<WUJ[\WVM VZ ! 
89. <QZIV<WUJ[\WVM VZ ! ! 
90. ,ZIt5]bMLM8ITKMWN 2][\QKM VZ !!  
91. <QZIV<WUJ[\WVM VZ   
92. -ZOQZQSI[ZÜ,]VI^I\5W[Y]M VZ  
93. 4QJWPW^I<WUJ[\WVM VZ ! !!
94. -TJI[IV+TWKS<W_MZ VZ  !!
95. ,MT^QVI<WU[\WVM VZ   !!
96. <QZIV<WUJ[\WVM VZ !
97. 9]TTIa5W[Y]M VZ !
98. <ZIOaI[)TMU)OPI<WUJ[\WVM VZ !%
99. .MZQL]V*MO<WUJ[\WVM VZ !
100. Tepelene Tombstone nr. 102
101. <MXMLMTMV8ZM^MbM1V[KZQX\QWV VZ
102. 4QJWPW^I<WUJ[\WVM5ITQS8I[PI VZ   
103. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ!
5MPUM\<†\†VK† 

104. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ!


105. ʈ̫SWLZI<WUJ[\WVM VZ!
106. -ZOQZQSI[ZÜ<WUJ[\WVM VZ
107. :][IV/ZI‫ٺ‬Ü\\W[ VZ!
108. Berat Tombstone nr. 56
109. *IKSI<MSSM1V[KZQX\QWV VZ
7\\WUIV1V[KZQX\QWV[NZWU)TJIVQIIVL5WV\MVMOZW 

Chronology Montenegro
*IZ2]LOM.W]V\IQVVZ  
*IZ*IZ]\PIVMXW_LMZ0W][MVZ  
*IZ*IZ]\PIVMXW_LMZPW][MVZ ! 
Bar Sultan Ahmed Mosque nr. 118 1122 1711/12
mTO†V.WZ\ZM[[VZ!  
mTO†V.W]V\IQVWN ;S]ZIVZ   !
Bar Fountain inside Fortress nr. 121 1169 1756/57
*IZ;SIVRM^QK5W[Y]MVZ   !
8WLOWZQKI5W[Y]MVZ   
Ujemira Fountain nr. 124 1330 1911/12
5MPUM\<†\†VK† 

Drs. Mehmet Tütüncü


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12 =PQ[\WZQRQITJIV[SMNW\WOZIÅRMVIRXWbVI\QRIRM¹LQVI[\QRIº5IZ]JQ=OZIL];SILIZ]VIWJITQ
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Drs. Mehmet Tütüncü13


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Përkhtim: Ardian Muhaj

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kryetar i Qendrës Kërkimore për Botën Turke dhe Arabe në Holandë. Kjo qendër kërkimore ka si objekt
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Short biography:
5MPUM\<†\†VK†IOZIL]I\MNZWU)U[\MZLIU=VQ^MZ[Q\a
in 1988. He is the chairman of Research Centre for Tur
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studies the Ottoman empire and its European, Asian and
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western relations.
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Selected Publications:
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1. 5MPUM\<†\†VK†ML+I]KI[][?IZIVL
Peace, Haarlem, 1998
2. 5MPUM\<†\†VK†ML<]ZSQ[P2M_Q[P
-VKW]V\MZ[";\]LQM[WV<]ZSQ[P2M_Q[P
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3. 5MPUM\<†\†VK†<]ZSQ[P2MZ][ITMU
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Jerusalem and Other Palestinian Cities,
Haarlem, 2006
4. 5MPUM\<†\†VK†<]ZSQ[P8ITM[\QVM
!!)aa]JQL5IUT]SIVL7\\W
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Nabi Musa, and other Palestinan Cities,
Haarlem, 2008
5. 5MPUM\<†\†VK†+MbIaQZ¼LM7[UIVTÜ
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6. De Prins en de Pasja, 400 jaar Nederland
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7. Mehmet Tütüncü, Ottoman Inscriptions
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